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Figurative Language (figures of speech)

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Presentation on theme: "Figurative Language (figures of speech)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Figurative Language (figures of speech)
Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Oxymoron, Alliteration, Onomatopoeia, Hyperbole, Idioms

2 Simile Comparing seemingly unlike things using the words like or as
“Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you’re going to get.”

3 Simile Write a simile that describes this dog

4 “A dream deferred” by Langston Hughes
What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore-- And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over-- like a syrupy sweet? Maybe it just sags like a heavy load. Or does it explode?

5 “Simile” by Scott Momaday
What did we say to each other that now we are as the deer who walk in single file with heads high with ears forward with eyes watchful with hooves always placed on firm ground in whose limbs there is latent flight The poem is a simile poem, meaning the entire poem is a simile. Line 2 contains the comparison “and we are like the deer” and the rest of the poem describes in what manner his people are like the deer.

6 Metaphor Comparing two things without the use of the words like or as
He had the heart of a lion

7 Write a metaphor that describes this cat.

8 Metaphor Poetry Find the subject What is the subject being compared to

9 Tranquility by Starfields
Time slides a gentle ocean waves upon waves, washing the shore, loving the shore.

10 Shakespeare: “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?” (sonnet)
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date. Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimmed; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed. But thy eternal summer shall not fade Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st; Nor shall death brag thou wand'rest in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st. So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

11 Peace by Starfields The wind is now a roaring, smashing monster of destruction, raking all man’s work from the valleys, from the vales, and sends them spinning, broken flying- But all of that is not its core, its center is in truth eternal stillness bright blue skies and all you hear are gentle whispers far away and unimportant.

12 Color Poems & Emotion POems
Write a Simile and Metaphor Poem

13 Color poem: express your feelings about a single color with imagery similes
Color looks like… Color sounds like… Color smells like… Color tastes like… Color feels like…

14 Finished product options:
All Similes: Change some of the similes to metaphors: Scarlet looks like a mink coat. Scarlet sounds like a cello. Scarlet smells like red wine. Scarlet tastes like rosemary roasted potatoes. Scarlet feels like soft velvet. Scarlet is a mink coat. It’s the sound of a cello. Scarlet is red wine. It’s the taste of roasted potatoes. Scarlet feels like soft velvet. Change the similes to metaphors as a class

15 Tears began to fall from the dark clouds.
Personification Personification is a figure of speech in which an animal, object, force of nature, or idea is given human qualities or characteristics. Tears began to fall from the dark clouds.


17 The sun peeked happily from behind a cloud.
Personification The sun peeked happily from behind a cloud. The trees danced back and forth in the wind. It was time to go home, but the bell refused to ring. The car happily squealed down the highway. The warm fireplace seemed to be calling my name.

18 Personification The delicious smell of cookies pulled me to the kitchen. That chocolate ice cream cone is really tempting me. The angry sky roared and threw lightning around. The gentle wind softly kissed my cheeks as I walked. I can see that news travels quickly.

19 Excitement Excitement wears orange socks. He understands the language of flames and loves to build fires. He first taught me how to build a fire when I was seventeen. I was young and scared of being burned. Now I am preparing for another visit. This time I am going to open my heart and let the fire inside. Excitement is a visionary. He is skilled in the art of friendship. He has worked at many jobs…electrician, juggler, sign painter, singer, inventor, poet. Excitement has always moved around. As a teenager, he took a room in Anxiety’s house, and last winter Patience sheltered him. The Wind taught Excitement how to be two places at once, and they are still very good friends, though they do not spend much time with each other these days. Sometimes when Excitement dances with the Wind, there is lightning in the sky. J. Ruth Gendler (The Book of Qualities)

20 Doubt Doubt camped out in the living room last week. I told him that we had had too many house guests. Doubt doesn’t listen. He keeps saying the same thing again and again until I completely forget what I am trying to tell him. Doubt is demanding and not very generous, but I appreciate his honesty. (The Book of Qualities)

21 Compare it through either similes or metaphors to all 5 senses
Choose an emotion Compare it through either similes or metaphors to all 5 senses Emotion is color It tastes like _________ It smells like __________ And reminds me of ________ It sounds like _________ Emotion makes me feel like ________ Emotion Poems Experience an emotion with all five senses

22 It tastes like orange juice. It smells like sunshine.
Joy is bright green. It tastes like orange juice. It smells like sunshine. And reminds me of fireworks. It sounds like a crackling fire. Joy makes me feel like giggling.


