Presentation on theme: "Personal Safety Glencoe Teen Health (2) Chapter 15"— Presentation transcript:
1 Personal Safety Glencoe Teen Health (2) Chapter 15 Lesson 1 - Preventing Injury (pp )Lesson 3 - Staying Safe Outdoors (pp )Lesson 5 - Giving First Aid (p )
2 Personal Safety Description This unit will cover safety and emergency procedures for home and outdoors. Topics will include the accident chain, weather emergencies, cyber safety, emergency procedures for home fires, treatment of burns, heat related illnesses, first aid for choking, bleeding, and poisoning.
3 DO NOW:On a scratch piece of paper, write your name at the top and answer the following question. Turn into Ms. McCreary when finished.Do you own a cell phone, ipod, ipad, etc. that your parents will allow you to bring to school and is able to download aps and has a camera?Yes or No
4 Personal Safety Essential Questions How might most injuries and accidents be prevented?How can weather be dangerous to my safety and how should I respond appropriately?Why should safety come first in sports and play?How can you remain safe while riding as a passenger?
5 Personal Safety Enduring Understanding Corrective actions can resolve unsafe situations at home and away.Many accidents can be avoided by being safety conscious and paying attention to your surroundings.There are appropriate safety precautions that there are unique to each weather and natural disaster emergencies that can help prevent unnecessary injuries.Following safety rules can reduce the risk of injuries during exercise sports and other activities.
7 Potential sources of danger safety consciousBeing aware that safety is important and being careful to act in a safe mannerhazardsPotential sources of dangerClick to reveal the definitions.accidental injuriesInjuries caused by unexpected events
8 Safety FirstAccidents do happen, but you can prevent many of them. When you stay safe and avoid accidents, you help yourself and those around you stay healthy.85,000 people die from accidental injuries every year.*The highest number of teen deaths occur in auto accidents.Other safety hazards for teens include drowning, bicycle injuries, and fire and burns.*According to the National Safety Council
9 The first step in staying safe is to be safety conscious. Safety FirstThe first step in staying safe is to be safety conscious.safety conscious Being aware that safety is important and being careful to act in a safe mannerIt’s easier to prevent injuries than to treat them.
10 Pay attention to your surroundings and look for hazards around you. Safety FirstPay attention to your surroundings and look for hazards around you.hazards Potential sources of dangerFor example, water spilled on the floor is a hazard. If you see a spill on the floor, clean it up.Avoid or fix possible hazards.
11 Keep your environment safe to help prevent accidental injuries. Safety FirstKeep your environment safe to help prevent accidental injuries.accidental injuries Injuries caused by unexpected eventsClick to add notesAvoid or fix possible hazards.
12 ResponsibilityWhen you put your belongings in their proper place, they’re not in the way, so they’re less likely to cause accidents. Putting away clothes and equipment also helps cut down on clutter.
13 Fires often involve materials that are flammable. Fire SafetyFires often involve materials that are flammable.flammable Able to catch fire easilyFires happen in more than 370,000 homes in the United States each year, killing more than 3,300 people.Flammable materials may catch fire due to a spark, an open flame, or a burning object such as a lighted cigarette.
14 Some fires start from electrical overload. Fire SafetySome fires start from electrical overload.electrical overload A dangerous situation in which too much electrical current flows along a single circuitShredded wires or torn cords can also start fires.
15 Causes of Fires in the Home Fire SafetyCauses of Fires in the HomeCareless cookingCareless smokingIncorrect storage of flammable materialsCareless cooking:Spattered grease and oil can cause kitchen fires. Unattended cooking pots can spill onto burners or in the oven.Careless smoking:Cigarettes can start fires if people leave them unattended or fall asleep while they are still burning. Cigarettes can also start fires if people toss them in the trash when they are still burning.Incorrect storage of flammable materials:Materials that could be flammable if stored incorrectly include paints, paint thinner, old newspapers, and rags.Damaged electrical systems or electrical overload:A fire can result when too much electrical current flows through a circuit. Shredded wires or torn cords can also lead to fires.Gas leaks:Gas lines can leak and catch fire. Natural gas is odorless and colorless, so it has an additive that makes it smell. If you smell gas, first get out of the house, then call 911.Damaged electrical systems or electrical overloadGas leaks
16 Preventing FiresKeep stoves and ovens clean.Keep flammable materials away from burners.Never let a smoker toss a cigarette into a trashcan before making sure it is completely extinguished.Remind people not to smoke in bed.Store matches and lighters out of the reach of children.
