4The Major STDs Not curable...some life-long Treatable…but repeatable SyphilisChlamydiaGonorrheaTrichomoniasisCrabs (pubic lice)Not curable...some life-longHSV (Herpes Simplex Virus)HPVs (Human Papilloma viruses)HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)HBV (Hepatitis B Virus)
5Caution: Yeast and bacterial vaginosis (BV) are not considered sexually transmitted infections …BUT, symptoms caused by theseorganisms may mimic other STDsIf you are having sex, and think you have oneof these infections, it is important to get itchecked out by a doctor or nurse and NOTtreat it with over the counter medications.
63 of every 5 gonorrhea and chlamydia cases in California are Among 15 – 24 year olds.
7Four Most Common STDs Among Sexually Active Teens in California HPVsTrichomoniasisChlamydiaHSV (genital herpes)
8Why Teens Have High Rates of STDs: Only 3 of every 5 sexually active teens (15 – 19 years of age) used a condom at last sexual intercourse.
9Why Teens Have High Rates of STDs: The large number of year olds infected with STDs increases the odds of meeting someone who already has an STD.Can you tell who has an STD?
10Why Teens Have High Rates of STDs: People often don’t have enough information about the health of their sex partners – and don’t protect themselves.
11Why Teens Have High Rates of STDs: Some teens are in relationships with older partners who often control their decisions.Sometimes they have trouble getting their older partners to use condoms to prevent STDs or unwanted pregnancy.
12What are the odds that a sexually active teen will get an STD this year? 1 out of 21 out of 41 out of 5
13Why teens need to know about STDS: 1 of every 4 sexually active teens in California will get an STD this year......which is about 325,000 teens getting an STD this year!
14325,000 STD-infected CA teens will fill the Rose Bowl over 3 ½ times!!
16Medical Complications of STDs If a young girl or woman gets an STD, she could end up with:- Cervical cancer- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease- Tubal pregnancy- Permanent pelvic pain- Infertility (inability to have babies)
17Medical Complications of STDs In men or women, STDs can result in:Liver disease or cancerAnal cancerNervous system problemsAIDS (from sexually transmitted HIV)Death
18Medical Complications of STDs If a pregnant woman has an STD, her baby could end up with:Eye infections resulting in blindnessLung infectionsBrain infectionsBirth defectsbeing Stillborn (born dead).
19More Problems Linked to STDs Stress and difficulty in telling current or past sex partners they need to get tested and possibly treated.Having an STD for the rest of your life. Herpes and HIV are incurable, life-long infections.
20More Problems Linked to STDs Fear and distress in telling futuresex partners that you have an incurable STD – and they could get it from you.Worry about the long-term effect of an incurable STD on your body and health.
21STDs increase the chances for giving and getting HIV by 3 – 5 Times!! * Chlamydia * Genital Herpes * Gonorrhea * Syphilis * Trichomonas
23STD TransmissionDirect contact with an STD lesion, sore, or infected tissue through oral, anal, vaginal sex…and other intimate sexual contactTransfer of STD-infected semen & vaginal fluids, discharge, or blood through oral, anal, vaginal sexSTD organisms can be passed even whenthere are no signs or symptoms present!
25How you can protect yourself: Not having sex (oral, anal, vaginal) is the only sure way to avoid STDs.
26How you can protect yourself: Talk to your partner about STDsand agree to protect yourselves if or when you have sex.
27How you can protect yourself: 3) If you have sex - use condoms correctly each time for oral, anal, vaginal sex.Quick Fact:Latex condoms reduce – but don’t eliminate - the chances of STD transmission.This is because some STDs might infect areas not covered by a condom.
28How you can protect yourself: Quick Fact:Birth control pills, the shot (depo),the ring, or the birth control patchdo not protect against STDs.
29How you can protect yourself: 4) It’s safer to have sex with only one partner, who has sex only with you – and who doesn’t have an STD infection.
