What do you know about the Holocaust? Write five to ten sentences with information you have learned in Social Studies.
Bell Ringer: Tues. 4/30 Write down the following statements and state whether you agree or disagree. Provide a reason for your answer. Include examples from the text where you can. 1. Faith in God can help get you through even the most difficult circumstances. 2. Survival is more important than faith or personal beliefs. 3. God should not allow evil like the Holocaust to exist.
Bell Ringer: Wed. 5/1 Theme: central message or idea that says something about life or about being human. Night Topic List: Create a list of 5-10 topics that were covered in Night. Remember! A topic is not a theme. A theme is what the story says about a topic. Only write the words that are written in gold.
Topics in Night 1. The Holocaust 2. Faith 3. Suffering 4. Identity 5. Survival instinct 6. Human nature 7. Civility vs. savagery
Night: Theme Statements Topic + Insight = Theme Theme is not just a moral. It does not state what a human should or should not do. It states what it means to be human and what it means to be alive. It should apply to all human beings everywhere. Elie Wiesel’s Night shows that the line between humanity and savagery can be blurred in times of great suffering. Now create a theme statement from one of the topics listed.. Elie Wiesel’s Night shows that …
Bell Ringer: Wed. 4/24 Write down the prompt in your notebook then answer the question using details and examples from our memoir, Night. Is there such thing as morality in “survival” mode? Is a human truly capable of discerning and acting upon “right and wrong” when enduring great suffering?
Figurative Language and Other Literary Devices Fill in the definitions for types of figurative language. Let’s see what you remember! TermDefinition Allusion Irony Hyperbole Metaphor Paradox Personification Simile
Figurative Language and Other Literary Devices Let’s see how you did! Here are the answers! TermDefinition Allusion a figure of speech whereby the author refers to a subject matter such as a place, event, or literary work by way of a passing reference. It is up to the reader to make a connection to the subject being mentioned. Irony involves an contradiction between what is expected or intended to happen and what actually occurs. Hyperbole words and phrases that exaggerate and overemphasize the basic meaning of the statement in order to produce a grander, more noticeable effect. Metaphor A comparison of two unlike things. Paradox refers to the use of concepts/ ideas that are contradictory to one another, yet, when placed together they hold significant value on several levels. Personification Giving human traits to nonhuman objects Simile Comparing two unlike things using “like”, “as”, or “than”
Bell Ringer: Writing Prompt What sets people apart from animals? How are we unique and different from wild animals and pets?
Bell Ringer: Fri. 4/26 Describe the type of conflict that is exemplified in the quote below. Explain How Elie is feeling and why he is feeling the way he is. External Conflict: Man vs. Man, Man vs. Nature, Man vs. Society Internal Conflict: Man vs. Self “Blessed be God’s name? Why, but why would I bless Him? Every fiber in me rebelled. Because He caused thousands of children to burn in His mass graves? “ (pg. 67).
Bell Ringer: Tues. 3/28/13- Writing Prompt If you were suddenly forced to leave your home and were told you could only take one thing with you, what would you take? Explain why you would take that item. How would it make you feel?
Holocaust: Video Questions 1. In the 1940s, who was driven out of their neighborhoods and homes? 2. What is the Holocaust? 3. Where did the Holocaust take place? 4. What lie did the Nazis tell the Jewish people? 5. Why were Jewish people discriminated against? 6. Why were the cattle trains so horrifying? 7. Describe the concentration Camp, Auschwitz. 8. What were the smoke stacks used for?
Holocaust: Night by Elie Wiesel 1. After watching the video and surveying the text, what do you predict this book will be about? 2. What will be the point of view? 3. What genre will Night be—fictional narrative, biography, historical fiction, etc. ? 4. Will it have a happy ending or a melancholy ending? 5. What is your impression of Elie Wiesel?