17 Preventing FiresNever play with matches or lighters.Check appliances regularly for loose or damaged cords.Never pull on the cord to unplug an appliance.Never run cords under rugs or carpets.If you see a worn or shredded cord, tell an adult.
18 Being Prepared in Case of Fire A smoke alarm can save your life.smoke alarm A device that sounds an alarm when it senses smokeEvery level of the house should have smoke alarms.Install smoke alarms close to sleeping areas and bedrooms.Test smoke alarms every month.Put in fresh batteries once a year.Smoke alarms are especially useful when you are sleeping and might not notice the early signs of a fire.
19 Being Prepared in Case of Fire Do not use water to put out fires that involve grease, oil, or electricity. Use a fire extinguisher.fire extinguisher A device that sprays chemicals that put out firesWater will put out fires in which paper, wood, or cloth is burning.Using water on a grease, oil, or electrical fire will actually make the fire worse.Read the fire extinguisher’s directions, and make sure that you know how to use it properly.
20 Being Prepared in Case of Fire Create a Fire Escape Plan With Your FamilyKnow escape routes from each bedroom.Choose a meeting point outside.Practice the escape plan.Most fires happen at night, so it is important to know escape routes from each bedroom.
22 Fire Escape Plan Homework You are a volunteer fire fighter. You need to make a diagram of your home, a fire escape plan and two ways to exit safely from two specific rooms. In your diagram, you need to label where your smoke alarm, carbon monoxide alarm, fire extinguisher, and first aid kit are located. Also, have a family discussion and determine your central meeting place located some where outside the home. After your escape route and meeting place is established meet with your family to practice the two escape routes.Constructed responseHow can knowledge of first aid procedures be the difference in life or death?Why is it important to understand the procedures for weather emergencies?
23 Fire Escape Plan Rubric The student has drawn the diagram of the house ____/10The student has drawn in details the fire escape plan ____/10The student has shown two ways to exit safelyfrom two specific rooms ____/10The student has identified a central meeting placeoutside the home ____/10The student has shown, explained and have parentssigned the fire escape plan ____/20The student has answered the constructed response questions.____/20Total Points____/80
24 How Accidental Injuries Happen If you think about the last accident you had, you can probably see the accident chain that led up to it.The Unsafe HabitThe Unsafe ActionThe SituationHere is an example of the accident chain in action:The situation:Tony has overslept. He wakes up in a panic. The bus is coming in 15 minutes. Tony runs to the bathroom to wash up.The unsafe habit:Tony didn’t put his books away from the night before. He just left them on the floor.The unsafe action:Without looking where his is going, Tony runs to the bathroom to wash up.The accident:In his hurry, Tony trips over his books and falls down.The result:When Tony falls, he sprains his wrist. He not only misses his bus, but he’s also in a lot of pain.The AccidentThe Result
25 Breaking the Accident Chain Change the situation.Change the unsafe habit.Change the unsafe action.Accident prevented.=Change the situation:Tony could have gotten up earlier. He could have set his alarm for a reasonable time. He could have asked a family member to wake him if he overslept.Change the unsafe habit:Tony could have put is books on a bookshelf or in his book bag.Change the unsafe action:Tony could have paid attention to where he was going. He could have slowed down and watched his step. Being safety conscious might have kept Tony from tripping and falling.
26 In this lesson, you will learn to describe how to stay safe on the roads.describe how to stay safe in your neighborhood.identify ways to stay safe in hot and cold weather.access valid information about drowning prevention.describe how to be safe in and around water.explain safety measures for hiking and camping.
27 Ever since you learned to walk, you have been a pedestrian. Safety on FootEver since you learned to walk, you have been a pedestrian.pedestrian A person who travels on foot
28 Safety on FootWhen walking on the road, walk on the side of the road and face oncoming traffic.Walk on sidewalks when you can.Look both ways several times before crossing the street. Listen for traffic.Make sure a driver can see you when you cross in front of a vehicle. Make eye contactCross in crosswalks when they are available.Follow these rules to become a safer pedestrian.When walking at night, take a well-lit route. Wear reflective clothing.Do not talk on a cell phone or wear headphones.
