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Chapter 15 Personal Safety Lesson 1 Preventing Injury >> Main Menu Next >> >> Chapter 15 Assessment Click for: Teacher’s notes are available in the notes.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 15 Personal Safety Lesson 1 Preventing Injury >> Main Menu Next >> >> Chapter 15 Assessment Click for: Teacher’s notes are available in the notes."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 15 Personal Safety Lesson 1 Preventing Injury >> Main Menu Next >> >> Chapter 15 Assessment Click for: Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

2 DO NOW: Name at least 2 advices to take care of the male/female reproductive organs.

3 Essential Question: What does it mean to be safety conscious? Enduring Understanding: 1.many accidents can be avoided by being safety conscious and paying attention to your surroundings. 2. safety in the neighborhood includes avoiding trouble and being aware of danger.

4 Being aware that safety is important and being careful to act in a safe manner  safety conscious The 5 unexpected events characterized during an accident event.  Accident Chain

5 In this lesson, you will learn to  explain what it means to be safety conscious.  identify causes of accidental injuries.  describe how to prevent accidental injuries.

6 Skimming Look over all the headings in this lesson. For each heading, write a sentence describing what information you think will be covered in that section. Headings in this Lesson Safety First How Accidents Happen Breaking the Accident Chain

7 Safety First Accidents do happen, but you can prevent many of them. When you stay safe and avoid accidents, you help yourself and those around you stay healthy.

8 TRUE OR FALSE 85,000 people die from accidental injuries every year.* *According to the National Safety Council

9 TRUE OR FALSE The highest number of teen deaths occur in auto accidents. *According to the National Safety Council

10 TRUE UNFORTUNATELY, BOTH STATEMENTS ARE TRUE. *According to the National Safety Council

11 Safety First The first step in staying safe is to be safety conscious. safety conscious Being aware that safety is important and being careful to act in a safe manner It’s easier to prevent injuries than to treat them.

12 Safety First Pay attention to your surroundings and look for hazards around you. hazards Potential sources of danger Avoid or fix possible hazards.

13 Safety First Keep your environment safe to help prevent accidental injuries. accidental injuries Injuries caused by unexpected events Avoid or fix possible hazards.

14 Responsibility When you put your belongings in their proper place, they’re not in the way, so they’re less likely to cause accidents. Putting away clothes and equipment also helps cut down on clutter.

15 THE 5 STEPS OF THE ACCIDENT CHAIN 1.The Situation 2.The Unsafe Habit 3.The Unsafe Action 4. The Accident 5. The Result

16 THE 5 STEPS OF THE ACCIDENT CHAIN The Situation: Tony has overslept. He wakes up in a panic. The bus is coming in 15 minutes. Tony runs to the bathroom to wash up. The Unsafe Habit: Tony didn’t put his books away from the night before. He just left them on the floor. The Unsafe Action: Without looking where his is going, Tony runs to the bathroom to wash up. The Accident : In his hurry, Tony trips over his books and falls down. The Result: When Tony falls, he sprains his wrist. He not only misses his bus, but he’s also in a lot of pain.

17 Breaking the Accident Chain Change the situation. Change the unsafe habit. Change the unsafe action. = Accident prevented.

18 What I Learned Vocabulary Define hazard, and use it in a sentence that shows its meaning. Lesson 1 Review

19 What I Learned Identify What are the five links in the accident chain? Lesson 1 Review

20 What I Learned Give Examples What are three ways to break the accident chain? Lesson 1 Review

21 Thinking Critically Analyze Describe how rain can make riding a bike hazardous. Lesson 1 Review

22 Thinking Critically Apply Beth has always had a bookshelf on the wall next to her bed. Now that she is taller, the bookshelf has become a problem. In fact, this year, Beth has bumped her head on the shelf three times. What should she do to be safer? Lesson 1 Review

23 Chapter 15 Personal Safety Lesson 2 Staying Safe at Home >> Main Menu Next >> >> Chapter 15 Assessment Click for: Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

24 In this lesson, you will learn to  explain how to protect yourself and others from fires.  identify ways to prevent accidental injuries.