30But…even if you have unprotected sex with just one person… you can’t really know about his/her sex partners…or their sex partners – or the STDs that could be passed to you.You
31How you can protect yourself: 5) Avoid sex-under-the-influence (SUI) of alcohol and other drugs.6) If you have sex, get tested for STDs at a doctor’s office or clinic at least once a year.If you are female – also ask your doctor about a Pap Test.
32Minor Consent for STD Care Anyone 12 years old or older can be tested and treated for STD infections without permission by parents or guardians…CA Family Code 6926 (a)Healthcare providers cannot notifyparents or guardians when minors gettested or treated for STDs.P r i v a t e
34Most people with STD infections have NO signs or symptoms!! However, if symptoms are present, they may include:- itching/burning - discharge (genitals/anus)- blisters - open sores (with/without pain)- abnormal bleeding - painful intercourse- burning urination - swelling of/around genitals- abdominal pain - warts (on/around genitals/anus)- rash (body, palms, soles)You can’t tell by looking ifsomeone is infected or not!!
35Caution… Most people with herpes don’t know they are infected because their symptomsare mild or absent!!
36with Gonorrhea or Chlamydia will NOT have signs or symptoms - Caution…About half of all maleswith Gonorrhea or Chlamydiawill NOT have signs or symptoms -such as discharge or painful urination.
37Caution…About 4 of 5 females with Gonorrhea or Chlamydia will NOT have any signs or symptoms.
38Young women who have chlamydia without any signs or symptoms can still develop PID
39Most people with HPVs do NOT have the types that cause visible warts.
40Remember: Even when no signs or symptoms are present... ...STDs can still be transmitted...STD consequences like infertility or cervical cancer can still occur.
41Attention!!Anyone who has any of these signs or symptoms, should not try to treat themselves.They should not borrow medicine or use any left-over medications.Instead, they should go to a doctor or clinic for the appropriate tests.
42Key STD Facts for TeensIf you get an STD - ALL sex partners should be informed that they might have an STD – even if they have no symptoms.Reinfection by untreated partners is common.
43Key STD Facts continued... There is no single test for all STDs,so be sure to ask which STD testsare being done.
44Where can teens get low-cost and confidential STD testing? Teen-friendly ProvidersHealth Maintenance Organizations (HMOs)City or County Health DepartmentsCommunity ClinicsYour own doctorFor referral to STD clinics, call:in English, en Español
45NEW!! HPV Vaccine Gardasil protects against 4 HPV types that cause about 70% of cervical cancerand 90% of genital warts. Nearly 100% effective in clinical trials. Recommended for girls yearsold, up to age 26. Best if given before first sexual intercourse.If interested, discuss with your parents/doctor.
46Safely Surrendered Baby Law Within 3 days of a birth, a person can anonymouslyturn over a baby to an official safe place – like ahospital or fire department – without being arrested.Surrendered babies are given medical treatmentand placed in a foster home. A parent or guardianhas up to 14 days from the time the baby is droppedoff to reclaim the baby.For more information go to:
47Myth Busters: True or False? People with STDs usually will feel some kind of pain or see some sign of infection.FALSESTDs usually happen to people who aren’t “clean”.“SEX” occurs only when there is penis-in-vagina contact.
48Myth Busters: True or False? One of every four sexually active teens will get an STD this year.TRUEThe chance of passing STDs through oral sex is very low.FALSESTDs are commonly transmitted even when no signs or symptoms are present.
49Myth Busters: True or False? HPV infections usually cause warts that can be seen on the genitals or anus.FALSESTDs are passed by intimate sexual contact (vaginal, anal, oral) between partners.TRUESeveral STDs increase the chances for HIV transmission and HIV infection.
50Myth Busters: True or False? Infertility, still birth, birth defects, chronic pain, cervical cancer, liver failure, and death can result from STDs.TRUEHerpes and HIV are incurable life-long infections.The birth control pill and patch help lower the chances of getting an STD.FALSE