14Peninsula – a piece of land surrounded on three sides by water. Great for trade and defense. Was a shipping and trading hub.Protected by 13 miles of walls, watchtowers and gates.Walls only needed to be built on one side of the city.Survived centuries of riots, religious discord, wars, and 88 emperors.Seized by Turks in 1453 and renamed Istanbul. Today is a major city in modern Turkey.Capital of the Byzantine Empire. Heavily influenced by Roman Culture.Built on seven hills like Rome.
15Constantinople was an important city because… ReviewComplete the following sentence.Constantinople was an important city because…
16ObjectiveDescribe the importance of Justinian I and the lasting impact of the new code of laws organized during his reign.
17What materials was this picture made from What materials was this picture made from? Which person stands out in this picture? Describe him. Who do you think the others might be? How would you describe the clothing of the other figures? Describe some of the objects they are holding. Who do you think they are?
21What were some of the results of the rebellion? Justinian rebuilt the city, putting large sums of money into public works projects (new bridges, parks, roads, hospitals.Built many churches, including the Hagia Sophia.Tried to reclaim some of the empires lost territory in North Africa, Italy, and Spain.
24How has Justinian’s Code affected the modern world? Justinian’s Code became the basis for many legal codes in the western world.
25Imagine this…After an exciting football game last Friday night, a middle school student spent time with her friends and didn’t return home until 1am. As she entered the house, she was confronted by her parents, who were upset that she stayed out so late and did not bother to notify them.
26What should the girl’s parents do? “Ground” her for a month as punishment for staying out lateDiscuss with their daughter the need to behave more responsiblyDo nothing but express appreciation that she make it home safelyWhy? Write your answer in complete sentences – Explain your reasoning!
27The Justinian CodeWhen Justinian came to power in 527 he created a commission of lawyers to revise and codify the laws.The final product was called the Corpus Juris CivilisJustinian’s code extended the rights of women, children, and slaves, but also called for harsher penalties for crimes.
28US LawAlthough the Constitution is considered the highest law of the land, it provides no specific penalties for criminal activity.Each state is allowed to create its own codes to regulate behaviors.
29Comparing Codes of LawToday you will be comparing the Justinian Code of Law to a modern code of law.Step One: Assign each group member a role.Step Two: Analyze each situation.Step Three: Solve the problem.Step Four: Share your decisions with the class.
30Marriage Scenario: Could Jim and Wilma marry? Justinian CodeCalifornia CodeNOWilma’s parents did not give her consent to marry Jim.Wilma cannot get married until she gets a divorce.Wilma has a high status job and Jim’s job at the carnival would be considered interior to hers.YESJim and Wilma can marry as soon as Wilma’s divorce is final.
31Assault and Battery: What would happen to Don? Justinian CodeCalifornia CodeDon would be found GUILTY of assault because…He began the hostilities by hitting the SenatorHe verbally assaulted the Senator with the intention of drawing a crowd.Don would pay a high fine since Bert is of a high rank.If the Senator pursues charges, Don would get the harshest possible penalty.Don would be charged with ASSAULT AND BATTERYAssault fine not exceeding $1,000 and/or imprisonment up to 6 months.Battery fine not exceeding $2,000 and/or imprisonment up to 6 months.
32Robbery: What would happen to Rob? Justinian CodeCalifornia CodeRob would have to PAY $450 to Jose because he was caught in the act of robbery.Rob would be charged with ROBBERY in the 2ND DEGREEHe would face imprisonment in a state prison for 2,3, or 5 years.
33Wills and Inheritance: What would MC Pliers need to do to create a will? Justinian CodeCalifornia CodeHe can write a will, but must have 7 witnesses present who must sign their names and affix their seals.Each witness must be an adult of sound mind and body without a criminal record.He may make a will because he is over 18.Will must be signed by him and two others who must be present at the time and can verify that the will represents MC Pliers wishes.
34Justinian Code V. California Code BothCalifornia Code
35Review:Answer the following question using complete sentences.Would life be better if the United States adopted the Justinian Code as its official legal code?Explain your reasoning and support your answer!
36Objective:Describe the importance of Justinian and Theodora to the Byzantine Empire
38What materials was this picture made from What materials was this picture made from? Which person stands out in this picture? Describe him. Who do you think the others might be? How would you describe the clothing of the other figures? Describe some of the objects they are holding. Who do you think they are?
39After his death, described as two faced and cruel. Came to the throne at age 45: considered Byzantium's most ambitious ruler.Acted as head of church and stateDrove barbarians out of North Africa, Spain & ItalyExpanded the empire but failed to recapture RomeBuilt bridges, churches, hospitals, libraries & parksWhile alive Justinian was described as devout, determined, and energetic.After his death, described as two faced and cruel.Justinian’s scholars revised laws and created “The Justinian Code”This law code influenced many modern law codes.
40Which person stands out in this picture. Describe her Which person stands out in this picture? Describe her. How is she different from the other people in the mosaic? Whom do you think she might be? How is this mosaic different from the previous one?
43Who/What is the source. Why did they write this Who/What is the source? Why did they write this? Why did they write this? Where was it written? Is this a reliable source?
44Destroys her enemiesTold Justinian he should not flee, but stay and crush the Nika RebellionHelped all women by convincing Justinian to expand women's rightsSometimes angers Justinian by giving orders that cancel his.The poor and homeless should thank Theodora because she started programs to help them*Born into lower class as daughter of a bear keeper *Loved to travel, worked as an actress and dancer *Married Justinian in her 20’s and settled down *Equaled and sometime surpassed Justinian in political skill and wisdom
45Review:Complete the following sentence.Justinian and Theodora were important to the Byzantine Empire becauseTry to give two reasons!