What is worth noting about this map? Predict what changes will occur to this map by the end of Period 4 (1800-1848)
US Pop. Grew from 3.9 million to 5.3 million 1790-1800 (approx population of CO) Population Density 1800 Population Density 1800 Predict what will be happening in regards to the following populations: American Indians Black Americans Women Political Elites “common man”
Spanish Colonies Mexico City=200,000 Peninsulares (high officials) Criollos (native-born) Sparsely settled Santa Fe, San Antonio, etc… Mainly A.I. New Orleans
Haiti and Caribbean Haiti=first independent black nation (1791) Slave revolt 90% of Europe’s sugar Heavy slave labor
British N. America Strong French presence Loyalists, a few American immigrants Fur trade Friendly relationships with A.I.
Russian America Fur trade Established under Peter the Great Good and bad relationships with Inuit and Aleut Rapid growth—off the radar of US
US—Appalachia expansion Kentucky and Tennessee admitted as states Cincinnati= “Queen City of the West”
Agrarian Republic PROS Population growth Community values Local democracy Domestic food production CONS Persistent mobility Environmental damage Expanded slave labor American Indian human rights violations
Louisiana Purchase France secretly acquired Louisiana Territory from Spain in 1800 Jefferson didn’t want Napoleon in his backyard US lost access to New Orleans
Louisiana Purchase Napoleon wanted to sell in 1803 Why? Monroe & Livingston bought for $15 million Constitutional problem Purchase by executive Admission of foreign nations
Foreign Policy CNN—TJ and ISIS CNN—TJ and ISIS Embargo Act-1807 In response to British treatment of American shipping Forbade American ships from sailing to any foreign port Sanctioned ourselves Was a disaster
In 1807, Napoleon invaded Portugal and Spain. Portugal and Spain are busy defending themselves in Europe, and their American colonies revolt. New countries like Mexico, Brazil, and Haiti won their independence. In 1815, Napoleon is finally defeated in Europe. War of 1812 Ends Napoleon invades Portugal and Spain Napoleon is defeated 1807 18141815
In 1821, Russia claims land south of Alaska and forbids other countries from passing into their territory. War of 1812 Ends Napoleon invades Portugal and Spain Napoleon is defeated 1807 18141815 1821 Russia moves south in Alaska
The United States recognizes the new Latin American countries, such as Mexico, Brazil and Haiti, and begins trading. Trade is very profitable. The United States stands to lose a lot of money if Spain and Portugal take back their colonies. War of 1812 Ends Napoleon invades Portugal and Spain Napoleon is defeated 1807 18141815 1821 Russia moves south in Alaska
In 1823, President Monroe declares: The American continent will not be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European power. In other words, if Europe comes over to interfere with any country in America (including South America), the US will respond with war. War of 1812 Ends Napoleon invades Portugal and Spain Napoleon is defeated 1807 18141815 1821 Russia moves south in Alaska 1823 The Monroe Doctrine is applied.
Portugal – Would like to reclaim Brazil after a long war, and they could, but risk angering the British and America. America – Russia is invading territory that could be considered American, and Spain and Portugal may ruin trade with new Latin American countries. Spain – Would like to reclaim Mexico, and France has offered to support this war, but the British have threatened to attack Spain if they attempt to reclaim Mexico.
Russia – Mainly interested in Fur trading, not colonization, but is seen as a threat by America. Russia has to decide how to respond to Americans violating their new territory. Great Britain – Worried that Spain and Portugal may challenge them as a world power if they reclaim territory. Also worried about losing out on profitable trade. Latin America – Asking for help from America and England in remaining independent. Willing to fight Guerrilla Warfare to hold on to independence.
The Western Hemisphere was no longer open for colonization The political system of the Americas was different from Europe The United States would regard any interference in Western hemispheric affairs as a threat to its security The United States would refrain from participation in European wars and would not disturb existing colonies in the Western Hemisphere Monroe Doctrine—Key Ideas
Outcomes Spain Florida (Adams-Onis Treaty—1819) Boundaries along Louisiana Territory Russia Convention of 1824 Established southern boundary of Russian America. Britain Rush-Bagot—1817 49 th parallel Joint claims to Oregon Territory Superior navy Maintain hegemonic power in Europe US Got lucky
Monroe Doctrine Significance? Future connections Short term—Texas, California, Oregon Long term--? Wilson Bush
The Candidates 1. John Quincy Adams 2. Henry Clay 3. John C. Calhoun 4. William H. Crawford 5. Andrew Jackson Objective—create a profile for your assigned candidate including the following 1.Where from 2.Previous political career 3.Political party affiliation 4.Outcome 5.Future political career 6.Random/fun fact
1. John Quincy Adams 1.Massachusetts 2.Secretary of State under Monroe 3.Jeffersonian Republicans 4.Won 5.4 years in office 6.Random/fun fact
2. Henry Clay 1.Kentucky (represented the West) 2.Senate, House of Rep, Speaker of the House, Warhawk, “American System” 3.Jeffersonian Republican 4.Appointed Secretary of State by Adams— accusation of corrupt bargain 5. “The Great Compromiser” 1.Missouri Compromise 2.Nullification Crisis 3.Compromise of 1850
3. John C. Calhoun 1.South Carolina 2.Warhawk, 3.Political party affiliation 4.w/drew to run for VP 5.Dogmatic supporter of slavery and the south 6.“Cast-Iron Man”
4. William H. Crawford 1.Georgia 2.Cabinet positions 3.Jeffersonian Republican 4.Lost election 5.Served as a judge in Georgia
5. Andrew Jackson 1.Tennessee 2.Lawyer, house, senate, military, judge 3.Formed Democratic party 4.Lost 5.President 1828-1836 6.A very long list…
Causation Practice: Groups of 2-3 Objective: Explain the significance that each of the following events may have had on the election of 1828. 1) Martin Van Buren & Albany Regency 2) War of 1812 3) Westward expansion 4) Panic of 1819 5) Latin American Revolution 6) Print revolution 7) “common man”
HTS: Causation— Election of 1828 1) Martin Van Buren & Albany Regency 2) War of 1812 3) Westward expansion 4) Panic of 1819 5) Latin American Revolution 6) Print revolution 7) “common man” 1) similar party organization elected Jackson—VanBuren was campaign manager 2) Battle of New Orleans— expanded voting rights to white males 3) expansion of suffrage in the West—new political affiliation 4) ended era of good feelings 5) increased fears of the South—blocked diplomatic attempts made by H. Clay 6) expanded political info to… 7) “common man”
Jackson’s Indian Policy Expansion in the South Surrounded tribes Chicksaw, Cherokee, Choctaw, and Creek Assimilated into white culture via constitution, written language, & slaves Expansion in the North Black Hawk War Sauk and Fox massacred Lieutenant Jefferson Davis & Captain Abraham Lincoln
Trail of Tears Cherokee resided on land granted by treaty Cherokee constitution declared they were not subject to laws of other nations (1827) Georgia declared that they were (1830) Cherokee Nation v. Georgia Worcester v. Georgia Jackson? Regarded “treaties with Indians an absurdity” No protection under law resulted in Trail of Tears
Trail of Tears 1800 mile journey 17,000 Cherokees 4,000 died on the way Only 8,000 survived the march to Oklahoma