Americans in Mexican Texas Land Grant to Moses Austin Stephen Austin Died of exhaustion and exposure to the sun on the way back from a trip to Mexico I promise to carry out my father’s dream. I dream of starting an American colony in Texas. Chapter 13 section 2
Conflict With Mexico Requirements to settle in Texas: become a Mexican citizen worship at a Catholic church learn to speak Spanish Most setters: didn’t become citizens most were Protestants (the “other Christians”) most didn’t learn to speak Spanish Chapter 13 section 2
Texans Take Action Chapter 13 section 2 Tejanos = people of Mexican descent that were born in Texas and live in the Texas territory. Americans in Texas and most Tejanos were unhappy with the way Santa Anna was running Mexico as dictator.
The Battle of Gonzales Chapter 13 section 2 A small group of Mexican soldiers came to the town of Gonzales to “assert its authority” and to reclaim a cannon it had loaned to the community to hold off Indian attacks. The two groups had a short exchange of shooting at each other from across a river and the Mexicans, outnumbered, retreated without the cannon. “Come and Take It” became the battle cry after the first battle of the war for Texas Independence named the Battle of Gonzales.
Texans Take Action When Stephen Austin heard of the determination and bravery of the Texans at the Battle of Gonzales, he joined the fight for Independence. I vow to see Texas forever free from Mexican domination! Chapter 13 section 2
General Santa Anna Responds In response to the open rebellion in Gonzales, General Santa Anna sent 500 soldiers to the nearby city of San Antonio to regain control of the Texas territory. Chapter 13 section 2
Texas Declares Independence On March 2, 1836, the leaders of the Texas Revolution declared independence and named Sam Houston the general of the Texas Army. General Sam Houston Declaring Texas Independence Chapter 13 section 2
The Lone Star Republic Problems for Texas: 1. The Mexican government didn’t accept the treaty that Santa Anna signed 2. Texas was nearly bankrupt… didn’t have money or a tax system. 3. Indian attacks (Comanche & Apache) Chapter 13 section 2
Should America add Texas? Chapter 13 section 2 Southerners argued YES because it would add a great amount of farm land (for slave plantations) and good land for herding animals. Northerners argued NO because it would add a large amount of land for slavery to spread into.
Should America add Texas? Chapter 13 section 2 So, Texas remained independent for the time being and more and more Americans moved in over the next 9 years. offered free land immigrants moved there because they wanted land because of the Panic of 1837, the economy was bad in the U.S. so some people left and went to Texas.