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Ch 51 Experimenting with Confederation MAIN IDEA Americans adopted the Articles of Confederation but find the new government too weak to solve the nation’s.

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Presentation on theme: "Ch 51 Experimenting with Confederation MAIN IDEA Americans adopted the Articles of Confederation but find the new government too weak to solve the nation’s."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch 51 Experimenting with Confederation MAIN IDEA Americans adopted the Articles of Confederation but find the new government too weak to solve the nation’s problems.

2 WHY IT MATTERS NOW The weakness of the Articles of Confederation led to the writing of the Constitution.

3 Colonies to States Self-governing -allegiance to their colony. -continues when they become states.

4 Democracy vs. Republic Democracy gives too much power to uneducated. Republicanism- Citizens rule through elected representatives; consent of people. -John Dickson: put the nation’s good above self. -John Smith: pursue own interests.

5 Early Republics None balanced needs of the state and national gov. Ancient Greece, Rome, & Italian city-states all failed.

6 State Constitutions Constitution- Document of rules explaining how government would operate. Minimized the power of governors and leaders. Guarantee specific rights; stress liberty, not equality. -Only white males over 21 yo. can vote; sometimes have to own property.

7 Representation Through Congress One house legislative (laws) body. Each states gets one vote regardless of size.

8 Confederation Alliance: national government, states share powers.

9 Articles of Confederation Placed limits on government to prevent abuses of power Alliance between the thirteen colonies Many weaknesses -Congress couldn’t enact or collect taxes, states only -Each state had one vote, regardless of pop. -Nine out of thirteen states could pass important laws -Articles could be amended only if all states approve them -No executive branch (No President) -No national court (No Supreme Court) -No central government or national unity, separate states

10 Western Lands States would have to give up western lands. Land Ordinance of settlers and investors could buy public lands. -Creates plan for surveying lands. Northwest Ordinance of Plan for creating territories, statehood.

11 Problems Lack of unity. Huge war debt. -Domestic and foreign. Economic depression- slow period of economic growth. -Creditors favor high taxes. -Farmers lose land and livestock. Currency, more or less?

12 Foreign Relations Problem Don’t pay debts to British merchants. -British won’t leave forts on Great Lakes. 1784, Spain close Mississippi river. -Westerner can’t ship crops east. Congress unable to resolve problems.


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