Personal Safety Glencoe Teen Health (2) Chapter 15 Lesson 1 - Preventing Injury (pp ) Lesson 3 - Staying Safe Outdoors (pp ) Lesson 5 - Giving First Aid (p )
Personal Safety Description This unit will cover safety and emergency procedures for home and outdoors. Topics will include the accident chain, weather emergencies, cyber safety, emergency procedures for home fires, treatment of burns, heat related illnesses, first aid for choking, bleeding, and poisoning.
DO NOW: On a scratch piece of paper, write your name at the top and answer the following question. Turn into Ms. McCreary when finished. – Do you own a cell phone, ipod, ipad, etc. that your parents will allow you to bring to school and is able to download aps and has a camera? – Yes or No
Personal Safety Essential Questions How might most injuries and accidents be prevented? How can weather be dangerous to my safety and how should I respond appropriately? Why should safety come first in sports and play? How can you remain safe while riding as a passenger?
Personal Safety Enduring Understanding 1.Corrective actions can resolve unsafe situations at home and away. 2.Many accidents can be avoided by being safety conscious and paying attention to your surroundings. 3.There are appropriate safety precautions that there are unique to each weather and natural disaster emergencies that can help prevent unnecessary injuries. 4.Following safety rules can reduce the risk of injuries during exercise sports and other activities.
Being aware that safety is important and being careful to act in a safe manner safety conscious Potential sources of danger hazards Injuries caused by unexpected events accidental injuries
Safety First 85,000 people die from accidental injuries every year.* The highest number of teen deaths occur in auto accidents. *According to the National Safety Council Accidents do happen, but you can prevent many of them. When you stay safe and avoid accidents, you help yourself and those around you stay healthy.
Safety First The first step in staying safe is to be safety conscious. safety conscious Being aware that safety is important and being careful to act in a safe manner It’s easier to prevent injuries than to treat them.
Safety First Pay attention to your surroundings and look for hazards around you. hazards Potential sources of danger Avoid or fix possible hazards.
Safety First Keep your environment safe to help prevent accidental injuries. accidental injuries Injuries caused by unexpected events Avoid or fix possible hazards.
Responsibility When you put your belongings in their proper place, they’re not in the way, so they’re less likely to cause accidents. Putting away clothes and equipment also helps cut down on clutter.
Fire Safety Fires often involve materials that are flammable. flammable Able to catch fire easily Flammable materials may catch fire due to a spark, an open flame, or a burning object such as a lighted cigarette.
Fire Safety Some fires start from electrical overload. electrical overload A dangerous situation in which too much electrical current flows along a single circuit Shredded wires or torn cords can also start fires.
Fire Safety Causes of Fires in the Home Careless cookingCareless smoking Incorrect storage of flammable materials Damaged electrical systems or electrical overload Gas leaks
Preventing Fires Keep stoves and ovens clean. Keep flammable materials away from burners. Never let a smoker toss a cigarette into a trashcan before making sure it is completely extinguished. Remind people not to smoke in bed. Store matches and lighters out of the reach of children.
Preventing Fires Never play with matches or lighters. Check appliances regularly for loose or damaged cords. Never pull on the cord to unplug an appliance. Never run cords under rugs or carpets. If you see a worn or shredded cord, tell an adult.
Being Prepared in Case of Fire A smoke alarm can save your life. smoke alarm A device that sounds an alarm when it senses smoke Every level of the house should have smoke alarms. Install smoke alarms close to sleeping areas and bedrooms. Test smoke alarms every month. Put in fresh batteries once a year.
Being Prepared in Case of Fire Do not use water to put out fires that involve grease, oil, or electricity. Use a fire extinguisher. fire extinguisher A device that sprays chemicals that put out fires Read the fire extinguisher’s directions, and make sure that you know how to use it properly.
Being Prepared in Case of Fire Create a Fire Escape Plan With Your Family Know escape routes from each bedroom. Choose a meeting point outside. Practice the escape plan.
Fire Escape Plan Homework You are a volunteer fire fighter. You need to make a diagram of your home, a fire escape plan and two ways to exit safely from two specific rooms. In your diagram, you need to label where your smoke alarm, carbon monoxide alarm, fire extinguisher, and first aid kit are located. Also, have a family discussion and determine your central meeting place located some where outside the home. After your escape route and meeting place is established meet with your family to practice the two escape routes. Constructed response 1.How can knowledge of first aid procedures be the difference in life or death? 2.Why is it important to understand the procedures for weather emergencies?
