# Prepared by: R.RAJENDRAN, M.A., M.Sc., M.Ed., N.INGARAN, M.Sc., M.Phil.,M.Ed., 12 TH STANDARD PHYSICS Electro magnetic induction and Alternating currents.

## Presentation on theme: "Prepared by: R.RAJENDRAN, M.A., M.Sc., M.Ed., N.INGARAN, M.Sc., M.Phil.,M.Ed., 12 TH STANDARD PHYSICS Electro magnetic induction and Alternating currents."— Presentation transcript:

Prepared by: R.RAJENDRAN, M.A., M.Sc., M.Ed., N.INGARAN, M.Sc., M.Phil.,M.Ed., 12 TH STANDARD PHYSICS Electro magnetic induction and Alternating currents

01. Lenz law is in accordance with the law of conservation of ……………………… a) momentum b) energy c) voltage d) current CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

02. The self inductance of a straight conductor is …………………… a) infinity b) zero c) maximum d) minimum CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

03. The unit henry can also be written as …………………… a) H b) A c) V s A -1 d) m / s CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

04. Transformer works on ………………… currents only. a) direct b) alternating c) both direct and alternating d) steady CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

05. The part of the AC generator that passes the current from the coil to the external circuit is a) armature b) slip rings c) field magnet d) brushes CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

06. The number of magnetic lines of forces crossing unit area in a magnetic field is magnetic ………………… a) flux b) induction c) permeability d) radiation CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

07. Electromagnetic induction was discovered by ………………. a) Lenz b) Hertz c) Michael Faraday d) Oersted CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

08. Fleming’s right hand rule is also called as ………………… rule. a) cork screw b) thumb c) end d) generator CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

09. The unit of self inductance is …………………... a) H b) A c) V s A -1 d) m / s CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

10. The energy stored in an inductor is given by E = ………………. a) ½ L 2 I o b) L I o 2 c) L / I o 2 d) ½ L I o 2 CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

11. The equation for the mutual induction of two long solenoids is M = ……………….. a) μ o N 1 N 2 A / l b) I / μ o N 1 N 2 A c) μ o N 1 N 2 A 2 / l d) N 1 N 2 A / l CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

12. The induced emf by changing the area enclosed by a coil in a magnetic field is e = ………. a) EoSinωt b) – Blv c) - Bil d) – NBIA CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

13. When the plane of a coil is perpendicular to a magnetic field, the induced emf is …………. a) maximum b) minimum c) zero d) infinity CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

14. AC generator is a device used for converting the mechanical energy into ……….. a) sound energy b) heat energy c) electrical energy d) light energy CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

15. If a number armature coils are used in the alternator, it is called as …………. Alternator. a) single phase b) two phase c) three phase d) poly phase CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

16. Electro magnetic brakes use ……….. current. a) direct b) uni-directional c) eddy d) steady CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

17. Transformer works on the ……………… principle. a) electro static induction b) Huygens’s c) electromagnetic induction d) self induction CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

18. The ratio of the output power to the input power of a transformer is called ……………… a) velocity ratio b) mechanical advantage c) power loss d) efficiency CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

19. Eddy current losses are minimized by using a core made of ……………… an alloy of steel. a) mumetal b) stelloy c) brass d) nichrome CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

20. The frequency of AC used for domestic power in India is ………….. a) 0 Hz b) 50 Hz c) 100 Hz d) 400 Hz CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

21. The average value of the AC over one complete cycle is ………….. a) 0 b) maximum c) minimum d) infinity CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

22. The relation between Irms and Io is ……………… a) Irms = I o / √ 2 b) Irms = I o × √ 2 c) Irms = I o / 2 d) Irms = √ I o / 2 CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

23. In an AC circuit containing R only, the phase difference between current and voltage is …… a) 0 b) π / 2 c) π / 4 d) π CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

24. The inductive reactance X L is given by X L = …… a) L ω b) 1 / L ω c) L / ω d) ω / L CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

25. A capacitor offers infinite resistance to ………… current. a) alternating b) direct c) varying d) sinusoidal CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

26. In RLC circuit, the instantaneous current is given by I = …………………. a) I o Sin ( ω t ± φ ) b) I o tan ( ω t ± φ ) c) I o cos ( ω t ± φ ) d) I o / √ 2 CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

27. The equation for Q factor is given by Q = ………….. a) 1 /2 π √ L /C ) b) R ( √ L /C ) c) 1 /R ( √ L /C ) d) 1 /R L C CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

28. The average power consumed over a complete cycle is Pav = a) E rms I rms tan φ b) E rms I rms sin φ c) E rms I rms sec φ d) E rms I rms cos φ CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

29. Choke coil is used to control the current in an ………… circuit. a) DC b) AC c) AC and DC d) steady CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

30. Choke coils are used in ………….. tubes which work on alternating currents. a) filament b) oil c) fluorescent d) glass CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

