2The New England Colonies Massachusetts ( included Maine), Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire
3New England’s Climate They had long cold winters and mild summers. They had a short growing season.
4Physical Features/ Natural Resources of New England Thin rocky soilRugged mountainsForestsAtlantic Ocean
5Why did the settlers come to the New England Colonies? They wanted religious freedom.
6New England’s Natural Resources THE LAND They used land to farm for food (wheat, oats, and peas). The soil and climate was not good enough to grow large crops.
7FORESTSThey used forests to get lumber for building houses and ships.
8THE ATLANTIC OCEANNew Englanders used the ocean to fish for cod and whale.It also made it easy to transport ships built in the colonies.
9The Mid-Atlantic Colonies New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware
10Climate of the Middle Colonies Long growing seasonSunny and rainy weather
11Physical Features/ Natural Resources of the Middle Colonies Fertile rich soilWide riversForests
12Where did settlers come from and why did they make the trip to the Middle Colonies? Settlers were looking for freedom to live and worship the way they wanted.Settlers came from Germany, Holland ( in New York where Henry Hudson explored the Hudson River), and England.
13Use of Natural Resources in the Middle Colonies THE LAND They used the fertile soil for growing large crops.The Middle Colonies were known as the Bread Basket of the colonies.
14THE RIVERSThey used rivers for transporting crops and getting supplies.
15THE FORESTS They used forests for hunting deer and small game. They used forests to build homes.
16THE SOUTHERN COLONIESMaryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia
17The Climate of the Southern Colonies The southern colonies had a 7-8 month growing season.Plenty of rain
18Use of Natural Resources in the Southern Colonies THE LAND Rich and fertile soil for growing cash crops like tobacco, rice, and indigo
19Rivers, Bays, and Wetlands Rivers used for transportationWetlands used for growing rice
20Pine Forests Used for building homes Hunted small game Used trees to collect sap called pitch
21Where did settlers come from and why did they come to the Southern Colonies? English, Irish, and French came to the colonies for new opportunitiesSome Europeans came to escape debts.Africans were forced into slave labor.