Presentation on theme: "Propaganda in WWI propaganda ideas that are usually not true that people tell other people to make them feel happy or sad about a topic. Vocabulary -"— Presentation transcript:
Propaganda in WWI propaganda ideas that are usually not true that people tell other people to make them feel happy or sad about a topic. Vocabulary -
WWI Station Activities Station #2- Gases in WW1 Directions- Read the article below. Then answer the questions. 1917, Mustard Gas T he most widely reported and, perhaps, the most effective gas of the First World War was mustard gas, which was first used by the German army in July 1917 prior to the at the Battle of Ypres. Mustard gas was sometimes called Yellow Cross by the British soldiers. Mustard gas was not intended as a killing agent (though in high enough doses it was fatal) but instead was used to harass and disable the enemy and pollute the battlefield. Delivered in artillery shells, mustard gas was heavier than air, settled to the ground as an oily sherry-looking liquid and evaporated slowly without sunlight. The use of poisonous gases was very popular by 1918. The most commonly used gases were chlorine, phosgene and mustard gas. Mustard gas was particularly dangerous as it would infect the land and could still poison someone weeks after release, if they came in contact with the land. The German army ended the war as the heaviest user of gas. It is suggested that German use reached 68,000 tones; the French utilised 36,000 tones and the British 25,000. Mustard Gas was a gas used in World War 1 to hurt the enemy. The German's used the most Mustard Gas during World War 1. Cans that held the Mustard Gas Mustard Gas made soliders very sick.
The effect of gas on the soldiers The skin of victims of mustard gas blistered, the eyes became very sore and they began to vomit. Mustard gas caused internal and external bleeding and attacked the throat tubes, stripping off the lining of the throat. This was extremely painful and most soldiers had to be strapped to their beds. It usually took a person four or five weeks to die of mustard gas exposure. Mustard Gas hurts people. It makes their skin blister, their eyes hurt, and they throw up. Mustard Gas made people bleed inside their bodies. Mustard Gas made people very sick. After they got very sick, they would die. Mustard Gas made skin blister. Mustard Gas killed people.
One nurse, Vera Brittain, wrote: "I wish those people who talk about going on with this war whatever it costs could see the soldiers suffering from mustard gas poisoning. Great mustard-coloured blisters, blind eyes, all sticky and stuck together, always fighting for breath, with voices a mere whisper, saying that their throats are closing and they know they will choke." A nurse who takes care of people with Mustard Gas said people who are suffering from Mustard Gas poisoning cannot breathe or talk. They get very sick.
Mustard gas did not need to be inhaled to be effective — any contact with skin was sufficient. Higher concentrations could burn flesh to the bone. It was particularly effective against the soft skin of the eyes, nose, armpits and groin, since it dissolved in the natural moisture of those areas. Typical exposure would result in swelling of the eyelids, forcing them closed and rendering the victim temporarily blind. Where it contacted the skin, moist red patches would immediately appear which after 24 hours would have formed into blisters. Other symptoms included severe headache, elevated pulse and temperature (fever), and pneumonia (from blistering in the lungs). Mustard Gas is dangerous when it is breathed in or touches the skin. A lot of Mustard Gas will burn your skin off the bone. Mustard Gas can also cause headache, and a temperature. Solider's wore gas masks so they would not breath in the Mustard gas.
Chlorine GasFirst used in WWI. Greenish yellow in color. Smells like pepper and pineapple. Stings the back of the throat while causing a mucus in the lungs which could choke the soldier to death. The least deadly of the three gases. Phosgene GasReplaced chlorine gas Did not smell very much More deadly than chlorine gas The enemy could keep fighting after being infected but would be sick the next day. About 85% of the 100,000 deaths caused by chemical weapons during WWI were caused by phosgene gas. Mustard Gas Not the most deadly gas of WWI, but the most effective. It could hurt the enemy and pollute the battlefield Could remain effective on the ground for days, weeks or even months Victims’skin would blister, their eyes became sore and they would vomit. Internal and external bleeding would occur and the inside of the throat would strip away while eyes would stick together and throats would close up making it impossible to breath.
Directions- Use the article to answer the questions below. Say the answer in your talker, then type in the box. 1.) What are 3 side effects of Mustard Gas? 2.) Will Mustard Gas hurt your body? 3.) What type of gas is the most deadly (kills more people)? yes mustard
Station #3- WWI Weapons Overview The Rifle Every soldier had a Lee-Enfield bolt-action rifle and 40 cm bayonet. They fired 20 bullets a minute but were very accurate. Snipers could use them to fire at soldiers who put their heads above the parapet. They could be used for defense or attack. Tanks First used in 1916. This British invention scared the Germans so much that they panicked and fled. They were armor plated and provided protection. They could break through barbed wire and crush machine gun nests to clear the way for foot soldiers as they did at the Battle of Cambrai in 1917. However, they were very slow with the fastest tank, the Whippet travelling at a top speed of 8 miles an hour and broke down easily. Directions- Use your talker to answer the questions. Then type the answer in the lines. The rifle shot ______________ bullets a ______________. Tanks provided _______________. They moved ________________. 20 minite protection slow
Flamethrower A canister of oil strapped to a soldier’s back which forced fire through a hose at the enemy. It could fire up to 15 M and was lethal in small spaces. They caused panic in an attack if spotted however; they stopped working if the canister of oil was shot Zeppelin The Zeppelin, also known as blimp, was an airship that was used during the early part of the war in bombing raids by the Germans. They carried machine guns and bombs, which they dropped on various targets including troops, ships and cities. The flamethrower was best used in __________ spaces. The Zeppelin carried __________________ and ___________. Directions- Use your talker to answer the questions. Then type the answer in the lines. small machime guns bombs
Station #4- Trenches Answer the questions on your talker then type your answers in the box. 1.) What are trenches? 2.) How were trenches used to fight in World War 1? 3.) What do you see in the pictures of trenches? deep ditch slow down other armies
Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points http://www.glencoe.com/ose/ Access Code- B7D2FDDFBD 1.) Read Page 729-730 about Wilson's Fourteen Points. Use google images to find a picture to represent the following points: Points: Picture: Freedom of seas Countries to reduce weapons An independent Poland should be created which should have access to the sea. B elgium should be independent like before the war.