9. Describe what happened to the families once they arrived at Auschwitz. 10. Write down 5-10 Concrete Details.
Holocaust: Summary Write a summary of what you learned about the Holocaust from the video and our discussions in class. Your paragraph should have at least 8 or more sentences. Requirements: Topic Sentence 5 concrete details 2-5commentary Closing Sentence with a transition
Holocaust Summary Write a summary of what you learned about the Holocaust from the video and our discussions in class. Your paragraph should have at least 5-8 sentences. Requirements: Topic Sentence 3 concrete details 1-2 commentary Closing Sentence with a transition
The Holocaust is a time in history we should never forget. The Holocaust took place in the 1940s in Europe. During this time, Nazis persecuted Jewish people in Europe. Millions of people were taken from their homes to concentration camps and killed. Racism in any form is dangerous and can lead to unjust treatment. We need to make sure that genocide like the Holocaust should never happen again.
Bell Ringer: Mon. 4/8/13 “Sometimes we must interfere…wherever men or women are persecuted because of their race, religion, or political views, that place must –at that moment—become the center of the universe.” 1) What does this quote mean? 2) What is the call to action?
Bell Ringer: Writing Prompt Tues. 4/8/13: Write about events that unexpectedly change people’s lives—a natural disaster or death of a loved one, for example. Write about the effects and emotional reactions you or the others might have to each event. An event that drastically changes people’s lives is…
Bell Ringer- Night: Connotation vs Denotation Consider the word “Night” which Elie Wiesel has used as the title of the memoir we are reading. What are the first ten adjectives that you think of when you hear the word “Night”? What are the first ten nouns that come to mind from the word “Night”.
Connotation vs Denotation Question /TermAnswer /Definition/ Example Connotation Denotation What are the three types of Connotative meanings? Example of Positive Example of Neutral Example of Negative
Night Vocabulary List #1 WordPart of Speech DefinitionPicture, Sentence, Synonym Commonplace Compatriots Edict Encumbered Exterminate Firmament Genocide Ghetto Haggard Hermetically Illusion Indulgent Insignificant Insistence
WordPart of speech DefinitionSentence, Picture, synonym Liquidate Marginalize Perilous Persecution Pillage Reassurance Surname Timidity Waiflike Unsentimental Premonition Night Vocabulary List #1
Night Vocabulary List #2 WordPart of Speech DefinitionPicture, sentence, Synonym Altruistic Anguish Anti-Semitism Crucible Decree Despair Dysentery Elude Emaciated Evoke Gallows Insinuate
Night Vocabulary List #2 WordPart of Speech DefinitionPicture, sentence, Synonym Inhibition Irrevocable Lament oppression Phylactery pious Poignant Reprieve Sanctity Wrath
Bell Ringer: Fri. 4/12 Write out the sentences. Then replace the underlined words with a word from our Night vocabulary list. 1. The glittering sky arched over his head, and he had never so distinctly felt the presence of the Most High. 2. The risky mission should not be taken lightly; there are many dangers associated with it. 3. The crying child stomped her foot and threw a temper tantrum because her mother did not buy her a toy. Her demanding requests would not relent. 4. The destitute child was dirty and disheveled. It was obvious that he had no food or home.
Bell Ringer: Mon. 4/15 Write out the sentences. Then replace the underlined words with a word from our Night vocabulary list. 1. Mrs. Shcacter had a foreboding feeling that the Jews of Sighet were going to be victims of fire. 2. The Nazis plundered the Jewish citizens of their gold, silver, and other valuables. 3. It was obvious that Hayden's backpack was heavy and filled to capacity as she walked down the hallway leaning forward and straining her back.
Bell Ringer: Tues. 4/16 Write out the sentences. Then replace the underlined words with a word from our Night vocabulary list. 1. The SS officers seemed void of all feeling and emotion; they indiscriminately hit and clubbed the inmates of Auschwitz. 2. Hitler’s Final Plan was to exterminate all Jews in Europe such a massive killing based on race and religion would require efficient death camps. For sentences 3-5, circle the prefix for the underlined words then provide a definition. 3. Elie was so petrified when he saw the fire-burning ditches that he began to hyperventilate. 4. The injured boy needed a blood transfusion in order to live. 5. The gifted student surpassed the other students in reading level and critical thinking skills.
