Presentation on theme: "Aligning Quality IEP’s and UDL to the CCLS"— Presentation transcript:
1Aligning Quality IEP’s and UDL to the CCLS May 18 & 22, 2012Presented By:Rhonda Sorger-CFN 211 –Special Education Instructional SpecialistPhoebe Grant Robinson-CFN 210 –Jean McKeon, Network Leader-CFN 211JoAnne Brucella, Network Leader-CFN 210
2IEPThe Individualized Education Program (IEP) drives the instruction for every child who receives special education services.
3The IEP is a Legal Document 4/12/2017Legal Doc.The IEP is a Legal DocumentFederal law: IDEA - Section 614(d)(1)(A)(i)In the United States an Individualized Education Program (IEP), is mandated by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). It is a written statement for each child which includes the components specified in section 200.4(d)(2) of the Regulations of the Commissioner of Education to meet the unique educational needs of a student with a disability that is developed, reviewed, and revised in accordance with the law.NYS regulations: Section 200.4(d)(2)“If a student has been determined to be eligiblefor special education services, the Committeeshall develop an IEP”3Developing a Quality IEP - notes3
4Corner StoneThe Individualized Education Program (IEP) is the Cornerstone of the Special Education ProcessIdentifies how the resources of the school need to be configured to support the student’s needsEnsures a strategic and coordinated approach to address a student’s needsGuides the provision of instruction designed to meet a student’s needsIEPProvides an accountability toolIdentifies how the student will be prepared for adult livingSupports participation in the general education curriculum and learning standards
5Guiding Principle's 5 IEP Development 4/12/20175Guiding Principle'sTool to Guide Instruction and Measure ProgressChildCenteredShared Responsibility Parental ParticipationIEP DevelopmentIncludes PositiveBehavior SupportsSpecial Education is a Service,Not a PlaceGuiding Principles for IEP DevelopmentLeast Restrictive Environment (LRE)Planning ForAdult OutcomesGeneral Education Curriculum, standards and AssessmentsBased on IndividualStrengths & Needs
6Sections of the IEP 11) Placement 10) Special Transportation 4/12/201711) PlacementSections of the IEP10) Special Transportation9) Participation in State Assessments, and with Students without Disabilities8) Coordinated Set of Transition Activities7) Testing Accommodations6) 12 month Services (if needed)5) Programs and Services - Modifications& Supports4) Reporting progress to parents3) Annual Goals, Objectives / Benchmarks (if needed)2) Measurable Post Secondary Goals and Transition Needs1) Present Level Of Performance6Developing a Quality IEP - notes6
77The IEP process…How are IEPs developed at your school? Turn & talk with your table Be Prepared to Share out…
8IEP’s needs to be… IEP Needs Written in parent friendly language (no jargon)Clear and conciseA working document that provides a framework for subject specific instructionReflect the ABILITIES and needs of the student and relate to post-school outcomesPromote progress in the curriculumReflect recommendation’s/services in the least restrictive environmentsBe a cooperative/collaborative effort between parents, students and school professionals.
