Presentation on theme: "New Teacher Academy October 21, 2010 4-6pm, CO – rm 330 “Differentiation of Instruction” Presenter – Craig Creller, M.S., Sixth-year/092 Math Instructional."— Presentation transcript:
New Teacher Academy October 21, pm, CO – rm 330 “Differentiation of Instruction” Presenter – Craig Creller, M.S., Sixth-year/092 Math Instructional Specialist - NPS
Why are we here today? Essential Questions… To understand how Differentiated Instruction (DI) fits into a comprehensive system of teaching, learning and assessment. To fully implement DI as part of the SRBI Tier I interventions. To leave with some DI Strategies that you can use TOMORROW! Understand your “next steps” …
KWL Tell me what you know about Differentiated Instruction Ask what you want to learn about Differentiated Instruction At the end, we’ll revisit and discuss what you have learned
Please read the article & complete the Self-Assessment - (p in Misc. section of “Tool Kit”)
FIRST THINGS FIRST: IMPROVE INSTRUCTION I. REPLACE “IMPROVEMENT PLANNING” WITH A FOCUS ON IMPROVING TEACHING THROUGH LEARNING COMMUNITIES II. “ GUARANTEED & VIABLE CURRICULUM” III. DEMYSTIFY “LEADERSHIP” IV. START WITH HIGH - LEVERAGE OPPORTUNITIES. e.g. Data Teams, CFAs, ETS Strategies, DI, SRBI, Literacy Instruction, etc…
Curriculum …??? Fully align your curriculum to the State Standards/G.L.E.s Create realistic Pacing Guides (see samples in “Tool Kit”) Analyze test scores (CMT, CAPT, etc…) for Strengths & Challenges (see sample in tool kit) -Identify curriculum deficiencies and bands of students at/near proficiency
Document Walkabout… Let’s go through our “Tool Kit” and discuss Curriculum, Pacing Guides, and CMT scores.
High-Leverage Opportunities Jumpstart your Data Teams Get CFA training & start using CFAs ETS training for all Vocabulary Development – (explicit instruction in “key” words) DI training (today’s focus) SRBI interventions for struggling learners –(see next slides for SRBI overview)
SRBI (overview) For a detailed guide - See Response to Intervention, A Planning and Implementation Guide for School Practitioners. Ellen E. Cohn, CREC, For more information contact Peg (8 60) Or Connecticut Framework for RTI, August 2008, CSDE, Bureau of School and District Improvement
SRBI Framework A Three Tiered System of Instruction/ Intervention Adopted by the State of Connecticut Reflected in revised Learning Disabilities Guidelines ecial/LDGuide.pdf
The Intervention Triangle Additive Model: Provides a Continuum of Support Services for General Education Students Individual Support School-wide support
Our interventions are tiered… Not our kids
Tier 1 Student Groups InterventionistCurriculumInstructionProgress MonitoringTimeLocation Whole Group Instruction CoopGroups Mixed & Flexible groups Classroom Teacher Co-Teacher COMMON curriculum (viable, standards based, pacing guides) Ability to unwrap standards SRBI Researched Based, Effective Teaching Strategies Data Teams (data drives instructional planning) Differentiated Instruction Common, Formative, & Summative assessments Benchmarks Curriculum Based Measures Universal Screening Rdg & Math min. per day General Ed. Class
READING PHONEMIC AWARENESS PHONICS & DECODING FLUENCY COMP & VOCAB MATH Number Sense Whole Number Operations Rational Numbers Fact Fluency Problem Solving Sample Protocols for Intervention
READING PHONEMIC AWARENESS PHONICS & DECODING FLUENCYCOMPVOCAB MATH Number Sense Whole Number Operations Rational Numbers Fact Fluency Problem Solving Typical Intervention Areas for Elementary School Social Emotional Behavioral School-Related Behaviors “work habits” Emotional Management Inter-personal & Intra-personal Behaviors
Differentiated Instruction is a philosophy based on these beliefs: Students differ in their learning profiles. Classrooms in which students are active learners, decision makers, and problem solvers are more natural and effective than those in which students are served a “one- size-fits-all” curriculum. “Covering information” takes a backseat to making meaning out of important ideas.