Bell Ringer: Wed. 4/17 Write out the sentences. Then replace the underlined words with a word from our Night vocabulary list. 1. “Comrades, you are now in the concentration camp Auschwitz…Don’t lose hope…We shall all see the day of liberation…” (pg. 41). 2. His words gave us both comfort and confidence that we would survive the concentration camp. 3. The SS officers’ deception no longer ruled our lives; we knew the truth and our fate. For sentences 4-5, circle the prefix for the underlined words then provide a definition. 4. The scientists were studying subatomic particles. 5. The play was so well performed that I could not use enough superlative adjectives to describe it.
Bell Ringer: Th.4/18 Write out the sentences. Then replace the underlined words with a word from our Night vocabulary list. 1. A new command was imposed on all Jewish civilians; they were to wear a gold star on their clothing. 2. The cattle car was sealed air tight; therefore, the journey was hot and uncomfortable. 3. The family name, Wiesel, will go down in history. Provide a definition and a word that begin with each of the following prefixes. PrefixDefinitionWord 4Sub 5Trans 6Hyper 7Super, supr, sur
Homework: Thursday, 4/18 Look at your Vocabulary List. Place a check mark next to words you still don’t know. Then write sentences for ten of your vocabulary words. Be sure to use context clues. Complete homework in Vocab. composition books.
Picture It Draw a picture from a scene from our memoir that stood out to you. Make it detailed. Then find a quote from your book and write it along with the page number
Before You Read: Chapter 1 Setting: Time and PlaceEastern Europe (Romania) 1941 Did You KnowJudaism is 4,000 years old TermDefinition Compatriots Edict Expound Firmament Hermetically Pillage Premonition
Bell Ringer: Foreshadowing Th. 4/11 Def Foreshadowing Definition Synonyms Examples Sentence R13 Author’s use of clues to hint what might Happen later in the story
WWII Propaganda Def Propaganda Definition Synonyms Examples Sentence information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc. Brainwash Advertise Disinformation
Journal: Night DateQuestionResponse Even though it was 1944, and Nazi extermination of Jews had begun years earlier, the Sighet Jews had very few facts about it. Do you think it is possible in today’s world for a community to know so little, to be so unprepared? Expain.
Before You Read: Chapter 1 Question / Key TermAnswer / Definition Setting Did you Know? Compatriots Edict Firmament Hermetically Pillage Premonition Eastern Europe 1941, Romania Judaism is over 4,000 years old. Countrymen Law The sky or the heavens Completely sealed; air tight Rob with open violence When you have a feeling something bad will happen
Night Characters (List significant characters and a character trait) (6) Significant Events (5) PictureSummary 5-10 sentences
Night Characters (List significant characters and a character trait) 1.Eliezer: Intelligent, curious 2.Chlomo (Father): Wise, Respected 3.Moshe the Beadle: Wise, strange 4.Hilda: Older sister 5.Bea: Middle sister 6.Tzipora: Little sister—Innocent Significant Events 1.Moshe is deported and comes back to Sighet to tell the people that the Nazis killed Jews. 2.Nobody believes Moshe. 3.The Nazis arrive in Sighet 4. 5. PictureSummary 5-10 sentences
Elie Wiesel: Nonfiction Article- One Pager Who is Elie Wiesl? (5 facts) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Book 1.Title: Night 2.Genre: Memoir 3.Where does the book take place? 4.When does the book take place? 5.How old is Elie Wiesel in the book? Quote (Choose a quote from the article) Inference (Why is the book titled Night?)
Night: Four Squares Characters :(List 4 significant characters and a character trait) 1. 2. 3. 4. External Conflicts: (Elie) Man vs Society: Man vs Man: Man vs Nature: Internal Conflict: Man vs Self: Picture and quote (page number)Summary (5-10 sentences)
Bell Ringer:Word of the Day- Fri. 2/3/12 e Irony Definition Examples Synonyms Sentence A contradiction between what happens and what is expected. Aching rotten teeth prevent someone from going to the dentist. Twist Paradox Oxymoron R14
Bell Ringer: Wed. 2/22- DLP Rewrite the following sentences correcting them for spelling, punctuation and grammar. 1. In this section of Night the jewish people in the town were forced to leave there stuff. 2. They were forced to leave their naborhoods so they buried they’re things. 3. The Nazis were comming to the town and they got scared.