Fire Escape Plan Rubric The student has drawn the diagram of the house ____/10 The student has drawn in details the fire escape plan ____/10 The student has shown two ways to exit safely from two specific rooms ____/10 The student has identified a central meeting place outside the home ____/10 The student has shown, explained and have parents signed the fire escape plan. ____/20 The student has answered the constructed response questions. ____/ 20 Total Points ____/80
How Accidental Injuries Happen If you think about the last accident you had, you can probably see the accident chain that led up to it. The Situation The Unsafe Habit The Unsafe Action The Accident The Result
Breaking the Accident Chain Change the situation. Change the unsafe habit. Change the unsafe action. = Accident prevented.
In this lesson, you will learn to describe how to stay safe on the roads. describe how to stay safe in your neighborhood. identify ways to stay safe in hot and cold weather. access valid information about drowning prevention. describe how to be safe in and around water. explain safety measures for hiking and camping.
Safety on Foot Ever since you learned to walk, you have been a pedestrian. pedestrian A person who travels on foot
Safety on Foot Walk on sidewalks when you can. When walking on the road, walk on the side of the road and face oncoming traffic. Cross in crosswalks when they are available. Look both ways several times before crossing the street. Listen for traffic. Make sure a driver can see you when you cross in front of a vehicle. Make eye contact When walking at night, take a well-lit route. Wear reflective clothing. Do not talk on a cell phone or wear headphones.
Safety on Wheels Wear a helmet. Wear wrist guards, elbow, knee pads, and light gloves. Follow your community’s rules. When skating, learn how to stop and fall safely.
Safety on Wheels Before You Ride A Bike: Check the seat and handle bars to make sure they are secure. Make sure tires are inflated correctly and are not too worn. Use reflectors to help drivers see you. Use a light when riding at night. Make sure your bike is the right size for you.
Safety on Wheels When Riding A Bike: Stay alert. Obey all traffic laws. Ride with the flow of traffic. Ride single file when riding in a group. Learn hand signals and use them before you turn. Avoid riding in bad weather and control your speed.
Concussion Signs –Appears to be dazed or stunned –Confused –Clumsy –Loses consciousness –Behavior or personality change –Forgot events prior or after hit Concussion – a brain injury that may occur when the head hits an object, or a moving object strikes the head.
Concussion Symptoms –Headache –Nausea –Balance problems or dizziness –Sensitivity to light or noise –Sluggish or slowed down –Change in sleep pattern –Feeling fatigued
Bell Ringer: 1. Put the following in order, according to the Accident Chain… The unsafe habit The accident The unsafe action The result The situation 2. Why is it important to break the accident chain?
Citizenship Obeying traffic laws while you are walking or riding a bike is a sign of citizenship. It is also preparation for the traffic laws you will need to obey while driving.
Safety in Vehicles Always wear a seatbelt. Small children should ride in the backseat. –Airbags can protect adults, but hurt small children. Don’t bother the driver of a school bus. When you get off a bus, make sure all drivers around the bus can see you clearly. Cooperate with the bus driver in an emergency.
Neighborhood Safety Don’t travel alone at night. Tell a parent or guardian where you are going and when you will be home. Walk in well-lit places. Leave expensive items at home. Carry identification. Carry a cell phone, money, or a calling card.
Neighborhood Safety Be aware! Notice the people around you and what they are doing. Move away from anyone who makes you feel uncomfortable.
Neighborhood Safety Know how to get help! If someone tries to touch you or hurt you, scream and get away any way you can. Run to the nearest public or safe place. Find someone who can help you. Call 911. Explain what happened to anyone who can help.
Safety at Play Take a buddy or two. Stay aware. Know your limits.Use good judgment. Warm up and cool down.
Hot Weather Safety Tips If you feel dizzy, out of breath, or have a headache, take a break. Keep cool by drinking lots of water. Rest in the shade when you can.
Hot Weather Safety Tips Signs of heat exhaustion include: –Cold, clammy skin –Dizziness –Nausea Signs of heatstroke include: –Increase in body temperature –Difficulty breathing –Loss of consciousness
Water Safety Follow all posted safety rules. Swim only when a lifeguard or trusted adult is present. Swim with a buddy. Don’t swim if you are too tired or cold. Watch for signs of storms. Never swim in water with strong currents. Don’t dive in water that is less than 9 feet deep. Don’t let young children near the water unless you are watching carefully.
