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Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading general contractors.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading general contractors."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading general contractors 总承包商 evolve vi 发展,展开;进化,演化 parcel n 包裹,一块地 vt 把 …… 打成包裹, 把 …… 分成若干部分 parcel out 把 …… 分成小部分 he parcels out much of the work to separate subcontractors retention n 保留额,自留额 the percentage of retention 保留金的百分比 Words and Expressions

3 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading in addition 另外,此外 be entitled to 有权(做某事,得到某物), 有 …… 的资格 lump sum (金额)一次总付的,一次付清 overhead n 企业一般管理费用 guard vt 保护(使不受伤害) Be guarded to escalation n 逐步上升,逐步升级,逐步增强 escalation of the contract prices

4 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading preclude vt 排除 prospective a 预期的,未来的 contemplate n 期待,期望;反复打算,凝思 ,沉思 haunt n 缠住 to varying degrees 在不同程度上 reimburse vt 偿还 discrepancy n 相差,差异,矛盾

5 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading English-Chinese translation 1. general contractor 总承包商 2. specialty contractor 专业承包商 3. progress payments 进度款 4. termination of the contract 终止合同 5. fixed-price contract 固定价格合同 6. unit-price contract 单价计价合同

6 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading 6. Cost-plus-a-fee Contracts 成本加酬金计价合同 7. Lump-sum payment provisions 包干计价付款条款 8.AIA 美国建筑师学会 9. Standard Form 标准格式 10. chargeable adj 可以控诉的,可记在某项账 目上的,可充电的

7 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading Key Structures The general contractor must have an adequate amount of money due and payable at the proper time to enable him to finance the work of each of his subcontractors as well as the work which he will perform directly. 总承包商必须得到一笔足够的应付款项,以使他能为其 自己直接从事的工程和每位分包商从事的工程适时提供 资金; 本句中的 as well as 为 “ 同 ” , “ 和 ” , “ 也 ” 等的意思。

8 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading Although there are variations in payment clauses, there are three basic ways of calculating the compensation that the contractor will receive under the contract: a lump sum or fixed price, unit pricing, and cost plus a fee. 尽管支付条款各有不同,但在计算承包商在合同项下应 得的补偿费用时,共有三种基本方法:总价,即固定价 格计价法;单价计价法;成本加酬金计价法。 本句中的 that the contract will receive… 为定语从句, 修饰名词 compensation.

9 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading The general contractor’s profit, if any, is realized by the difference between the lump-sum contract and the cost of the construction, including overhead and indirect costs. 总承包商的利润(如存在),是通过包干合同价格与包 括管理费及间接费在内的建筑成本之间的差额来实现的。 句中的 difference 意为 “ 差额 ” ;现在分词短语 including… 是对 the cost of the construction 的补充 说明。

10 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading However, this does not preclude the contractor from sustaining a claim for equitable adjustment in the event that his costs are increased by changes in the contract requirements, or by other acts of the owner and his agents. 然而,如果由于合同要求的变化或业主及其代理人的 其他行为而导致成本增加时,这并不排除承包商享有 请求对合同价格进行公平调整的权利。 in the event that… 意为 “ 在 …… 的情况下 ” , “ 如果 ”

11 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading The addition of a maximum guaranteed cost provides a sharing of this risk by the parties, and the contractor must be able to determine from the plans and specifications if he can perform the work within the guaranteed maximum cost 附加的最高保证成本可使双方共同承担这种风险。承 包商必须能够根据设计与规范确定其能否在最高保证 成本之内完成工程。

12 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading The reason such care is necessary becomes apparent upon the examination of cases where the contract covered the matter in general terms only, such as “the contractor shall be paid the cost of the building plus 10 percent.” 在审查某些合同仅以笼统措辞对此作出规定的情况时, 如仅规定 “ 应支付承包商建筑成本另加 10%” ,必须如此谨 慎的理由就是显而易见了。 句中 such care is necessary 为省略关系副词 why 的定 语从句,修饰主语 reason ; where 引导定语从句,修饰 cases ,其中还带有一插入成分 such as “…” 。

13 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading Comprehension Exercises 1. What is the role of many general contractors in recent years? Today’s general contractor no longer attempts to be an expert in all the different trades, and he parcels out much of the work to separate subcontractors, each specializing in his own particular trade.

14 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading 2. What are the basic ways of calculating the compensation that the contractor will receive under the contract? a lump sum or fixed price, unit pricing, and cost plus a fee

15 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading 3. What is a fixed-price contract? The most common form of general contract is a lump-sum agreement in which the owner and general contractor agree to a fixed amount to be paid to the contractor for the performance of the entire contract work.

16 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading 4. What is a unit-price contract? Under unit pricing of construction general contracts, the general contractor is paid a fixed amount for each unit of work performed.

17 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading 5. What is a cost-plus contract? Under a cost-plus-a-fee-compensation arrangement, the owner pays the general contractor for costs necessarily incurred in the construction and either a fixed fee or a fee based on a percentage of the cost of construction.

18 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading 6. Why does the owner require the general contractor to set a maximum guaranteed cost? Using the cost-plus-a-fee contract, an owner assumes the risk of greater construction costs than originally estimated. The owner may desire to set an outside limit on this risk by requiring the general contractor to guarantee the maximum cost of the contract and thereby fix a limit on the amount of the owner’s investment in the project.

19 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading 7. Why should the contractor specify in detail which costs are or are not to be reimbursed? The contract should specify in great detail which costs are to be reimbursed, which costs are not reimbursable and which costs and services are covered in the fee.

20 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading Contractor’s Claim 承包商的索赔 Reimbursable 报销 the home office 民政厅 Site supervisors 现场监督员 Claim Identification 索赔鉴定 Margins 利润 Sources of Dispute 争议的源头 Reading Material

21 Unit Thirteen Types of Contracts English for Construction Project Management Vocabulary Key Structures Key Structures Questions Reading explicit law 明确的法律 Contract time 合同规定的时间 Claim Notification 索赔通知


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