29 Safety on Wheels Wear a helmet. Wear wrist guards, elbow, knee pads, and light gloves.Follow your community’s rules.Your community may have rules on where you can ride your skateboard or scooter.When skating, learn how to stop and fall safely.
30 Safety on Wheels Before You Ride A Bike: Check the seat and handle bars to make sure they are secure.Make sure tires are inflated correctly and are not too worn.Use reflectors to help drivers see you.Make sure your bike is the right size for you.Use a light when riding at night.
31 Safety on Wheels When Riding A Bike: Stay alert. Obey all traffic laws.Ride with the flow of traffic.Ride single file when riding in a group.Learn hand signals and use them before you turn.Avoid riding in bad weather and control your speed.
32 Concussion Signs Appears to be dazed or stunned Confused Clumsy Loses consciousnessBehavior or personality changeForgot events prior or after hitConcussion – a brain injury that may occur when the head hits an object, or a moving object strikes the head.
33 Concussion Symptoms Headache Nausea Balance problems or dizziness Sensitivity to light or noiseSluggish or slowed downChange in sleep patternFeeling fatigued
35 2. Why is it important to break the accident chain? Bell Ringer: 1.Put the following in order, according to the Accident Chain…The unsafe habitThe accidentThe unsafe actionThe resultThe situation2. Why is it important to break the accident chain?
36 CitizenshipObeying traffic laws while you are walking or riding a bike is a sign of citizenship. It is also preparation for the traffic laws you will need to obey while driving.
37 Small children should ride in the backseat. Safety in VehiclesAlways wear a seatbelt.Small children should ride in the backseat.Airbags can protect adults, but hurt small children.Don’t bother the driver of a school bus.When you get off a bus, make sure all drivers around the bus can see you clearly.Cooperate with the bus driver in an emergency.
39 Don’t travel alone at night. Neighborhood SafetyDon’t travel alone at night.Tell a parent or guardian where you are going and when you will be home.Walk in well-lit places.Leave expensive items at home.Carry identification.Carry a cell phone, money, or a calling card.Also carry the phone number of someone you can call for help.
40 Neighborhood SafetyBe aware!Notice the people around you and what they are doing.Move away from anyone who makes you feel uncomfortable.
41 Neighborhood SafetyKnow how to get help!If someone tries to touch you or hurt you, scream and get away any way you can.Run to the nearest public or safe place.Find someone who can help you.Call 911.Explain what happened to anyone who can help.
42 Safety at Play Take a buddy or two. Stay aware. Know your limits. Use good judgment.Take a buddy or two:If something happens to you and you are with a group, one friend can stay with you and another friend can go for help.Stay aware:Learn the signs of weather emergencies.Know your limits:Don’t take on more that you can handle. For example, you are a beginning swimmer, don’t try to swim a long distance.Use good judgment:Make sure you have the equipment you need and what you are doing is safe. If you are unsure, ask a trusted adult.Warm up and cool down:Warming up and cooling down will help prevent injuries.Warm up and cool down.
43 Hot Weather Safety Tips If you feel dizzy, out of breath, or have a headache, take a break.Keep cool by drinking lots of water.Rest in the shade when you can.
44 Hot Weather Safety Tips Signs of heat exhaustion include:Cold, clammy skinDizzinessNauseaSigns of heatstroke include:Increase in body temperatureDifficulty breathingLoss of consciousnessOverworking your body in the heat can lead to heat exhaustion or heatstroke.Heatstroke can be deadly.If someone shows signs of heatstroke, get medical help right away.
45 Water Safety Follow all posted safety rules. Swim only when a lifeguard or trusted adult is present.Swim with a buddy.Don’t swim if you are too tired or cold.Watch for signs of storms.Taking a swimming and water safety course from a trained instructor is the most important step you can take toward being safe in and around water.Never swim in water with strong currents.Don’t dive in water that is less than 9 feet deep.Don’t let young children near the water unless you are watching carefully.
46 Hiking and Camping Safety Never camp or hike alone.Know where you are.Dress properly.Know the plants and animals.Never camp or hike alone:Make sure family members know your schedule and your route. Carry a cell phone or long-range walkie-talkie if you can.Dress properly:Be aware of the weather and dress accordingly. If you are hiking up a mountain, know that the weather may change as you change altitude. Wear sturdy footwear. To avoid blisters, break in shoes or boots before wearing them on a hike.Check your equipment:Bring fresh water, a first-aid kit, and a flashlight with extra batteries.Know where you are:Learn how to read a compass and carry one. Carry a map of the area.Know the plants and animals:Learn to recognize the dangerous plants and animals in the area and how to avoid them. To avoid insect bites and stings, tuck your pant legs into your socks and apply insect repellant.Use fire responsibly:Learn the proper way to build a campfire. Put out all campfires completely before you go to sleep or leave the campsite. Soak a fire with water or cover it completely with sand or dirt.Check your equipment.Use fire responsibly.
