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World Politics in the 21st Century Second Edition W. Raymond Duncan Barbara Jancar-Webster Bob Switky.

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Presentation on theme: "World Politics in the 21st Century Second Edition W. Raymond Duncan Barbara Jancar-Webster Bob Switky."— Presentation transcript:

1 World Politics in the 21st Century Second Edition W. Raymond Duncan Barbara Jancar-Webster Bob Switky

2 Chapter One The Importance of International Relations Figure 1.3 Eight Thousand Years of Changes in the Earth’s Forest Cover: The map compares areas of the planet covered by forests 8000 years ago and in Which continent has lost the most of its original forests? Source: World Resources Institute, Forest Initiative Project (http://www.wri/org/ffi/maps/).

3 Chapter Two The State and Its Role in the International System Figure 2.2 A Multipolar System

4 Chapter Two The State and Its Role in the International System Figure 2.3 Unipolar World on the International System-as-a-Whole Level of Analysis and a Multipolar World at the Regional Level of Analysis

5 Chapter Two The State and Its Role in the International System Figure 2.5 Russia: The Center and the Periphery Source: University of Texas Library Online (www.lib.texas.edu/maps/commonwealth/russiaaddivisions.jpg).

6 Chapter Three Power Factors in International Relations Figure 3.1 China and the Yangtze River

7 Chapter Three Power Factors in International Relations Figure 3.2 Global Illiteracy Rates Source: John L. Allen, Student Atlas of World Politics, Fourth Edition, (Guilford, CT: Dushkin/McGraw-Hill, 2000), p. 66.

8 Chapter Three Power Factors in International Relations Figure 3.3 Population Growth Rates Source: John L. Allen, Student Atlas of World Politics, Fourth Edition, (Guilford, CT: Dushkin/McGraw-Hill, 2000), p. 60.

9 Chapter Three Power Factors in International Relations Figure 3.4 An Age of Bipolarity: The Cold War ca Source: John L. Allen, Student Atlas of World Politics, Fourth Edition, (Guilford, CT: Dushkin /McGraw-Hill, 2000), p. 26.

10 Chapter Four Foreign Policy Formation and Execution Figure 4.1 Tools for Foreign Policy Implementation Source: The United States Naval War College, National Security Decision Making Department, Case Study,

11 Chapter Four Foreign Policy Formation and Execution Figure 4.2 Map of Cold War Alignments Source: John L. Allen, Student Atlas of World Politics, Fourth Edition, (Guilford, CT: Dushkin/McGraw-Hill, 2000), p. 21.

12 Chapter Four Foreign Policy Formation and Execution Figure 4.3 Ethnic Distribution of Former Yugoslavia Source: The International Institute for Strategic Studies, Strategic Survey,

13 Chapter Four Foreign Policy Formation and Execution Figure 4.4 Foreign Policy input-Output Model Source: David K. Hall, “An Introduction to Policy Making and Implementation,” The United States Naval War College, National Security Decision Making Department, Case Study, , p. 3.

14 Chapter Four Foreign Policy Formation and Execution Figure 4.5 Rational Actor [States] Model Source: The United States Naval War College, National Security Decision Making Department, Case Study,

15 Chapter Four Foreign Policy Formation and Execution Figure 4.6 Organizational Model of Foreign Policy Decision Making Source: The United States Naval War College, National Security Decision Making Department, Case Study,

16 Chapter Four Foreign Policy Formation and Execution Figure 4.7 Political Process Model Source: The United States Naval War College, National Security Decision Making Department, Case Study,

17 Chapter Five Intergovernmental Actors Figure 5.1 Relationship of Assessments to Voting Strength in the General Assembly Source: Lawrence Zirling, Robert E. Riggs, and Jack C. Piano, The United Nations: International Organization and World Politics. Third Edition (Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace & Company, 2000), p. 61. Reproduced by permission of the publisher.

18 Chapter Five Intergovernmental Actors Figure 5.2 Europe: Distinguishing EU Members, Applicant States, Date of Joining/Application, Non-EU States Source: European Commission from “Europe” Survey, The Economist, October 23, 1999, p. 4.

19 Chapter Five Intergovernmental Actors Figure 5.3 Estimated Proven Reserves of Oil Source: From “BP Amoco Statistical Review of World Energy, 2000.” The Economist, July 15, 2000.

20 Chapter Six Corporate and Nongovernmental Actors Figure 6.1 Growth of NGOs ( ) Source: Union for International Associations as quoted in “Swarming: Non-governmental International Organizations,” The Economist, December 11, 1999, p. 20.

21 Chapter Six Corporate and Nongovernmental Actors Figure 6.2 Map of China and Tibet Source: A. Tom Grunfeild, The Making of Modern Tibet (New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc.) 1997, p. ix.

