We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byKorbin Forester
Modified about 1 year ago
The Byzantine Empire 340 – 1453 C.E. ©2012, TESCCC World History Unit 4A, Lesson 1
Byzantine Empire under Justinian (at its peak) Constantinople Asia Minor/Anatolia Black Sea Mediterranean Sea ©2012, TESCCC
The Byzantine Empire The Basics: The Byzantine Empire ( ) –The eastern half of the Roman Empire Consisted of southern Europe, Anatolia, Palestine, and Egypt Capital at Constantinople since 340 CE Emperor that divided the Roman Empire into two: –Constantine ©2012, TESCCC
The Byzantine Empire A little recap…. Central Authority collapsed in Western Roman Empire in 476 CE RECALL: Do you remember why? Invasions, Weakened Government and Economy, Plagues But the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) survived Lasted for another thousand years –Infrastructure and central authority remained strong –Legacy of the Roman Empire continued ©2012, TESCCC
Justinian, C.E. Important Byzantine Emperor ©2012, TESCCC
Justinian’s Code of Laws The emperor simplified the complexity of Roman laws. Employed a committee to study and decipher complex Roman laws and use them as a foundation for Justinian’s Code. The code consists of twelve books with over four thousand laws. Political impact: influenced European laws Legal impact: the code differentiates between civil and criminal law Where is the Byzantine Empire? Black Sea? Constantinople? Asia Minor? Mediterranean Sea? Iberian Peninsula? ©2012, TESCCC
Byzantine Empire at Time of Justinian’s Death, 565 C.E. ©2012, TESCCC
The Byzantine Empire, 668 C.E. Why did the Empire shrink? ©2012, TESCCC
Another Hint: Hagia Sophia Justinian built this as a church. What does it look like now? What could have happened? ©2012, TESCCC
The Byzantine Empire Political structure –Centered around the Emperor –Capital: Constantinople –Empire organized through a bureaucracy Officials trained in Hellenistic classics, philosophy & science –Greek (Hellenistic is a term describing Greek Culture and Language is an element of culture) Regulated trade, taxes, and prices ©2012, TESCCC
The Byzantine Empire Social and Cultural Differences with West Different languages –Western Roman Empire (WRE) = Latin –Byzantine (EWR) = Greek –Cultural Perceptions Byzantines thought: Western Europeans = “barbarians” Westerners thought Byzantines = “sneaky” and “liars” –Different approaches to and forms of Christianity emerged ©2012, TESCCC
The Byzantine Empire The Eastern Orthodox Christian Church –Closely tied to the imperial government Patriarch of Constantinople –Appointed by Byzantine Emperor –The highest church official –Like Pope in Rome –Does not recognize the Pope’s authority Controversy over icons –Are religious icons considered sinful? Brief problem in the 8 th century but icon use was restored. Monasteries emerged providing religious community life ©2012, TESCCC
The Byzantine Empire –East v. West Who has religious Authority? –WEST: The Pope in Rome claimed supremacy over all Christian churches »Eastern/Byzantine bishops resented this –EAST: The Byzantine Emperor claimed supremacy over the West »Not recognized by Germanic rulers »Contested by Charlemagne who was crowned Emperor by the Pope ©2012, TESCCC
The Byzantine Empire Disagreements continue for over 200 years –Both churches divided over icon use –Disagreements over ritual practices Whether to use local languages at church services –East: wanted to –West: didn’t –Disagreements over celibacy of priests Should priests marry? –East: wanted to –West: didn’t ©2012, TESCCC
The Byzantine Empire –THE GREAT SCHISMTHE GREAT SCHISM Pope and the Patriarch of Constantinople excommunicated each other in 1054 First split in Christianity ©2012, TESCCC
The Crusades (1096 – 1272) A series of Holy Wars Primarily between Christians and Muslims Purpose: Christians wanted to reclaim the holy land (Palestine/Jerusalem) ©2012, TESCCC
What is happening to the Byzantine Empire ? Muslim Conquests ( ) ©2012, TESCCC
The Byzantine Empire and Russia (330–1613) Chapter 10 (Outline Format – Cornell Style)
Middle Ages When Civilization Collapses. Byzantines The Roman Empire lived on in the Byzantine Empire to the East The Byzantines would carry on Roman.
Restructuring of Europe 600 to 1450 C.E.. The Middle Ages! The period of time after the fall of Rome and before the renaissance. If you see Europe and.
Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500–1500 QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION Byzantium Becomes the New Rome 1 SECTION Russians.
“The Dark Ages were stark in every dimension. Famines and plague, culminating the Black Death and its recurring pandemics, repeatedly thinned the population…
Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display. 1 Chapter 13 The Commonwealth of Byzantium.
The Byzantine Empire. Essential Question ????? How did the Byzantine Empire preserve the political and cultural heritage of Rome? Supporting Questions.
Ancient Rome 1.I can explain how the myth of Romulus and Remus affected the settlement of early Rome. 2.I can explain how the geography of Rome affected.
Middle Ages Semester 1 – Day 61. Bellwork Have you ever believed in something so strongly that you would be willing to die for it? Would you have persuaded.
World History Advanced Placement Review Time Period Two C.E. Kevin Sacerdote Mandarin High School Jacksonville, FL
The Byzantine Empire Coach Parrish OMS Chapter 10, Section 1 – Part 2.
-Take some quick notes, but don’t write every last word - Every few slides we will recap the main points to make sure everyone has the important facts.
Post Classical Review 500 C.E. to 1000 C.E. Give or take a few.
Ch 18 The Later Middle Ages. Popes and Kings In the early middle ages most power was held by nobles and knights In the early middle ages most power was.
World History Unit 4 – Empires and Kingdoms: Growth and Expansion SSWH4 The student will analyze the importance of the Byzantine and Mongol empires between.
From Augustine to Charlemagne Turmoil and Survival.
Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. – A.D. 500 QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION The Romans Create a Republic 1 SECTION.
Feudalism in Europe. Invasions of Western Europe The period from 500 to 1500 CE in western Europe is known as the middle ages. In the 5 th century, Germanic.
The Classical Period: Directions, Diversities, and Declines by 500 CE.
Middle Ages. Essential Questions Describe the effects of the Crusades. What impact did Feudalism have on Europe? What were the political, economic, and.
Life and Times During Medieval Europe 500 to 1400 AD.
Vocabulary and Study Questions. SSWH3: The student will examine the political, philosophical, and cultural interaction of Classical Mediterranean societies.
Part II. Japanese people can trace their roots to A) Okinawan migrants who sailed across the South China Sea A) Okinawan migrants who sailed.
AP Review day 1 Pull out a writing utensil and clear everything off your desk!
Chapter 4, Section 1 Classical Greece and Rome. Classical Greece Classical Greece means ancient Greece Greece flourished from 800 B.C. to 400 A.D. Western.
THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE ALSO CALLED EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE Remnants of the Eastern Roman Empire Saw themselves as heirs of Romes great power. Culture: Hellenistic.
Mid-term Review What was bedouin society? Bedouin society was made up of nomadic peoples who migrated through the deserts to find grass and.
Byzantine Empire After the Western Roman Empire fell to German barbarian invasions in the 5th century, the Eastern Roman Empire, with its capital at Constantinople,
The Fall of Rome and the beginning of the Middle Ages.
The Byzantine Emperor Justinian. Constantinople (founded 330)
© 2016 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.