Budget Process: 101 1) President Submits Budget to Congress 2) House Passes Budget Resolution 3) Senate Passes its Budget Resolution 4) House and Senate must pass 13 Appropriations bills to fund all government operations 5) Small conference committee finds agreement between H & S, they each pass the final bills and 6) President Signs them 7) Everybody gets their money! 3
FY2012 FINAL NUMBERS BUDGET CONTROL ACT 4 Where did we end up in FY 2012?
Final FY 2012 Numbers IDEA Part B$11,577,86 Increase of $78 Million IDEA Part B Section 619 $372,645Level IDEA Part C$442,710 Increase $5 Million IDEA Part D$242,508Level Javits$0Eliminated SpEd Research$49.9 millionLevel 13 5
6 John Boehner, (R-OH) Speaker of the House John Boehner = Lots of Crying
7 President Obama President Obama = Lots of Pizza
Budget Control Act Lifted the Debt Ceiling Reduced the deficit in 2 main ways: (1) Capped Discretionary Spending over the next 10 years (2) Told Congress: Cut $1.2 trillion dollars by either Super Committee Agreement OR Automatic Spending Cuts =Sequestration 10 WHAT?
What is Discretionary Spending? U.S. DOE = 1.32% of total federal budget FY 2010
Programs Not Subject to Sequestration Social Security Medicaid CHIP Food Stamps Child Nutrition Veterans Benefits Certain Tax Credits Federal Retirement Benefits Medicare cuts CAPPED LOCKBOX 12
New York Times Article 12/5/11 A Democrat involved in the negotiations said: “We made a reasonable offer and got nothing in return. We got naked in the room. Republicans are standing there in overcoats, hats and gloves and are toasty warm.” A Republican aide, said a few days later: “We showed some leg. The Democrats want us to get completely naked.” 14
What do we have now? Sequestration Sequestration = Across the Board Cuts Amount is Approximately 8% - 9% 50% to Defense Programs 50% to Non Defense Discretionary Programs Includes all of education (except Pell) Set to begin January 2, 2013 17 Sequestration 1-Pager
Sequestration Impact on IDEA 2013 Source, NEA 2/2012 19
Special Concerns for IDEA Funds will end on January 2, 2013 – right in the middle of the year. Further reducing funding will mean larger class sizes, fewer support personnel, and less support for students. TIMING COMPLIANCE 20
CEC/CASE Survey 2012 If Sequestration occurs, survey results indicate: There will be increased strain on the availability of services for students with disabilities. 81% Agree Their district will cut funding for purchase of resources including needed technology. 85% Agree Their district will increase caseload. 77% Agree Their district will reduce professional development. 79% Agree There will be a hiring freeze and/or layoffs. Over 95% Agree 23
Bipartisan Policy Center Estimates Sequestration will cause the United States to lose approximately 1 million jobs. 24
Special Issues: Special Education Research IDEA Full Funding 25
Special Education Research Special Education Research – cut by $20 million in FY2011 – level funded in 2012 New NCSER Commissioner – Deborah Speece Arrived after the cut Projects are generated by local communities & universities working together The funds are not reallocated to parts B or C of IDEA This was a cut in special education funding and erodes the longstanding federal commitment to individuals with disabilities and their families. 17 26
IDEA Full Funding Legislation 27 Get involved!! Senator Harkin (D-IA) and 15 Democratic Co-Sponsors have introduced in the Senate S. 1403 Representative Polis Defending Special Education Students and Families Act H. R. 2935
H.R. 3578 Keep Our PACT 28 Chris Van Hollen (D-MD) Historic Champion of IDEA Sponsor of Keep our PACT HR 864 Full Funding for NCLB/ESEA Full Funding for IDEA Current Ranking Member on the House Budget Comm.
Minibus??Omnibus?? Shutdown ? Realistic Plans for September 30? 26 31
Post Election Fiscal Tsunami Lame Duck session: Perfect Fiscal Storm! FY 13 appropriations/omnibus Sequestration hits on 1/2/13 Bush tax cuts expire on 12/31/12 Debt ceiling will need to be raised 32
Budget Talking Points 33 Increase Funding for all parts of IDEA Remember to thank them if they signed the letter! Thank them if they co-sponsored a bill! Restore and Increase Funding for Special Education Research Consider Impact of Sequestration; Pass a Balanced Budget that Eliminates the Need for Sequestration Do it soon!!!!!! What should you use in your visits? CEC/CASE Survey Budget Book – highlight success! Research 1 pager You Rock!!!
How do you answer the questions like: What should we cut? You say 2 things: I realize you will have to make tough decisions For my vote, I urge the Representative/Senator to invest in special and gifted education Why? Because when we don’t our nation suffers. Jobs in my district will be lost Services will cease, class sizes will increase, and Outcomes over a lifetime decrease and we lose all potential return on investment.
Federal Budget - Hopes? Fears? When you argue with reality, you always lose. Byron Katie 35