47 Dangerous situations brought on by changes in the atmosphere weather emergenciesDangerous situations brought on by changes in the atmosphereA whirling, funnel-shaped windstorm that drops from storm clouds to the groundtornadoA strong windstorm with driving rain that forms over the seahurricaneClick to reveal the definitions.A very heavy snowstorm with winds up to 45 miles per hourblizzard
48 A sudden and dangerous drop in body temperature hypothermia A shifting of the earth’s plates, resulting in a shaking of the earth’s surfaceearthquakeSmaller earthquakes, as the earth readjusts after the main earthquakeaftershocksClick to reveal the definitions.
49 Headings in this Lesson PredictingSkim the headings, figures, photos and captions in this lesson. Then jot down two questions that you think might be answered in the lesson.Headings in this LessonWhat Are Weather Emergencies?TornadoesHurricanesBlizzardsThunderstorms and LightningWhat Are Natural Disasters?FloodsEarthquakes
50 What Are Weather Emergencies? People cannot prevent weather emergencies.weather emergencies Dangerous situations brought on by changes in the atmosphereA weather watch indicates that a storm is likely to develop.A weather warning indicates that a severe storm has developed and a weather emergency is happening.If your area is under a storm warning, turn of the television or radio and follow the instructions of the NWS and local officials.The National Weather Service (NWS) sends out bulletins in the form of storm watches and storm warnings.
51 What Are Weather Emergencies? Satellites and computers help scientists predict the paths of storms.Television and the Internet help warn the public of danger.Satellites gather a lot of weather data very quickly. This data is fed into powerful computers that can predict the path of storms by comparing current weather patterns to those from the past.Early warnings give people time to plan and stay safe.
52 A tornado is a type of weather emergency. TornadoesA tornado is a type of weather emergency.tornado A whirling, funnel-shaped windstorm that drops from storm clouds to the groundTornados can happen anywhere.Tornados typically happen in the summer.Tornadoes can be up to a mile wide.Tornadoes move at about 25 to 40 miler per hour.Tornados are most common in the Midwest and states nearest to the Gulf of Mexico. This region is known as “Tornado Alley.”
53 If A Tornado Is Happening TornadoesIf A Tornado Is HappeningWhere to GoWhat to DoGo to a cellar or basement.Cover yourself with whatever protection you can find.If you cannot get underground, go to a windowless room or hallway.If you are outside, stay away from trees, cars, and anything that could fall on you.Get under heavy furniture, in a bathtub, or under a mattress.If you are outside, lie in a ditch or flat on the ground.Stay where you are. The storm will pass quickly.
54 HurricanesEach hurricane has a center, or eye, where the weather conditions are calm.hurricane A strong windstorm with driving rain that forms over the seaMost hurricanes happen in the late summer or early fall.Hurricanes form and move slowly, giving people time to plan ahead.The strong winds of a hurricane come from the swirling cloud mass that surrounds it.
55 If A Hurricane Is Happening HurricanesIf A Hurricane Is HappeningBoard up windows and doors. Bring inside items that the wind could smash into houses.Evacuate, or leave the area, immediately if the NWS tells you to do so.If no evacuation is called for, stay indoors away from windows and doors.
56 HurricanesThis is an image taken of a hurricane. The NWS uses satellite technology to forecast the direction of storms.
57 A blizzard can last anywhere from an hour or two to several days. BlizzardsA blizzard can last anywhere from an hour or two to several days.blizzard A very heavy snowstorm with winds up to 45 miles per hourThe driving snow that blizzard brings makes it very hard to see anything.People who leave their houses during blizzards can lose their sense of direction easily.During a blizzard, always stay inside.
58 Hypothermia can lead to death. BlizzardsHypothermia can shut down your body’s systems, so they stop functioning properly.hypothermia A sudden and dangerous drop in body temperatureHypothermia can lead to death.
