Presentation on theme: "Individualized Education Programs Chapter 5. Individualized Programs for Students with Disabilities Depending on the circumstances, any one of three different."— Presentation transcript:
Individualized Programs for Students with Disabilities Depending on the circumstances, any one of three different individualized plans might be required or recommended Depending on the circumstances, any one of three different individualized plans might be required or recommended 1.IEP (traditional) – includes ADHD 2.Section 504 plan 3.IPEP (Individualized PE Program) Individualized Family Service Plan – Utilized for children 0-2 years of age.
Graphical Overview, not including IFSP IEP 504 IPEP IEP 504 IPEP
1. Individualized Education Program (IEP) Under IDEA, all students with disabilities (aged 3 to 21) must have an IEP that outlines the child’s special education. Under IDEA, all students with disabilities (aged 3 to 21) must have an IEP that outlines the child’s special education. A student MUST be classified by a credible source to receive an IEP. A student MUST be classified by a credible source to receive an IEP. REMEMBER, PE is a direct service mandated on the IEP’s. REMEMBER, PE is a direct service mandated on the IEP’s.
IEPs (continued) 1.Present level of performance 2.Annual goals and short-term objectives 3.Statement of services and supplementary aids States and local districts may require additional information, but IDEA requires eight components for an IEP:
IEPs (continued) 4.Statement of participation in general settings 5.Assessment modifications 6.Schedule of services 7.Transition services 8.Procedures for evaluation and parental report
Present Level of Performance Present level of academic and functional performance Present level of academic and functional performance What is functional performance What is functional performance Derived from report data, document classroom performance, parent/student reports, standardized assessments, observation, CMT and CAPT results Derived from report data, document classroom performance, parent/student reports, standardized assessments, observation, CMT and CAPT results CT Mastery Test (Grades 4, 6, 8) CT Mastery Test (Grades 4, 6, 8) CT Academic Performance Test (Grade 10) CT Academic Performance Test (Grade 10) Identifies: Identifies: Strengths Strengths Concerns Concerns Impact on involvement in general education Impact on involvement in general education
Annual Goals and Short-Term Objectives MEASURABLE Annual goals –Must be aligned with PLP –Example: “Juanita will improve her cardiovascular endurance by achieving 15 laps of the 16 meter PACER test.” Short-term objective –A specific statement related to AG and PLP –“Juanita will complete 5 laps of the 16- meter PACER test with assistance.”
Statement of Services and Supplementary Aids Location where services will be provided List special education and related services. List special education and related services. Speech and audiology services, counseling services, early identification and assessment, medical services, occupational therapy, orientation and mobility services, parent counseling and training, physical therapy, psychological services, recreation, rehabilitation counseling services, school health services, social work services in schools, transportation Speech and audiology services, counseling services, early identification and assessment, medical services, occupational therapy, orientation and mobility services, parent counseling and training, physical therapy, psychological services, recreation, rehabilitation counseling services, school health services, social work services in schools, transportation List any necessary adapted equipment in this section. List any necessary adapted equipment in this section.
Statement of Participation in General Settings Assumption is made that child ordinarily will be educated in the general education program as much as possible. List instances when child will not –May require a rationale –CT form requires summing of hours per week in inclusion and special education settings (pull-out)
Assessment Modifications Modifications not only for assessment. –Includes academic, non-academic, and extra-curricular activities. Accommodations in these areas: –Materials/books/equipment; tests/quizzes/assessments; grading; organization; environment; behavioral interventions and support; instructional strategies; other. Example: 16-meter PACER from Brockport Physical Fitness Test rather than PACER (20m) from FITNESSGRAM. In CT, students must take the CMT or CAPT exam. –Accommodations are permitted and are included in the form
Schedule of Services Example: “Sara will participate in the school’s adapted physical education for two hours per week for the entire school year.” Frequency, location, duration of all special education and related services must be specified. –Includes start and end dates
Transition Services Goal is to successful transition students from from K-12 education to: –Employment (“internships” often provided) –Post-secondary education (college) –Independent living –Community participation (broad) Conducted by age 16 (IDEA), usually 15 in CT Lists course of study, related services, and assistive technology. Public education ends at age 21 when a student “ages out.” –http://www.ed.gov/parents/needs/speced/iepguide /index.html (for reference only) http://www.ed.gov/parents/needs/speced/iepguide /index.htmlhttp://www.ed.gov/parents/needs/speced/iepguide /index.html Transition includes preparation for physical activity participation in the community. –Think about how Peter could be physically active outside of school.