9Four Need Areas: Areas of Need academic achievement, functional performance and learning characteristics;social development;physical development; andmanagement needs.The SESIS IEP form includes the State’s definition of these four need areas. The form also includes fields to document the student’s strengths and needs, including the concerns of the parents for enhancing the education of their child considered in the development of the IEP for each of the need areas.The following section of the IEP provides the template for documentation of the student’s present levels of academic achievement and functional performance and individual needs of the student according to each of the following four need areas:
10Present Level of Performance PLOPPresent Level of PerformanceProvides baseline information using data from formal and informal assessment toolsNotes and addresses parent and student concerns and desiresMust contain transition statements for students who will be 14 and older by December 31Note: Level 1 Vocational Assessments must be administered to students who will be 12 by December 31.(SOPM on pages 220–222)
11Present Level of Performance PLOPPresent Level of PerformanceStrengths?Needs? How does disability impact achievement?Preferences, interests?Parent/Student concerns?Special Considerations?Progress in the past year?Student Performance compared to CCLS standards?Strategies tried?What has worked?What hasn’t?Transition – Post high school plans? (age 14+)
12Present Levels of Performance (cont’d) PLOPPresent Levels of Performance (cont’d)Give a student’s strengths, abilities and needs in the areas of: Academic/Educational Achievement and Learning Characteristics, Social Development, Health and Physical DevelopmentExplain how a student’s disability affects his/her involvement and progress in the least restrictive environment.Provide baseline information using information from formal and informal assessment toolsEmphasize current information as to what student does well, what he likes and does not likeCQIEP pgs
13Present Levels of Performance (cont’d) PLOPPresent Levels of Performance (cont’d)Address parent and student concernsProvide information on educational progress and management needs
14What is it that the student… Can do? Can not do? 14What is it that the student… Can do? Can not do?…is able to comprehend main ideas and identify some supporting details…initiates communication with familiar adult…readily attempts work in subjects in which he has been previously successful…becomes distracted when approached by another student…has difficulty visualizing information that is presented only through text
15Present Levels of Performance and Related Services PLOPPresent Levels of Performance and Related ServicesRelated Service Providers must also provide Present Levels of Performance for their studentsMake sure to align related service annual goals to student’s present level of performance in the related service. For each annual goal, there must be a connected present level of performance statement.
16PLP Quality Indicators 16Addresses 4 need areas: Academic & Functional Performance, Social, Physical, ManagementUses data from multiple sources to describe current functioningIncludes progress on prior year’s IEP goals, if applicableIncludes student strengthsIncludes parent concerns and student preferences & interestsIncludes how the disability impacts involvement and progress in general curriculumIdentifies supports and accommodations that have been used successfullyIncludes impact of behavior on learning and social development, if applicableAddresses communication needs, Braille instruction, limited English proficiency, or assistive technology, if applicableBeginning at age 15, includes transition needs in consideration of student’s strengths, preferences and interestsUses clear, specific language that can be understood by parents and school staffEstablishes a thorough foundation for development of goals and services
17Alexis; Damien; Steven IEP Activity 2:Alexis; Damien; Steven IEPRead the Present Levels of Performance section of your assigned IEPUsing the PLP Quality Indicators ask your self:Does the profile meet the criteria for a quality PLP?Explain your thoughts (Why? Why not?)Chart ideasComplete the IEP Development Organizer & PostShare Out your new learning's
18A Closer Look At The IEP… Activity 3:A Closer Look At The IEP…Work as a school using the IEP from your assigned folder.Read the Present Levels of Performance section of the IEPUsing the PLP Quality Indicators ask your self:Does the profile meet the criteria for a quality PLP?Explain your thoughts (Why? Why not?)How can you make the PLP stronger?Complete the IEP Development Organizer
21Measurable Annual Goals The IEP must list measurable annual goals, consistent with the student’s needs and abilities, to be followed during the period in which the IEP will be in effect.For each annual goal, the IEP must indicateevaluative criteria (the measure used to determine if the goal has been achieved),evaluation procedures (how progress will be measured)schedules (when progress will be measured) to be used to measure progress toward meeting the annual goal.Non-example: Joe will improve math skills with 80% accuracy.
22Annual Goals need to be SMART! S - SpecificM - MeasurableA - AchievableR - RelevantT – Time related
23GOALSAnnual GoalsAddress specific skill needs identified in Present Level of PerformanceAre observable and measurableShould include a strategy(s) that will be usedAre written in measurable terms that focus on one year of instructionAre understandable for all
24Annual Goals cont’d GOALS Focus on the foundational skills required in order to master the curriculum contentIndicate the knowledge, skills and behaviors needed to achieve and progress in the instructional setting
25Standard Operating Procedures Manual (SOPM) GOALS:25Standard Operating Procedures Manual (SOPM)The IEP must include measurable annual goals consistent with the student’s needs and abilities.Annual goals are statements, which emanate from the present levels of performanceAnnual goals, in measurable terms, describe a skill, knowledge or behavior that the student can reasonably be expected to accomplish within a twelve-month period.Annual goals may be academic, address social or behavioral needs, relate to physical needs or address other educational needs resulting from the student’s disability.Annual goals must be specific to and reflect the students’ needs as identified by the IEP Team.There must be a direct relationship between the annual goals and the present levels of performance!
