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DEPARTMENTS of the IEP SAS. Departments of the Institute DBP – Department of biophysics DMP – Department of metal physics DSP – Department of space physics.

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Presentation on theme: "DEPARTMENTS of the IEP SAS. Departments of the Institute DBP – Department of biophysics DMP – Department of metal physics DSP – Department of space physics."— Presentation transcript:


2 Departments of the Institute DBP – Department of biophysics DMP – Department of metal physics DSP – Department of space physics DM – Department of magnetism DLTP – Department of low temperature physics DSNP – Department of subnuclear physics DTP – Department of theoretical physics CG – Computing group

3 DEPARTMENT OF BIOPHYSICS Department established in 1984 1-st head of the department: Dr. M. Fabián. DBP

4 DEPARTMENT OF BIOPHYSICS The research interests in the field of the biophysics: The study of conformational transitions of biomacromolecules and their thermodynamic stability Characterization of properties of ion polymers and ion particles Digital image analysis of biological objects DBP

5 Selected results of the DBP research Cytochrome c: We described new conformational structures of cytochrome c and characterized their biophysical properties Cytochrome c: We described new conformational structures of cytochrome c and characterized their biophysical properties Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1432, 82-91 (1999) Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1432, 82-91 (1999) EF Tu a EF Ts Isolated from the thermophilic bacteria Thermus thermophilus. We characterized their temperature stability and determined the thermodynamic constants of the conformational stability. EF Tu a EF Ts Isolated from the thermophilic bacteria Thermus thermophilus. We characterized their temperature stability and determined the thermodynamic constants of the conformational stability. Biochemistry 40, 9579- 9586 (2001) Plasmids: Using AFM and the thermal electrophoresis we characterized conformational transitions of plasmids Plasmids: Using AFM and the thermal electrophoresis we characterized conformational transitions of plasmids Nucleic Acids Research 28, e51 (2000); Electrophoresis 23,3300-3309 (2002) Nucleic Acids Research 28, e51 (2000); Electrophoresis 23,3300-3309 (2002) DBP

6 Selected results of the DBP research Ion polymers and particles: We succeeded in measuring the dynamics of small molecular and even atomic ions using the method of the proton correlation spectroscopy, These are the first such data acquired ever. J. Chem. Phys. 116, 5236 (2002 ); J. Chem. Phys. 116, J. Chem. Phys. 116, 5236 (2002 ); J. Chem. Phys. 116, 5246 (2002) 5246 (2002) Image analysis of plasmids For the measurement of the DNA chains lengths we developed a program module DNA Tracker, which allows interactive DNA chain segmentation in an image. Image Analys. Stereol. 20, 119,(2001) Rotary scanning viscosimeter We developed and built a unique viscosimeter for bilogical samples. Biophys. Chem. 96, 173-190 (2002) DBP

7 DBP research plans for the near future In the near future the research will be oriented towards the study of: the conformational transitions of biomacromolecules, the dynamics of small atomic and molecular ions, the digital image analysis of biological objects Our research goals cannot be reached without: the construction and building of new instruments for biophysics, national and international collaboration. DBP

8 DEPARTMENT OF METAL PHYSICS DMP After the department had been founded in 1980 the first research work was oriented towards: The study of the correlations between the structure and magnetic properties of the magnetically soft (based on FeSi crystals) and hard (based on Sm and Co) materials. The study of the microsegregation of impurities in FeSi and FeNi. The study of magnetic properties, relaxation phenomena and crystallization of metallic glasses. In 1980 Prof. V. Karal became the 1-st head of the departmenet.

9 DEPARTMENT OF METAL PHYSICS DMP Nowadays the department is oriented towards: the study of mechanical properties, plastic homogeneous and inhomogeneous deformation and failure processes in nanocrystallic metals in a wide temperature range, the study of the relationship between the structure and physical properties of materials.