59 If A Blizzard Is Happening BlizzardsIf A Blizzard Is HappeningGet inside and stay inside.When outside, keep your head, face, and body covered and warm.It is especially important to protect your head from the cold because most body heat escapes from the head.If you are in a car, pull over to the side of the road, and turn on the flashers.
60 Do Now:Did you do anything exciting over the break? If so, what?What is one natural disaster we discussed last class and what are 2 ways to protect yourself from these disasters?
61 Thunderstorms and Lightning Lighting is a dramatic and dangerous side effect of thunderstorms.Florida leads the United States in the number of lightning storms that happen each year.Florida is also the leading state for the number of people killed by lighting each year.
62 Thunderstorms and Lightning If A Thunderstorm Is HappeningStay inside or seek shelter as soon as possible.Unplug electrical appliances and computers.Be prepared for power loss.Avoid using the telephone.If you are outside, crouch low to the ground and stay away from electrical poles and wires, tall trees, water, and metal objects.
63 What Are Natural Disaster? A natural disaster is an event caused by nature that results in widespread damage.Basic Supplies for Natural DisastersNatural disasters include floods and earthquakes.Buy several days’ worth of fresh water.Have a radio, a flashlight, batteries, blankets, canned goods, a can opener, and a first-aid kit.
64 Flash-flood waters rise very quickly and are very powerful. FloodsFlash-flood waters rise very quickly and are very powerful.Two feet of moving water has enough force to sweep away cars.Of natural disasters, only floods kill more people than lightning strikes.
65 Floods Surviving Floods Head for higher ground. Never walk, swim, ride a bike, or drive a car through flooding water.Drink only bottled water.If the NWS issues a flood watch for your area, follow their instructions.Remember to take your emergency kit and go to the highest place in your home.Listen to a battery-powered radio for a flood warning.If you are told to evacuate, do so immediately.If you have evacuated the area, return home only after you are told it is safe to do so.After returning home, throw away contaminated food and disinfect everything that has come into contact with the floodwater.
66 A large earthquake is usually followed by a series of aftershocks. EarthquakesA large earthquake is usually followed by a series of aftershocks.earthquake A shifting of the earth’s plates, resulting in a shaking of the earth’s surfaceaftershocks Smaller earthquakes, as the earth readjusts after the main earthquake
67 EarthquakesScientists cannot predict earthquakes, but they can measure how strong earthquakes are using the Richter scale.The Richter scale rates the magnitude, or force, of ground motion during an earthquake.
68 EarthquakesScientists have never measured an earthquake larger than a 9.Very slightThe most destructive earthquakes have a magnitude of 7 or more.123456789Ten times stronger than 1Ten times stronger than 3Ten times stronger than 5Ten times stronger than 7Ten times stronger than 2Ten times stronger than 4Ten times stronger than 6Ten times stronger than 8
69 Protecting Yourself During an Earthquake EarthquakesProtecting Yourself During an EarthquakeStay away from windows, mirrors, and other objects that might shatter.Get under a sturdy piece of furniture. Cover your head with a pillow.Stay away from tall or heavy objects that could fall on you.Stand or crouch in a strongly supported doorway. Cover your head.If you are outdoors, stay away from trees, buildings, and power lines.If you are outdoors, crouch on the ground and protect your head.
70 7th grade Performance Task Natural Disaster PlanThe local elementary school is teaching the kindergarten classes about natural disasters. They have asked you to create a presentation that includes a visual aid explaining two different natural disasters that are common in the Midwest. Your plan should include research about your chosen natural disasters, as well as safety precautions and responses you should take for preventing injuries or death if a disaster should occur. You also have to describe the main procedures to be followed for each natural disaster.The student names at least two different natural disasters common in the Midwest ____/20The student includes research about each natural disaster (total of 2) ____/20The student describes 5 main safety procedures to be followed during each natural disaster ____/20The student displays the work by using a power point, flip camera or poster ____/10TOTAL _____/70
71 EQ: How does knowing first aid help you to be prepared? BELL RINGEREQ: How does knowing first aid help you to be prepared?
72 In this lesson, you will learn to list steps to take in an emergency.describe how to perform CPR.explain ways to help a person who is choking.explain how to stop severe bleeding.describe how to treat burns.describe treatments for fractures, sprains, and bruises.practice healthful behaviors to avoid burns.