2626Annual goals must be measurable, clearly defined, observable outcomes written to:Meet the needs that result from the student’s disability to enable the student to be involved and progress in the general education curriculum to the greatest extent appropriateMeet the student’s other educational needs that resultfrom the disabilityIdentify the instructional level at which the student will be workingBe related to the educational standards or skills appropriate for the student given his/her current level of performance
27Annual Goals and Short Term Objectives 27Annual Goals and Short Term ObjectivesAnnual Goals are required for all IEP studentsShort Term Objectives are only required for pre-school students and for school aged students participating in New York State Alternate Assessment (NYSAA).(SOPM Page 106 – 107)Clocked in by school. Since it already has a case #(For detailed information, please refer to the Special Education -Standard Operating Procedure Manual (SOPM)-2008: Section-6)
28Goals Do NOT Equal Curriculum Annual Goals enable the child to be involved in and progress within the general curriculum working towards the CCLSIdentify skills crucial for learning the curriculumIdentify skills that meet other educational and developmental needs; e.g. Related Service goalsIf goals = curriculum, the list would be endless
29ANNUAL GOALS: Measurable & Observable Tips to make annual goals measurableAlign goal with Present Levels of PerformanceCriterion for success should be objectiveMultiple evaluators will reach the same conclusionSuccess can be assessed reliablyEvaluations will be the same over multiple trialsObservable measurable behaviorWhat can the student be reasonably expected to accomplish within one year
30Annual Goal Activity Enjoy Point to Label Spell orally Measurable & observable?... Or Not?Place next to measurable & observable examplesAnd next to non measurable & non observable examplesEnjoySpell orallyList in writingKnowNameUnderstandMatchIncrease (ability to)Point toLabelWrite a paragraphRememberIdentifyCircleDemonstrateTell a narrative storyCategorizeSome actions are clearly observable, while others are non specific and tend to fall into grey areas. For example:Participate in: This is not observable because it begs the question, In what way will the student be involved in an activity that will lead to goal achievement?Attend to: To what extent will the student attend to a task?Will you know it when you see it?
31Revisiting The IEP… Activity 4: Using the same IEP in your folder. Reread the Present Levels of Performance section of the IEP and the Annual Goals section.Using the PLP Quality Indicators ask your self:Does the profile meet the criteria for a quality PLP?Discuss in your group schoolExplain your thoughts (Why? Why not?)How can you make the PLP stronger?Can you tie every goal back to a need within the PLP?Are your goals aligned to the CCLS?Share Out
32Universal Design for Learning Aligned with IEP’s and the CCLS 32Universal Design for Learning Aligned with IEP’s and the CCLS
33What ASSUMPTIONS Do You Have? Activity #533What ASSUMPTIONS Do You Have?Take a few minutes to independently collect your thoughts about:Goals of InstructionLearners of TodayInstructional PracticesLearning
344 A’s Protocol Activity #6 Read the article: 344 A’s ProtocolRead the article:Identify one Assumption that the author may haveIdentify what you Agree with in the textWhat do you want to Argue in the textSomething in the text you wish to Aspire to
3535What’s Happening?Take a look at this picture-it explains UDL-What’s happening? What's the problem?
36Universal Design Origin and Definitions UDL36Universal Design Origin and DefinitionsDrawbacks of RetrofittingEach retrofit solves only one local problemRetrofitting can be costlyMany retrofits are UGLY!Its an add on!After thought!Singles a person out as different/they can’t go in with everyone else.Think about what happens when students are singled out?? Any problems?
37Main staircase and elevator in Louvre Museum, Paris UDL37Main staircase and elevator in Louvre Museum, Paris“Consider the needs of the broadest possible range of users from the beginning” Architect, Ron Mace
39Universal Design for Learning UDL39What is UDL?Universal Design for LearningIs a set of principles for curriculum development that give all individuals equal opportunities to learn.UDL provides a blueprint for creating instructional goals, methods, materials, and assessments that work for everyone--not a single, one-size-fits-all solution but rather flexible approaches that can be customized and adjusted for individual needs.
