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Social and Professional Issues. Leadership Issues Social issues Affect quality of life Influence/Are influenced by social mores Professional issues Affect.

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Presentation on theme: "Social and Professional Issues. Leadership Issues Social issues Affect quality of life Influence/Are influenced by social mores Professional issues Affect."— Presentation transcript:

1 Social and Professional Issues

2 Leadership Issues Social issues Affect quality of life Influence/Are influenced by social mores Professional issues Affect parks, recreation, leisure profession Leader awareness is necessary

3 Child Abuse Neglect Is considered passive abuse Is the most common form Affects 63% of youth Verbal abuse Is considered active abuse Includes demeaning, hurtful comments Affects 56% of youth

4 Types of Child Abuse Physical abuse Includes touch that is hurtful Grabbing, shoving, spanking Affects 30% of youth Emotional abuse Includes unrealistic expectations Affects 5% of youth

5 Types of Child Abuse Sexual abuse Includes sexual harassment Includes sexual innuendos Includes sexual touch Affects 20% of girls (1 in 5) Affects 14% of boys (1 in 7)

6 Child Abuse Contributing factors Poverty Substance abuse Unemployment Isolation Lack of social support

7 Child Abuse Victims often suffer: Low self-esteem Depression Sleep and eating disorders Substance abuse Suicidal tendencies

8 Signs of Child Maltreatment Signs of physical abuse Pattern of injuries and/or burns Passive or aggressive behaviors Fear of physical contact Frightened of parents Regressive behavior (individual acts younger than her or his years)

9 Signs of Child Maltreatment Signs of emotional abuse Mistrust in adults Low-self esteem Poor interpersonal skills Inability to cope with stress Unexplained aggressiveness Hyperactivity

10 Signs of Child Maltreatment Signs of sexual abuse Torn, stained, or bloody undergarments Sexually transmitted diseases Pregnancy at a young age Injuries to the genital or anal areas Sexual promiscuity Substance abuse

11 Signs of Child Maltreatment Signs of neglect Poor personal hygiene Inappropriate or inadequate clothing Frequent hunger Exhaustion Poor academic performance Delinquent behaviors

12 Maltreating Adults Characteristics Often use excessively harsh discipline Have a history of mental illness Alcohol/Drug abuse Chaotic home life Social isolation Financial stresses Unemployed/Underemployed

13 Reporting Suspected Abuse Mandatory reporters Each state dictates the following What must be reported Who must report it When it must be reported Procedures for reporting To whom the report is made

14 Mandatory Reporters Each state dictates the following (continued) The existence and operation of a central registry Protective custody for children Immunity for good faith reporters Sanctions for failure to report

15 Reporting Suspected Abuse The process of reporting Report is made by volunteer or mandated reporter who has “reasonable suspicion” Report is screened through an intake process by child protective services

16 Reporting Suspected Abuse The process of reporting (continued) Decision is made to send out an investigator A case record is made Findings are recorded Case and intervention plans are developed, implemented

17 Reporting Suspected Abuse After making the report leaders should Strive to treat the child the same as before abuse was suspected Be sensitive to the needs of the child Design opportunities for the child to develop social skills

18 Leader Caveats Be aware of actions Good, bad touches Ask before touching Tending to person in locker room Be aware of words Be aware of intentions Be aware of others’ perceptions Avoid being alone with a child

19 Elder Abuse 10% of those 60+ years experience maltreatment Financial exploitation Physical abuse, including confinement Emotional abuse Verbal abuse Sexual abuse Neglect (passive and active)

20 Elder Abuse Abuser is often a family member Abuser may be a caregiver Abuse victim may have some form of dementia Abuse victim may have a disability Some states have mandatory reporter laws for elder abuse

21 Elder Abuse Signs Bruises Burns Untreated sores Soiled clothing Behavior changes Reporting process Follow child abuse procedures

22 Blood-Borne Pathogens Types of blood-borne pathogens Hepatitis B Tuberculosis HIV/AIDS Transmitted through body fluids Mucous Vomit Blood Urine and feces

23 Blood-Borne Pathogens Universal precautions Protection for the injured person Protection for the person treating the injured individual Treat all injured persons the same Wash hands after treatment Wear gloves and a mask Clean injury, area immediately and correctly Dispose of items in biohazard containers

24 Professional Issues Professional certifications Enhance a leader’s competence Do not guarantee a level of performance Voluntary submission of credentials for peer review Relates to knowledge, skills, experience

25 Professional Certifications Certified Park and Recreation Professional (CPRP) Supported by National Certification Board of NRPA Must graduate from an accredited university Pass a written test covering core areas Certification is valid for two years Need 2.0 CEUs per year to maintain

26 Professional Certifications Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialist (CTRS) Supported by NCTRC Must graduate from an accredited university Complete an internship under a CTRS Pass a written test covering core areas Certification is valid for five years Need CEUs to maintain credential

27 Professional Certifications Certified Recreational Sports Specialist (CRSS) Offered through NIRSA Must have current CPR and first aid Pass a written exam Several categories of eligibility

28 Specialty Certifications Enhance leadership skills Youth coach Sports official Special Olympics coach Aerobics instructor Outdoor leader Ropes course facilitator Nonprofit management

29 Specialty Certifications Enhance leadership skills CPR, AED First Aid Lifeguard Water Safety Instructor Leave No Trace Wilderness Emergency Care and more…

30 Professional Associations Offer networking Offer education Host conferences Offer magazines and journals Provide opportunities for leadership


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