Presentation on theme: "Welcome to 8 th Grade U.S. History Mr. Hughes. Current Events (Set #5) 1. “ Controversial Taiji Cove Annual Dolphin Hunt Begins Despite Protests by Activists."— Presentation transcript:
Welcome to 8 th Grade U.S. History Mr. Hughes
Current Events (Set #5) 1. “ Controversial Taiji Cove Annual Dolphin Hunt Begins Despite Protests by Activists and Conservationists.” Japan defends hunt as ancient “fishing” practice deeply rooted in its culture; this year’s quota is 2,000. Hunting boats create a wall of sound that deafens dolphin pods and drives them into shallow water killing cove
Current Event #2 2. “ Heroes Project: Birthplace of the Ku Klux Klan Looks to Reclaim its Past by Changing its Identity and Perception.” Pulaski, TN residents shift focus from KKK to local heroes & landmarks on the Trail of Tears & Underground Railroad. The KKK began with a meeting of Confederate soldiers in Tennessee after the Civil War
Current Events #3 3. “Center for Disease Control (CDC) Reports First Ebola Case in U.S., but Vows it will Stop Here.” Dallas hospital confirms case of critically ill patient who was quarantined after arriving from Liberia. Patient had no symptoms when leaving Liberia or entering the United States; no details on how virus was contracted Virus is spread by contact with bodily fluids It’s an epidemic, not a pandemic….yet Total Case Count: 6574 Total Deaths: 3091 Projected: 1.2 million deaths in 6 months
Current Events #4 4. “Final Pillar of Islam: 2 Million Muslims Begin Annual Hajj Pilgrimage to Mecca. ( like Abraham & Muhammad ).” Pilgrims cross the Arabian desert, stone the Devil, pray at Mount Arafat, circle the Kabah, & feast of sacrifice. Hajj is a mandatory religious duty for Muslims which must be carried out once in a lifetime unless there is physical or financial hardship
Current Event #5 5. “Pluto Reinstated? Discovered in 1930, Harvard Scientist Makes Case to IAU to Drop Dwarf Planet Status (2006).” Astronomical Union says it does orbit the sun and is nearly round, but is not clear of objects of similar size & orbit. Pluto is a celestial snowball with a surface of methane ice 3.6 billion miles from the sun/ Astronomer says planets are a culturally defined word that can change over time. International Astronomical Union
Pilgrims & Puritans Massachusetts Bay Colony (Boston / Salem) Plymouth Colony (1620) “Anglican” Church of England Puritans – 1629 “purify” Protestant Reformation Mayflower Compact William Bradford (Governor) Pilgrims “separate” Martin Luther Freedom of Religion John Winthrop (governor) laws
Massachusetts Bay Colony (Puritans / 1630’s) Why leave England? 1. Religious persecution 2. High taxes 3. Unemployment Puritan Leader: John Winthrop = governor *Ideal Christian community *Political & religious leader (no separation) Puritan dissident: Roger Williams = minister *Native Americans have rights *Separation of Church & State *Religious tolerance Puritan dissident: Anne Hutchinson = “radical” *Led a Bible study *Challenged men’s authority *Banished (Rhode Island) Pilgrims Puritans
Life in New England Salem Witch Trials (1692) “mass hysteria” Trade & Crafts Fishing & Whaling Shipbuilding & lumber * Public education Town schools Harvard College Food & fuel
Venn Diagram PuritansPilgrims Different Similar John Winthrop = governor Fewer died of illness English laws General court Politics / religion mixed God’s elect Only male members vote Intolerance Witch trials Tools, Livestock Indian trade Self-gov’t Mayflower Joint Stock Company Mayflower Compact Thanksgiving
New England Colonists William Bradford John Winthrop Thomas Hooker Anne Hutchinson Roger Williams Challenged Puritan authority Female leader / teacher Ministers not necessary Criticized Winthrop Questioned the General court Equal rights for Indians Puritan dissident Non church members can vote Father of democracy Plymouth governor Mayflower Compact Self Government Puritan governor / Minister English laws Only male members can vote Self Government
The New England Colonies Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Connecticut Year Founded Reason Features Colony * Religious freedom: Pilgrims & Puritans Economic: land grant, fishing Religious freedom Religious freedom, more democratic 1. Mayflower Compact, 1 st self government 2. Seaports, towns, & villages 3. Economy = trade, shipbuilding, crafts 4. Church & politics mixed Massachusetts New Hampshire Connecticut Rhode Island
The Middle Colonies Delaware New York New Jersey Pennsylvania Year Founded Reason Features Colony * trade: (formerly Swedish & Dutch) Taken from the Dutch Trade $ and religion Quakers: equality & tolerance 1. Proprietary: land owners with governing rights 2. Economy = Staple crops and trade 3. Diverse population (immigrants) 4. Skilled slaves & indentured servants Delaware New York New Jersey Pennsylvania
13 Colonies Map (Pg. 53, 55, R3) Atlas: Page Not like this Mass.
Holt Video: Essential Question Exit Slip Religion in the English Colonies: Religion in the English Colonies: 1. Past: Why was freedom of religion important to the colonists and what groups came here seeking religious freedom? 1. Past: Why was freedom of religion important to the colonists and what groups came here seeking religious freedom? Or…… Or…… 2. Present: How has religious freedom influenced or affected the United States today? 2. Present: How has religious freedom influenced or affected the United States today?