40UDL40Definition of UDLThe term UNIVERSAL DESIGN FOR LEARNING means a scientifically valid framework for guiding educational practice that:(A) provides flexibility in the ways information is presented, in the ways students respond or demonstrate knowledge and skills, and in the ways students are engaged; and(B) reduces barriers in instruction, provides appropriate accommodations, supports, and challenges, and maintains high achievement expectations for all students, including students with disabilities and students who are limited English proficient.A concise definition of Universal Design for Learning was provided by the Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008 (HEOA)
41Why is UDL necessary? UDL 41Why is UDL necessary?Individuals bring a huge variety of skills, needs, and interests to learning. Neuroscience reveals that these differences are as varied and unique as our DNA or fingerprints. Three primary brain networks come into play: Recognition Strategic Affective What How Why
42Recognition Networks UDL The "what" of learning 42Recognition NetworksThe "what" of learningHow we gather facts and categorize what we see, hear, and read. Identifying letters, words, or an author's style are recognition tasksPresent information and content in different ways
43Strategic Networks UDL The "how" of learning 43Strategic NetworksThe "how" of learningPlanning and performing tasks. How we organize and express our ideas. Writing an essay or solving a math problem are strategic tasks.Differentiate the ways that students can expresswhat they know
44Affective Networks UDL The "why" of learning 44Affective NetworksThe "why" of learningHow learners get engaged and stay motivated. How they are challenged, excited, or interested. These are affective dimensions.Stimulate interest and motivation for learning
45What Does It Mean to Say that Curricula are Disabled? Activity #745What Does It Mean to Say that Curricula are Disabled?Lets pause to explore the idea that curricula are Disabled? Are curricula disabled?What does that mean to you?Take a minute to write on a post-it write your opinion and reasoning.If yes in what ways is curricula disabled?If no why?At your tables turn & share your thoughtsPost your thoughts on the T chartWhat Does It Mean to Say that Curricula are Disabled?#1- Curricula are disabled in WHO they can teach. Curricula are often not conceived, designed, or validated for use with the diverse populations of learners who actually populate our classrooms. Learners “in the margins”—those who are gifted and talented, those with special needs or disabilities, those who are English language learners, etc.—often bear the brunt of curricula devised for the fictional “average”, because such curricula do not account for learner variability.#2- Curricula are disabled in WHAT they can teach. Curricula are often designed to deliver or assess information, or content, without consideration of the development of learning strategies - skills learners need to comprehend, evaluate, synthesize, and transform information into usable knowledge. Mainstream curricula remain largely constructed around print-based media, which are good at delivering narrative and expository content. However, they are not ideal for information that requires an understanding of dynamic processes and relationships, computations, or procedures. #3- Curricula are disabled in HOW they can teach. Curricula often provide for very limited instructional options. Not only are they typically ill-equipped to differentiate instruction for differing learners, or even for the same learner at different levels of understanding, but they are disabled by their inability to provide many of the key elements of evidence-based pedagogy, such as the ability to highlight critical features or big ideas, the ability to provide relevant background knowledge as needed, the ability to relate current skills to previous skills, the ability to actively model successful skills and strategies, the ability to monitor progress dynamically, the ability to offer graduated scaffolding, among others. Most current curricula are typically much better at presenting information than teaching.