10 The creep of massive metallic glass DMP Journal of Applied Physics, 92 (10) 2002, 5898 Philosophical Magazine A, 81 (8) 2001, 1901 Fizika Tverdovo Tela, 42 (4) 2000, 679

11 The failure processes of bulk amorphous metallic alloys Journal of Materials Science, 35 (2000) 4449 Kovové Materiály, 37 (1999) 153 The Physics of Metals and Metallography, 94 (2002) 11 DMP

12 The structure and magnetism of ferricyanids of rare earths. DMP Crystallic structure of compounds refined by the hexagonal model. Czechoslovak Journal of Physics, 52 (2) 2002, 333 Journal of Electrical Engineering, 53 (10/S) 2002, 10

13 The plans of the DMP for the near future The study of the substance of the solidity and plastic deformation of metallic materials in a metastable structural state. The subject of the study will be nanostructural metallic materials and quickly cooled composite materials with metallic base, or metallic materials where the nanocrystallic structure is induced by the plastic deformation cumulation. DMP

14 DEPARTMENT OF SPACE PHYSICS  The systematic study of cosmic rays started at the end of the forties when Prof. Petržílka from the Charles University Prague established his laboratory at the astronomic observatory at Lomnický Štít.  In the fifties this lab became a part of the Physical Institute SAS in Bratislava.  Besides the mountain lab a small research group was established at physics departments of the universities in Košice.  The leader of this group from the fifties, Prof. J. Dubinský, later became the first head of the department of space physics at IEP SAS. DSP

15 DEPARTMENT OF SPACE PHYSICS The study of heliospheric and magnetospheric physical phenomena using the energetic particles in space.  Cosmic ray (CR) dynamics at neutron monitor energies and above  Medium energy particle behaviour within the magnetosphere and near its boundaries.  Design and construction of new experiments for space physics.  Fragmentation of nuclei. DSP

16 The origin of the medium energy ions before the Earth shock wave; diffusive fluxes of particles in magnetosphere (DOK2/Interball) DSP Adv. Space Res., 30, 2731-2736, 2002; J. Geophys. Res., 106, 19,101-19,115, 2001

17 Correlations between CR and space weather using the data from Lomnický Štít 8NM64 in real time at the www high statistics and good time resolution Space Sci. Rev., 93, 153-174,2000 DSP

18 SATELLITE MEASUREMENTS SONG M at the CORONAS F satellite – reliable measurements from August 2001; We developed a method of correction for pile-up and dead time in satellite measurements NUADU (for the Double Star): technological model developed, calibrations, tests ESS developed for Rosetta; ISS 1. NIM, A 481, 323-329, 2002 DSP

19 The plans of the DSP for the near future To contribute to the new knowledge of physical processes involved in relations between cosmic energetic particles and space weather effects. The analysis of the previous, current and newly obtained measurements from experiments with the participation of the Department (ground based, satellites) Investigation of the temporal variability and anisotropy of CR around geomagnetic disturbances. The study of the particle acceleration and transport in the magnetosphere. The study of the neutral high-energy solar emissions. The study of the fragmentation of nuclei. Applied research (the dependence of CR on the airplane altitude, correlations with atmospheric processes). DSP

20 DEPARTMENT OF MAGNETISM   The basis of the research in magnetic phenomena in Košice was founded by Academician V. Hajko and Prof. J. Daniel- Szabó, founders of the physics departments at the Technical University and the P. J. Šafárik University in Košice. Magnetisation processes were studied intensively in ferromagnets. The magnetics group was soon established and retained fruitful international collaboration, particularly with physicists in Prague and later on in Jena (Germany). The department of magnetism at the newly established IEP SAS was initially headed by Academician V. Hajko and later by Prof. L. Potocký. DM

21 DEPARTMENT OF MAGNETISM The research interests of the Department are aimed at the following problems: Cooperative phenomena in compound systems containing f-metals (intermetallic and organometallic materials) Magnetic and mechanical properties of selected nanocrystalline alloys based on Fe and Co. Microstructural parameters limiting the macroscopic properties of bulk high-temperature superconductors. Complex systems with fine magnetic particles (magnetic liquids, ferromagnetics, bioaplications). DM

22 The study of the magnetic properties of nanocrystalline alloys of FeNb type - a close correlation between the degradation of magnetically soft properties and the presence of the spin glass-like effects at low temperatures Phys. Rev B 64 (2001) 184437 (1-7) Physica Status Solidi (b) 236, (2003) 303-309 DM

