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Standards-Based IEPs M. Pleshette Smith Office of Special Education Division of Technical Assistance.

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Presentation on theme: "Standards-Based IEPs M. Pleshette Smith Office of Special Education Division of Technical Assistance."— Presentation transcript:

1 Standards-Based IEPs M. Pleshette Smith Office of Special Education Division of Technical Assistance

2 Beginning with the reauthorization of IDEA in 1997, significant Federal legislation was passed that dramatically changed how states and local education agencies function. Accountability for student learning became foremost in Federal regulations. February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 2

3 IDEA reauthorization 1997 Access to, participation and progress in the general education curriculum No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 Aligned system of standards and assessments Accountability for all students IDEA 2004 and 2007 National Standards Movement February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 3

4 In the last decade, Federal legislation has focused on two major assumptions related to teaching and learning. Special Education students have the right to be taught with the same high standards expected for all students. All students must be provided opportunities to learn the general education curriculum. February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 4

5 Challenges to State and Local Education Agencies (LEAs) Change the way educators think about instruction for special education students. Raise expectations for students’ learning. Provide access to grade-level content standards. Plan, teach, and assess students so that they can participant and make progress in the general education curriculum. February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 5

6 A standards-based IEP is “a process and document that is framed by the State standards and that contains goals aligned with, and chosen to facilitate, the student’s achievement of State grade-level academic standards.” NASDSE Project Forum “Standards-based IEPs: Implementation in Selected States” (Ahearn, 2006) February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 6

7 Traditional IEP Discussion of student strengths and weaknesses Review existing formal and informal evaluation data identifying student’s areas of need Standards-based IEP Discussion of (Present Level of Academic Achievement/Functional Performance) PLAAFP within context of enrolled grade-level standards Identify skills possessed by student that will allow/support (all standards are not created equal) their access to enrolled grade-level curriculum. February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 7

8 Traditional IEP Goals and objectives focus on basic developmental and functional skills, typically written based on curriculum at the student’s functional level without specific links to enrolled grade- level curriculum standards and therefore, designed to close skill gaps. Standards-based IEP Determine skills student needs to acquire in order to achieve enrolled grade-level standards based upon evaluations and other information. Goal and objectives focus on identifying accommodations/strategies and supports that will be necessary to allow student access to enrolled grade-level curriculum. Goals and objectives might be linked to pre-requisite skills. They are designed not only to support skill gaps, but also to close the achievement gap between functional and enrolled grade- level curriculum. February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 8

9 Ties the IEP to the general education curriculum. Provides positive direction and goals for intervention. Utilizes standards to identify specific content critical to a student's successful progress in the general education curriculum. Promotes a single educational system that is inclusive through common language and curriculum for special and general education students. Ensures greater consistency across schools and districts. Encourages higher expectations for students with disabilities. February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 9

10 Does a Standard-Based IEP imply that the student is on grade-level in that content area? Standards-Based IEP State-Directed Project- Virginia Department of Education February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 10

11 No, the student may not be on grade-level in that content area. However, they are working toward meeting grade-level expectations and are receiving grade-level content instruction. The IEP should address what needs to happen in order for the student to meet the standards. Once the IEP team has analyzed the student’s current performance and determined what the student needs to learn, the specialized instruction, related services and supports should be addressed. Standards-Based IEP State-Directed Project- Virginia Department of Education February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 11

12 Equitable access and progress in the general education curriculum Standards aligned accountability Goals and objectives linked to standards Statewide assessments based on standards Educational benefit rather than compliance February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 12

13 Base the student’s IEP on grade-level content standards to: Provide opportunities to learn the same content learned by general education students; Address the unique needs presented by the student’s disability; and Emphasize access through analysis of the student’s disability and how it will impact learning. February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 13

14 The following data is not all inclusive and/or limited to: Informal classroom assessments Statewide assessments Authentic performance task Criterion based evaluations Curriculum-based assessments Work samples February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 14

15 The essential skills in the grade-level Curriculum Frameworks/Standards that are primarily being affected by the student’s disability and whether the data is indicative of student performance, what the data indicates about student leaning and how data can be utilized to determine future needs, students and parent input, and what does previous IEPs and progress monitoring data suggest about the student’s performance. February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 15

16 What steps do IEP Teams need to follow to develop effective standards-based IEPs? Collect and examine materials for making data- based IEP decisions. Analyze data to develop the student profile. Use data to summarize the present level. Write annual goals February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 16

17 Collect and examine materials for making data-based IEP decisions. Courses of study and/or curriculum guides Current assessments data State Assessments Classroom assessments (curriculum-based) Eligibility data (if current and related to learning the standards Universal Screeners Student work samples Previous year’s IEP Other information (e.g., grades, discipline referrals, attendance reports) February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 17

