Presentation on theme: "Brenda Kauffman, Special Education Consultant"— Presentation transcript:
1 Brenda Kauffman, Special Education Consultant Day 2 Special Education PACTA PIL Special Education Service Delivery, IEP Implementation and Student AchievementBrenda Kauffman, Special Education ConsultantDonna S. Weldon, Esq.September 17, 2010PILS 727/09 – gb; 8/1/09 gb
2 Agenda Scenarios Keys to Success for Students with IEPs in CTE IEPs Special Education Service Delivery ModelsTransitionSupplemental Supports and Services - SDIIEPsRoles ResponsibilitiesActivities and Planning
3 GOAL: To ensure every student achieves proficiency by 2014 GOAL: To ensure every student achieves proficiency by To achieve this goal, it is necessary that the career technical centers and the sending school districts coordinate courses and academic supports.
4 Scenarios Scenario Staff Training MOU Other and Comments 1.. CTE staff attends IEP but is inappropriate2. CTE staff goes to IEP but says nothing3. CTE staff contributes to IEP but none of the input is included in document4. CTE not invited to IEP. CTE receives IEP 2 weeks after enrollment5. Student enrolls. No IEP.
5 Scenarios Continued Scenario Staff Training MOU Other and Comments 6. Student, who has significant needs and who requires Autistic Support Consultant, enrolls but his needs for this level of support are not included in the IEP.7. Student, whose disability and needs for support are so intensive that he is not able to access the general vocational curriculum even with intensive supplementary supports and services and he is a safety risk to himself and others.
6 At the end of today’s session, You should be knowledgeable about special education in the least restrictive environment and IEP processes so that you can provide leadership and oversight in your schools.You will be able to read IEPs and determine if your school is able to deliver the supports and services that are listedYou will know what you need to do if a student is not making progress, is failing and/or you are having trouble delivering the IEPYou will have drawn your school’s special education organizational chartYou will have drawn your IEP flow chartYou will have access to tools that support the transition process as well as the preparation for the demands of career technical educationYou will access to a tool that can be used to profile a class and then used to specify appropriate supports and services for individual students.You will have resources that will provide information and guidelines regarding special education issues.You will have a plan for how to move forward with the components of special education delivery to support student achievement in your school.How many of you have attended IEP meetings?How many of you have read complete IEPs?
7 Activation Strategy: So, where are we??? Aha Moments from 9-16What are we doing well?SpecialEducationStudentWhat are we not doing? What do we need to do betterWhat is the urgency?Frayer Chart Teach the folding technique, write in headings, use it as we watch the video, use it as basis for think, pair share
8 Key to Achievement for Students with IEPs Special education service delivery model embedded in overall effective, evidence based career technical education systemSpecial education staff to case manage, write IEPs, provide direct support to students and staffCTE staff that understand their roles and responsibilities regarding serving students with IEPs in the general career technical training programsTraining for referring teams about the opportunities and demands of CTECollaboration / Communication between the referring school and CTC as well as between the academic and the career technical programsKnowledgeable participants at IEP meetingSystematic use of tools like Skills Alignment Charts by referring schools and CTC to prepare students for the demands of the career technical training program and to determine goals and pinpoint SDIFull IEP implementationProgress Monitoring and InstructionRevision as neededA summary/reminderWe have good representation at IEPs.We have chances for you to communicate in the process…WE have attempted to align the IEP process and the transition planning process with preparation for CTE, with the application process using a tool like the Skills alignment chartWe have assigned staff to specific labs so that they can become experts in strategies to support students in your content areas..Full implementation of IEPs, new goals, progress monitoring is new or at least newer for us………
9 What is Special Education? …the free and appropriate pubic education (FAPE) of students with special needs that is based on and addresses the unique individual differences and needs of each student…the education of students with disabilities in the least restrictive environments (LRE) to the maximum extent possible with the use of supplementary aids and services.…the education of students with special needs based on an individually developed and systematically monitored plan of annual educational goals, teaching procedures, interventions, specially designed instruction (SDI), supports and services (the IEP).Your vocab words
10 Federal and Commonwealth Commitment: LRE Least Restrictive Environment Recognizing that the placement decision is an Individualized Education Program (IEP) team decision, our goal for each child is to ensure IEP teams begin with the general education setting with the use of Supplementary Aids and Services before considering a more restrictive environment.
11 Student Placement & LRE Student placement decisions begin with a consideration of the general education classroom with the use of a wide array of supplementary aids and services, resulting in general class placement for students representative of the full range of disabilities for meaningful portions of the school day. All general educators expect that they will have students with disabilities in their classrooms and welcome them as members.Not just a CTC phenomena…
12 What does Special Education Look Like in a CTE Fair, Equal Outcomes High ExpectationsSupports and ServicesIt is not a place or a class; it is a service.It is inclusive education… The students with disabilities in your class are fully included in the general career technical education program with mostly the same expectations as all students but with supplementary aids and service that provide support to the student and to you.Full inclusion means high expectations for students and high expectations for staff.LRE and Inclusion literature emphasizes the key componentsFair and equal outcomes in both the academic and the cte programs..Student who has supports and services in the home school or in the academic setting will probably need some support in the CTE setting…How are your providing that??
