Presentation on theme: "Southwest Asia: Birthplace of civilization, heart of conflict"— Presentation transcript:
1Southwest Asia: Birthplace of civilization, heart of conflict Welcome to the new Unit… we have much to do
2LITERATURE KEYSTONE DO NOW .L.N Explain, interpret, compare, describe, analyze, and/or evaluate connections between texts
3LITERATURE KEYSTONE DO NOW .L.N Explain, interpret, compare, describe, analyze, and/or evaluate connections between texts
4Information Progress Reports - to be mailed this week Chapter 21 work due todayChapter 22- Human Geography of SW Asia- this weekMIRPL assignment due dates start next week
5CANCELLED Current Events Art Destruction in Iraq - ISIS destroys cultureCANCELLEDIran practices destroying U.S. carrier- mock carrier
6LITERATURE KEYSTONE DO NOW .L.N Explain, interpret, compare, describe, analyze, and/or evaluate connections between texts
7LITERATURE KEYSTONE DO NOW .L.N Explain, interpret, compare, describe, analyze, and/or evaluate connections between texts
8Arid Climate Less than 18” of precipitation - significantly low amounts- many rivers do not flow year roundLand is broken by plateaus and highlandsMediterranean climate in some areas- this provides “green” areas
9Animals Animals - must adapt to dry climate - many suited for harsh conditionsCamel most important forability to go long distances- little to no water
10Deserts and movement Largest Desert - Rub al-Khalil also called the empty quarter- located on Arabian PeninsulaAn-Nafud Desert- oasis present- fed from underground springs
11Salt Flats/Deserts Iranian Mountains - creates rain shadows Salt Flat Deserts- created from rain shadows- increased evaporation- salt left behindExtremely hot and generally uninhabited
12Semi-Arid to Well Watered Coasts Semi-Arid ClimateMediterranean and CoastalMinimal rainfall- supports some grasses- minimal agricultureCotton and WheatAnimals- grazing and small herdingTurkey- goats - mohair largest exportAdequate rainfallHot summers and rainy winters- citrus crops- olivesHeavy Irrigation in the summer- can promote year round agriculture
13TPS: Use what you knowThe region is often called a land of extremes. What is meant by this statement.
14Human Perspective: Water Saudi water solution- icebergs?- research from 1977Ships towing icebergs from Antarctica- not feasibleHow significant is the issue of water?
15The Water Problem Needs Solutions Irrigation - large scale needs for farms- manage inconsistent rain- some rivers run dryHydroelectric needs- consistent and clean powerDrinking water- limited freshwater supplyModern and Ancient technology- dams and piping- underground tunnels- water wheelsDams on Tigris and Euphrates- 8 new power plants, TurkeyWater coalitions- Israel- limited supplies, source of conflict
17More Modern Practice Drip Irrigation - pipes drip water to crops Fossil Water- ancient aquifers undergroundyears of waterDesalination- using ocean water to create fresh water- very expensive
18Economic Power House: OIL Southwest Region- ½ of the world’s reservesOne commodity economy- largest exportUses- gas, oil, plastics, heating, fertilizers
19Need for Oil Industrialization Period - automobiles - ships First discovered in 1908- Persia (Iran)Iraq has large reserves- being developed since the war endedSaudi Arabia- large oil fields, Rub al-Khalil
20Transporting Oil Many pipelines - transport to shipping ports Multiple refineries- produce product from crude oilTransportation to various customers- chance for oil spills
23TOTD: SummarySummarize what you have learned about the human-environment situation in the region. You must use more than three sentences in your summary. Learning Goal: Evaluate your learning based on the daily objectives.