Bell Ringer: Wed. 2/9- Corrections 1. In this section of Night, the Jewish people in the town were forced to leave there belongings. 2. The Jewish people of Sighet were forced to leave their neighborhoods, so they buried their personal treasures. 3. The Nazis were coming to the town, and the citizens of Sighet became scared.
Writing a Letter Write a letter to young Elie Wiesel expressing your thoughts about what he and his family are going through. Thinking of the examples of foreshadowing in chapters 1-3, warn Elie of the hardships and obstacles he must soon endure. End the letter with advice and words of wisdom. Dear Elie, It is awful that you and your family were forced to leave your home. I can’t imagine ever having to leave my friends and precious belongings… The Nazis do not have right to treat people like animals. There are people who are fighting against the Nazis and their leader, Adolf Hitler. You are not alone; although, it may feel that way at times. You are going to endure some very difficult times. Keep your faith and don’t loose hope. Your life is worth it in the end. Sincerely, John Smith
Before You Read: Night-CH. 3-5 Questions / TermsAnswers/ Definitions Setting Did you know? Crucible Emaciated Leprous Manacle Birkenau, a concentration camp in Poland which was the processing center for Auschwitz. The first concentration camp was opened in 1933. In 1942, Hitler and his allies developed the official policy known as the “Final Solution.” Under this plan, Jews would be worked until they collapsed and then they would be killed. Container for cooking at high heat Thinness caused by starvation and disease Showing signs of leprosy To handcuff
Writing a Letter Wiesel was unable to say a proper good bye to his mother and young sister, Tzipora when they were seperated at Aushwitz. Write a “Good Bye” letter in the first person point-of- view as young Eli to his mother and young sister Tzipora. What would you want your mother and sister to know ? What are you going to miss most about them? Dear mother and Tzipora, II can’t believe that we were separated today. I was horrified when the Nazis forced father and I to go to one line while you both went to another line. Mother I want to thank you for always taking care of me and making my favorite Meals. You always reassured us when things became rough. Tzipora, I will miss you the most. I don’t understand why you were taken. You are so innocnet and have never hurt any- one in your life. With deep love and fond memories, Elie
Warning Sign Create a warning sign that you would leave in an abandoned ghetto in order to warn other Jewish people who might use the ghetto for a refuge. Your sign must contain words and phrases that communicate to others the danger s that may lie ahead for them if they are caught by the Nazis. You sign must also contain symbols and pictures.
Word of the Day: Th. 2/9 R18 dfad Symbolism Definition: Pictures / Symbols Examples from Night Sentence: The use of symbols or objects that represent ideas, events, or people.
Fire Fire appears throughout Night as a symbol of the Nazis’ cruel power. On the way to Auschwitz-Birkenau, Madame Schächter receives a vision of fire that serves as a premonition of the horror to come. Eliezer also sees the Nazis burning babies in a ditch. Most important, fire is the agent of destruction in the crematoria, where many meet their death at the hands of the Nazis. The role of fire as a Nazi weapon reverses the role fire plays in the Bible and Jewish tradition. In the Bible, fire is associated with God and divine wrath. God appears to Moses as a burning bush, and vengeful angels wield flaming swords. In postbiblical literature, flame also is a force of divine retribution. In Gehenna— the Jewish version of Hell—the wicked are punished by fire. But in Night, it is the wicked who wield the power of fire, using it to punish the innocent. Such a reversal demonstrates how the experience of the Holocaust has upset Eliezer’s entire concept of the universe, especially his belief in a benevolent, or even just, God. Night The Bible begins with God’s creation of the earth. When God first begins his creation, the earth is “without form, and void; and darkness [is] upon the face of the deep” (Genesis 1:2, King James Version). God’s first act is to create light and dispel this darkness. Darkness and night therefore symbolize a world without God’s presence. In Night, Wiesel exploits this allusion. Night always occurs when suffering is worst, and its presence reflects Eliezer’s belief that he lives in a world without God. The first time Eliezer mentions that “[n]ight fell” is when his father is interrupted while telling stories and informed about the deportation of Jews. Similarly, it is night when Eliezer first arrives at Birkenau/Auschwitz, and it is night—specifically “pitch darkness”—when the prisoners begin their horrible run from Buna.