13 Who are the students AYP 29% to 60% of the students enrolled in CTE schools are students with IEPs (Jobs for the Future)PSSAThe proportion of career and technical education students taking the 11th grade PSSA that have IEPs is double the proportion of all students taking the 11th grade PSSA that have IEPs – 26.6% versus 13.6%.AYPGraduates/CompletersNOCTITransition to employmentTransition to post secondary training
14 Why are the students with IEPs coming to LCCTC CTE has a history of providing excellent education, training and support to this populationCTE provides rigorous and relevant programmingCTE provides career training leading to job skills and/linkages to post secondary trainingCTE is the keystone of the transition plans for many student with IEPsCTE is drop out prevention for some students
15 Head Swimming??? Special Education LRE IEP Annual Meetings FAPE Least Restrictive EnvironmentSpecial Education StaffingERDisciplinePlacementNOREPTransition PlanPLAAFPSpecial ConsiderationsIEP RevisionsTrainingIEP participationManifestation DeterminationMOUClass ProfileProgress MonitoringInclusionSpecial Education Services
17 Special Education in LCCTC: One CTE Special Education Service Delivery Model Cross System Service Delivery Model with emphasis on collaborationLCCTC 16 Referring Districts IU 13Heavy emphasis on aligning the preferral and application processes with the transition planning process to increase the number of students who re-are placed in programs that meet their career interests, abilities and aptitudes (Skills Alignment Charts)Heavy emphasis on visitations, guidance and the application/admissions processStress collaboration –Just like with superintendents, craft committee, principals, guidance counselors, special education issues are addressed at Ad Hoc and now LCCTC hosting meetingsStress the alignment of preferreal process and show a skills alignment chart for overhead projector or doc cam
18 Cross System Service Delivery Model with emphasis on collaboration Heavy emphasis on aligning the pre-referral and application processes with the transition planning process to increase the number of students who are placed in programs that meet their career interests, abilities and aptitudes (Skills Alignment Charts)Heavy emphasis on visitations, guidance and the application/admissions processSpecial education staff to student ratioCollaborative IEP process with districts, CTC and IU Special Educators at mtgsIEPs for full day students written by your special education staff for your program and reviewed with you early in the school yearArray of special education support services available for you and for the students daily/as per scheduleCTE teacher delivers IEP with support from IU special educator and team as well as with support from CTE administration and IU special education teamCTE monitors progress/works with IU special education teacher to monitor progressCTE teacher implements behavior plans with support of special education teamCTE teacher communicates student performance issues concerns to parents, special education support teacher, CTC administration and/or RtII groupsSpecial Education Staff LCCTC/IU13/16 district Special Education Service Delivery Model Fee for ServiceSpecial education staff to student ratio following Chapter 14 GuidelinesArray of special education support services assigned only to you and available for you and for the students daily/as per scheduleItinerant Learning Support Teachers for Full Day StudentsLearning Facilitators for Half Day StudentsSpecial Education ConsultantsPsychologistSocial WorkerSupervisorReference Staff HandoutUnique in terms of the level of dedicated special education supportStress the uniqueness of our relationship and breadth of staffModel of assigning staff to the same labs for multiple years so that they begin to learn more about your labs, what concepts/procedures students are challenged by and then can ramp up the kinds of strategies, supports and services for students and for you so that kids can meet your high demands…Also emphasize that with this many people walking in your buildings, if you do not understand how to implement an IEP or if you are having trouble with a student, you should track one of theses folks down for support. Baseball analogy.
19 Training, Collaboration and Communication LCCTC/IU13/16 district Special Education Service Delivery ModelTraining for CTE staffTraining for district referring teamsTraining for Special Education direct service staffTime for outreach and collaboration with referring districtsCollaboration and communication with job alike groupsChecks and balances regarding referralsInformal and formal networks of communication focusing on macro as well as individual issues related to special education service delivery and special education student concerns
20 IEP PROCESS LCCTC/IU13/16 district Special Education Service Delivery Model Collaborative IEP process with districts. Minimally, CTC Guidance and IU Special Educators at meetingsIEP schedule developed by CTC guidance and IU teamIEPs for full day students written by your special education staff for your program and reviewed with you early in the school yearIEPs for Cluster students are written by districts but with input from LFer and your Guidance staff and then reviewed with you early in the school yearCTE teacher delivers IEP with support from IU special educator and team as well as with support from CTE administration and IU special education teamIEP process – changing processAfter presenting this slide, point out all of the intersections at which instructors have a chance to make an impact on what happens for kids in general and for kids individually…..
