Presentation on theme: "Napier University Business School"— Presentation transcript:
1Napier University Business School The Changing Face of HRHelen FrancisNapier University Business School
2Tracing the concept of ‘thinking performer’ into practice Our study (Helen Francis & Anne Keegan)Approach (origins of TP), methods and aimsContext of studyModelling of HR roles & emergence of business partnershipOur preliminary findings & implications for HR practice
3Origins of ‘Thinking Performer’ Originates from discussion about the need for a central vision (of an effective practitioner) underpinning CIPD standards.Two images emerged: ‘reflective practitioner’ and ‘strategic activist’: Emerged from concerns about low level of reflection, and overly operational focusSomeone who ‘makes the move’ to becoming a business partner and (…) ‘is an HR professional who applies a critically thoughtful approach to their own job so as to make a contribution to organisational survival, profitability and to meeting its vision and strategic goals’.(CIPD Standards, 2002)
4Tracing the ‘Thinking Performer’ into Practice PDS Course TutorsCIPDMembership/EdExaminers; PKIKIP WorkshopsMembers of Upgrading panelCollaborative InquiryIndividual PractitionersStudent membersStudent Members
5In-depth interviews Questionnaire Simple format Checking familiarity with terms thinking performer and business partner: where first heard, sources99 Filled in at upgrading clinics/KIP eventIn-depth interviews10 Members of CIPD Membership and Development Committee/PKI Team2 PDS Examiners7 PDS Course Leaders54 HR Practitioners(Inclusive 11 Student Practitioners working towards graduate membership of CIPD)1 Regional Secretary of GMB Trade Union3 Members National Upgrading PanelTotal77Visualisations of thethinking performer150+ Students in Workshops/3 Centres40+ Practitioners and Academics at a local CIPD KIP Event
6Changing Context of HR HR Professionals increasingly expected to Justify HR activities : costs/added valuePlay a more ‘strategic’ role and work closely with line managersIncreasing amplification of ‘strategic view’ evident in evolution of HRM models conceptualising HR roles (Tyson and Fell 1996, Tyson 1995, Storey, 1992)Concept of Business Partnering (& focus on multiple roles) now becoming influential (Ulrich, 1997, 2005)
7Modelling of HRM (Ulrich 1997) Change agentStrategic PartnerAdmin ExpertEmployee ChampionFraming of HR practice as business partnership depicted as four roles. These are treated as mutually reinforcing rather than as a potential source of role conflict (Caldwell, 2003).
8Our Findings Various Meanings attached to the thinking performer Current vocabularies framing HRpracticeImpact of strategic/business framing
9Various meanings attached to the thinking performer Business-driven jugglerStrong business focus underpinning visualisationsImages connected to strategic concerns at ‘top table’Multi-tasking of mostly business focused issuesClear image of the reflective practitioner also evidentFew practitioners are familiar with the term TP, but it has some intuitive appealTP concept not a strong feature of how people talk about their workQuestion of balance ?
10Administrative Expert Concept of ‘business partnership’ dominates talk of HR practice (emerged unprompted at interview)Strategic PartnerChange AgentAdministrative ExpertEmployeeChampionDescribe themselves as strategic partners, or moving in this directionEmployee champion role regarded as ‘belonging to the line’Tensions framed as business tensionsCIPD HR Survey: Strategic partner role has most influence; ‘Few seniors see themselves primarily as employee champions and ‘fewer still would wish to do so. ‘Partly because language sounds unfamiliar’?
11Some practitioner views (1) ‘The emphasis is definitely on being astrategic partner. Change agent as well,Depending on what you are doing at thetime, some background adminknowledge, and virtually zero on theEmployee champion role’‘Employees have a ‘career manager’ (linemanager) who is the person responsiblefor their care and welfare. That’s not anHR job’ (Business Partner)
12Some practitioner views(2) (…) it’s a strange word but I don’t think there’s anybody got permission to be an employee champion in our, in our sort of set up really.(…) the unions see it as their role for the employees to come to them to tell them about their problems and it’s only when they can’t resolve that locally with the supervisor that it will get escalated into, into the function if you like. (Business Partner)
13Talk of profound structural changes (current or planned) Focus on business partnering,supported by flatter structureBusiness PartnersBusiness partners working with the senior team; strong business focusHR ‘centres of excellence’: small teams of HR experts with specialist knowledgeShared service centres supported by e-enabled HR & call-center technologyTransactional work devolved to line managers ; reductions in no. of HR staffCentres of excellenceShared Services CentreSee also Reddington and Withers (2005)
14Amplification of business partnering: Potentially negative consequences Estrangement of HR from employeesas HR staff move into service centres or become a ‘disconnected band of business partners’HR advisors increasingly have no face to face contact & limited telephone contact with employees as HR work is devolved to the lineWe lost that human contact: we were at the end of a telephone. We weren't allowed to go out and see people any more or to give advice to people face to face… (HR Advisor)When I was working in HR, very often employees would phone me and I’d have to say sorry but my role here is to advise management, I can’t get involved between you and your manager (Senior Consultant)
15Disenchanted practitioners & truncated careers ? Lack of career opportunities in employee-facing rolesTwo-tier system between business partners and those at the lower end of HRWe are losing what HR’s about. I want to be an employee champion working directly with people and I can't. I can see that avenue being closed off fairly soon, and it makes me uncertain about whether or not I want to stay in HR (HR Advisor)
16Loss of confidence and trust in HR function to advocate employee needs? If business partnering becomes too much driven by team leaders and line managers, and the only place that you can contact HR is to actually go through a PC, or ‘phone a call centre, then employees will question whether their employer really cares about them and are serious about the maxim that they are the company’s most valued assets.It seems to me that the role of employee champion will become the sole preserve of the trade union (GMB Regional Secretary)
17Problems in devolving HR to the line ? Competing priorities – ‘ very performance focussed’. HR not incorporated into performance appraisal.Selection, training, and capability issues(..) sometimes you wonder have they been selected because they did well in sales?(…) I don’t think that a one-day training course is going to make a manager into an HR manager.
18Imbalance between roles ‘This represents the thinking performer and it is a balancing act between the needs of the business and the people in the business. The balls are the competencies.’
19Reclaiming space for talking about employee well-being? The world of HR has changed dramatically in the past 20 years. The department of the past would deal mostly with employee welfare, dishing out ‘tea and sympathy’ as required, but these days HR has raised its status to board level (Developing a career in HR)Standards framing the development of thinking performersOrganisation: 712Employee : 222Employee Support: 1Management Support: 3Performance: 305Well-being: 5Stress: 8Justice: 4Welfare: 3Change: 183Conflict: 25Strike: 2Job Satisfaction: 0
20Can the concept of thinking performer ……. …help HR practitioners reclaim a space for the employee champion, thereby redressing the imbalance?…reinvigorate critically reflective HR practice?