23 The crystallic and magnetic structure of U 3 Al 2 Si 3 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 14 (2002) 8841 DM non collinear spin arrangement on U3 atoms the development of the magnetic anomaly with temperature

24 Mechanism of crack creation in bulk superconductor YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7 /Y 2 BaCuO 5 DM P. Diko: Supercond.Sci.Technol 15 (2002) 1

25 Magnetic liquids in medicine and biotechnology DM enclosure of a medicament 5FU into lipozomes Immobilisation of clinically important proteins and enzymes onto magnetic particles Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic 18 (2002) 13-18

26 The plans of the DM for the near future Contribution of the new knowledge in the fields of: the magnetic structure of binary and tertiary intermetallic compounds of uranium with non transition metals and metalloids, the photomagnetic transitions and magnetooptical activity of cyanocomplexes of the Prussian bule analog group, the relation between the chemical composition, microstructure and magnetic properties of nanomaterials Fe-M-B-(Cu), Fe-Co,Ni-M-(Cu), (M=Zr,Nb,Hf,...) the characterization of new inert nonsuparconducting particles and nanocapsules for magnetocaloric applications, the production of new inert nonsuperconducting particles in the REBCO system for the completing or substitution of the 211 particle pinning, the utilization of the basic research results in the medicament immobilization in medicine (targeted transport, bioseparation,...) DM

27 CENTER OF LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS (Center of Excellence of SAS)  Until 1980 the low temperature physics group was a part of the departement of magnetism.  The low temperature group was founded by Prof. Š. Jánoš, who in 1980 became the first head of the department of low temperature physics.  In 2002 the department of low temperature physics at IEP SAS along with the Institute of Physical Sciences of PJSU received the status the Center of Excellence of SAS with the name Center of Very Low Temperature Physics. CLTP

28 CENTER OF LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS (Center of Excellence of SAS) The study of matter at ultra low temperatures and strong magnetic fields: 1.Superfluid 3 He. Homogeneously precessing domain. The spin structure dynamics at temperatures below 1 mK. 2. New types of superconductors. Order parameters. Phase diagram Magnetic field v.s. temperature. Abrikosovov vortices. 3. Strongly correlated electron systems. Heavy fermions. Kondo insulators. 4. Intermetallic systems with rare earths. 5. Low temperature center for external users. Liquid helium delivery. CLTP

29 SUPERFLUID 3 He CLTP A-B boundary dynamics Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 3462 (1999) Primary and secondary nukleation of superfluid phases of 3 He Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4321 (2000) Spin precessing waves Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 55301 (2003)

30 NEW SUPERCONDUCTORS Two-gap superconductivity in MgB 2 Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 137005 (2001); Phys. Rev. B 66, 180502(R) (2002); Phys. Rev. B 68, 020505(R) (2003) (LaSe)(NbSe 2 )- conventional superconductor with intrinsic Josephson junctions ? Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5990 (2001) Physics of Abrikosov vortices and upper critical field in (Ba,K)BiO 3 Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 177201 (2002); Phys. Rev. B 62, 3502 (2000) CLTP

31 CFNT Heavy fermion superconductor UPt 3 The measurement of magnetisation  superconductor penetration depth B  c two superconductiong transitions observed B  a one superconductiong transition observed Non conventional superconductivity Anisotropic order parameter Non phonon mechanism of electron pairing Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 (1999) 2378 STRONGLY CORRELATED SYSTEMS

32 INTERMETALLIC SYSTEMS de Haas – van Alphen effect and Fermi surface PrNi 5 CLTP Eur. Phys. J. B18, 595 (2000)

33 The plans of the CLTP for the near future To continue developing a physics programme aimed at the quantum physics of materials: nontrivial superconductors, small dimensioned magnets, superfuid He-3, strongly correlated systems, etc... To coordinate all activities with the top world laboratories for the basic physics research in this field and together with them formulate multilateral and bilateral projects. To take active part in the education of students and PhD students. The Center will grant access to its scientific infrastructure for the external interested bodies under conditions defined by prepared status. Expert assistance in the field of the low temperature and vacuum techology. CLTPCLTP