21 Next Steps for 2010/2011 SY Continued collaboration between entities IEP implementation in CTE classes with emphasis on the role of the CTE teacherImplementation of IEP goals that are specific to each child and to each CTE programProgress monitoring and documentationRequest for increased CTE teacher involvement in the IEP processAssessment and refinement of service delivery
22 Activity: Your Special Education Organizational Chart/Service Delivery Model Make a graphic that represents your Special Education Service Delivery SystemInclude how many students with IEPs/number of general career technical students, number of referring districts, type of school.Highlight key components of special education service delivery, areas of strength and those of concernIn stead of a graphic, this could be just a list as presented for the Lancaster Model.Could be done for the entire school. Could also be done with each class.Note: This is a good activity for your staff to reinforce that they understand your service delivery model.
23 The Key to Special Education Delivery is the IEP The Key to Special Education Delivery is the IEP. An IEP is to Special Education what a Blueprint or work contract is one of the trade areas in your school.…the education of students with special needs based on an individually developed and systematically monitored plan of annual educational goals, teaching procedures, interventions, specially designed instruction, supports and services (the IEP). . .Am not sure about this analogy…recognize we are accountable to every childSpecial Education – IDEA 04, Chapter 14 are code compliance rules/regulationsIEP is the blueprint that allows so many different trades work collaboratively to build a structure…
24 ‘IEP must be reasonably calculated to enable the child to receive meaningful education benefit in light of their intellectual potential……’Donna Weldon, Special Education PILPACTA, September 2010
25 Key to Achievement for Students with IEPs – Well Written IEPs Knowledgeable stakeholders at IEP meetingPertinent PLAAFPTransition Plan based on assessment, interest, ability, aptitude and preparation for demands of training or work environmentGoals that address student needs in CTE programSupplementary Supports and ServicesSpecially Designed InstructionRelated ServicesSupports for School PersonnelFull IEP implementationProgress Monitoring and InstructionRevision as neededA summary/reminderWe have good representation at IEPs.We have chances for you to communicate in the process…WE have attempted to align the IEP process and the transition planning process with preparation for CTE, with the application process using a tool like the Skills alignment chartWe have assigned staff to specific labs so that they can become experts in strategies to support students in your content areas..Full implementation of IEPs, new goals, progress monitoring is new or at least newer for us………
26 Complexity of IEP Implementation Students requiring intensive supportStudents requiring moderate supportStudents requiring minimal supportRtII Triangle used to provide structure for conceptualizing CTC demographicsMany complex supports & servicesBasic supports/servicesMoreSupports/ServicesWhen I talk about this slide, I will also talk about how the level of support changes with each of these levels.
27 In the IEP for CTE Students, we Provide information in depth information about the student in the Present Level of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance (PLAAFP)Consider program elements of the general career technical education setting using the Skills Alignment ChartIdentify potential barriers to learning and curriculum access in the general education classroom using the Skills Alignment ChartIdentify strategies and services to eliminate barriers using the Skills Alignment Chart and the IEP team’s knowledge of student and CTE programmingDiscuss and analyze appropriate supplementary supports and service options, goals and determine viable means for implementation in developing the IEPBig Picture
28 Sections/Content of the IEP The Annotated IEP – A Reference Tool IEP Team Members Special Considerations Present Levels of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance Parent Concerns How disability affects progress in general curriculum** Participation in State and Local Assessments Transition Services – Course of Study* Goals and Objectives as well as Progress Monitoring Requirements Supplementary Aids and Services** Specially Designed Instruction Related Services Supports for School Personnel Educational Placement / LRE QuestionsIf we have time - Using the Annotated IEP, do a Carousel or other activity for small groups to highlight important segments of that section of IEP from the CTE teacher perspective.Marzano talks about instructional decisions so that we teach for depth and mastery. As a result of this session, staff must be ready to implement IEPs with fidelity, they must be able to know what they are responsible for and they must know what /how they must maintain data………
29 Who Contributes to the IEP Team Are you at the table?Student, if 14 or olderParent/GuardianRegular Education TeacherSpecial Education TeacherCareer Tech Representative*LEA RepresentativeCommunity Agency Representative, if parents agreeSpecialists as appropriate – OT, PT, JTerIs your CTE teacher present?Who represents you?/Do IEPs reflect their input?Role of IEP team members – to contribute to educational plan. Team members are not gate keepers and the IEP meeting is a formal/legal meeting.Communication at IEP meetings: Professional, observable, concrete statements following the IEP structure/formatClear statements about observable behavior enable the IEP team to focus on developing an educational plan…statements like – Tom has completed all in-class assignments in a timely manner. His work is neat and accurate. His work ethic grade has consistently be a 9 or a 10 daily – he is on time, he is always prepared, he is a problem solver…He uses a conversion chart to help remind him of formulas needed for measurement. He needs to review assignments with me to check for understanding.ORTom has completed 40 % of the in class assignments. At this time of year, students in the class have generally completed from 40 to 50 skills on the competency list. In class, it is hard for him to stay on task for more than 10 minutes at a time and he has difficulty staying in his assigned work area. We have discussed our concerns with him, have paired him with a student from his high school….On the project rubric, his work has been rated 3 out of 5 on a 5 point scale – here is a copy of the project grading rubric.Beware of statements that are your opinion….like he is lazy, he has an attitude, ..When participating in IEP meetings for those students who are problematic, work with your special ed team to review your notes regarding what you plan to say, pinpoint your input.
