Presentation on theme: "Creating Fluent Readers Dr. Tim Rasinski"— Presentation transcript:
Creating Fluent Readers Dr. Tim Rasinski
Effective Teaching of Reading- The Essential Elements 1. Phonemic Awareness 2. Phonics (Word Decoding) 3. Vocabulary (Word Meaning) 4. Reading Fluency a. Automaticity b. Expressive (prosodic reading ) c. Accuracy 5. Comprehension 6. Professional Development
The first three are the foundation which feed into fluency. Fluency feeds into comprehension. Comprehension is, of course, the ultimate goal.
Reading Fluency a. Automaticity b. Expressive (prosodic reading ) c. Accuracy ? Effortlessly, you have to practice in order to dig into deeper meaning.
Reading Fluency a. Automaticity b. Expressive (prosodic reading ) c. Accuracy ? Accuracy depends upon a student’s word decoding and vocabulary. Approximately, 95% word recognition accuracy is considered adequate for instructional level reading.
Prosodic or expressive reading conveys meaning. For example, “dude” * as a greeting * with consternation * like you’ve won the lottery
Prosodic or expressive reading conveys meaning. Tom borrowed my new lawnmower. Can you read this in a way that makes it sound like Tom borrowed the lawnmower and not Joe or Larry? Can you read this in a way that sounds as if you have more than one lawnmower?
Research supports oral reading for struggling readers and beginning readers. NOT round robin reading Use GOOD materials for oral reading Teaching the heart, not the head
What materials are GOOD for reading orally? Reader’s theater Song lyrics Poetry Nursery rhyme Important speeches and letters from historyspeeches * Read from handout. *
What did Rasinski mean by “teaching to the heart, not the head?”
A Few Interesting Tidbits: 1. Phonemic awareness was found to be a better predictor of 6 th grade reading ability in young children than IQ % of comprehension problems are due to fluency.
A Few Interesting Tidbits: 3. Singing is a natural form of repeated reading. In one study Rasinski cited – singing 3x a week for 30 min. for 12 weeks with children who were going to be retained yielded a year’s worth of progress.
A Few Interesting Tidbits: 4. An international study of factors that discriminate between highly effective and less effective schools in literary achievement found the United States to rank where in 2 nd and 8 th grade reading achievement? In the top third!
A Few Interesting Tidbits: 4. The top factors of a highly effective school in this international study were… 1. Parent Involvement 2. Amount of Reading done at Home 3. Amount of Reading done in School
Words Per Minute is only an indicator, not a recipe for instruction. What are Rasinski’s components of effective fluency instruction?
Components of Effective Fluency Instruction 1.Accuracy in Word Recognition (decoding and vocabulary) Making and Writing Words- variation of Pat Cunningham’s Making Words p.23 Word Ladders Grades 1-3 Grades 1-3 & Grades 3-6Grades 3-6
Components of Effective Fluency Instruction 2. Model Fluent Expressive Oral Reading for Students 3. Repeated (Practiced) Reading of Authentic Texts (How do you get students to read something 15 times?) 4. Assisted (Scaffolded) Reading
Components of Effective Fluency Instruction 5. Focus on Phrased Reading Developing Reading Fluency 6. Be sensitive to text difficulty. 7. Create Synergistic Instructional Routines.
A strong correlation between quality of voice fluency and silent reading comprehension exists. NAEP Oral Reading Fluency Scale p. 5