34 DEPARTMENT OF SUBNUCLEAR PHYSICS The foundation of the department of subnuclear physics at IEP SAS was preceded by many years of the research at the department of nuclear physics at the P. J. Šafárik University. Dr. J. Patočka became the first head of the department when the IEP SAS had been established. Before 80-ies all research activities were centered mainly around the bubble chamber experiments at JINR, Dubna, Russia. At the beginning of 80-ies the main research interests shifted towards electronic experiments (e.g. HYPERON at Serpukhov, Russia). In 1980 the participation of IEP SAS at the H1 experiment at DESY, Hamburg began. The year 1984 marks the beginning of the collaboration with the CERN, Geneva, based initially on the individual contributions, but from 1991 the participation at the CERN experimental programme became official. DSNP

35 DEPARTMENT OF SUBNUCLEAR PHYSICS The study of the fundamental properties of matter: The study of e +- p collisions at HERA energy (the H1 experiment) The study of the relativistic heavy ion collisions at the CERN SPS accelerator (WA97 and NA57 experiments) The study of pp interactions at the CERN LHC collider (the ATLAS experiment) The study of the ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions at the CERN LHC collider (the ALICE experiment) The study of anti-p p interactions at the CDF and D0 experiments (Tevatron collider, Batavia, USA) The measurement of the high energy cosmic radiation component (the HIRES experiment) DSNP

36 The H1 experiment The measurement of the proton structure function. The study of the longitudinal proton structure function. C. Adloff et al., Phys.Lett.B520 (2001), 183 F 2 v závislosti na Q 2 pre rôzne x DSNP

37 The H1 experiment The study of the vector meson production. C. Adloff et al., Phys.Lett.B483 (2000), 360 D. Bruncko: Acta Phys.Pol.B31 (2000), 2357 C. Adloff et al., Eur.J.Phys.C13 (2000), 371 Univerzálna závislosť σ V na Q 2 +M V 2 DSNP

38 The H1 experiment Methodological work The analysis of the VLQ, SPACAL and H1 LAr detektors. Andrieu B. et al., NIM A490 (2002), 204 Appuhn R.D. et al., NIM A426 (1999), 518 TESLA, HERA III: Abramowicz H. et al., ECFA-2001-209 (2001) H1 coll., Letter of Intent H1-IN-609 (2003) Montáž detektora SPACAL DSNP

39 The WA97 a NA57 experiments Particle yields with 1, 2 a 3 s quarks as a function of the collision centrality Yields of Ξ a Ω in Pb-Pb collisions at 40 a 160 A GeV/c Andersen E. et al., J.Phys.G25 (1999), 171 Antinori F. et al., Nucl.Phys.A681 (2001), 165 DSNP

40 The ATLAS experiment Design and development of the calibration system Dowler B. et al., NIM A480 (2002), 94 Akhmadalev S. et al., NIM A449 (2000), 449 The production of filter boxes, signal and HV boards for HEC DSNP

41 The ALICE experiment jTag kontrolér mapa radiačných úrovní v ALICE Morsch A., Pastirčák B. ALICE-INT-PUB-2002-21 Bloodworth J. et al., Cracow 2000, Eletronics for LHC experiments, 318 Central trigger desing SPD electronics development The analysis of the radiation conditions DSNP

42 The CDF a D0 experiments Our activities at CDF: building of the PC farm off-line analýsis Antoš J: Acta Phys.Slov. 49 (1999), 127 Antoš J. et al., Beijing 2001, CHEP, 53 D0: works on the central trigger and the calibration system DSNP

43 The HIRES experiment Goal: the measurement of the high energy cosmic radiation component Our activities: - reconstruction - of-line analysis Sadowski P.A. et al., Astropart.Phys.18 (2002), 237 DSNP

44 The plans of the DSNP for the near future To continue in our current activities To make the LHC experiments the main research activity - ALICE and ATLAS Building of the Grid infrastructure for the LHC Further development of the existing PC farm Participation on the future experiments – TESLA, HERA III OSF

45 DEPARTMENT OF THEORETICAL PHYSICS  From the foundation of the IEP SAS the theoretical activities were spread between all departments.  To facilitate better coordination and collaboration of all theorists, on 1 July 1998 the department of theoretical physics was created.  In 1998 Dr. M. Hnatič became the first head of the department. DTP