22 Chapter Seven Political Geography Figure 7.1 Major Axes of the Continent Source: Jared Diamond, Guns, Germans, and Steel: the Fates of Human Societies (New York: W.W. Norton, 1998), p. 177.

23 Chapter Seven Political Geography Figure 7.2 The Fertile Crescent Source:

24 Chapter Seven Political Geography Figure 7.3 Income Received by the Wealthiest 5 Percent of the Population (Percent of Total Income) Source: IDB calculations based on Deininger and Squire (1996).

25 Chapter Seven Political Geography Figure 7.3(b) Income Received by the Poorest 30 Percent of the Population (Percent of Total Income) Source: IDB calculations based on Deininger and Squire (1996).

26 Chapter Seven Political Geography Figure 7.4 Shapes of States Belgium: A Compact State Source:

27 Chapter Seven Political Geography Figure 7.4(b) Shapes of States Vietnam: An Elongated State Source:

28 Chapter Seven Political Geography Figure 7.4 Shapes of States South Africa: A Perforated State Source:

29 Chapter Seven Political Geography Figure 7.4(b) Shapes of States Indonesia: A Fragmented State Source:

30 Chapter Seven Political Geography Figure 7.4 Shapes of States Afghanistan: A Protruded State Source:

31 Chapter Seven Political Geography Figure 7.5 Volcanoes and Earthquakes Source: H. J. de Blij and Peter O. Miller, Physical Geography of the Global Environment, Second Edition (New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1996), p. 341.

32 Chapter Seven Political Geography Figure 7.6 Land-locked Countries Source: http//www.cyber.vt.edu/geog1014/topics/108States/neighbor.html

33 Chapter Seven Political Geography Figure 7.8 The Gobi Desert Source:

34 Chapter Seven Political Geography Figure 7.9 Cuba’s Proximity to the United States Source: Department of State and Department of Defense, The Challenge to Democracy in Latin America, Washington, DC, 1986, p. 5.

35 Chapter Seven Political Geography Figure 7.10 Map of the Roman Empire: Compare this map of the Roman Empire to that of the Arab Empire in Figure 7.11

36 Chapter Seven Political Geography Figure 7.11 The Arab Empire Source: The National Geographic Society, Peoples and Places of the Past, 1983, p. 137.

37 Chapter Seven Political Geography Figure 7.12 The Fertile Crescent: Some of the best farmland of the Fertile Crescent is in a narrow strip of land between the Tigris and Euphrates— today’s Iraq. Source: The National Geographic Society, Peoples and Places of the Past, 1983, p. 26.

38 Chapter Seven Political Geography Figure 7.13 Today’s Arab World Source: Cassel & Co., Ltd., 1975

39 Chapter Eight Nationalism and Regionalism Figure 8.1 Europe’s Industrial Production Zones: The Two Regional Bananas Source: John Newgouse, “Europe’s Rising Regionalism,” Foreign Affairs, January/February 1997, p. 70.

40 Chapter Eight Nationalism and Regionalism Figure 8.2 Spain’s Autonomous Regions Source: DeBlij and Muller, Realms, Regions, and Concepts, p. 90.

41 Chapter Nine Global Violence: Wars, Weapons and Terrorism Figure 9.1 Northern Spain and Southern France Highlighting the Basque Region Source: The Economist, March 18, 2000, p. 52.

42 Chapter Ten Global Justice: Women, Poverty and Human Rights Figure 10.1 Urban Poor by Region Source: UN Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat), State of the World Cities Report 2001, p. 18.pdf.

43 Chapter Ten Global Justice: Women, Poverty and Human Rights Figure 10.2 Incidence of Extreme Poverty: Under $1.00 a Day Source: /meet0100/maps.pdf

44 Chapter Ten Global Justice: Women, Poverty and Human Rights Figure 10.3 Poorest Fifth’s Share of National Consumption Source: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

45 Chapter Ten Global Justice: Women, Poverty and Human Rights Figure 10.4 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary and Secondary Education (%) Source:

46 Chapter Ten Global Justice: Women, Poverty and Human Rights Figure 10.5 Life Expectancy at Birth Source: (OECD)http://www.worldbank.org/depweb/english/modules/social/life/t-map.html

47 Chapter Eleven International Political Economy I: The Advanced Industrial Countries Figure 11.1 Balance of Trade: Impact on a Country’s Reserves Source: Adapted from Joshua Goldstein, International Relations, Second Edition (New York: Addison Wesley Longman, 1997), p. 324.

