2In the Colonial Era, developments such as the New England town meetings and the establishment of the Virginia House of Burgesses representedcolonial attempts to build a strong national governmentefforts by the British to strengthen their control over the coloniessteps in the growth of representative democracyearly social reform movements
3According to the Declaration of Independence, the people have the right to alter or abolish a government if that governmentis a limited monarchyviolates natural rightsbecomes involved in entangling alliancesfavors one religion over another
4Which fundamental political idea is expressed in the Declaration of Independence? The government should guarantee every citizen economic security.The central government and state governments should have equal power.If the government denies its people certain basic rights, that government can be overthrown.Rulers derive their right to govern from God and are therefore bound to govern in the nation’s best interest.
5“The only representatives of the people of these colonies are persons chosen therein by themselves; and that no taxes ever have been, or can be constitutionally imposed on them but by their respective legislatures.” -Statement by the Stamp Act Congress, 1765What is a valid conclusion that can be drawn from this quotation?The colonial legislatures should be appointed by the English King with the consent of Parliament.Only the colonists’ elected representatives should have the power to levy taxes.The English King should have the right to tax the colonists.The colonists should be opposed to all taxation.
6The Mayflower Compact is important to the concept of a democratic society because it represents an effort by the colonists to use force to resist the Kinga clear step toward self-governmentan early attempt to establish universal suffragean attempt by the colonists to establish freedom of religion
7The British system of mercantilism was opposed by many American colonists because it placed quotas on immigrationdiscouraged the export of raw materials to Englandplaced restrictions on tradingencouraged colonial manufacturing
8The Mayflower Compact, House of Burgesses, and Fundamental Orders of Connecticut are all examples of the efforts of colonial Americans touse democratic practices in governmentprotest British land policiesestablish religious freedomoverthrow British royal governors
9During the Revolutionary War period, Thomas Paine’s Common Sense was important because it described a military plan for the defeat of Englandconvinced many Americans who had been undecided to support independencecontained a detailed outline for a new form of governmentargued for the addition of a bill of rights to the Constitution
10The pamphlet Common Sense, by Thomas Paine, aided the American cause in the Revolutionary War because itconvinced France to join in the fight against Englandled to the repeal of the Stamp Actcreated a new system of government for the United Statespersuaded individuals who were undecided to support independence
11Which conclusion about the American Revolutionary War is most clearly supported by information in this chart? Which conclusion about the American Revolutionary War is most clearly supported by information in this chart?England had few advantages in a war with her American colonies.The thirteen colonies had more advantages than disadvantages upon entering the war.England did not believe that the thirteen colonies were worth the expense of a war.The thirteen colonies had few, but important advantages in the war with England.
12Which important reason for the American victory in the Revolutionary War is missing from the chart? naval superiority of the thirteen coloniesaid from foreign nationscontrol of railroads and canalsgreater number of Indian allies
13Which heading best completes the partial outline below. I Committees of CorrespondenceNonimportation AgreementsBoston Tea PartyFirst Continental CongressProtests Against Slavery in the American ColoniesBritish Parliamentary Actions to Punish Colonial AmericansColonial Responses to British Mercantile PoliciesColonial Attempts to End the British Policy of Salutary Neglect
14Which statement is most accurate about the movement for independence in the thirteen colonies? The independence movement began soon after the founding of the Plymouth Colony.Protests against British colonial policies gradually led to demands for independence.The King of England required the colonists to become economically self-sufficient.The movement for independence was equally strong in all of the colonies.
15During the colonial period, the British Parliament used the policy of mercantilism to limit manufacturing in Americaprevent criticism of royal policiesdeny representation to the colonistsforce colonists to worship in the Anglican Church
16The system shown in the diagram was developed under the Articles of Confederation in order to divide lands seized from the Loyalistsprovide an orderly system of development for the Northwest Territoryremove Native American Indians to areas west of the Appalachian Mountainsextend slavery as the nation grew
17The main reason Great Britain established the Proclamation Line of 1763 was to avoid conflicts between American colonists and Native American Indiansmake a profit by selling the land west of the Appalachian Mountainsprevent American industrial development in the Ohio River valleyallow Canada to control the Great Lakes region