46 Current fields of the theoretical research  Elementary particles phenomenology  The study of heavy fermion systems in condensed matter physics  The study of the nonlinear stochastic dynamics including the developed hydrodynamical and plasmatic turbulence  The study of the transport phenomena in biophysics  Particle kinetics in the cosmic space DTP DEPARTMENT OF THEORETICAL PHYSICS

47 Important results:   Ferromagnetism in the Hubbard model   The study of the color transparency in the vector meson production on nuclear targets   The structural transitions in ferronematics.   The diffusion processes in stochastic environments; anomalous scaling and fractality DTP

48 Feromagnetism in Hubbard model (P. Farkašovský, Phys. Rev. B 66,12404, 2002) – phase diagram of the Hubbard model The critical value of the Coulomb interaction U c DTP In the framework of the Hubbard model with nonlocal electron jumps a microscopic theory of the itinerant magnetism was developed. It opens new possibilities of its study in the transition metallic compounds.

49 The study of the color transpareny in the vector meson production on nuclear targets (J. Nemcik, Phys. Rev. C 66, 045204, 2002) Rast jadrovej priezračnosti Tr A inc pri konštantnej koherenčnej dĺžke l c – čistý prejav farebnej priezračnosti DTP The theoretical predictions of the influence of the color transparency on the coherent and incoherent vector meson production on nuclei. A method for testing the existence of this effect on the experimental data was proposed.

50 The structural transitions in ferronematics (P. Kopčanský et al., J.Magn.Magn.Mater. 252, 2002) DTP - A formula describing the homogeneous coupling breaking between molecules of a liquid crystal and particle magnetic momenta.

51 The diffusion in stochastic media; anomalous scaling and fractality ( L.Ts.Adzhemyan, N.V.Antonov, M.Hnatich and S.V.Novikov, Phys. Rev. E 63, 016309 (2001); M. Hnatič, M. Jurčišin, A.Mazzino, S.Šprinc, Acta Phys. Slov. 52, 559 (2002) ) - korelačné funkcie poľa koncentrácie  v inerciálnej oblasti škál r d << r << r l (r d a r l sú disipačná a integrálna dĺžka) : Diffusion process in stochastic medium has fractal characted (negative  [N,p]) DTP

52  Orientation to solution of such scientific problems, which are treated as decisive within present trends for development of theoretical physics.  Orientation to the already existing international collaborations with extension to other institutions.  Rise of pedagogical activity of physicists from DTP, especially reading the lectures and leading the seminars in Faculty of Sciences P.J.Šafárik University. Further rise of scientific and pedagogical qualification of our scientists gaining higher scientific degrees.  Continuation in organization of the conferences „Small Triangle Meeting“. The plans of the OTP for the near future

53 COMPUTING GROUP Pre doménu v Košiciach zabezpečuje prevádzku mail servra dns servra www servra ftp/terminal server Pre areál Watsonova dhcp servra Sieť SAV Watsonova CANET optický kábel (Bulharská, Šoltésova, Hlinkova, Karpatská CANET rádioreléové spojenie (UFHZ, PaU, AU, UZ) CG

54 PC - farma PC-farma pozostáva z : Fileserver: dual Athlon 1.6GHz, 1GB IDE RAID-5: 1.2 TB IDE RAID-5: 0.6 TB 10 nodov switch 16x100Mb, UPS SVT

55 Iné aktivity skupiny SVT v období 1999-2002 SVT Pripojenie areálu Watsonova z 10 Mb na 100Mb CassoGRID - demonštrácia GRID na 3 pracoviskách (TU, UPJŠ, SAV) Účasť na experimentoch LHC (ALICE,ATLAS), CDF Účasť na projekte VRVS-SK

56 Zámery SVT na budúce obdobie   Upgrade pripojenia areálu Watsonova s možnosťou na 1Gb Rozšírenie PC-farmy, v tomto roku o 3 nody (150 000 Sk), plán na budúci rok cca 1 mil. Sk Zabezpečenie potrebných prenosových vlastností (Quality of Service) pre IP telefóniu Technická podpora konferencie DIS2004 SVT

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