30 IEP Participation Standard Participants Students requiring intensive supportStudents requiring moderate supportStudents requiring minimal supportRtII Triangle used to provide structure for conceptualizing CTC demographicsAs Many Staff As Appropriate to NeedsStandard ParticipantsTeacher, if possible, as wellSupports/ServicesWhen I talk about this slide, I will also talk about how the level of support changes with each of these levels.
31 IEP CASE MANAGER Special Education Teacher: The GO-TO Person Manages special education paperworkWrites IEPs for full day studentsWorks with teachers and administration to implement the IEP and behavior plan if appropriateCollaborates and coordinates to ensure all services are deliveredProgress monitors student/Works with teachers to monitor progressCommunicates with teacher and student regularlyAlong with teacher, communicates with parentsWorks with teacher, student, parent to determine if more supports and services are needed. Documents on IEP as revision. May need to reconvene IEP team.Guides reevaluation process.Special education staff may want to elaborate on this slide. IF you have a special education case manager for your students, you are lucky and can look at that person’s role and determine what is working well and what you need to enhance. IF you do not have an IEP case manager who is your go to person for each student with IEPs, then you should k now who is that person in the district and you should have a system for communicating with that person.
33 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act IDEA 2004Primary PurposeTo ensure that all children with disabilities have available to them a free appropriate public education that emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet their unique needs and prepare them for further education, employment, and independent living H.R.1350 (IDEA 2004)
34 Transition Services 300.43(IDEA 2004) Transition Services means a coordinated set of activities for a child with a disability that is designed to be within a results oriented process, that is focused on improving the academic and functional achievement of a child with a disability to facilitate the child’s movement from school to post-school activities, including post secondary education, vocational education, integrated employment (including supported employment), continuing and adult education , adult services, independent living or community participation. Is based on the individual child’s needs, taking into account the child’s strengths, preferences and interests….
35 Transition Goals Must Be Based on Transition Assessment Transition assessment is an ongoing process of collecting information on the student’s strengths, needs, preferences and interests as they relate to the demands of current and future living, learning and working environments.”Pamela LeconteAssess for Success, 2007
36 SECONDARY TRANSITION ROADMAP Review process as outlined on roadmap
37 Transition Requirements Set Program of Study to Reach Post School Goals Transition services are required for students age 14 or younger if determined appropriate by the IEP team.If the students does not attend the meeting, the school must take steps to ensure that the student’s preferences and interests are considered.Student must be made aware of educational options available to him/her, such as the Career and Technical Education but must also determine post secondary training and employment opportunitiesAcademic program, course of study should prepare student for desired post school goalsWhat might be some reasons to start the discussion prior to the age of 14? How could you assure the student’s interests were considered?
38 TRANSITION GOALSAnnual goals must be measureable estimates of expected student outcomes in an academic year based on the student’s present level of academic achievement and functional performance and anticipated rate of learning.Annual goals should lead to achievement of the post-secondary goals.Annual goals must address education and training, employment and, as needed, independent living.
39 Supplementary Supports and Services Supports for School Personnel SDIRelated ServicesSupports for School Personnel
40 Supplementary Supports and Services (SaS) Key to Achievement and to Successful LRE Placement Supports w/in the general career technical program related to how disability affects progress in general curriculum**Specially Designed Instruction (SDI)Supports for School Personnel (BK’s note: under utilized)Related Services
41 Could be daily/weekly/periodically. Often independent/teacher driven The Extent of Supplemental Supports and Services Will Vary in Complexity, in Intensity and Frequency of DeliveryStudents requiring intensive supportStudents requiring moderate supportStudents requiring minimal supportRtII Triangle used to provide structure for conceptualizing CTC demographicsMostDailyMany to FewestManyDaily to weeklyCould be daily/weekly/periodically. Often independent/teacher drivenWhen I talk about this slide, I will also talk about how the level of support changes with each of these levels.