73 Main headings in this Lesson PredictingRead the main headings, and look at the figures in this lesson. Then write down three pieces of information that you think might be covered in the lesson. After the lesson, look back to see whether your predictions were correct.Main headings in this LessonEmergency SituationsRestoring Breathing and HeartbeatHow to Help Someone Who Is ChokingHow to Stop Severe BleedingBurnsTreating Other Emergencies
74 In an emergency situation: Call 911. Emergency SituationsIn an emergency situation:Call 911.Give your name, location, and reason for calling.Explain the condition of the injured person.Describe what help the injured person has received.If you cannot call 911, have someone call.Time is critical in emergency situations. Acting quickly and correctly can save someone’s life.
75 Knowing first aid may help you deal with some emergency situations. first aid The immediate care given to someone who becomes injured or ill until regular medical care can be providedAnyone who has received first aid should be taken to a medical provider as soon as possible.
76 Restoring Breathing and Heartbeat Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (or CPR) should only be performed by someone who has been trained and certified to perform the procedure.If the heart stops beating, the flow of blood to the brain stops. When the brain stops functioning, breathing also stops. In this situation, a person trained in rescue skills first needs to know if the victim can respond. The rescuer shakes the person gently and shouts, “Are you OK?” If there is no response, the trained rescuer asks someone to call 911 and begins cardiopulmonary resuscitation.cardiopulmonary resuscitation A first-aid procedure to restore breathing and circulation
77 Restoring Breathing and Heartbeat CPR involves several steps including:Checking the airway.Checking breathing.Checking circulation.Performing rescue breathing.Performing chest compressions.rescue breathing A first aid procedure where someone forces air into the lungs of a person who cannot breathe on his or her own
80 Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) An automated external defibrillator (AED) sends a quick jolt of electricity to the heart through the chest to make a heart start beating.More and more public places keep AEDs on hand.An AED is used when a person’s heart stops beating.Police and other people can receive training on how to use AEDs.
81 How to Help Someone Who is Choking Choking results when a person’s airway becomes blocked by food or accidentally swallowed objects.Signs of ChokingIf someone appears to be choking but can still cry, speak, or cough forcefully, do not try to give first aid.If the person makes no sound and cannot speak or cough, give first aid.Grabbing throat and neckGaggingWheezingTurning blue in the face
82 How to Help Someone Who is Choking For an adult or older child who is choking, use abdominal thrusts.abdominal thrusts Quick, inward and upward pulls into the diaphragm to force an obstruction out of the airwayTo perform this procedure, stand behind the victim and wrap your arms around him or her until your hands meet in front. Use both hands to pull inward and upward.
83 How to Help Someone Who is Choking If an infant is choking, use chest thrusts.chest thrusts Quick presses into the middle of the breastbone to force an obstruction out of the airwayIf an infant is choking:Hold the infant face down along your forearm.Hit the area on the infant’s back between the shoulder blades five times with the heel of your other hand.Turn the infant over and perform chest thrusts.
85 How to Help Someone Who is Choking If you start to choke and there’s no one around, use your fist and hand to perform abdominal thrusts.If this does not work right away, do abdominal thrusts on a low railing or the back of a chair.
86 How to Stop Severe Bleeding Before you help someone who is bleeding, put on protective gloves.Never touch anyone else’s blood.Severe bleeding is a life-threatening emergency. Blood loss prevents oxygen from getting to the body’s organs.Never touch anyone else’s blood because the blood may contain pathogens.
87 How to Stop Severe Bleeding Cover the wound with a clean cloth.Elevate the bleeding area so that it is above the level of the heart.If the bleeding doesn’t stop, apply pressure to a pressure point or a main artery between the wound and the heart.Cover the wound with a clean cloth:Apply direct pressure by pressing firmly against the wound with your hand. Do not remove the cloth if it becomes soaked with blood. Add a second cloth and keep pressing.Elevate the bleeding area:If you think the injury also involves a broken bone, don’t move the body part.Apply pressure to a a pressure point:Only use pressure points if direct pressure does not stop bleeding. If you have not been properly trained in the use of pressure points, ask for help from someone who has been trained.After the bleeding has stopped, stay with the victim until medical help arrives.
88 Burns How to Avoid Burns Never play with matches or fire. Handle hot foods carefully.Avoid making the water too hot in the shower.Use sunscreen and limit your time in the sun.
