Presentation on theme: "Parent Educational Advocacy Training Center"— Presentation transcript:
1An Overview of Special Education Regulations and Services in City of Salem Schools
2Parent Educational Advocacy Training Center www.peatc.org This presentation was adapted from Welcome to the “Special Education Tour”An overview of the special education process for parents and professionals assisting children with disabilities developed by PEATCParent Educational Advocacy Training Center
3What is Special Education What is Special Education? Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)Specifically designed instructionAt no cost to parentsTo meet the unique needs of a child with disabilities
4The Legal Foundations for Special Education in Virginia The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) 2004The Virginia Special EducationRegulations (2009)
5IDEA Guarantee: A free, appropriate education for all children (FAPE) Placement in the least restrictive environmentProtection for the rights of children and their parentsParent participation in educational planning
6The Special Education Cycle From the beginning, there are steps to getting a program for achild with disabilities.
7ReferralThe Referral is a formal (oral or written) notification to the local school system that a child is experiencing learning or developmental difficulties and may require a full evaluation for early intervention or special education and related services.A referral may be made by a family, teacher or other individual.A written request documents the referral and starts a timeline.
8Referral DecisionIn Virginia, a school-based team will meet within 10 business days following the receipt of the referral.If the referral information suggests that the child should be evaluated for special education and related services, the team must refer the child to the special education administrator within 3 business days.
9EvaluationAn Evaluation is the process of collecting information about a referred student’s learning needs through a series of individual tests, observations, and talks with the student, the family and others.This information is used to determine whether the child has a disability as well as the nature and extent of the special education and related services that the child needs.The evaluation is conducted at no cost to parents.Parents are members of the team reviewing the evaluation data and deciding whether more information is needed.
10EligibilityBased on the results of the evaluation, a team decides if a child is Eligible to receive early intervention or special education and related services.Parents are members of the eligibility team and receive documentation of the determination of eligibility at no cost.
11Who is Eligible? Children with: Autism Deafness Deaf-blindness Development delayEmotional disabilityHearing impairment, including deafnessIntellectual disabilityMultiple disabilityOrthopedic impairmentOther health impairment, including ADHDSpecific learning disabilitySpeech or language impairmentTraumatic brain injuryVisual impairment, including blindness
12Eligibility Timeframe Eligibility for special education and related services must be determined within 65 business days after the special education administrator receives the referral for evaluation.The parent and the eligibility group may agree in writing to extend the 65 day timeline to obtain additional data.
13Individualized Education Program (IEP) Every child in special education must have an Individualized Education Program (IEP).
14Individualized Educational Program (IEP) The IEP is a written statement describing the specially designed program developed to meet the needs of the individual child.Parents are to be members ofthe IEP team and participatewith school personnel in thedevelopment of the IEP.The child should also participate in the IEP decision making process as early as possible.
15IEP TimelinesIEP is in effect before special education and related services are provided to an eligible child;Is developed within 30 calendar days of the date of the initial determination that the child needs special education and related services;
16IEP Timelines, continued Is developed within 30 calendar days of the date the eligibility group determines that the child remains eligible for special education and related services following reevaluation, if the IEP team determines that changes are needed to the child’s IEP, or if the parent requests it;
17IEP Timelines, continued Each local education agency shall ensure that the IEP team reviews the child’s IEP periodically, but not less than annually, to determine whether the annual goals are being achieved and to revise its provisions, as appropriate.
18What is on the IEP?Present levels of academic achievement and functional performanceMeasurable annual goalsPlans for measuring progressParticipation in state and division-wide assessmentsSpecial education, modifications and related services to be provided including dates and locationsParticipation with children without disabilitiesSecondary transition services including rights at age of majority
19Related Services partial list of developmental, corrective, or supportive services required for the child to benefit from special education, including:Occupational therapyPhysical therapyTransportationCounselingSpeech and language therapyAudiology servicesInterpreting servicesEarly identificationDiagnostic servicesSchool health/nurse servicesSocial work servicesCrisis InterventionAssistive technologyNon-academic servicesExtra curricular activitiesOrientation/mobility trainingRehabilitation counselingPsychological servicesParent counseling and training
20Decisions About Related Services Which services are needed and why?How often are they needed?What length of time?Who will provide theservices?
21Instruction and Monitoring After the IEP is written and a child is placed in a school setting, learning activities begin in the classroom.
22Instruction and Monitoring Parents and school personnel must work together to make the IEP and placement work for the child.Parents are to be kept regularly informed of their child’s progress as defined in the IEP.
23Annual ReviewThe Annual Review is a meeting held at least once a year to look at, talk about, and study a student’s IEP.
24Annual ReviewThe purpose of the Annual Review is to make decisions about changes in the IEP, review the placement, and develop a new IEP for the year ahead.
25Transition PlanningTransition planning is careful preparation by the student, parents, educators, and other service providers, for the time when the student leaves high school.Required by age 14 in Virginia – or younger if appropriate
26Transition Services The IEP Transition goals should relate to: - Education- Training- Employment- Independent living skills (if appropriate)The transition services must take into account a student’s strengths, preferences and interests.By age 16, the IEP must include a statement of interagency responsibilities and linkages.
27Triennial and Reevaluation Re-evaluation occursat least every three years, (unless the parent and school personnel agree that it is not necessary).
28Special Education Advisory Committee Serves as an advisory function to the City of Salem School Board through Dr. Alan Seibert, Superintendent, on matters related to the education and training of school-aged children with disabilitiesMembership consists of parents of children with disabilities, agency personnel responsible for service delivery to children with disabilities, and Salem School Division personnel.
29Special Education Advisory Committee Meetings are open to the public. Remaining meeting dates for this school year are February 17, April 21, and May 19, and are held at 3:30 pm at the School Board Office.Current MembersMs. Lisa Cain Ms. Patty MaynardMs. Paige Callahan Ms. Chris MosesMs. Bonnie Carpenter Ms. Sharon Paisley, ChairpersonMs. Maxine Casey Ms. Tristan RobertsonDr. Darryl Helems Ms. Kristyn ShepherdMs. Artice Ledbetter Ms. Laurel SoderbergMs. Terri Lewis Ms. Terry ThomasMs. Pat Macdonald Mr. Tom Willett
30Contact informationDr. Darryl Helems, Director of Student Services, ,Ms. Pat Macdonald, Parent Resource Center Coordinator,,