48 Chapter Eleven International Political Economy I: The Advanced Industrial Countries Figure 11.2 Degrees of Economic Policy Coordination

49 Chapter Eleven International Political Economy I: The Advanced Industrial Countries Figure 11.3 Share of World Trade by Country Source: Data from Eurostat.

50 Chapter Eleven International Political Economy I: The Advanced Industrial Countries Figure 11.4 The EU’s Main Trade Partners Source: Data from Eurostat.

51 Chapter Eleven International Political Economy I: The Advanced Industrial Countries Figure 11.5 The Relationship between Environmental Degradation and Poverty

52 Chapter Twelve International Political Economy II: The Politics of Development Figure 12.1 Poverty Headcount Index Source: World Bank as reported in “Old Battle; New Strategy,” The Economist January 8, 2000.

53 Chapter Twelve International Political Economy II: The Politics of Development Figure 12.2 The Dependency Explanation for How the Rich Exploit the Poor As the diagram suggests, multinational corporations from rich countries set up shop (invest) In Third world countries, usually with assistance from wealthy Third World capitalists (the “core in the periphery”). Profits from the MNC operations in the periphery are then sent back to the home country leaving the peripheral country not better (or even worse) off than before the investment.

54 Chapter Twelve International Political Economy II: The Politics of Development Figure 12.3 Turbulent Africa Source: From Foreign Policy, Spring 1999, volume 114, p. 15.

55 Chapter Thirteen The Global Environment and the Pollution Problem Figure 13.1 Model of the GAIA Principle and Environmental Surprise Source: Barbara Jancar-Webster, “Technology and Environment in Eastern Europe in James R. Scanlan (ed.) Technology, Culture, and Development: The Experience of the Soviet Model.

56 Chapter Thirteen The Global Environment and the Pollution Problem Figure 13.2 Leading Causes of Death, 2001 Source: The World Health Organization, world Health Report, 2002, Annex: Table 2 “Death by Cause, Sex, and Mortality Stratum in WHO Regions”. or

57 Chapter Thirteen The Global Environment and the Pollution Problem Figure 13.3a Net Annual Migration Totals, Source: Data derived from United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, International Migration Report 2002 (New York: United Nations Press, 2002) pp and UN Wall Graph, “International Migration, 2002.”

58 Chapter Thirteen The Global Environment and the Pollution Problem Figure 13.3b Net Annual Migration Rates, Source: Data derived from United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, International Migration Report 2002 (New York: United Nations Press, 2002) pp and UN Wall Graph, “International Migration, 2002.”

59 Chapter Thirteen The Global Environment and the Pollution Problem Figure 13.4 Global Population Trends, Source World Resources Institute, World Resources , (http://www.wri.org/powenpoint/trends).http://www.wri.org/powenpoint/trends Data from United Nations Population Division, Long Range World Population Projections: Two Centuries of World Population Growth , Table 6, p. 22.

60 Chapter Thirteen The Global Environment and the Pollution Problem Figure 13.5 Stabilization Rate Data and Predictions, Source World Resources Institute, World Resources , (http://www.wri.org/powenpoint/trends).http://www.wri.org/powenpoint/trends Data from United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects (1996 Revision).

61 Chapter Thirteen The Global Environment and the Pollution Problem Figure 13.6 Model of the Greenhouse Effect from IPCC Study Source: J.T. Houghton, et as. (eds) Climate Change: the IPCC Scientific Assessment (Cambridge University Press, 1990).

62 Chapter Thirteen The Global Environment and the Pollution Problem Figure 13.7 World Commercial Energy Supply, 1998 Source:

63 Chapter Thirteen The Global Environment and the Pollution Problem Figure 13.8 Global Oil Consumption by Sector, 1998 Source:

64 Chapter Thirteen The Global Environment and the Pollution Problem Figure 13.9 Motor Vehicle Trends, Source: (http://www.wri.org/powerpoints.oil.sld026.htm.) Data from American Automobile Manufacturers Association, World Motor Vehicle Data 1993http://www.wri.org/powerpoints.oil.sld026.htm p. 23 and Motor Vehicle Pacts and Figures 1996, p.44.

65 Chapter Thirteen The Global Environment and the Pollution Problem Figure Regional Shares of Global Energy Consumption Source: Compiled from world Energy Organization, World energy Outlook: 2002, figure 2.3: “Regional shares in World Primary Demand” (http://www.worldenergyoutlook.org/weo/pubs/weo2002/weo2002.asp).

66 Chapter Thirteen The Global Environment and the Pollution Problem Figure Water Stress Source: World Water Organization, Water Demand and Scarcity, p.5.pdf, at

67 Chapter Thirteen The Global Environment and the Pollution Problem Figure World Water Use By Consumption Category and Region Source: World Resources Institute, world Resources (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), p. 188.


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