Presentation on theme: " 1940s-1960s: Homophile movement › Focus: acceptance, normalization › Assimilationist › White gay men 1969: Stonewall Riots › Led by drag queens, street."— Presentation transcript:
1940s-1960s: Homophile movement › Focus: acceptance, normalization › Assimilationist › White gay men 1969: Stonewall Riots › Led by drag queens, street queer youth, queer people of color
1969-1970s: Gay Liberation Movement › Focus: gay pride, coming out › More radical approach › Sought to eliminate heterosexual/homosexual dichotomy › Origin of Pride marches › Intersected with other New Left causes
1970s-1980s: gay rights movement › Back to assimilation › Reformist › Mostly limited to gay & lesbian causes › Established a wedge between sexuality & gender movements › Baker v. Nelson
1980s: AIDS epidemic (GRID) › Led to a push for more direct action › ACT UP › Beginning to reclaim “queer” › Trans* activism 1990s › Growth of youth-led movements › Growth of HRC › Intersectionality › DOMA, FMA
2000s-2010s: marriage equality became the main focus › HRC leading the national fight › State-level groups like Equality PA, Garden State Equality, etc. › Multifaceted approach › Civil unions › Uses the same assimilationist, normalization strategies as homophile movement and 70s gay rights movement › Lack of intersectionality
- State by State "shall be between one man and one woman. A marriage between persons of the same sex which was entered into in another state or foreign jurisdiction, even if valid where entered into, shall be void in this Commonwealth." PA - Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) - Federal Marriage Act (FMA)
-joint tax benefits -estate benefits -social security and disability benefits -insurance through spouse -bereavement leave -consumer benefits -medical visitation -medical decision making -family rights -housing rights "families only" -residency/ immigration benefits Being "married" means.....
Are civil unions an acceptable compromise? Conservative arguments against marriage equality revolve around religion. Are these religious arguments valid? Has the marriage equality movement been successful in gaining acceptance and normalization? What are the implications of using an assimilationist/normalizing/reformist strategy, rather than a radical approach?
Which strategy would you prefer, assimilation/normalization or anti- assimilation/separatism? Does the federal government have the authority to define marriage? Is marriage an LGBTQIA/queer issue? What are the implications of using marriage as the main focus? Will other queer issues be addressed after marriage equality?
The marriage equality movement has been criticized for its lack of intersectionality and lack of universal appeal to all queer people. How can we make the movement more inclusive? What are your thoughts on equating the marriage equality movement with the civil rights movement? What are your thoughts on feminist & radical queer arguments against the institution of marriage as a whole?