24 Personification Choose one of the objects and write a sentence full of personification.

25 #1 Alaskan brown bear

26 #2 Common tern chick

27 #3 Dust Tornado, Africa

28 #4 Japanese macaquas, nagano

29 #5 Eyjafjallajökull Volcano, Iceland

30 #6 Red squirrel, poland

31 #7 Storm Clouds, UTah

32 #8 Silverback gorilla, africa

33 An Oxymoron is a combination of seemingly contradictory words.
Same difference Pretty ugly Roaring silence


35 Alliteration Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words. Alliteration gives emphasis to words. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers

36 She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken.
Alliteration She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken.

37 In Poetry Alliteration

38 The use of words that mimic sounds.
Onomatopoeia The use of words that mimic sounds. The firecracker made a loud ka-boom!


40 in poetry

41 The Weary Blues Write down all the onomatopoeia words you hear
Watch the video clip: The Weary Blues

42 Onomatopoeia Play Boom Chicka Boom—normal & car style

43 Hyperbole An exaggerated statement used to heighten effect.
It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point.

44 Hyperbole

45 Hyperbole

46 Hyperbole

47 I cannot go to school today, ’ Said little Peggy Ann McKay
I cannot go to school today, ’ Said little Peggy Ann McKay. 'I have the measles and the mumps, A gash, a rash and purple bumps. My mouth is wet, my throat is dry, I'm going blind in my right eye. My tonsils are as big as rocks, I've counted sixteen chicken pox And there's one more-that's seventeen, And don't you think my face looks green? My leg is cut-my eyes are blue- It might be instamatic flu. I cough and sneeze and gasp and choke, I'm sure that my left leg is broke- My hip hurts when I move my chin, My belly button's caving in, My back is wrenched, my ankle's sprained, My 'pendix pains each time it rains. My nose is cold, my toes are numb. I have a sliver in my thumb. My neck is stiff, my voice is weak, I hardly whisper when I speak. My tongue is filling up my mouth, I think my hair is falling out. My elbow's bent, my spine ain't straight, My temperature is one-o-eight. My brain is shrunk, I cannot hear, There is a hole inside my ear. I have a hangnail, and my heart is-what? What's that? What's that you say? You say today is...Saturday? G'bye, I'm going out to play! ' sick Shel Silverstein

48 I Wandered lonely as a cloud --William wordsworth
The waves beside them danced; but they That floats on high o’er vales and hills, Out-did the sparkling waves in glee: When all at once I saw a crowd, A poet could not but be gay. A host, of golden daffodils; In such a jocund company: Beside the lake, beneath the trees, I gazed---and gazed---but little thought Fluttering and dancing in the breeze. What wealth the show to me had brought: Continuous as the stars that shine For oft, when on my couch I lie In vacant or in pensive mood, And twinkle on the milky way, They flash upon that inward eye They stretched in never-ending line Which is the bliss of solitude; Along the margin of a bay: And then my heart with pleasure fills, Ten thousand saw I at a glance, And dances with the daffodils. Tossing their heads in sprightly dance. I Wandered lonely as a cloud William wordsworth Identify the many different figurative elements in this poem: hyperbole, personification, alliteration, simile, onomatopoeia,

49 Idioms Example: "She has a bee in her bonnet,"
An idiom or idiomatic expression refers to a construction or expression in one language that cannot be matched or directly translated word-for-word in another language. Example: "She has a bee in her bonnet," meaning "she is obsessed," cannot be literally translated into another language word for word.


51 Animal Idioms

52 Homework Find an example of
Hyperbole Idiom Alliteration Oxymoron You can find an example of all of these things in your everyday life Advertisements Songs Poems Jokes

53 Eye on Idioms (Online PPT)
Paint by Idioms (Game) Alliteration or Simile? (Quiz) Similes and Metaphors (PPT) The Search for Similes, Metaphors, and Idioms (PPT) Alliteration (PPT) Onomatopoeia (PPT) Personification (PPT) Hyperbole  (PPT) Idioms (PPT) Simile (PPT)

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