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Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter Thirteen The Sexual Body in Health and Illness
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Living in Our Bodies Sexual health is the state of physical, emotional, mental, and social well-being related to sexuality; it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction, or infirmity (WHO, 2002)
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Sexual Health Definition Requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships Requires possibility of having pleasurable and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination, and violence May contradict societal and personal expectations
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Is Health Incongruent with Seeking Perfection? Penis augmentation Breast implantation What other procedures are routinely performed for cosmetic vs. therapeutic reasons in the U.S?
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Eating Disorders Common among certain athletic groups Anorexia nervosa Bulimia Binge eating disorder Retreating from sexuality Treatment strategies
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Anorexia Nervosa Characterized by an all-controlling desire for thinness –Distorted image of ones own body –Diet (and sometimes exercise) obsessively –Sexual dysfunction often accompanies anorexia Amenorrhea May not achieve secondary sex characteristics
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Bulimia and Binge Eating Disorder Both are characterized by uncontrolled overeating –People with bulimia purge by vomiting, dieting, exercising excessively, or taking laxatives –People with binge eating disorder may overeat without the purging Many people with eating disorders are ambivalent toward their bodies and their sexual natures in general
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Anabolic Steroids Used to promote the fast development of skeletal muscle Used to enhance body image and athletic performance May occur in non-athletes Can cause serious and permanent body damage
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Alcohol, Drugs, and Sexuality Drugs and alcohol are commonly perceived as enhancers of sexuality –They rarely enhance sexual performance –Alcohol decreases the ability of men and women to become physically aroused –Effect of disinhibition, activating behaviors that would otherwise be suppressed
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Alcohol, Drugs, and Sexuality Used by some to give themselves permission to be sexual –Increases exposure to risky sexual situations –Alcohol use is a significant factor in sexual violence of all types –Plays a role in 90% of rapes and sexual assaults –Binge drinking by college students
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Other Drug Use and Sexuality Aphrodisiacs Marijuana Amyl nitrate Cantharides Priapism Ecstasy
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Sexuality and Aging: Women Perimenopause: menstrual periods become irregular prior to menopause Menopause: complete cessation of menstruation Hot flash: period of intense warmth, flushing, and perspiration Osteoporosis: loss of bone mass Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy (PHT)
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Sexuality and Aging: Men Refractory period is extended Decrease in testosterone production Benign prostate hypertrophy Testosterone supplement
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Sexuality and Disability A wide range of disabilities and physical limitations can affect sexuality People with these disabilities need support and education so they can enjoy their full sexual potential Men and women with disabilities differ in the self view of sexuality identity
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Physical Limitations Spinal cord injury Changing expectations Vision and hearing impairment Diabetes Cardiovascular disease Arthritis Developmental disability
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Sexuality and Cancer: Women Breast cancer –Mammogram: low-dose X-ray of the breast to detect cancer –Mastectomy: surgical removal of the breast –Lumpectomy: surgical removal of the tumor and lymph nodes –Breast reconstruction or implant surgery Cervical cancer –Cervical dysplasia: condition that may lead to cancer Pap test: test for detection of cervical cancer
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Sexuality and Cancer: Women Ovarian cancer –Oophorectomy—removal of one or both ovaries Uterine cancer –Hysterectomy—surgical removal of uterus Vaginal cancer
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Sexuality and Cancer: Men Prostate cancer –Detection –Treatment Testicular cancer –Detection –Treatment Penile cancer Breast cancer
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Other Sexual Health Issues Toxic shock syndrome Endometriosis Anal cancer Lesbian women’s health issues Prostatitis
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Summary Living in our bodies Alcohol, drugs, and sexuality Sexuality and aging Sexuality and disability Sexuality and cancer Other sexual health issues
Copyright ©2008 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter Thirteen The Sexual Body in Health and Illness.
What Causes Eating Disorders? No single cause for eating disorders - involves several complex factors Cultural Pressures – being extremely thin is.
Managing Your Weight. Calories Calories are a unit to measure energy; measures calories in food and the energy that your body burns How many calories.
Increases sexual comfort Monitor for changes related to health concerns.
Chapter 6 Managing Your Weight. Calories Calories are a unit to measure energy; measures calories in food and the energy that your body burns Their.
Chapter 13.5 Lecture The Science of Nutrition Third Edition © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. In Depth: Disordered Eating.
Fad Diets and Eating Disorders Chapter Six Lesson Two Pages
Motivation and Work Chapter 12 notes 12-3 (obj 8-11)
Eating Disorder Presentation By: Gagan Sidhu and Raman Kandola.
O.A. Healthy Body Composition Write two paragraphs and answer the questions below: 1.In terms of body composition, what constitutes a healthy or fit body?
Chapter Fourteen Sexual Difficulties, Dissatisfaction, Enhancement, and Therapy.