An approach that benefits ALL learners including those who are racially, culturally, and linguistically diverse, and those with a range of skills, gifts, strengths, needs, abilities and disabilities Curriculum, instruction, and assessment that is carefully designed to incorporate the needs of ALL learners up-front A reform that intersects with and ideologically fits with dozens of other current reforms and approaches Creating diversity in instruction and continuously “mixing up” lesson formats, materials, instructional arrangements, teaching strategies and personal support for all learners Something that most teachers are doing already to some extent, often without realizing it Differentiated Instruction IS …
An approach designed primarily to meet the needs of students with disabilities Adaptations that are “tacked on” to pre-developed lessons Another disconnected model / approach for teachers to implement and fit into the school day Changing pieces of the lesson for one or two students A new and unfamiliar approach to teaching and learning Differentiated Instruction IS NOT
How Do You Meet the Needs of All Learners in Your Classroom? “…Teachers must be ready to engage students in instruction through different learning modalities, by appealing to differing interests, and by using varied rates of instruction along with varied degrees of complexity.” Tomlinson, 1999
Teachers can differentiate Content - –options for taking in information Process - –options for making sense of information Product - –options for expressing what they know
... And ( what else can we differentiate???) ENVIRONMENT
According to … Readiness Interests Learning Profile
Readiness A student’s entry point relevant to a particular understanding or skill Tomlinson, 1999
Strategies that Support Differentiation by Readiness Varied text by reading level Varied websites, challenging to less challenging Graphic organizers- more-less filled in Partner/small group support Audio-visual materials (School House Rock) Establish time-lines, monitoring progress Interest questionnaire
Readiness Assessment Tools Teacher observation - Carry around a clipboard Pretest or informal assessment (see next slide) KWL Chart –What do I Know, Want to know, have I Learned Concept Map- fill one in or create one from a list of vocabulary Quick Whip Parent Letter Journals
Things to Remember about Assessment Take the assessment yourself first. Make a small, significant start and stick with it. Take notes on your students each day. Assess students BEFORE you begin to teach a skill or topic. Look at all work students do as indicator of student need, not just marks in a grade book.
“READINESS” Group Discussion – How do we assess readiness now?
Linking Student Interest to Curriculum Sidebar studies Interest centers or groups Specialty teams Real-life applications Jigsaw
Interest Inventory Tools Conversation with the student Student Interest Inventory KWL Chart –What do I Know, Want to know, have I Learned Sentence Frames Parent Letter Journal Multiple Intelligences Inventory
“INTERESTS” (see packet – Student Interest Survey (red Scholastic))
Recognizing A Learner’s Profile “How we learn best” Help students find a good learning “fit” in the classroom
Strategies Supporting Differentiation for Learning-Profiles Vary teacher presentation –Auditory –Visual –Kinesthetic –Whole to part –Part to whole Vary student mode of expression –Musical rhythmic –Visual spatial –Logical mathematical –Bodily kinesthetic –Interpersonal –Intrapersonal –Naturalistic –Verbal linguistic
Learning Style Tools How Do You Like to Learn? Inventory Teacher Observation using Marilee Sprenger’s: –The POP Test –Perceptual Patterns Chart –Characteristics of Sensory Pathways Sentence Frames Journals Parent Letter
“Learning Profile” – (See packet for Learning Styles Inventory)
Something to think about: What is my readiness and interest toward differentiated instruction? How will my own learning profile play into differentiated instruction in my classroom?