42 Supplementary Aids and Services CollaborativeAdults working together to support students.InstructionalDevelopment and delivery of instruction that addresses diverse learning needs.PhysicalAdaptations and modifications to the physical environment.Social-BehavioralSupports and Services to increase appropriate behavior and reduce disruptive or interfering behaviorWhile IDEA does not provide great detail about SAS, the concept has been discussed in the professional literature. For use in the Toolkit and other documents created as part of the Gaskin technical assistance and training initiatives, we have adopted the framework designed by Etscheidt & Bartlett to organize the “full range” of supplementary aids and services. As you can see, supports that fall within these areas include direct services to students (things that might be considered specially designed instruction and/or related services), but go beyond direct services to encompass other types of support that are intended to enable a student to benefit from instruction in regular education class environments. This underscores the unique and critical role of SAS in supporting access to the regular education curriculum. We will look at each of these categories more closely so you gain a better understanding of them.The handout included in your training materials titled Supplementary Aids and Services: Fact Sheet developed by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, Bureau of Special Education will provide more extensive information on supplementary aides and services for this portion of the presentation.The four categories are described in the next part of the presentation which provides illustrative examples for each of the categories . It should be noted that there are an infinite number of possible supplementary aids and services to be considered and implemented by Individual Education Program (IEP) teams and the provided examples are a sample of these aids and services.Source: Etscheidt & Bartlett, 199942
43 SaS: Instructional Examples – What you might seeUsing a keyboard/portable electronic deviceInstruction in keyboarding skills/ use of a scribe or note takerReading directions aloudUsing special writing toolsProviding charts/conversion charts/visual cuesColor codingProviding graphic organizersModifying curricular goals may not be possiblein CTE settingInstructional examples of SaS include but are not limited to the provided examples. Once again instructional SaS includes development and delivery of instruction that addresses diverse learning needs.Think- Pair –Share activity: Review the Instructional examples of SaS on the slide.# 2s review the Instructional examples of SaS on the slide. Think of at least two additional examples and share those with a partner.Pairs will report out their additional examples to the whole group during a random debriefing.Additional examples may include:Using special paper or writing toolsColor-coding mathematical symbolsHighlighting reading materials/directionsProviding graphic organizers/note-taking toolsAllowing students to respond in different modesProviding instruction on and utilizing guided notes
44 SaS Physical Examples What you might see Preferential seating Adaptive equipmentVisual RemindersStudent requested breaks in pre-set area out of the classroomSeparate study area that is designated as distraction free setting for seatwork/homeworkWater bottle or sensory object at deskPhysical examples of SaS include but are not limited to the provided examples. Once again physical SaS includes adaptations and modifications to the educational environment.Think- Pair –Share activity: Review the Physical examples of SaS on the slide.# 1s review the Physical examples of SaS on the slide. Think of at least two additional examples and share those with a partner.Pairs will report out their additional examples to the whole group during a random debriefing.Additional examples may include:Structural examples (e.g., facilitating friendships)Lighting (non-glare, supplementary light source)Preferential seatingVisual timers
45 SaS: Behavioral Examples Support for rules and expectationsIncreased direct instruction for rules, expectations, safety protocolIndividualized behavioral support planSocial skills trainingStaff supports– daily check-insCounseling supportsCommunication with parentsSelf reporting of behaviorPeer supportSocial-Behavioral examples of SaS include but are not limited to the provided examples and are supports and services provided to a student to increase appropriate behavior and reduce disruptive interfering behavior.Think- Pair –Share activity: Review the Social-Behavioral examples of SaS on the slide. # 2s review the Social-Behavioral examples of SaS on the slide. Think of at least two additional examples and share those with a partner.Pairs will report out their additional examples to the whole group during a random debriefing.Additional examples may include:Cooperative learning strategies,Instruction in communication skillsHome-school communication,Consistent system of rewardsPreparations for transitionsPrivate prompt for redirectionSelf-regulation strategies instruction
46 Transition to CTE and the Identification of Supplemental Supports and Services for Inclusion in CTE are Frequently Disjointed & “Fuzzy” ProcessesStudents take interest inventories, ability and aptitude tests – scores are reportedStudents take tours of CTE schools/programsStudents apply to CTE programs sometimes without the blessing or knowledge of the IEP teamIEP teams talk about academic profiles but frequently do little to address how the child’s disability would affect his/ her involvement in the general career technical education curriculumCTE representatives talk about the demands of the CTE programs but IEP teams often to not address the student’s needs for supplemental supports and services in relation to the rigorous CTE training environmentStudents are frequently accepted with little synthesis of the planning, preparation and design for supports needed for them to be successfulBK and the results – of the students with IEPs were unable to meet the demands of CTE curriculum, NOCTI
47 How to Think About the Design of SDI, Supplementary Supports and Services Must begin with an understanding of the instructional context of the general education classroomUniversal design for learning workOrganize types of supplementary aids and servicesEcological Inventory approach/discrepancy analysis (environmental scan)Identification of and elimination of curriculum barriers (CAST)Instructional, social, physical, and collaborative domains from the literature(Etscheidt & Bartlett, 1999)For this to be successful, it is necessary to gain a working knowledge of the practices and dynamics of this setting.Drawing upon a strategy familiar to those who have developed programs for students with more severe disabilities, the principles of an “ecological inventory” were utilized in the Consideration Toolkit. This concept is reflected in the gathering of detailed information about the instructional environment of the specific classroom(s) under consideration as a placement for a student with a disability.The second area of thinking that is reflected in the Consideration Toolkit is the work that has been done by the Center for Applied Special Technology (CAST) to apply principles of Universal Design to curriculum development and instruction. To demonstrate the importance of a Universal Design philosophy in order to meet the needs of diverse learners, CAST describes the process of identifying curriculum barriers by examining practices from the perspective of the learning characteristics of all students within a classroom. That approach has been applied to, in this application, the individual student for whom general classroom placement is being considered. Finally, it has already been mentioned that the Toolkit creators adopted the consideration domains identified by Etscheidt & Bartlett to serve as an organizing framework for the many types of SaS that are to be reviewed and considered.