18 Analyze data to develop the student profile. The profile should include general statements regarding: Strengths Needs How the disability affects involvement/progress in the general education curriculum Assessment/Evaluation Status of prior IEP goals Teacher/Parent/Student input Transition needs (at least by age 14) February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 18

19 Use data to summarize the present level. The present level answers the question: “What is the student doing now?” February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 19

20 Describe the skills the student demonstrates. Describe how the student performs compared to expectations in the general education curriculum (how wide is the gap). Describe the skills the students needs to learn this year in order to narrow/close the gap. Describe how the student performs in the classroom/school environment. February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 20

21 Describe effective accommodations that support this student. Describe the student’s interest and preferences that are motivators. Identify what you will measure to assess progress and collect baseline data (measureable/observable data). February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 21

22 Purposes To provide a summary of baseline information that indicates the student’s academic achievement (focuses on student’s learning/progressing in the general curriculum) To identify current functional performance (focuses on student accessing the general curriculum) To provide an explanation of how the disability affects the student’s involvement/progress in participating in the general curriculum February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 22

23 Characteristics Standards-centered Data-driven Understandable Measureable February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 23

24 Components Strengths Needs How the student’s disability affects performance in the general education curriculum (for preschool children, how the disability affects the child’s participation in age-appropriate activities.) February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 24

25 Strengths Student’s response to: Learning Strategies Accommodations Interventions Standards Instruction Ask…What have we learned about this student’s strengths? February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 25

26 Needs Focus on needs that affect progress in the general education curriculum Ask…What prerequisite skills/knowledge does the student need to close the gap between his/her present level and the grade-level content standards? February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 26

27 How the disability affects performance? Consider how the student’s disability affects progress in learning the grade-level content standards Example: Tasha’s difficulties retrieving information may negatively impact her progress in achieving reading standards that include synonyms, antonyms, and multiple-meaning words. February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 27

28 DO NOT use the student’s exceptionality to explain how the disability affects involvement/progress in the general curriculum! Example of what NOT to write Mark’s learning disability affects his progress in the general curriculum. Example of what to write Mark’s weakness in applying strategies, such as making inferences and making complex predictions, affect his progress in comprehending sixth grade literary materials. February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 28

29 February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 29 Subject Grade-level Content standard Objective Standard R 4.3 Use a wide range of strategies including distinguishing fiction from nonfiction and making inferences, to comprehend fourth- grade recreational reading materials in a variety of genres. R Draw conclusions

30 Classroom assessments indicate that Jennifer can use details and examples to draw conclusions (R 4.3.4) from grade- level reading passages. She experiences difficulty synthesizing ideas from reading passages and drawing inferences (R 4.3). Jennifer’s difficulty with abstract reasoning may negatively impact her understanding and drawing inferences from text. February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 30 Standards-Based Includes Assessment Includes Strengths and Weaknesses How Disability Impacts Learning Present Level of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance

31 Remember… The present level of academic achievement and functional performance sets the stage for developing IEP goals! February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 31

32 Write annual goals Purpose To describe what a student can reasonably expect to accomplish in one school year Annual Goals answer the question “What should the student be doing?” February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 32

33 Annual goals are related to needs resulting from the student’s disability that directly affect involvement and progress in the general education curriculum. February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 33

34 Not all standards are created equal! Select the most powerful standards to address, such as those that will: Target foundational skills; Target high leverage skills; and Move the student closer to long-term goals. Writing IEPs That Align to Common Core Standards by Carol Kosnitsky February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 34

35 If a large number of needs are identified in the present level, the IEP Team must consider how each need impacts the students’ progress in the general education curriculum. Select the need that has the greatest impact on progress, and develop a goal to address that need. Aligning IEPs to Common Core State Standards for Students with Moderate and Severe Disabilities by authors Ginevra Countade and Diane Browder February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 35

36 Consider content standards Look at all grade-level content standards Discuss intent of standard Determine which standards are most important for each student (based on progress in the general education curriculum) Compare standard(s) with student’s areas of needs and the impact of the disability Use data to determine the areas that student will find difficult without additional supports February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 36

37 Remember… The IEP goal is NOT the content standard. Do not copy the content standard word for word to become an IEP goal. The IEP goal is part of a plan to make the content standard immediate and individualized for the student. February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 37

38 Specific - based on the student’s Present Level of Academic Achievement/Functional Performance Measurable - progress is objectively determined at frequent data points Achievable - realistic, related to the most critical needs Results - oriented-developed with a standards’ outcome in mind Time-bound - clearly defined beginning and ending dates February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 38

39 Curriculum and Instruction IEPs Eligibility Teachers Professional Development Assessment Areas of Continued Work February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 39

40 “Coming together is a beginning; Learning together is progress; Working together is success.” Henry Ford February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 40

41 February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 41

42 M. Pleshette Smith Desma McElveen Tanya Bradley Office of Special Education Division of Technical Assistance (601) February 2013 Office of Instructional Enhancement and Internal Operations/Office of Special Education 42


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