Hiking and Camping Safety Never camp or hike alone. Dress properly. Check your equipment. Know where you are. Know the plants and animals. Use fire responsibly.
weather emergencies Dangerous situations brought on by changes in the atmosphere A whirling, funnel-shaped windstorm that drops from storm clouds to the ground tornado A strong windstorm with driving rain that forms over the sea hurricane A very heavy snowstorm with winds up to 45 miles per hour blizzard
hypothermia A sudden and dangerous drop in body temperature A shifting of the earth’s plates, resulting in a shaking of the earth’s surface earthquake Smaller earthquakes, as the earth readjusts after the main earthquake aftershocks
Predicting Skim the headings, figures, photos and captions in this lesson. Then jot down two questions that you think might be answered in the lesson. Headings in this Lesson What Are Weather Emergencies? Tornadoes Hurricanes Blizzards Thunderstorms and Lightning What Are Natural Disasters? Floods Earthquakes
What Are Weather Emergencies? People cannot prevent weather emergencies. weather emergencies Dangerous situations brought on by changes in the atmosphere The National Weather Service (NWS) sends out bulletins in the form of storm watches and storm warnings.
What Are Weather Emergencies? Satellites and computers help scientists predict the paths of storms. Television and the Internet help warn the public of danger.
Tornadoes A tornado is a type of weather emergency. tornado A whirling, funnel-shaped windstorm that drops from storm clouds to the ground Tornados are most common in the Midwest and states nearest to the Gulf of Mexico. This region is known as “Tornado Alley.”
Tornadoes If A Tornado Is Happening Go to a cellar or basement. Where to Go If you cannot get underground, go to a windowless room or hallway. If you are outside, lie in a ditch or flat on the ground. Cover yourself with whatever protection you can find. What to Do Get under heavy furniture, in a bathtub, or under a mattress. Stay where you are. The storm will pass quickly.
Hurricanes Each hurricane has a center, or eye, where the weather conditions are calm. hurricane A strong windstorm with driving rain that forms over the sea The strong winds of a hurricane come from the swirling cloud mass that surrounds it.
Hurricanes If A Hurricane Is Happening Board up windows and doors. Bring inside items that the wind could smash into houses. Evacuate, or leave the area, immediately if the NWS tells you to do so. If no evacuation is called for, stay indoors away from windows and doors.
Hurricanes This is an image taken of a hurricane. The NWS uses satellite technology to forecast the direction of storms.
Blizzards A blizzard can last anywhere from an hour or two to several days. blizzard A very heavy snowstorm with winds up to 45 miles per hour During a blizzard, always stay inside.
Blizzards Hypothermia can shut down your body’s systems, so they stop functioning properly. hypothermia A sudden and dangerous drop in body temperature Hypothermia can lead to death.
Blizzards If A Blizzard Is Happening Get inside and stay inside. When outside, keep your head, face, and body covered and warm. If you are in a car, pull over to the side of the road, and turn on the flashers.
Do Now: Did you do anything exciting over the break? If so, what? What is one natural disaster we discussed last class and what are 2 ways to protect yourself from these disasters?
Thunderstorms and Lightning Lighting is a dramatic and dangerous side effect of thunderstorms. Florida leads the United States in the number of lightning storms that happen each year.
Thunderstorms and Lightning If A Thunderstorm Is Happening Stay inside or seek shelter as soon as possible. Unplug electrical appliances and computers. Be prepared for power loss. Avoid using the telephone. If you are outside, crouch low to the ground and stay away from electrical poles and wires, tall trees, water, and metal objects.
What Are Natural Disaster? A natural disaster is an event caused by nature that results in widespread damage. Basic Supplies for Natural Disasters Buy several days’ worth of fresh water. Have a radio, a flashlight, batteries, blankets, canned goods, a can opener, and a first-aid kit.
Floods Flash-flood waters rise very quickly and are very powerful. Two feet of moving water has enough force to sweep away cars.
Floods Surviving Floods Head for higher ground. Never walk, swim, ride a bike, or drive a car through flooding water. Drink only bottled water. If you have evacuated the area, return home only after you are told it is safe to do so. After returning home, throw away contaminated food and disinfect everything that has come into contact with the floodwater.