Sex, Menopause, and Aging. Overview The menopause transition The menopause transition Sexual changes during and after menopause Sexual changes during.
Menopause. What is Menopause? The end of a woman’s menstrual cycle.
1 Female Reproductive Disorders. 2 Problems Related to Menstruation Premenstrual Syndrome Dysmenorrhea Oligomenorrhea Amenorrhea Menorrhagia Metrorrhagia.
It is the combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well-being.
Chapter 9 Lecture © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Exercise, Diet, and Weight Control.
EATING DISORDER FACTS Up to 30 million people of all ages and genders suffer from an eating disorder in the U.S. Eating disorders have the highest mortality.
The Perils of Eating Disorders. Eating disorders are conditions defined by abnormal eating habits that may involve either insufficient or excessive food.
The Female Athlete Triad Taken from: Managing the Female Athlete Triad. NCAA Coaches Handbook National Athletic Trainers’ Associated Position Statement:
Abnormal Behaviour Different ways of understanding abnormal behaviour (models of abnormality) –Biological –Psychodynamic –Behaviourist –Cognitive Eating.
Lesson 2 Do you… Fad Diets and Eating Disorders These weight-loss strategies are risky. Not only do they often fail to produce long-term results, but.
What’s Eating You? Fatima Chaudhry. Types of Eating Disorders: * Anorexia Nervosa * Bulimia Nervosa * Binge Eating * Anorexia Athletica * EDNOS – (Eating.
Middle adulthood Lecture 9 Middle Adulthood. : After the completion of this lecture, the student will be able to: 1. Define middle adulthood. 2. list.
Eating Disorders Chapter 5. Definition An eating disorder is an abnormal eating behavior that risks physical and mental health. Can lead to organ damage,
CHAPTER 18: Rethinking Menopause. Introduction Menopause is associated with many health issues. – Intertwined with personal, societal, and biomedical.
Eating Disorders. How much pressure does society put on individuals in regards to appearance? Why are eating disorders predominantly found among women?
Eating disorders are extreme and dangerous.. Liquid diets- liquid diet only, which can be extremely dangerous. Diet pills- claim they suppress your.
Body Image & Eating Disorders Objectives: SWBAT identify eating behaviors that are harmful to one’s health. SWBAT locate & seek resources that can help.
Not being able to get pregnant Common causes for females: Fallopian tube blockage Ovulation disorders Polycystic ovary syndrome endometriosis.
Copyright 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. PSYCHOLOGY: MAKING CONNECTIONS GREGORY J. FEIST ERIKA L. ROSENBERG.
Chapter 3 Female Sexual Anatomy and Physiology. Genital Self-Exam Purposes of self exams –Increases sexual comfort –Monitor for changes related to health.
Fad Diets and Eating Disorders. Are you familiar with promises like these? They promise quick and easy weight loss. What do they actually deliver?
Copyright © 2008 Delmar. All rights reserved. Chapter 23 The Elder Population.
Causes It is important to understand that an eating disorder is merely a symptom of an underlying problem. Eating Disorders can have MANY causes, but.
1 Lesson 2 Body Image and Eating Disorders. 2 Your Body Image Body Image –The way you see your body During your teens years your body will change Some.
1 TOPIC 8 EATING DISORDERS. Eating disorders - are characterized by disturbed patterns of eating and maladaptive ways of controlling body weight.
How to survive your menopause David Griffiths Consultant Gynaecologist Christine Pearce Consultant Nurse 3 rd Sept 2014.
Eating Disorders. Risk Factors in Development of Eating Disorders Central Feature: Dissatisfaction with _______________________________ Intense fear of.
Why do eating disorders occur? Societal views Societal views Distorted body image Distorted body image.
Eating Disorders Mental health disorders characterized by dysfunctional eating/behavior patterns, etc.
EATING DISORDERS. What is an eating disorder? An eating disorder is a compulsion to eat, or avoid eating, that negatively affects one's physical and mental.
Chapter 16 Disorders of the Female Reproductive System.
Eating Disorders Video. Eating Disorder- - An extreme, harmful eating behavior that can cause serious illness or even death.
Copyright, Corey E. Miller, 2002, Chapter Fourteen: Sexual Enhancement and Therapy.
Managing Weight and Eating Behaviors. You maintain your weight by taking in as many calories as you use. 25% of teens do NOT participate in at least.
Eating Disorders Anorexia Nervosa Bulimia Nervosa Compulsive Overeating.
Eating Disorders. Anorexia Nervosa Is an eating disorder characterized by a distorted body image. The individual has an irrational dread of becoming fat.
Song of the Week! “Young and Beautiful”, Lana Del Rey “I picked this because I think people focus on appearances way too much. Lana talks about whether.
Definitions: Definition of exercise? Physical activity Definition of fitness?
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