Bell Ringer: Fri. 2/10/12 Definition Parts of Speech Profound: Adjective Profoundly: Adverb Profoundness: Noun Synonyms Intense Sentence Absolutely Very Extensive Profound Entering deeply into subjects or thoughts; deep insight or understanding
Bell Ringer: Word of the Day Definition Synonyms Lack of interest or concern; Indifference absence of emotion or Numbness enthusiasm Picture Antonyms Interest Emotion Zeal Apathy
Journal: Night DateQuestionResponse Wed. 2/8 Th 2/9 Mon. 2/13 What are some incidents that suggest or foreshadow the coming danger to the Sighet Jew? Why doesn’t the community believe it is a danger? Explain what Fire and Night symbolize in our memoir. When he arrives at Aushwitz and then Buna, Wiesel describes scenes he will never forget. What scenes, ideas, or feelings from the memoir do you find unforgettable. Night= Fire=
Word of the Day: Tues. 2/14 Imagery Definition The 5 Senses Picture Example The use of words or phrases that appeal to one Or more of the senses. Writers use images to describe How something looks, feels, tastes, smells, or sounds. Sight Sound Touch Taste Smell My grandmother was baking cookies today. Already I could smell the warm dough and melted chocolate. I couldn’t wait to bite into the gooey, sticky caramel. R14
Night: Ch. 4: ????? Characters : Include two character traits Elie: Chlomo: The French Girl: Idek: Examples of Imagery : Write down the sentence and page number Sight: Sound: Taste: Touch: Smell: PictureSummary: Write about major events and your reaction to the chapter.
Bell Ringer: Literary Analysis 1. Read the following quote from Night. Determine which of the five senses Elie Wiesel appeals to in order to describe the scene in vivid detail. It was a beautiful April day. The Fragrance of spring was in the air. The radiant orange sun was setting in the west, and I could feel the warmth tingle on my skin. 2. Explain how the use of imagery enhances the description of the scene. 3. How does this description contrast with the situation young Elie is facing?
Bell Ringer:Th. 2/16/12- Circle Map: Figurative Language Figurative Language Definition Types of Figurative Language Picture R13 Rewrite the following sentence using figurative language. It is hot outside.
Ticket Out the Door 1. Describe some images that Wiesel has described that have evoked strong emotions. 2. How does the use of imagery and figurative language improve the author’s overall message about the Holocaust? 3. What are some questions you still have about our memoir?
Bell Ringer: Figurative Language PageType of Figurative Language SentenceLiteral Meaning 43“Two lambs, with a hundred wolves lying in wait for them. Two lambs without a shepherd.” Read the following sentences from Night. First determine what type of figurative Language is being used. Then rewrite the sentence translating it to its literal meaning.
Bell Ringer MetaphorSimilePersonification Hyperbole Symbolism Example Figurative Language: R11 I waited in line for Centuries. The assignment was a breeze. He is as sly as a fox. The tables danced during The earthquake. The enemy held out the olive branch at a chance for peace. Obvious and intentional exaggeration
Bell Ringer: Allusion- Wed. 2/22 ISN pg. 17 Allusion Definition Example in Music Example in movies Memoir (page 34) “But I had ceased to pray. How I sympathized with Job! R11 Music Pg. 34
Homework: The Bible as Literature Research: 1. If we look at the Bible as literature, who is the character Job in the Bible? 2. List some awful things that happen to Job? 3. What is Job’s reaction to these awful events? 4. Why does Elie sympathize with Job?
Night: Ch. 5- One pager Significant Events 1 2 3 4 Examples of Allusion (Copy down sentence with page number) PictureSummary (five or more sentences with your reaction )
Bell RInger: Fri. 2/24 QuestionAnswer When Elie arrives at Aushwitz, he enters through gates that read “Work is Liberty”. Explain the irony in that statement.