Earthquakes A large earthquake is usually followed by a series of aftershocks. earthquake A shifting of the earth’s plates, resulting in a shaking of the earth’s surface aftershocks Smaller earthquakes, as the earth readjusts after the main earthquake
Earthquakes Scientists cannot predict earthquakes, but they can measure how strong earthquakes are using the Richter scale.
Earthquakes Ten times stronger than 3 Ten times stronger than 4 Ten times stronger than 5 Ten times stronger than 1 Ten times stronger than 2 Ten times stronger than 6 Ten times stronger than 7 Ten times stronger than 8 Very slight The most destructive earthquakes have a magnitude of 7 or more. Scientists have never measured an earthquake larger than a 9.
Earthquakes Protecting Yourself During an Earthquake Stay away from windows, mirrors, and other objects that might shatter. Get under a sturdy piece of furniture. Cover your head with a pillow. Stay away from tall or heavy objects that could fall on you. Stand or crouch in a strongly supported doorway. Cover your head. If you are outdoors, stay away from trees, buildings, and power lines. If you are outdoors, crouch on the ground and protect your head.
7 th grade Performance Task Natural Disaster Plan The local elementary school is teaching the kindergarten classes about natural disasters. They have asked you to create a presentation that includes a visual aid explaining two different natural disasters that are common in the Midwest. Your plan should include research about your chosen natural disasters, as well as safety precautions and responses you should take for preventing injuries or death if a disaster should occur. You also have to describe the main procedures to be followed for each natural disaster. 1.The student names at least two different natural disasters common in the Midwest ____/20 2.The student includes research about each natural disaster (total of 2) ____/20 3.The student describes 5 main safety procedures to be followed during each natural disaster.____/20 4.The student displays the work by using a power point, flip camera or poster ____/10 TOTAL _____/70
BELL RINGER EQ: How does knowing first aid help you to be prepared?
In this lesson, you will learn to list steps to take in an emergency. describe how to perform CPR. explain ways to help a person who is choking. explain how to stop severe bleeding. describe how to treat burns. describe treatments for fractures, sprains, and bruises. practice healthful behaviors to avoid burns.
Predicting Read the main headings, and look at the figures in this lesson. Then write down three pieces of information that you think might be covered in the lesson. After the lesson, look back to see whether your predictions were correct. Main headings in this Lesson Emergency Situations Restoring Breathing and Heartbeat How to Help Someone Who Is Choking How to Stop Severe Bleeding Burns Treating Other Emergencies
Emergency Situations In an emergency situation: Call 911. Give your name, location, and reason for calling. Explain the condition of the injured person. Describe what help the injured person has received. If you cannot call 911, have someone call.
Emergency Situations Knowing first aid may help you deal with some emergency situations. first aid The immediate care given to someone who becomes injured or ill until regular medical care can be provided
Restoring Breathing and Heartbeat Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (or CPR) should only be performed by someone who has been trained and certified to perform the procedure. cardiopulmonary resuscitation A first-aid procedure to restore breathing and circulation
Restoring Breathing and Heartbeat CPR involves several steps including: Checking the airway. Checking breathing. Checking circulation. Performing rescue breathing. Performing chest compressions. rescue breathing A first aid procedure where someone forces air into the lungs of a person who cannot breathe on his or her own
The ABCs of CPR
Performing the CPR Cycles
Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) An automated external defibrillator (AED) sends a quick jolt of electricity to the heart through the chest to make a heart start beating. More and more public places keep AEDs on hand.
How to Help Someone Who is Choking Choking results when a person’s airway becomes blocked by food or accidentally swallowed objects. Signs of Choking Grabbing throat and neck GaggingWheezing Turning blue in the face
How to Help Someone Who is Choking For an adult or older child who is choking, use abdominal thrusts. abdominal thrusts Quick, inward and upward pulls into the diaphragm to force an obstruction out of the airway
How to Help Someone Who is Choking If an infant is choking, use chest thrusts. chest thrusts Quick presses into the middle of the breastbone to force an obstruction out of the airway
How to Help Someone Who is Choking If you start to choke and there’s no one around, use your fist and hand to perform abdominal thrusts. If this does not work right away, do abdominal thrusts on a low railing or the back of a chair.
