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How can societies use what they learned from the past?
Traditional stories about gods and goddesses Expressed religious beliefs Believed gods shaped their lives Twelve most important gods lived on Mt. Olympus Believed gods had special powers, but acted like humans
The Greeks followed rituals –a set of actions carried out in a fixed way Why would they follow rituals????? They hoped to gain the favor of the gods
Greeks visits oracles, or sacred shrines, where a priest or priestess spoke for the gods Temple of Apollo at Delphi Prophecy- prediction about the future
Taught the Greeks valuable lessons Set an example Americans to follow Shakespeare borrowed ideas from the Greeks
Long stories about heroic deeds Homer ~700 BC-two important epics Iliad and the Odyssey Courage and honor Role models Be your best Loyalty Looked upon as “real” history
Short tales that teach lessons… Tortoise and the Hare Sour Grapes Wolf in sheep’s clothing
550 BC Slave Animals acted like humans Funny Morals
Drama is a story told by actors who pretend to be characters in a story Actors speak, show emotion, and imitate the actions of the characters they represent. Comedy and tragedy
People try to overcome difficulties, but fail Unhappy ending People struggle against fate Showed people’s character flaws
Happy ending Doesn’t have to be funny
Sophocles-tragedies such as Oedipus Rex Aeschylus- tragedies such as Oresteia Euripides- wrote about more real life situations Aristophanes- comedies that made fun of scholars and politicians
The Greeks wrote the first “real” history in western civilization
1st to explain the past by studying events Wrote the History of the Persian Wars Separated fact from legend “Father of History”
Greatest historian of the ancient world Wrote The History of the Peloponnesian War Stress human actions, not the gods
Olympics-776 B.C.E Olympic flame came from a fire on the alter of Zeus Pentathalon-5 events Wars were stopped to compete
Panathenaic Games: Horse races, chariot races, and combat sports Pancratium: ◦ men would punch kick and choke each other...even to the death!!!!!
List three things you learned about Ancient Greece and how they can be useful to our world today!