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Presentation on theme: "VIBRATIONAL GASTROINTESTINAL MICROROBOTICS Research by Michael Nye."— Presentation transcript:


2 The problem The solution The process The Project

3 Introduction  Traditionally, capturing pictures of your GI tract means one of two things: 1. Endoscopes on a long line that is manually manipulated 2. A pill that lets the body do the moving

4 Endoscopes  A wire is manually inserted into the body with an eyepiece or camera on the end  Lower resolution  Uncomfortable

5 Pill cameras  A small pill, ingested orally  Slow to gather footage  No fine control

6 Engineering goal  This project is a proof of concept. The goal is to demonstrate: 1. A robot can move using only vibration 2. A device can control the direction a robot moves in 3. All of this could be fit into a pill form factor

7 Step 1: Design and fabrication  A simple platform was designed that would allow for the most flexibility in testing  Several skiffs were constructed that fit into this test platform  Intended to limit movement to one direction

8 The test platform

9 Assorted skiffs for testing

10 Test platform, fully equipped

11 Step 2: Testing  Test platform was hooked up to a power supply, and 2 different skiffs were tested  Observational data was collected  How the robot behaved – speed, direction, stability  Observations were then used to refine a 2 nd gen

12 Step 2: Testing (continued)  2 nd generation was tested for:  Speed  Straight paths

13 The test surface  Even, paper surface  9 inch-long track  Incremental marks along finish line

14 The skiffs The data The Observations

15 General observations  Pager motor’s speed matters  The device will naturally move in the direction the pager motor faces  The motor induces a spin in the device  The skiff must be rigid and sturdy

16 The skiff designs

17 Skiff tests data table  Device timed over a 9 inch course  Data is the average of 10 runs each Model Travel time (sec) Drift (inch)Velocity (in/s) #3, “Sled” Mk. II8.14.31.1180 #4, “Spider” #5, “Crossbars”

18 The new designs The end goal The future

19 Analysis of observations  The motor takes control  None of the designs could move straight  Design moves itself forwards  Very practical design!  With a very small motor and low voltage, the robot could move forward fairly steadily  All that’s needed is something to keep the robot from drifting side to side

20 The Next Step  Adapting the test observations to make a pill shaped robot, powered by a pager motor  A pill with two pager motors – one facing forward, one facing backwards  This will allow it to travel in two directions – each motor will direct the device without assistance  Three rails that can extend from the sides of the pill  The rails allow the robot to get a stronger contact with the walls of the GI Tract – this will transfer the motion more smoothly  The rails should be able to extend and retract, in order to best contact with the walls

21 The pill design

22 Bibliography Carlsson. "Sedation for Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy." Thieme eJournals 27. (1995): 240-243. Web. 2 Dec 2009.. Kovac. "“Video pill” may supplement standard endoscopy." British Medical Journal (2001). Web. 2 Dec 2009.. Panescu. "An imaging pill for gastrointestinal endoscopy." Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine 24.4 (2005): 12-14. Web. 2 Dec 2009.. Ponsky. "Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy." Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 8.7 (2007): 901-904. Web. 2 Dec 2009.. Tearney. "In Vivo Endoscopic Optical Biopsy with Optical Coherence Tomography." Science 276. (1997). Web. 2 Dec 2009..

23 Dr. Mark Rentschler, Mr. Levin Sliker, And the CU Boulder Mechanical Engineering Department for providing this opportunity. Special thanks are owed to…


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