Procedures for Evaluation and Parental Report Parents must be informed of child’s progress at least as often as parents of children without disabilities are informed. –Quarterly –Report cards –Others
Sample IEPs Greenshade, NY Greenshade, NY StateNY State-guide NY State NY StateNY State-IEP only NY State
The IEP Team/Planning and Placement Team (PPT) -Requirements Vary by State Parents (all efforts made to include) Parents (all efforts made to include) At least one regular education teacher (recently not required by 2004 reauthorization) At least one regular education teacher (recently not required by 2004 reauthorization) At least one special education teacher * At least one special education teacher * School district rep with special ed background * School district rep with special ed background * Child (where appropriate) Child (where appropriate) Others Others PE teacher, school psychologist, physician, administrator… PE teacher, school psychologist, physician, administrator… * = required attendee
Who May Access an IEP? The IDEA stresses that everyone who will be involved in implementing the IEP must have access to the documents. This includes the child’s: –Regular education teacher(s) –Special education teacher(s) –Direct service teachers (PE, art, etc) –Related service providers (speech therapist, counselor, etc) or any other service provider who will be responsible for a part of a child’s education. –IEP’s are normally stored in a secure location such as the special education office. You may have to sign a form in order to view the IEP. Remember, information listed in the IEP is confidential and should not be discussed with people who do not directly impact on the child’s education. Ed.gov
When Parents Don’t Agree with the School’s Recommendations The IEP team must reconvene in 10 school days to address issues When parents continue to disagree, a mediation process is initiated at no cost to the parents
Who Classifies Students as Having Special Needs
Is there a problem with the current system of classifying students?
2. 504 Plan What is a 504 Plan? 504 plans provide simple interventions for students in regular education environments. Examples of the uses of 504 plans are interventions such as an allowance for a "fidget toy" for children with ADHD in the classroom setting, test modifications, such as extended time, break time in the middle of class, and preferential seating. The 504 Plan is approved or disapproved primarily by the Principal and sometimes the Special Education Coordinator at a school.
2. 504 Plan A 504 student must have a physical or mental impairment that limits one or more major life activities and is not covered by IDEA. HIV and AIDS, alcohol abuse, substance abuse, asthma, and diabetes. No mandated components. Not as strong as an IEP Viewed more as a “should do” versus a “must do” Law itself “No otherwise qualified individual…shall, solely by reason of his or her disability, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance”
504 Plan (continued) Suggested Committee: Suggested Committee: –2 school professionals familiar with student 504 plans are legal documents but parents often have less input and there are no mandated periodic meetings to review progress. None of the 8 components of an IEP are required.
3. IPEPs Individual Physical Education Program Individual Physical Education Program For students who are not disabled but have unique needs in physical education (poor motor ability or fitness; obesity, illnesses or injuries)? For students who are not disabled but have unique needs in physical education (poor motor ability or fitness; obesity, illnesses or injuries)? Not required by any piece of legislation. Not required by any piece of legislation. Developed, implemented, and assessed by the PE teacher. Developed, implemented, and assessed by the PE teacher.
IPEPs (continued) Recommended components mirror the IEP: Recommended components mirror the IEP: –Goals –PLP –STOs –Placement –Schedule of services –Schedule for review
State of CT State of CT manual & forms manual & forms
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