463 Principles of UDL RAEE Principle 1: 463 Principles of UDLPrinciple 1:Provide Multiple Means of Representation(the “what” of learning)Principle II:Provide Multiple Means of Action & Expression(the “how” of learning)Principle III:Provide Multiple Means of Engagement(the “why” of learning)Three primary principles, which are based on neuroscience research, guide UDL and provide the underlying framework for the GuidelinesPrincipal #1--I. Provide Multiple Means of RepresentationPerceptionLanguage, expressions, and symbolsComprehensionLearners differ in the ways that they perceive and comprehend information that is presented to them. For example, those with sensory disabilities (e.g., blindness or deafness); learning disabilities (e.g., dyslexia); language or cultural differences, and so forth may all require different ways of approaching content. Others may simply grasp information quicker or more efficiently through visual or auditory means rather than printed text. Also learning, and transfer of learning, occurs when multiple representations are used, because it allows students to make connections within, as well as between, concepts. In short, there is not one means of representation that will be optimal for all learners; providing options for representation is essential.Principal #2--II. Provide Multiple Means of Action and ExpressionPhysical actionExpression and communicationExecutive functionLearners differ in the ways that they can navigate a learning environment and express what they know. For example, individuals with significant movement impairments (e.g., cerebral palsy), those who struggle with strategic and organizational abilities (executive function disorders), those who have language barriers, and so forth approach learning tasks very differently. Some may be able to express themselves well in written text but not speech, and vice versa. It should also be recognized that action and expression require a great deal of strategy, practice, and organization, and this is another are in which learners can differ. In reality, there is not one means of action and expression that will be optimal for all learners; providing options for action and expression is essential.Principal #3--III. Provide Multiple Means of EngagementRecruiting interestSustaining effort and persistenceSelf-regulationAffect represents a crucial element to learning, and learners differ markedly in the ways in which they can be engaged or motivated to learn. There are a variety of sources that can influence individual variation in affect including neurology, culture, personal relevance, subjectivity, and background knowledge, along with a variety of other factors presented in these guidelines. Some learners are highly engaged by spontaneity and novelty while other are disengaged, even frightened, by those aspects, preferring strict routine. Some learners might like to work alone, while others prefer to work with their peers. In reality, there is not one means of engagement that will be optimal for all learners in all contexts; providing multiple options for engagement is essential.
47I. Provide Multiple Means of Representation PerceptionLanguage, expressions, and symbolsComprehensionII. Provide Multiple Means of Action and ExpressionPhysical actionExpression and communicationExecutive functionIII. Provide Multiple Means of EngagementRecruiting interestSustaining effort and persistenceSelf-regulation
48Provide Multiple Means of Representation Principle #148Provide Multiple Means of Representation3 GuidelinesGuideline 1: Provide Options for PerceptionGuideline 2: Provide options for language, mathematical expressions, and symbolsGuideline 3: Provide options for comprehension
49Provide Multiple Means of Action and Expression Principle #249Provide Multiple Means of Action and ExpressionGuideline 4: Provide options for physical actionGuideline 5: Provide options for expression and communicationGuideline 6: Provide options for executive functions
50Provide Multiple Means of Engagement Principle #350Provide Multiple Means of EngagementGuideline 7: Provide options for recruiting interestGuideline 8: Provide options for sustaining effort and persistenceGuideline 9: Provide options for self-regulation
51Providing Cognitive and Physical Access 51Providing Cognitive and Physical AccessUniversal Design for Learning (UDL) recommends ways to provide cognitive as well as physical access to the curriculum. Students are provided with scaffolds and supports to deeply understand and engage with standards-based material.Through UDL, students not only have access to content and facts but they learn to ask questions, find information and use that information effectively.Students learn how to learn
52Aligning the IEP with UDL & CCLS Activity #752Aligning the IEP with UDL & CCLSUsing the IEP, CCLS and UDL Guiding Principles in your folder, work as a team to brainstorm activities and strategies to support the student within theEnglish Language Arts ClassroomMath ClassroomScience ClassroomUse your UDL Planning Tool to record your supports
54Where Am I Now? Activity #8 54Where Am I Now?1- Take a few minutes to REFLECT on your thoughts about the:Goals of InstructionLearners of TodayInstructional PracticesLearning2-Jot your reflections down on the template provided.Has your thoughts changed or remained the same?3- Share at tables/whole group
55Creating My Action Plan Next Steps:55Creating My Action PlanWith a colleague from your school, begin thinking about your next steps…What are the implications for your work as a classroom teacher, an inquiry team member, an educator?Consider these guiding questions as your create your action plan:
56Guiding Questions for Action Plan Next Steps:56Guiding Questions for Action PlanHow does UDL align with the NYCDOE Special Education Reform and the CCLS?How can I demonstrate my understanding of the UDL guidelines, using the three representations as evidenced by today’s presentation?What information would you like to share with your school?What information to you plan to present to your team?Who will collaborate with you to share this work?What do you need to know more about?
57Universal Design For Learning UDL Resource57Universal Design For LearningCAST Website :