31. The reactance of an inductor is ……………… proportional to the frequency. a) first directly, then inversely b) first inversely, then directly c) directly d) inversely CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

32. Shell type cores are used to minimize ………………… losses. a) eddy current b) power c) hysteresis d) flux CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

33. The number of magnetic lines of forces crossing a closed area is called magnetic …………….. a) flux b) induction c) permeability d) radiation CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

34. The selectivity or sharpness of a resonant circuit is measured by the …………… factor. a) safety b) power c) quality d) energy CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

35. The ratio of the voltage across a coil or capacitor to the applied voltage is called as …………factor. a) safety b) quality c) power d) energy CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

36. For normal frequencies, the Q factor lies between ……………... a) 1 and 10 b) 100 and 1000 c) 10 and 100 d) 0.1 and 10 CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

37. For radio frequencies, air chokes are used. These chokes are called as ………… chokes. a) AF b) AF or RF c) R F or H F d) AF or HF CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

38. Whenever there is a change in the magnetic flux linked with a closed circuit, an emf is induced in it. This phenomenon is called ………………….. a) electro static induction b) action of points c) electromagnetic induction d) self induction CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

39. In Fleming’s right hand rule, the middle finger points the direction of the ………… a) motion of the conductor b) magnetic field c) induced current d) force CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

40. The property of the coil which enables to produce an opposing induced emf in it when the current in the coil changes is called …………………… a) electro static induction b) self induction c) electromagnetic induction d) induction CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

41. If two coils are wound on a soft iron core one over the other, the mutual induction is ……………… a) zero b) infinity c) minimum d) very large CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

42. The induced emf is given by the equation e = …………… a) Eo sin ωt b) Eo cosωt c) Eo sec ωt d) Eo tan ωt CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

43. In fans, …………….. motors are used. a) electro static induction b) self induction c) electromagnetic induction d) induction CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

44. In step up transformers, the transformer ratio k is …………… than one. a) lesser b) greater c) smaller d) none CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

45. A power of 11kW is transmitted at 5.5kV through a transmission line of 1 ohm. The power loss = ……… a) 4 W b) 40 W c) 0.4 W d) 400 W CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

46. In an AC circuit containing C only, the phase difference between the current and the voltage is …………… a) 0 b) π / 2 c) π / 4 d) π CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

47. In an LCR circuit, at resonance, the impedance is ……………. a) minimum b) maximum c) infinity d) zero CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

48. The rms value of the AC is ………….. times the peak value of the alternating current. a) 1.414 b) 1.732 c) 0.707 d) 2.000 CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

49. The direction of the eddy current can be noted by …………… a) Faraday’s laws b) Lenz’s law c) cork screw rule d) end rule CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

50. In a three phase AC generator, the emf’s of the coils differ by ………………... a) 120  b) 180  c) 90  d) 0  CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

51. Electromagnetic induction is not used in (a) transformer (b) room heater (c) AC generator (d) choke coil CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

52. A coil of area of cross section 0.5 m2 with 10 turns is in a plane which is penpendicular to an uniform magnetic field of 0.2 Wb/m 2. The flux though the coil is (a) 100 Wb (b) 10 Wb (c) 1 Wb (d) zero CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

53. Lenz’s law is in accordance with the law of (a) conservation of charges (b) conservation of flux (c) conservation of momentum (d) conservation of energy CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

54. The self−inductance of a straight conductor is (a) zero (b) infinity (c) very large (d) very small CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

55. The unit henry can also be written as (a) Vs A −1 (b) Wb A −1 (c) Ω s (d) all CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

56. An emf of 12 V is induced when the current in the coil changes at the rate of 40 A S –1. The coefficient of self induction of the coil is (a) 0.3 H (b) 0.003 H (c) 30 H (d) 4.8 H CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

57. A DC of 5A produces the same heating effect as an AC of (a) 50 A rms current (b) 5 A peak current (c) 5A rms current (d) none of these CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

58. Transformer works on (a) AC only (b) DC only (c) both AC and DC (d) AC more effectively than DC CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

59. The part of the AC generator that passes the current from the coil to the external circuit is (a) field magnet (b) split rings (c) slip rings (d) brushes CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

60. In an AC circuit the applied emf e = Eo sin (ωt + π/2) leads the current I = Io sin (ωt – π/2) by (a) π/2 (b) π/4 (c) π (d) 0 CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

61. Which of the following cannot be stepped up in a transformer? (a) input current (b) input voltage (c) input power (d) all CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

62. The power loss is less in transmission lines when (a) voltage is less but current is more (b) both voltage and current are more (c) voltage is more but current is less (d) both voltage and current are less CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

63. Which of the following devices does not allow d.c. to pass through? (a) resistor (b) capacitor (c) inductor (d) all the above CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

64. In an ac circuit (a) the average value of current is zero. (b) the average value of square of current is zero. (c) the average power dissipation is zero. (d) the rms current is 2 time of peak current. CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER

THE END

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