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Technology Challenges - Harbor Small Boat Tracking Panel 7 Steve Childress November 17, 2010 San Diego, CA 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Technology Challenges - Harbor Small Boat Tracking Panel 7 Steve Childress November 17, 2010 San Diego, CA 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Technology Challenges - Harbor Small Boat Tracking Panel 7 Steve Childress November 17, 2010 San Diego, CA 1

2 Speaker:Steve Childress - Chief System Engineer/Wireless. SAIC, San Diego + Support contractor to Navy/SPAWAR System Center,on Communications for Maritime Container and Cargo Security Small Vessel Tracking/Monitoring (panel 7) Relevant National/Local Initiatives (Partial) National/DHS and Local Small Vessel Strategy Working Sessions Next: Feb 8-9, Miami Multi-agency, J-HOC, Seahawk, et al NOAA VMS/LEADS Potential Port of Long Beach/DHS Pilot Project 2

3 Control… Gov’t/LEA Commissions/Registers Devices, Unlike AIS Vessel Owner/lessee Owns Device - Dual-use, e.g., - Abated-rate Insurance - Panic Button Call-for-aid - Fewer Boardings, Preferential Routes - Affordable – Encourage Voluntary Participation - $0 Recurring Wireless Service Cost – No Public Carrier - Gov’t Annual Registration Fee Small Vessel Tracking/Monitoring (panel 7) 3

4 ”Almost-Free" Small-vessel Device, Gov’t Controlled. Infrastructure: Gov’t Owned. Exceptions-only! ReusableCOTS-GOTS 4

5 Small Vessel Tracking/Monitoring (panel 7) KEY TECHNOLOGIES; Drivers: Cost, Registry-Assurance GOV’T (LEA) COMMISSIONED?COMMENT 1. Consumer DeviceNO No Authentication; Cellular costs 2. AIS-BNO Costly Transponder; No Authentication MMSI # Not Controlled For Anti-rogues 3. Marine VHF/GPSNO No Authentication; Channel clutter 4. Active Radar Beacon w/ID (e.g., low cost periodic RACON) TBD Immature Technology ; Uncertain Cost USCG Radar- Avoid Certification Impact 5. “Choke-point” Low Power RF (Harbor Entrance) YES, but No ID/Track Within Harbor – key issue 1,000-2,000 Ft. Not Viable w/ISO-RFID, But … Has been shown viable w/IEEE w/RF Obstructed By Alongside Vessel Estim. Qty. Cost: $25 6. Harbor-wide/offshore w/GPSYES VHF MURS w/SOTDMA; No FCC license Self-deactivate if de-installed; black-box Estim. Qty. Cost: $100 Gov’t owned Infrastructure – trivial cost #4 If R&D Proves Viable: High-payoff – But Must Be Non-proprietary, Standards-Based #5 Is Lowest Cost; Lacks Crucial In-harbor Movement Info. (Where’s it now?) #6 Higher but Viable Cost; Likely Best, Long Term 5

6 Small Vessel Tracking/Monitoring (panel 7) #4 “ Choke-point” Validation Tests w/IEEE Devices + High-gain Ashore Antennas (2) 2,000 ft. Width w/Alongside small/large vessels - Good, but not fool-proof #6, Harbor-wide/offshore; VHF/MURS + MURS Typ. IEEE Tag Bi-directional, encrypted Miles of Range Coverage Harbor-wide + Offshore To anchorage, Few Low cost RF Modems w/VHF Gain Antennas Data to/from Ops center via existing Port Authority networks Validation From Prior Projects Using MURS At Similar RF power. Simple to Confirm Typ. VHF/MURS Bi-directional, encrypted 6

7 Small Vessel Tracking/Monitoring (panel 7) TAKE-AWAY’s Encrypted Over the Air Commissioning By LEA/agent Silent Alarm if Unauthorized De-installed (attempt to move to another vessel) Choke Point Scenario: Using Active Tags (IEEE ) Technically Viable, but… Guidance On Harbor-wide vs. Choke-point-only: Is Choke-point Inadequate? Harbor-wide VHF GPS Device - Gov’t Owned Infrastructure (low cost) – Most Prudent? Standardize for Use CONUS and Cooperating territories, and At-scale cost benefit Suggested: Initiative Yielding Non-proprietary & Secure Low Cost RACON (#4) Assumption OK? Registration Fee Subsidizes Cost Of Adequate On-Boat Device Standardize/Nationalize Locale-Collaborative Registry w/Revocation and Watch Lists 7


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