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2-1 Emergency Response to Terrorism TC: Hazardous Materials Unit 2:Security.

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Presentation on theme: "2-1 Emergency Response to Terrorism TC: Hazardous Materials Unit 2:Security."— Presentation transcript:

1 2-1 Emergency Response to Terrorism TC: Hazardous Materials Unit 2:Security

2 2-2 Terminal Objective uThe students will be able to identify basic security tactics required in responding to terrorist incidents.

3 2-3 Enabling Objectives uCompare and contrast security considerations between incidents that are known and unknown to be terrorist. uIdentify several primary security actions for first responders to take in responding to a terrorist incident.

4 2-4 Enabling Objectives (cont'd) uIdentify several ways that weather and lay of land affect first responder security. uIdentify at least two security-related strategies and two related tactics for each that are likely to facilitate responder survivability.

5 2-5 Preresponse Conditions Response information uKnown terrorist incident uUnknown terrorist incident

6 2-6 Response Criteria uPrimary actions involving responders on scene or en route to incident uLife protection/preservation uControlling chaos uRequesting assistance uPreservation of evidence

7 2-7 Vulnerability Assessment uPurpose--to determine shortfalls and weaknesses when responding to terrorist acts uAssistance of law enforcement necessary for security-related areas uKnowledge of local plan is critical

8 2-8 Vulnerability Assessment: Areas to Consider uIncident site operations uPreplanning response routes (primary and secondary) uCommand and control sites uImprovised Explosive Device (IED) and secondary explosive devices/booby traps awareness training uMultiple-incident site operations considerations

9 2-9 Vulnerability Assessment: Areas to Consider (cont'd) uPreplanned and proposed Staging Areas uCommunications plans (primary and secondary) uMedical operations uMedical receiving facilities uCasualty transport points uMortuary facilities (fixed and temporary) uEvacuation sites

10 2-10 Vulnerability Assessment: Areas to Consider (cont'd) uShelter-in-place considerations uPersonnel and equipment resources uResupply resources uSecurity resources uMass casualty response resources (transportation, medical, command and control) uResponder knowledge of B-NICE threat outward warning signs

11 2-11 Vulnerability Assessment: Areas to Consider (cont'd) uEvidence preservation training uResponder self-protection measures training uRescue operations

12 2-12 Primary Actions for Self-Protection and Personnel Safety uHazard uKnown or perceived danger uChemical agent, haz mat, hazardous conditions uRisk uAcceptable or unacceptable uExposure to a known or perceived danger uGamble whether or not danger exists

13 2-13 Primary Actions (cont'd) u Risk (cont'd) u Vulnerability u Disadvantage u Exposed position u Threat u Present intimidation u Hazard

14 2-14 Security uResponse security--actions to be taken en route uEstablishing security-related procedures-- preplan self-protective measures Overview

15 2-15 Response Security uPlan response routes and corridors uIdentify primary and alternate response routes uIdentify choke points uDesignate rallying (meeting) points

16 2-16 Security-Related Procedures uIncident site emergency egress plan uBackup team uRuse tactics checklist uMethods of alternate and secure communications uDetailed checklist to query involved personnel uGather all information possible

17 2-17 Weather Conditions uPresent and forecasted weather uInversion gradient uNeutral gradient uLapse gradient uHumidity uBarometric pressure uClear skies and clouds

18 2-18 Controlled Weather u Inversion u Lapse u Humidity u Clear skies u Cloud cover

19 2-19 Impact of Weather uFactors that wear you out make many agents more effective!

20 2-20 Lay of the Land uControls access uBottlenecks uLimited access uAccess and exit corridors uNatural and artificial characteristics

21 2-21 Impacts uDrawn into trap? uForced to advance uphill? uTerrain features forcing deviation from plan? uYour plan or someone else’s?

22 2-22 Zones/Perimeter Communications uConcise and clear naming uCrosses all boundaries of countries and agencies uLabeling by hazard or protection need

23 2-23 Perimeter Criteria uDirect zone names and placement uSecurity uHazardous materials uHazardous conditions uHealth uBiological

24 2-24 Strategies and Tactics for Self-Protection uRecognition and survival--develop skills to minimize losses uInitial reconnaissance uRoute uIncident site uVulnerability assessment Overview

25 2-25 Initial Recon: Route u Determine vulnerable areas u Channeling u Choke points u Ambush

26 2-26 Initial Recon: Site u Possibility of IED's u Hazards and associated dangers u Distraction techniques u Hoax device techniques u Maximize responder survivability

27 2-27 Initial Recon: Site (cont'd) u Ambush tactics u Recognition skills: types of devices u Rapid evacuation--planning issues u When device is discovered, what to do?

28 2-28 Initial Recon: Vulnerability Assessment uWhere and what are dangers? uDiscipline uTime to assess uIdentify things that place you at disadvantage uLevel of exposure acceptable?

29 2-29 Protection Measures uRig placement uSafety of crew uDiscipline uMinimize losses

30 2-30 Tactical Options uProtection uReconnaissance Overview

31 2-31 Protection Options uEnhance overall responder survivability and supportability uPhysically hazardous conditions uProper PPE for hazard uDecon uMonitoring uPhysical shelter uVulnerability assessment uSecurity considerations

32 2-32 Reconnaissance Options u Reconnoiter u Team activities u Topographical maps u Census maps u Building plans

33 2-33 uPrimary actions: life protection, controlling chaos and requesting assistance uIdentify the hazards, build acceptable risks, and analyze vulnerability uEstablish procedures before you need them Summary

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