48 A Multi-Step ProcessCompile Information About Student; Identify Student Strengths and NeedsDevelop Profile of General Education Classroom(s)Identify Potential Barriers to Curricular Access and InstructionIdentify Strategies and Services to Eliminate BarriersIdentify Viable Alternatives for Implementation4848
49 Skills Alignment Charts Class Profiles Tools to Address Preparation and Determination of Needed Supplemental Supports and Services ProblemsSkills Alignment Charts Class Profiles
50 Discrepancy Chart/Skills Alignment Chart: A Tool to Help Students Prepare ALL Students with IEPs for transition to the Rigor of Career Tech Education and for IEP Teams to Pinpoint Support NeedsCTE Program RequirementsStudent Present Ed LevelsNeeds for Support/How disability impacts function in general career technical programBK
51 Document Camera – Sample Discrepancy Charts, IEP Planning Tools, Skills Alignment Charts Lancaster County Career Technical Center and IU 13Berks County Career Technical CenterLenape AVTSSommerset
52 SAS Class Profile Modified for CTE Another Tool for students with complex needs…and possibly for students with moderate needsSAS Class Profile Modified for CTE
53 Supplementary Aids and Services (SAS) Consideration Tool Modified for Use in CTE 1 Completed By:Identify classroom(s) used as a reference point for Step 1:Date:Student:2Coding Key:1 = never; 2 = occasionally; 3 = frequentlyPrinted MaterialsTextbookWorkbookTrade bookWorksheetsNewspapers/magazinesOther ____________________Frequency of Use21.1 Instructional Method/ MaterialsIdentify Supplementary Aids and Services to address potential barriers. Consider all possibilities, consulting available resources and support personnel.Identify any difficulties you can anticipate for this student (if nothing is changed) based on his/her current skills, needs, and learning profile.Create a profile of the instructional environment(s) by circling the number that best describes the frequency of use of identified materials and instructional practices.Step 3: Identify Strategies and Services to Eliminate BarrierStep 2: Identify Potential Barriers to Curricular Access and InstructionStep 1: Develop Profile of General Education Classroom(s).Us Doc Cam to review and discuss the content and how to use.
54 References CitedSupplementary Aids and Services (SaS) Considerations Toolkit, PaTTAN website:Center for Applied Special Technology (CAST).Etscheidt, S. K., & Bartlett, L. (1999). The IDEA Amendments: A four-step approach for determining supplementary aids and services. Exceptional Children, 65(2),
56 PROGRESS MONITORING for Informed Instructional Decision-Making Progress monitoring is the ongoing process of collecting and analyzing data to determine student progress.
57 HOW DO I PROGRESS MONITOR? How does progress monitoring work?To implement progress monitoring, the student’s current levels of performance are determined and goals are identified for learning that will take place over time. The student’s performance is measured on a regular basis (weekly or monthly). Progress toward meeting the student’s goals as defined by the IEP is measured by comparing expected and actual rates of learning. Based on these measurements, teaching is adjusted as needed. Thus, the student’s progression of achievement is monitored and instructional techniques are adjusted to meet the individual students learning needs.
