Presentation on theme: "The Return of the Roman Empire. What had happened to the old Roman Empire? Why had the Western part crumbled? Where was the new center of the Roman."— Presentation transcript:
The Return of the Roman Empire
What had happened to the old Roman Empire? Why had the Western part crumbled? Where was the new center of the Roman Empire?
527 C.E. (A.D.) Justinian ascended to the throne He was not only the head of state, but head of the church Had absolute power He decided to reclaim Rome from the German tribes, notably the Ostrogoths
Byzantine had a hard time communicating with the West (where Rome was) The capital was Constantinople People spoke Greek, not Latin Citizens felt as thought they were sharing the Roman traditions still even though they weren’t in Rome
Justinian ordered the laws of Rome to be combed through Outdated laws were removed; new laws created New code known as Justinian’s Code
Dealt with marriage, slavery, property, inheritance, women’s rights, and criminal justice Combination of the Twelve Tables from the West, and Hammurabi’s Code from the East.
Justinian worked to rebuild Constantinople Built a 14 mile stone wall on the coast Repaired the Western wall Crowning glory was the Hagia Sophia “Holy Wisdom” Had been a church and been destroyed in 532 Was considered the most splendid church
The exterior of the church, which still stands today
Byzantine kept the Roman-Greco cultures alive by teaching the classics Children learned the Greek and Latin grammar Students learned about Homer Preserved the culture for the world
Why was the Eastern Empire important? What did Justinian do to improve the new capital city? How did Justinian keep order? In what ways did Byzantine keep Greco- Roman culture?
Christianity developed differently between the Western and Eastern Roman Empires In the West, the Pope became the central figure In the East, Christianity developed from works of early church fathers, like St. Basil. A dispute arose over icons- East banned it, West approved
West- Roman Catholicism Pope is the head over all others Services are done in Latin Priests can’t marry No Divorce East- Eastern Orthodoxy Emperor heads all patriarchs and bishops Services done in Greek Priests can marry Divorce is allowed under certain conditions
The Pope excommunicated the Byzantine emperor 1054- got even worse The patriarch, the head of the Eastern Church, and the pope, head of the Western Church, excommunicated one another from the church Led to the official split of the church: Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox
The Eastern church converted Slavs, who lived near the Black Sea St. Methodius and St. Cyril worked with the Slavs They invented an alphabet for the Slavic languages Known as the Cyrillic alphabet
Why was there a split in the church? What is excommunication? What were the two religions of the empire? Who helped develop a new alphabet for Slavic languages?
A series of setbacks would occur The plague came through and destroyed a huge part of the population Foreign enemies attacked the Byzantine Empire constantly Islamic armies rose and began attacking from the Arabian peninsula It would finally fall to the Ottoman Turks in 1453
Compare and contrast the Western Roman and Eastern Byzantine empires Draw a Venn diagram