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The Thirteen Colonies New England Colonies (4) Middle Colonies (4) Southern Colonies (5)

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Presentation on theme: "The Thirteen Colonies New England Colonies (4) Middle Colonies (4) Southern Colonies (5)"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Thirteen Colonies New England Colonies (4) Middle Colonies (4) Southern Colonies (5)

2 The New England Colonies  Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island  Shipbuilding, manufacturing, fishing, and lumber

3 New England Colonies- Geography  The entire Appalachian Mountains cover this region.  Very little land for growing crops.  Climate: very cold winters and mild summers. It is not warm enough to grow large crops (staple crops).  They only grew crops for the family (subsistence farming). Not for making money.  Rivers: shallow and full of rapids. Boats could not travel inland.

4 New England Colonies - Settlements  Located along the Atlantic Ocean. They could not travel inland with the mountains and rivers as obstacles.  Settlers: Who moved there?  People who were seeking religious freedom. Not for making money.

5 New England Colonies - Resources  What did the settlers of the New England Colonies use to make money?  Lumber, furs, fishing, shipbuilding, Rum, and cattle.  Jobs?  Fisher, trapper, lumberjack, priest, shipbuilder, farmer…

6 Atlantic trade – Triangular Trade (p.111)  This was the trading route with three stops.  1. Ships leave New England with a cargo of rum and iron.  2. In Africa, the Captain would trade the cargo for slaves.  3. The slaves would be transported across the Atlantic (Middle Passage) to the West Indies. They would then be traded for sugar and molasses.  4. The sugar and molasses would then be sent back to New England. The Sugar and molasses would then be used to make more rum.  Then the process would start all over again.

7 Middle Colonies  New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania  Known as the “Breadbasket of the colonies”

8 Middle Colonies- geography  Located next to the Atlantic Ocean. The Appalachian Mountains are located in the west.  A little bit more flat farm land than the New England Colonies.  Climate: cold winters and mild summers.  They had more land to raise staple crops. Grew wheat which was turned into flour. They would export wheat/flour to the New England and Southern colonies.

9 Middle Colonies  Rivers: shallow and full of rapids. Just like the New England Colonies  Settlements: located along the Atlantic coast. There was more flat land inland so more settlers ventured inland to grow grain.  Settlers: most were seeking religious freedom but others were seeking economic opportunity.

10 Middle Colonies  Resources: grain, lumber, cattle, shipbuilding and rum.  Jobs: farmer, priest, shipbuilder, lumberjack, trader, trapper.

11 Southern Colonies  Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia  Known for plantations and small farms

12 Southern Colonies  Climate: hot and humid summers and very mild winters. Perfect for growing staple crops.  Lots of flat farmland.  Rivers: deep and wide – perfect for modern day (1600/1700) ships to pass through safely.  Settlements: located inland along the major rivers.  Settlers: were not very interested in religion. They were more interested in making money.

13 Southern Colonies  Resources: rice, indigo, cotton, and tobacco  Jobs: plantation owner, indentured servant, slave, trader

14 The Backcountry  A region of dense forests and rushing streams in or near the Appalachian Mountains.  Resources: lots of springs and streams to provide water. Lots of forests furnished wood that settlers could use for log cabins and fences.  Most backcountry people learned to rely on themselves. They had to always be aware of the Native Americans in the area.


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