4activatorBrainstorm: Other than the Soviet Union, what other people, places, or things come to your mind when you think of communism?
5What was happening in China after World War II? DISCUSS-RevieWWhat was happening in China after World War II?
6ChinEsE Civil WarChinese Civil War resumes immediately after WWIIWhich sides would you guess the U.S. & USSR support?p. 451
7COLD War sidesThe Cold War is between the pro-democratic West & the pro-communist East (now including China) While many make up the West, the U.S. is the leaderVS.
8DISCUSSWhat comes to your mind when you hear the term “third world country”? What countries might be associated with this term?
9thrEE Worlds First World Second World Third World LATIN AMERICA ASIA Refers to the United States and its pro-democratic alliesSecond WorldRefers to the Soviet Union and its pro-communist conquered nationsThird WorldNations not aligned with either sideOften newly independent nationsLATIN AMERICAASIAAFRICA
10DISCUSSWhat Third World country near China would next become the focus of the Cold War? (Hint: Think Kim Jung Un)
11KoRea Divided Korea Divided WWII – controlled by JapanFollowing defeat, Japan surrendered to USSR in north and U.S. in southKorea in north becomes mostly communistKorea in south becomes mostly nationalist/democraticNow that China is communist, what would you guess is going to happen in Korea?
12Proxy War in KorEa Post WWII Korean War (1950-53) 1949 – U.S. & USSR withdraw their troops from KoreaSoviet Union begins supplying North Korea with weaponsKorean War ( )June 1950 – communist North Korea invades South KoreaSept 1950 – UN gets involved & 15 countries help South KoreaNov 1950 – Chinese troops help North Korea & push south1953 – war ends where it started
16DISCUSSThe Korean War is one of many Proxy Wars fought during the Cold War. Define: Proxy Wars
17Proxy WarsProxy Wars Wars between opposing superpowers where they use third parties as substitutes for fighting each other directly
18Proxy WarsEven though the Korean War was fought between North Korea and South Korea, it was really fought between the United States and China/Soviet UnionNORTHKOREAVS.VS.SOUTHKOREA
19DISCUSSWhat other famous war involved the United States and was fought in Asia during the Cold War?
20What do you know about the Vietnam War? DISCUSSWhat do you know about the Vietnam War?
21Vietnam WarSimilar to Korea, the Vietnam War was fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam , it was really fought between the United States and the Soviet UnionNORTHVIETNAMVS.VS.SOUTHVIETNAM
22Proxy War in Vietnam Formation of Vietnam France had controlled Vietnam (called French Indochina) since the days of ImperialismVichy France gives Indochina to Japan during WWIIFrance attempts to reclaim the land following WWII, but the people want independenceFrance fails to reclaim land and Vietnam becomes a free nationNorth leans communistSouth leans nationalist/democratic
23Why do you think the United States got involved in Vietnam? DISCUSSWhy do you think the United States got involved in Vietnam?
24Proxy War in Vietnam Vietnam War (1957-73) 1950s – U.S. pledge support to French fighting the Vietnamese; Soviet Union supports communist factions of Vietnam1960 – U.S. sends 650 advisors to help South Vietnam1963 – U.S. sends 16,000 advisors– U.S. troops fight with the South against the North– U.S. begin removing troops (Vietnamization)1975 – North defeats south and Vietnam becomes communist
25How do you think Vietnam becoming communist impacted the world? DISCUSSHow do you think Vietnam becoming communist impacted the world?
26Impact oF vietnam War VS. Impact of the Vietnam War The war was unpopular & caused division among the U.S. populationProtests of the 1960s; hippiesCommunism gains another country which increased U.S. fearsSince Vietnam was seen as a weaker country, the loss hurt the reputation of America’s military1st defeat in modern U.S. historySet the stage for more proxy wars between U.S. & USSRVS.
27DISCUSSWhere else do the U.S. and the Soviet Union battle in proxy wars? (See Textbook, p. 550)
39CHE Che Guevara Background Argentine Marxist who led revolutions in South AmericaBackgroundAs a medical student, he saw much poverty & disease throughout South AmericaBlamed the U.S. & capitalismBelieved communism would be the solution & led many Latin American revolutionsWas eventually captured and executed by the CIA
40What Latin American nation is the most famous for being communist? DISCUSSWhat Latin American nation is the most famous for being communist?CUBA
41TOMORROW Brinkmanship & The Cuban Missile Crisis Read Ch. 17, Sec 4. Cold War Divides the WorldWatchX-Men: First Class
42SUMMARIZEDiscuss How would you rate the success of the Truman Doctrine at this point?