How to Stop Severe Bleeding Before you help someone who is bleeding, put on protective gloves. Never touch anyone else’s blood.
How to Stop Severe Bleeding Cover the wound with a clean cloth. Elevate the bleeding area so that it is above the level of the heart. If the bleeding doesn’t stop, apply pressure to a pressure point or a main artery between the wound and the heart. After the bleeding has stopped, stay with the victim until medical help arrives.
Burns How to Avoid Burns Never play with matches or fire. Handle hot foods carefully. Avoid making the water too hot in the shower. Use sunscreen and limit your time in the sun.
Burns A first-degree burn is also known as a superficial burn. first-degree burn A burn in which only the outer layer of skin has burned and turned red Treatment Flush the burned area with cold water for at least 15 minutes. Wrap the burn area in a clean, dry dressing.
Burns A second-degree burn is also known as a partial- thickness burn. second-degree burn A moderately serious burn in which the burned area blisters Treatment Flush the burned area with cold water. Elevate the burned area. Loosely wrap the cooled burn in a clean, dry dressing.
Burns A third-degree burn is also known as a full- thickness burn. third-degree burn A very serious burn in which all the layers of the skin are damaged Treatment Do not remove burned clothing. Cover burn with a clean cloth. Call 911 immediately.
Treating Other Emergencies Fractures usually happen along the length of a bone. fracture A break in a bone
Treating Other Emergencies An example of a dislocation is if your upper arm bone is pulled out of your shoulder socket. dislocation A major injury that happens when a bone is forced from its normal position within a joint
Treating Other Emergencies Moving a broken bone or dislocated joint could cause further injury. While you wait for help to arrive, keep the victim still.
Treating Other Emergencies Treating Sprains and Burns P R I C E Protect the injured part. Rest the injured part. Ice the injured part using an ice pack with a towel between the skin and ice (remove the ice every 15–20 minutes). Compress the part with a bandage. Elevate the part above the level of the heart.
In this lesson, you will learn to explain how to protect yourself and others from fires. identify ways to prevent accidental injuries.
Sequencing As you go through this lesson, write down the sequence of actions that can help you stay safe in a fire. Staying Safe In a Fire
Preventing Injuries at Home Other dangers include falls, poisonings, electric shocks, and gun accidents. Help prevent these unsafe situations by being safety conscious.
Preventing Falls KitchenBathroomStairs Clean up spills right away. Use a stepstool, not a chair to get items that are out of reach. Put a nonskid mat near the tub or shower. Use rugs that have a rubber backing to prevent slipping. Keep personal products in plastic bottles. Keep staircases well lit. Apply nonslip treads to slippery stairs. Make sure handrails are secure and stable. If small children live in the house, put gates at the top and bottom of the stairs.
Preventing Poisonings Never call a child’s medicines or vitamins “candy.” Make sure all medicines are in bottles with childproof caps. Make sure all labels on household products are clearly marked. Lock household products and medicines in cabinets. Keep the phone number for the local poison control center and hospital handy.
Preventing Electrical Shocks Never use an electrical appliance around water. Unplug small appliances when they are not in use. Pull the plug, not the cord. Use plastic outlet protectors in homes with small children.
Gun Safety In many states, it is illegal for most teens to own a gun. If you find a gun, do not touch it. Call a parent, guardian, or other trusted adult.
Gun Safety Always treat a gun as if it were loaded. If you hunt, prepare yourself with a gun-training course. If you know that someone at school is carrying a gun or any other weapon, tell a school authority right away.
Fire Escape Plan Discussion Day 16 Fire Safety Procedures Constructed response 1.How can knowledge of first aid procedures be the difference in life or death? 2.Why is it important to understand the procedures for weather emergencies?
Personal Safety Review Students will know: The Accident Chain Safety precautions for weather related emergencies. Safety procedures for choking, bleeding, burns and poisoning. Dangers associated with internet use 10 Tips for Cyber Safety Vocabulary Student will be able to Create a scenario using the steps in the accident chain Create a plan for fire safety in the home Demonstrate procedures for safety and weather emergencies. Explain and demonstrate for choking, bleeding, burns and poisoning. Identify the dangers and precautions when using the internet. Design a booklet of safety and first aid, symptoms, and definitions Tested on Heimlich manuever Introduction to CPR and rescue breathing