58 WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF PROGRESS MONITORING? While a requirement for special education and is component of many of the School Reform initiatives, progress monitoring provides benefits to the educational process.Some benefits include:accelerated learning because students are receiving more appropriate instruction;a day-to-day to inform instructional decisions;timely interventions when student is not making progress;documentation of student progress for accountability purposes;more efficient communication with families and other professionals about students’ progress;higher expectations for students by teachers
59 How do you monitor progress? What data is collected?Frequency rate, percentage, duration, quality of product or performance, level or frequency of assistance, time requirement to complete taskWhere will it be collectedClassroom, cafeteria, lab area, training site,How often as defined by IEP/student goalsDaily, weekly, monthly, quarterlyWho will collect the data?Career technical teacher, special education teacher, paraeducator, student, disciplinarianHow will data be collectedStructured surveys or interviews, observations, teacher made lists, rubrics, assessment checklists, rating scales, curriculum based assessment, anecdotal recordsHow will data be representedGraphs, charts and checklists
61 So, turn to the person sitting behind you and share how you are monitoring progress in your school? Benchmark Frequency Who is doing it?
62 And, what happens if the student is not making progress? Emphasis on what the staff does to supportCommunication to inform case manager, parents, districtConsultation, observation to ensure IEP is being delivered w/ fidelity. Adjust as needed.May need to revise IEP to add more SaSMay need to reconvene IEP team/add/revise goals or behavior plan
64 Using Phillip’s IEP Who participated in the meeting from your school? What special considerations are noted that will require your school’s attention?List pertinent details in PEL that will shape Phillip's educational plan in his Auto Body program?How do academic achievement and functional performance affect student’s involvement in the general career technical curriculum?What activities are listed on Transition Plan that you will be responsible for delivering? How would your school delivery those services?
65 Phillip’s IEP – con’tList accommodations for PSSA. Is NOCTI addressed on this IEP?How would you ensure that Phillip received instruction, weekly charting and progress monitoring on the IEP goals listed for CTC?Could the 3rd goal accommodate Phillip’s needs at the CTE? If so, what steps would you take?List SDI requirements and note how you would implement in your school. What do you look for in your class walk throughs?
66 Phillip’s IEP con’tShould AT be included in Related Services for this student in your school?Identify the Supports for School Personnel. Do they provide adequate training and support for your staff to implement this IEP?Based on the questions noted under Educational Placement, do the statements reflect Phillip’s programming needs in the CTE?
67 Read the IEP from your school IF you were the CTE teacher, could you implement the IEP as written? To do so, what supports would you need?Does the IEP reflect the demands of the CTE program in the PLAAFP, Course of Study, Goal, SDI?What gaps do you see?What conversations do you need to have with which stakeholders to follow up?I should do one…take them through the process……..
69 IEP Activity Review IEP goals, conditions and SDI What is the frequency for SDI and progress monitoringWhat supports are available to your teacher/staffDoes your teacher need more support than is listedWhat must the teacher doWhat must the student doWhat should the special educator doWhat should the principal doDescribe how you would support your teacher who had these students in his/her class in terms of implementing the IEPDescribe the evidence you would look for as your walked through class to ensure that the IEP was being implementedDiscuss how you would provide oversight to make sure student was making progressIdentify the steps you would take if the student was not making progressGive each group 5 IEP goal/ SDI sections and have them create a plan.Remind them that many of their teachers have more than 5 students with IEPsReport out
70 Key Implementation Guidelines for the School Year to Ensure Student Achievement Current IEPs on site, reviewed by CTE teacher and implementedSupports and services are in place or teacher is asking for assistanceStudent progress and performance data is being monitored, interventions added to programming as neededCommunication with parents and district stakeholders (when appropriate) is on-going and at multiple levels in relation to overall student performancePBSP/BIPs are implementedDisciplines are monitored to ensure that PBSPs/interventions are in placeIEP team reconvenes as neededAnalysis of IEP student performance to determine needs for supportsCommunication, outreach, cross system stakeholder training and planning for 10/11 school year, special education service delivery in the CTE and referral/admissions processes to the CTE
71 Evidence: What You May Look For Working together to ensure that we are delivering supports and services as per IEP.Students performance or lack performance as noted on Classmate grades or NOCTIStudent discipline dataDocumentation of student visits to Learning Support RoomOff task student behaviorPresence of Special Education Staff in class doing small group instruction/providing individualized interventionsSystem for implementing IEPS and system for organizing required SDIEvidence of progress monitoring/data collectionDifferentiated instruction – reteaching, special vocabulary sessions, modeling with small group, peer tutors, visual aids, student use of calculators or formula/conversion charts in lab area, work ethic skill reminders, peer tutors, teacher notesTeaching Plans with SDI notations/Reminders regarding Special Education Services
74 Roles and Responsibilities AdministrationGuidanceCTE TeacherSpecial Education Teacher/IEP Case ManagerParaeducator
75 Administration’s Role LEADERSHIP: Working collaboratively toDevelop the vision and the expectations regarding special education service deliveryProcess and support the ‘why’ of inclusion and student enrollmentEstablish goals for implementationDetermine connections, incentives, accountabilityAlign special education plan to overall school improvement efforts to support student achievement
76 Leadership’s Role in Implementation StaffTrainingStructure and timeSupportOversightStudent progress and performanceDataStaff implementation and staff performanceDoc Cam of the Inclusion Handout 4 – Managing Complex Change
77 Principal’s Role Staff performance – support and accountability Student performance – oversight, questioning if students are not performing, oversight of interventionsTime and Structure – time to meetTraining – lunch time, after school meetingsCommunication with district stakeholders and with Executive Director
78 Guidance Counselor’s Role Provide information about programsGuide students in the pre-referral processUse of interest, ability and aptitude information to guide students in the CTE selection process(CAUTION: Can not pre-determine enrollment)May include outreach to referring districts
79 IEP CASE MANAGER Special Education Teacher: The GO-TO Person Manages special education paperworkWrites IEPs for full day studentsWorks with teachers and administration to implement the IEP and behavior plan if appropriateCollaborates and coordinates to ensure all services are deliveredProgress monitors student/Works with teachers to monitor progressCommunicates with teacher and student regularlyAlong with teacher, communicates with parentsWorks with teacher, student, parent to determine if more supports and services are needed. Documents on IEP as revision. May need to reconvene IEP team.Guides reevaluation process.Special education staff may want to elaborate on this slide. IF you have a special education case manager for your students, you are lucky and can look at that person’s role and determine what is working well and what you need to enhance. IF you do not have an IEP case manager who is your go to person for each student with IEPs, then you should k now who is that person in the district and you should have a system for communicating with that person.
