Presentation on theme: "Special Test Accommodations Virginia Association of Test Directors 2008 Assessment Conference October 2008."— Presentation transcript:
Special Test Accommodations Virginia Association of Test Directors 2008 Assessment Conference October 2008
Presentation Topics Accommodations Overview Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests State Review of Testing Accommodation Requests Important Considerations Questions
Accommodations Overview Instructional Accommodations A service or support provided to help students fully access the content and instruction as well as demonstrate what they know Instructional accommodations do not change the content of instruction or expectations for performance (Nolet & McLaughlin, 2000)
Accommodation Overview Testing Accommodations Changes in assessment materials or procedures that address aspects of students’ disabilities that may interfere with the demonstration of their knowledge and skills on standardized tests. Accommodations attempt to eliminate barriers to meaningful testing, thereby allowing for the participation of students with disabilities in state and district assessments. (Thurlow and Bolt, 2001) Testing accommodations do not change the content, comparability of test scores or the reliability and validity of the assessment.
Accommodations are based on... An interaction hypothesis – an interaction should occur between the disability and the accommodation such that only students who need the accommodation benefit from it ( Sireci, Li, Scarpati, 2005)
Timing/Scheduling Accommodations Typically used for students who are unable to concentrate, maintain attention, or work over a long period of time. Examples Breaks during the tests Multiple test sessions Order of test administration
Setting Accommodations Typically used for students who require minimal distractions in order to demonstrate their knowledge or who must be testing in a non-school setting. Examples Individual testing Noise buffers Small group testing Students served at home or in hospital settings.
Presentation Accommodations Typically used by students who require an alternate format of the test due to a sensory, physical or processing disability. Examples Braille tests Large Print tests Interpreting of test items using sign language Read-aloud/Audio
Response Accommodations Typically used by students with disabilities who need support in order to record test items or to solve an item using some kind of material or device. Examples Dictation to a scribe Verbal responses or pointing to indicate answers Assistive Technology Calculators
Top 3 -Test Accommodations by low performing students with disabilities READING Assistance with directions (simplify or clarify Flexible scheduling (time of day, breaks) Mark answers in test booklet MATHEMATICS Assistance with directions (simplify or clarify) Read-aloud Flexible scheduling (time of day, breaks)
Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests
General Requirements Accommodations must be documented in the IEP or 504 plan. Accommodations must be used during classroom instruction and assessments. Accommodations based solely on the potential to enhance performance beyond providing equal access are not appropriate.
Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests Step 1: Receive accommodation requests from: school test coordinators administrators teachers parents advocates
Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests Step 2: Make sure you understand the accommodation being requested and the student’s disability Request pictures of accommodations Ask for web-sites Request information about the disability and how it impacts performance
Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests Step 3: Ask questions regarding documentation of accommodations in IEP/504 Plan and use in instruction and on classroom assessments.
Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests Step 4: Consider whether the accommodation has special eligibility requirements and whether requirements have been met. Read-Aloud/Audio Accommodation on Reading (Supt. Memo #235) Calculator Accommodation Criteria (Testing Memo #720)
Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests Step 5: Review resources to determine if the accommodation is allowed Examiners manuals Procedures for the Participation of Students with Disabilities in Virginia Accountability System Testing Memos Superintendent’s Memos DDOT Page
Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests Step 6: Communicate Approval or Denial and any special administration conditions (See: Procedures for the Participation of Students with Disabilities in Virginia’s Accountability System )
State Review of Testing Accommodation Requests
Step 1: Receive test accommodation requests from: DDOTs Assessment Specialists Step 2: Gather information about the accommodation and student’s disability
State Review of Testing Accommodation Requests Step 3: Review the accommodation request in light of: Potential to enhance performance beyond access Test Security Historical practice Step 4: Make initial determination followed by 2 nd level review Fax written response to DDOT Post frequently requested accommodations on DDOT page
Important Considerations All instructional accommodations are not allowable testing accommodations. All accommodations documented on the IEP/504 Plan are not allowable testing accommodations. Students given non-standard accommodations are considered non-participants for AYP.
DDOT Page: Examples of Allowed Manipulatives and Math Aids Multiplication ChartCuisenaire Rods x1234 11234 22468 336912 448 16
DDOT Page: Examples of Not Allowed Manipulatives and Math Aids Place Value ChartClocks
Important Considerations Accommodation Pitfalls Providing more accommodations than the student can handle. Selecting every accommodation hoping that something will work. Providing accommodations based on a student’s disability classification or placement.
Important Considerations Testing Memo #DateAccommodations 73710/29/08Application of calculator criteria to arithmetic tables 7207/31/08Calculator Accommodation Criteria 6912/28/08Spell Checker 6112/9/07Impact of Non-Standard Read- aloud/Audio on AYP 58710/27/06Guidelines for Read-Aloud/Audio Accommodation
Questions Virginia Department of Education Office of Test Administration, Scoring and Reporting (804) 225-2107