Differentiated Instruction Learner profilesWait time JigsawCubing Anchor activitiesBloom’s Taxonomy Literature circlesFlexible grouping Tiered lessonsScaffolding Learning centersAssessment For Learning Problem-Based LearningExit cards Multiple IntelligencesCompacting Learning contracts
Low Prep Differentiation Tools Choices of books Homework options Use of reading buddies / paired reading Varied journal prompts Work alone/ in pairs/groups Flexible seating Varied supplemental materials Think-Pair-Share by readiness, interest, learning profile Open-ended activities Explorations by interest Games to practice mastery of information and skill Multiple levels of questions (Bloom’s Taxonomy – see Tool Kit)
Low Prep DI Strategies – (See DI Strategies section of Handout)
Jimmy Jones Learning Style e.g. Visual Interests/ Loves to play paintball, plays hockey Other info e.g. only child Interaction Inventory e.g. Tigger Multiple Intelligence e.g. linguistic, musical Readiness Level e.g. info from CBM’s / universal screener Sample index card
Sentence Frames I teach like a ________________ because __________________. The best thing that happened to me (when) was______________. The worst thing that happened to me (when) was______________. I learn like a ______________ because ________________. for more structure, provide a category - animal, toy,etc. How might you use sentence frames with your students? _____________________________________________________ Create a sentence frame for your class here: _____________________________________________________
Sentence Frames (Math) I like (math, fractions, multiplying, counting, etc…)________________ because __________________. I don’t like ( ) because ( ). The best thing that happened to me in math (when) was______________. The worst thing that happened to me in math (when) was______________. I learn like a ______________ because ________________. for more structure, provide a category - animal, toy,etc. What is the most important thing you learned about (counting, adding fractions, using a recipe, polygons, etc…): _____________________________________________________
Sentence Frames (Math) I like _______________________________________. I don’t like __________________________________. I am good at _________________________________. I learned (in this class or the last) ___________________.
Tic - Tac - Toe Find Least Common Multiples (LCM) Add fractions with like Denominators Simplify fractions Find the Lowest Common Denominator (LCD) Add Fractions with unlike Denominators
Creating a Learning Community Security- safe place to be who you are Affirmation- each is supported by the teacher and their peers Validation- each has a valuable and valued role in the class Affiliation- each belongs and fits in with the group Affinity- each has sense of kinship and common ground with the group
How do I create a classroom learning community that makes students feel safe, supported, and valuable? Take a minute to reflect on the ways you do this and list them here.
How can I start to differentiate instruction in my classroom? By getting to know each student better
How do I get to know my students better? Look through their cumulative records Read their IEP Administer assessments Talk to last year’s teachers and paraprofessionals Talk to the special education teacher,school psychologist, and support service professionals (SLP, OT,PT) Talk to the students Talk to the parents
Tabor MATH Rotation (Glenna Tabor) Based upon: 1.) Readiness Grouping 2.) Whole Group mini-Lessons 3.) Vocabulary Activities 4.) Journal Writing Possible “Stations”: Teacher Time, Games, Applications & Manipulatives
Planning for DI refer to “Lesson Plans” & “Sample DI Lessons” in “Tool Kit” Take a walk through the above sections… What did you notice? How many groups or tiers? What about the DI checklist?
CREC 111 Charter Oak Ave., Hartford, CT
CREC 111 Charter Oak Ave., Hartford, CT
Use An ANCHOR ACTIVITY Is meaningful work done individually and silently. Helps the class get settled into a routine Will be the same for all initially to set the routine for working silently Eventually will change to meet individual student needs Provides valuable assessment information and feedback to teachers.
An ANCHOR ACTIVITY Can be used to start the conversation that not all students will be doing the same work at the same time. Will allow you to use different anchor activities for different students.
Then you can… Try a differentiated task for only a small block of time. –Work with a small group of students who need extra guided practice or a group that already knows the content –Start with a whole class activity. Follow with journal entries using different prompts. –Use this to extend learning for your higher level students, too
Possible Anchor Activities Question or summary statement about last class (sentence frame) List background knowledge for new topic Math problem of the day Editing incorrect written work (DOL) Journal writing Illustrating an event from a story
KWL Let’s look back at our chart What have we learned What do we still need to know
Final thoughts… “Your administrators and colleagues may never know all the work you do to change the life of a child; But … the child whose life you change will never forget you!” Glenna Tabor