89 Flush the burned area with cold water for at least 15 minutes. BurnsA first-degree burn is also known as a superficial burn.first-degree burn A burn in which only the outer layer of skin has burned and turned redTreatmentDo not use ice on a burn.Most sunburns are first-degree burns.Flush the burned area with cold water for at least 15 minutes.Wrap the burn area in aclean, dry dressing.
90 A second-degree burn is also known as a partial- thickness burn. BurnsA second-degree burn is also known as a partial- thickness burn.second-degree burn A moderately serious burn in which the burned area blistersTreatmentDo not pop blisters.Do not peel loose skin.Flush the burned area with cold water.Elevate the burned area.Loosely wrap the cooled burn in a clean, dry dressing.
91 A third-degree burn is also known as a full-thickness burn. BurnsA third-degree burn is also known as a full-thickness burn.third-degree burn A very serious burn in which all the layers of the skin are damagedTreatmentThird-degree burns usually result from fire, electricity, or chemicals.Third-degree burns require immediate medical attention.Only a medical professional should treat full-thickness burns.Do not remove burned clothing.Cover burn with a clean cloth.Call 911 immediately.
92 Treating Other Emergencies Fractures usually happen along the length of a bone.fracture A break in a bone
93 Treating Other Emergencies An example of a dislocation is if your upper arm bone is pulled out of your shoulder socket.dislocation A major injury that happens when a bone is forced from its normal position within a joint
94 Treating Other Emergencies Moving a broken bone or dislocated joint could cause further injury.While you wait for help to arrive, keep the victim still.
95 Treating Other Emergencies Treating Sprains and BurnsPProtect the injured part.RRest the injured part.IIce the injured part using an ice pack with a towel between the skin and ice (remove the ice every 15–20 minutes).Remember to report any injury to a coach or teacher, as well as a parent or guardian.CCompress the part with a bandage.EElevate the part above the level of the heart.
96 In this lesson, you will learn to explain how to protect yourself and others from fires.identify ways to prevent accidental injuries.
97 SequencingAs you go through this lesson, write down the sequence of actions that can help you stay safe in a fire.Staying Safe In a Fire
98 Preventing Injuries at Home Other dangers include falls, poisonings, electric shocks, and gun accidents.Help prevent these unsafe situations by being safety conscious.
99 Preventing Falls Kitchen Bathroom Stairs Clean up spills right away. Use a stepstool, not a chair to get items that are out of reach.Put a nonskid mat near the tub or shower.Use rugs that have a rubber backing to prevent slipping.Keep personal products in plastic bottles.Keep staircases well lit.Apply nonslip treads to slippery stairs.Make sure handrails are secure and stable.If small children live in the house, put gates at the top and bottom of the stairs.
100 Preventing Poisonings Never call a child’s medicines or vitamins “candy.”Make sure all medicines are in bottles with childproof caps.Make sure all labels on household products are clearly marked.Lock household products and medicines in cabinets.Many common household products are poisonous.Keep the phone number for the local poison control center and hospital handy.
101 Preventing Electrical Shocks Never use an electrical appliance around water.Unplug small appliances when they are not in use.Pull the plug, not the cord.Use plastic outlet protectors in homes with small children.Improper use of electrical appliances or outlets can cause shocks. If the shock is strong enough, it can kill you. This is called electrocution.
102 Gun SafetyIn many states, it is illegal for most teens to own a gun.If you find a gun, do not touch it. Call a parent, guardian, or other trusted adult.
103 Gun SafetyAlways treat a gun as if it were loaded.If you hunt, prepare yourself with a gun-training course.If you know that someone at school is carrying a gun or any other weapon, tell a school authority right away.
104 Fire Escape Plan Discussion Day 16Fire Safety ProceduresConstructed responseHow can knowledge of first aid procedures be the difference in life or death?Why is it important to understand the procedures for weather emergencies?
105 Personal Safety Review Students will know:The Accident ChainSafety precautions for weather related emergencies.Safety procedures for choking, bleeding, burns and poisoning.Dangers associated with internet use10 Tips for Cyber SafetyVocabularyStudent will be able toCreate a scenario using the steps in the accident chainCreate a plan for fire safety in the homeDemonstrate procedures for safety and weather emergencies.Explain and demonstrate for choking, bleeding, burns and poisoning.Identify the dangers and precautions when using the internet.Design a booklet of safety and first aid, symptoms, and definitionsTested on Heimlich manueverIntroduction to CPR and rescue breathing