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Learning Disabilities (LD) Nicole Y. Charlton. The Ron Clarke Story Video clip Watch from 00:00-00:53 9yKgaYiAc.

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Presentation on theme: "Learning Disabilities (LD) Nicole Y. Charlton. The Ron Clarke Story Video clip Watch from 00:00-00:53 9yKgaYiAc."— Presentation transcript:

1 Learning Disabilities (LD) Nicole Y. Charlton

2 The Ron Clarke Story Video clip Watch from 00:00-00:53 9yKgaYiAc

3 What do you know? True or False 1.Children with disabilities cant learn 2. Most have low IQ’s False 1.Every person has their own unique way of learning. 2.Most have an average IQ or better. (Sandy Gurvin, Sideroad.com Sept 12,2009)

4 True or False? 3. A Learning Disability is a mental illness 3. False An LD is permanent - the person may not be able to learn cretin things. An illness can possible get better and may never come back (blurtit.com, Sept. 12, 2009)

5 True or False? 3. A disability can be cured by a doctor. False: A person with a disability has it when they are born and they have it for life. (Blurtit.com Sept 12, 2009)

6 True or False 4. More girls have (LD) than boys 4. False – More boys have (LD) than girls. (3 to 1) –Hallahan D, Kauffman James M. &, Pullen, Paige c. (2009) Exceptional Learners, An Introduction to Special Education 11th Edition (pg.497): Boston, MA, Pearson

7 Did you know? “According to the U.S. Census Bureau report “ 52.6 million people have some level of disability. Many have a severe disability. Learning disabilities make up the largest minority in the United States! –USA.GOV Sept 10, 2009

8 Do you know how many people have disabilities? (USA.GOV Sept 10, 2009) largest minority in the United States!

9 What is a learning disability? Life long problem “that affects a person with average to above average intelligence, in the way that he/she receives, stores, and processes information.” (Sandy Gauvin Sideroads.com Sept. 12,2009) learning

10 Video Watch cartoon video: qeFxDgacQhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wC qeFxDgacQ 3.54 min

11 History of Federal definition Law made in 1975( few changes since) Adopted again 1997 by Federal Gov Disabilites Act (IDEA) Hallahan D, Kauffman James M. &, Pullen, Paige c. (2009) Exceptional Learners, An Introduction to Special Education 11th Edition : Boston, MA, Pearson

12 Federal Definition “Specific learning disability” is “imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or do mathematical calculations” Hallahan,kauffman& Pullen,2009:Exceptional Learners, An Introduction to Special Education 11 th edition: Boston,MA

13 Types of Learning Disabilities Articulation -speechArticulation Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder –AD/ADAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Auditory Processing -HearingAuditory Processing Dyscalculia –MathDyscalculia Dysgraphia –ReadingDysgraphia Dyslexia -ReadingDyslexia

14 CAUSES Central Nervous System dysfunction –Or called –CNS dysfunction –Dysfunction in the left temporal lobe (in brain) –AND MOST (LD)

15 CAUSES Genetic –Run in the family Teratogenic-chemicals like alcohol, and lead Medical –premature birth or AIDS in children

16 Major Characteristics Doesn't make connections to familiar concepts- 3+2=5 ––often don’t understand funny jokes –Difficulty with time-today, tomorrow, yesterday (Learning Disabilities Definition and Support by Sue Watson for About.com, Sept6,2009

17 Major Characteristics cont. Difficulty- math concepts, predicting –With making and keeping friends –following and understanding directions –Slow to respond –Reading comprehension- (Learning Disabilities Definition and Support by Sue Watson for About.com, Sept6,2009)

18 How LD’s effect the person Memory-short term Social emotional problems-few friends Coordination mix up letters-(a b for a d) or “having two left feet” difficult to do physical activities

19 Assessment /Diagnosis Screening-look at achievement,( test ) relationships with peers ( behavior ) having Eye or hearing difficulty? (possessing)

20 Assessment /Diagnosis Look at if having problems with expressive language: –Writing, spelling, reading –e.g., b for d, p for q, u :-writing –Thirsday :-spelling –net for ten for reading »( ldaamerica.org Sept 8,2009)

21 Help for students and adults /treatment Community mental health department LDA-Learning Disabilities Association  guidance counselors in high schools Special ed department at high school, college or university (.ldaamerica.org, Sept 8,2009)

22 How can teachers assist in the classroom with LD IEP-Individual Education Plan Co-Teaching- teach how to work solve cognitive problems t settingsHallahan D, Kauffman James M. &, Pullen, Paige c. (2009) Exceptional Learners, An Introduction to Special Education 11th Edition : Boston, MA, Pearson

23 How can teachers assist in the classroom with LD In small groups One to one Large group setting One on one

24 Teaching to help LD Break lessons into small steps Get feed back for student often used visual organizers graphics and pictures with words they were saying in words; Teacher =

25 Accommodations Behavior management Testing –for students needs. In small groups Break lesson into small parts Use pictures Use student’ IEP

26 Organizations/Support LDA –Learning Disabilities Association School services-guidance in High, College and Universities Learning Disabilities Association of America Americahttp://specialed.about.com/od/organizations/p/ldaonline.htm America –Special Education Parental Support-About.com Support.htm

27 Sources Hallahan D, Kauffman James M. &, Pullen, Paige c. (2009) Exceptional Learners, An Introduction to Special Education 11th Edition (pg.497): Boston, MA, Pearson America/ ?ref=s... LDA- Page on facebook addressAmerica/ ?ref=s -LDA- Learning Disabilities Association of Americahttp://www.ldanatl.org/index.cfm ities.htmlhttp://kidshealth.org/teen/diseases_conditions/learning/learning_disabil ities.html URLdisabilites cartoon video:

28 Sources (Accommodations for LD, AD/HDhttp://www.greatschools.net/LD/school- learning/Section-504.gs?content=1526 Sandy Gurvin, Sideroad.com Sept 12,2009 blurtit.com, Sept. 12, 2009 –USA.GOV Sept 10, 2009 –Sandy Gauvin Sideroads.com Sept. 12,2009 –Video Q Q

29 Learning Disabilites Assesment You will need: Sisors, and glue Directions: Print page, cut and paste the pictures to the correct fact.

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