Presentation on theme: "Identities: The Intersection of Gender, Sexuality, and Disability"— Presentation transcript:
1Identities: The Intersection of Gender, Sexuality, and Disability Teryn Robinson, Lake Forest CollegeJen Dugger, Portland State UniversityPreface the panel by touching on the fact that intersections of all of our identities help to make us who we are, and by simply addressing disability, we are not really looking at the entire person. We know that stigma, discrimination, and oppression affects people with disabilities. Those same evils affect other marginalized populations, including those who identify as glbtq. We also need to be clear here that we are in no way saying that people who identify as glbtq (solely because of their identity) are disabled. We should let them know that should they have any questions, they can feel free to ask throughout the presentation or they may write their questions down on a 3x5 and a basket will be passed around to collect questions when we are about half-way through. We should also explain the set-up of this presentation (1st half – PowerPoints, 2nd half Panel Discussion) now so they are not confused. We are here to speak on gender and sexuality and how those identities are very similar to and (how they differ from) the identity of disability. We are really speaking about diversity and integration of cultures.
2ObjectivesGain a base-level understanding of the differences among sex, gender, and sexuality and understand what language is appropriate when referring to the LGBTQ communityUnderstand some of the key similarities and differences among gender, sexuality, and disabilityTake home a number of ways in which we can support and advocate for our LGBTQ-identified students with disabilities, along with others who are non-disabled.After the learning outcomes run-down, introduce all presenters.
4SexSex refers to the medical assignment of male or female at birth based on biological differences; chromosomes, hormonal profiles, internal and external sex organs.
5Sex Male Female * External sex organs * XY chromosomes * Elevated levels of testosterone* Distinct Adam’s appleFemale* Internal sex organs* Development of prominent breasts* XX chromosomes* Elevated levels of estrogen andprogesterone
6IntersexCould be characterized by any of the following (this list is not exhaustive):Ambiguous genitaliaUndescended testes which could turn out to be ovaries in boysDelayed or absent pubertyUnexpected changes at pubertyAt least 14 different kinds of intersex conditions
7GenderGender describes the characteristics that a society or culture delineates as masculine or feminine.Use a flip chart to capture all the many ways we gender folks
8Gender Male Female Masculine Feminine Dominant Independent Rational AssertiveAnalyticalBraveActiveInsensitiveFeminineSubmissiveDependentEmotionalReceptiveIntuitiveTimidPassiveSensitiveGender is a social construct – these terms are really only valid in our society right now and in other similar places around the world. In certain countries or time periods, these characteristics do not necessarily fit …Address the “man’s man”.
10TransgenderTransgender is an umbrella term often used to refer to people whose gender identity differs from their assigned sex at birth.
11The Transgender Umbrella Drag PerformerCross dresser/TransvestiteGender Variant/Gender QueerTranssexualTwo SpiritThird genderFeminine MenMasculine WomenAndrogynous folkAlso see: Trans, Person of Transgender Experience
12Appropriate Language Transgender FTM = Female to MaleMTF = Male to FemaleTransboy/guy/manTransgirl/womanGender Neutral PronounsThe pronoun associated with the person’s gender identityThey/TheirZeHir
13Sexual Identity (Sexual Orientation) A romantic or sexual attraction to people of a certain genderHeterosexualGayLesbianBisexualAsexualPansexual/OmnisexualQueerAt this point, say “what’s in my pants”, “what pants am I wearing”, and “who do I want in my pants”?
14Language Sexual Identity InappropriateSelf-avowed or Self-admittedSexual PreferenceOf the other persuasion“Playing for the other team”Gay lifestyleAppropriateOpenly gaySexual OrientationSexual IdentityComing outHomosexual is another term that is on some folks’ “Inappropriate” list; of course there are also fag, faggot, queen, dyke, homo, and sissy. OH and more…
15LGBTQ/Disability Intersections in Research High incidence of mental health issues in LGBTQ youthHigh prevalence of autistic traits in gender dysphoric youthStatistically significant number of lesbians, gays, and bisexuals with disabilities
16Perspectives on Being Queer and Disabled “Many LGBT establishments are not wheelchair accessible. Because of this, I cannot easily access gay establishments or be readily involved in LGBT themed events or meet other gay men the conventional way. I also think that the attitude around disability and difference in our community plays a huge role in how I have been hindered.”-Interview with Andrew Morrison-Gurza, “LGBT's Living With Disabilities: Also Here, Also Queer”, Huffington Post, April 5, 2013.
17Perspectives on Being Queer and Disabled “The way in which people interact with me because I’m and the way in which people interact with me when they know I’m trans are quite similar. People think that this gives them some sort of a right to my body, a right to information about it, they’ll ask personal or invasive questions and not realise why those might not be appropriate. I’ve had to work hard to reclaim the right to privacy about my body. Asking someone whether you can help them (and taking no for an answer), or asking someone their preferred pronouns, are far more appropriate than personal questions about somebody else’s body.”-theselfmademen.tumblr.com
19LGBTQ and Disability Similarities Stigma/Discrimination/InequalityOppressionBeing viewed as having something “wrong”Feeling the pull to conform to societal “norms”Fighting for civil rightsReclaiming identifying languageIndividuals claiming identities to varying degrees I'd like to say a few quick words about the difference between impairment and disability (as Eli Clare so eloquently distinguishes). Then I will explain that I believe LGBTQ folks still today are oftentimes viewed through the lens of the medical model, as is especially true of the trans population, rather than the social model. If we would do this, we would find that it is not the person, but the system that needs a bit of an adjustment. And we can support it by noting that homosexuality was not removed from the DSM until the 80s, when "Sexual orientation disturbance" was removed with the publication of the revised DSM-III in 1987. I think it's important to point out that not everyone in either identity group is a flag-waving, card-carrying member of the respective communities.
20LGBTQ and Disability Differences Individuals with disabilities are federally protected from discriminationPeople with disabilities are often pitied by the non-disabled while many in the LGBTQ community are denigrated for their “choice”Hyper-sexualization of LGBTQ and de-sexualization of people with disabilitiesCollective and individual pride seems to be more solid for LGBTQ people
21Advocating for Action At the University Level: Support an inclusive non-discrimination policy and an anti-harassment policyEnsure that gender identity and expression are protected for all university community members to enjoy We can't forget to talk about gender expression. That's something that has the potential to affect anyone regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity!
22Advocating for Action Inter-departmentally: Advocating for inclusive and supportive university policies for all peopleFacilitating discussions that integrate various identitiesEducating the university on Universal DesignSupporting construction of single-use bathrooms
23Advocating for Action Within your Office: Establishing gender-inclusive intra-office proceduresEncouraging your institution, division, department, etc to adopt gender and sexual orientation non-discrimination policiesEnsure counseling and health care staff on campus understand needs of LGBTQ students
25Resources!! Reach Out USA- http://www.reachoutusa.org/ Regard -Queer Disability: Queer and Disabled Community Discussion -BENT: True Stories of Disabled Gay Men -Crip Commentary -Deaf Queer.org -Passing Twice: A Proud Network of Queer Stutterers and Their Allies -Queers on Wheels -Rainbow Alliance of the Deaf (RAD) -Nothing to Hide: Gay People with Disabilities Come Out of the Closet -The Sexual Politics of Disability, by Tom Shakespeare, et al.Exile and Pride, by Eli ClareMean Little Deaf Queer , by Terry Galloway
26“To transform self-hatred into pride is a fundamental act of resistance.” -Eli Clare, Exile and Pride