Ticket Out the Door 1. Describe one thing that stood out to you during your reading today. 2. What questions do you have? Did anything confuse you today? 3. What do you predict will happen next?
Word of the Day: Fri. 2/24 Definition: Parts of Speech: Emaciated: Adj. Emaciation: Noun Picture: Sentence: To make or become extremely thin, Especially as a result of starvation. Emaciated
Word of the Day: Fri. 3/2-ISN 13 Definition: Parts of Speech: Anti-Semitic: Adjective Anti-Semite: Noun Picture: Sentence: Discrimination, prejudice or hostility against Jewish people. Anti-Semitism
This adjective describes the way the Jewish prisoners looked after being deprived of food.
When an author makes a reference to a well- known book, person, place or event in literature.
Name the type of Figurative Language is exemplified below. "One day when we came back from work, we saw three gallows rearing up in the assembly place, three black crows." (pg. 61)
One Pager: Ch. 6 Draw a picture that takes up the whole page along with a quote that captures the main idea of chapter 6
Writing Journal: Fri. 3/2 QuestionAnswer What are some of the ways that the Jews are dehumanized during the Holocaust?
Chapter 6:One Pager- Title? 1. Draw a picture of a scene that stuck out to you in your reading. 2. Include a quote on the page.
Chapter 7: One Pager- Title? List Characters and two traitsQuote PictureSummary
Chapter 8: One Pager-Title? List 5 significant events 1. 2. 3. 4. 5 Define Vocabulary Contagion: Encumbrance: Vigilance: Hopelessness and Death 1. 2. 3. Hope and Life 1. 2. 3.
Chapter 9: One Pager- Title? List Significant EventsHow does the memoir paint a dark and angry picture of human nature? What are the circumstances in the memoir that allow for this darker side of human nature? Draw a picture of the side of human nature we see in the memoir. Choose a word or phrase that captures the mood of the memoir.
Bell Ringer: Word of the Day- Mon 3/5 Definition Synonyms A moment of sudden revelation And great insight; a discovery great revelation. Eye-opener Picture Sentence Epiphany
Themes in Night Themes: Themes are the fundamental and often universal lessons explored in a literary work. Relationship between father and son Loss of faith Being a voice for the voiceless or marginalized people Silence Inhumanity of humans to other humans
Journal: Writing Prompt Date QuestionAnswer Mon. 3/5 How is watching the interview with Wiesel change your perspective of the memoir? What are some epiphanies you have had as a result from reading Night?
Journal: Writing Prompt DateQuestionAnswer Th. 3/8 Why is it imperative that we never forget the atrocities of the Holocaust? What is at stake if we do forget?
Connected Readings: “All the Unburied Ones” 1. List the different examples of imagery in this poem. 2. How many syllables per line? 3. What is the author’s tone in this poem? Provide reasons for your response.
Connected Readings: Three Poems 1. Who is Hannah Senesh? 2. Why was Palestine a sanctuary for Jewish people during WWII? 3. In stanza 2, line 5, who are “…our brothers in exile”? 4. In poem 2, describe the use of personification.
Connected Readings: Blessed is the Match 1. In her poem, Senesh uses symbolism. What might the match symbolize? 2. What might the flame symbolize?
Night: Essay Rubric 4= Excellent 3= Proficient 2= Satisfactory 1= unsatisfactory 1. Choose the correct type of figurative language. 2. Explain what the lambs and wolves are being compared to. 3. Explain why the author chose to use those images. 4. Use details and examples from the memoir. 5. Grammar, spelling, and punctuation does not interfere with your overall message.
Multigenre Project: Prologue Introduction Paragraph 1 Topic Sentence: Genre, title, author, plot, main idea. What is the Holocaust? Why shall we never forget the Holocaust? Paragraph 2 What surprised you? What were your epiphanies? What did you realize? What did you learn about life and people from Night? Paragraph 3 List three themes Theme 1: explain Theme 2: explain Theme 3: explain Paragraph 4 Which project did you choose? Why did you choose that project? What will your project teach your audience? Call to Action