80 Teacher’s Responsibilities To provide input into IEP meetings/To participate when invitedTo implement the IEP specifically for each studentTo ask for assistance if IEP is not clear and/or if implementation is not possible in your settingTo immediately report concerns/failure/failed performance to Special Education Support Team and CTC Admin TeamTo monitor progress and adjust instruction and interventions as neededTo communicate with parents and support team if the student is not making progressTo maintain confidentialityThis would be on the test……
81 Paraeducator’s Responsibilities To provide input to teacher in preparation for IEP meeting/To participate when invitedUnder the direction of the special education teacher, to assist with the implementation of the IEP specifically for each studentTo ask for assistance if IEP implementation requirements are not clearTo immediately report concerns/failure/failed performance to the teacher, special education teacherTo monitor progress and communicate with teacher so that he/ she can adjust instruction and interventions or contact parents as neededTo maintain confidentialityThis would be on the test……
82 Evidence: Together, WE need to ensure that we are delivering supports and services as per IEP. Students performance or lack performance as noted on Classmate grades or NOCTIStudent discipline dataDocumentation of student visits to Learning Support RoomOff task student behaviorPresence of Special Education Staff in class doing small group instruction/providing individualized interventionsSystem for implementing IEPS and system for organizing required SDIEvidence of progress monitoring/data collectionDifferentiated instruction – reteaching, special vocabulary sessions, modeling with small group, peer tutors, visual aids, student use of calculators or formula/conversion charts in lab area, work ethic skill reminders, peer tutors, teacher notesTeaching Plans with SDI notations/Reminders regarding Special Education Services
83 Special Education Resources PaTTAN Publications and Training Intermediate Unit Trainers CT DSLs PACTA Sp Professional Organization Penn State McKeesport Websites CEC, NICHY, NSTTAC, NASDE Disability Websites
84 Setting Priorities to Ensure High Quality Special Education Service Delivery Components Activity Review your IEP Component worksheet. Identify areas of need. Establish priorities.Share with partner.Report out.Leadership for inclusive practice – administrative oversight, support-coaching-training evaluation continuumSchool climate and structure to support collaboration, student achievement for all students including students with IEPSStaffing to support the students with IEPs , job descriptionsMOUCollaborative practices with stakeholders as well as with direct service providersManagement and IEP implementation for students with behavior support needsIEP process with emphasis on student preparation and placement with targeted, appropriate supportsIEP implementationInstructional planningSupplemental supports and servicesTraining
86 Questions..Self-Reflection!@#$#@!? So how are we doing?Are we providing services as presented?Where are our gaps?Does the leadership team fully understand our special education service delivery model?Does the staff ?Are we represented at IEP meetings?Are we implementing IEP requirements/using SDI/monitoring progress and changing instruction?Does my staff have time to meet with special educators?In a discipline process, are we following SDI, PBSPs?How are we partnering with our constituent districts to serve their students effectively?How are we working with parents?
87 Final Training Activity: Your School’s Plan for Increasing Achievement for Students with IEPs Create a graphic or a list that represents your special education service delivery model (How do services flow)Create an organizational chart that represents your staffing for special education and its hierarchy. Identify job descriptions to be modified to include special education responsibilities and best practices.Create a flow chart that represents the steps students take in the referral, application IEP and enrollment processIdentify areas of concern and next stepsUse the information above to modify the attached MOU to reflect the needs of your delivery model
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