25 DO NOW Sequencing: As you go through this lesson, write down the sequence of actions that can help you stay safe in the home. Preventing Fire: Preventing Fall: Preventing Poisoning: Preventing Electrical Shocks: Gun Safety: 1. 2.

26 Fire Safety Fires often involve materials that are flammable. flammable Able to catch fire easily Flammable materials may catch fire due to a spark, an open flame, or a burning object such as a lighted cigarette.

27 Fire Safety Some fires start from electrical overload. electrical overload A dangerous situation in which too much electrical current flows along a single circuit Shredded wires or torn cords can also start fires.

28 Fire Safety Causes of Fires in the Home Careless cookingCareless smoking Incorrect storage of flammable materials Damaged electrical systems or electrical overload Gas leaks

29 Preventing Fires Keep stoves and ovens clean. Keep flammable materials away from burners. Never let a smoker toss a cigarette into a trashcan before making sure it is completely extinguished. Remind people not to smoke in bed. Store matches and lighters out of the reach of children.

30 Preventing Fires Never play with matches or lighters. Check appliances regularly for loose or damaged cords. Never pull on the cord to unplug an appliance. Never run cords under rugs or carpets. If you see a worn or shredded cord, tell an adult.

31 Being Prepared in Case of Fire A smoke alarm can save your life. smoke alarm A device that sounds an alarm when it senses smoke Every level of the house should have smoke alarms. Install smoke alarms close to sleeping areas and bedrooms. Test smoke alarms every month. Put in fresh batteries once a year.

32 Being Prepared in Case of Fire Do not use water to put out fires that involve grease, oil, or electricity. Use a fire extinguisher. fire extinguisher A device that sprays chemicals that put out fires Read the fire extinguisher’s directions, and make sure that you know how to use it properly.

33 Being Prepared in Case of Fire Create a Fire Escape Plan With Your Family Know escape routes from each bedroom. Choose a meeting point outside. Practice the escape plan.

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35 Preventing Injuries at Home Other dangers include falls, poisonings, electric shocks, and gun accidents. Help prevent these unsafe situations by being safety conscious.

36 Preventing Falls KitchenBathroomStairs Clean up spills right away. Use a stepstool, not a chair to get items that are out of reach. Put a nonskid mat near the tub or shower. Use rugs that have a rubber backing to prevent slipping. Keep personal products in plastic bottles. Keep staircases well lit. Apply nonslip treads to slippery stairs. Make sure handrails are secure and stable. If small children live in the house, put gates at the top and bottom of the stairs.

37 Preventing Poisonings Never call a child’s medicines or vitamins “candy.” Make sure all medicines are in bottles with childproof caps. Make sure all labels on household products are clearly marked. Lock household products and medicines in cabinets. Keep the phone number for the local poison control center and hospital handy.

38 Preventing Electrical Shocks Never use an electrical appliance around water. Unplug small appliances when they are not in use. Pull the plug, not the cord. Use plastic outlet protectors in homes with small children.

39 Gun Safety In many states, it is illegal for most teens to own a gun. If you find a gun, do not touch it. Call a parent, guardian, or other trusted adult.

40 Gun Safety Always treat a gun as if it were loaded. If you hunt, prepare yourself with a gun-training course. If you know that someone at school is carrying a gun or any other weapon, tell a school authority right away.

41 What I Learned Vocabulary Define flammable. Lesson 2 Review

42 What I Learned Describe How can you be prepared for a fire that might happen in your home? Lesson 2 Review

43 What I Learned Identify List three strategies for preventing poisoning. Lesson 2 Review

44 What I Learned Give Examples How can you help keep stairways safe? Lesson 2 Review

45 Thinking Critically Synthesize Explain why it is important to follow rules against bringing a weapon to school and what you should do if you think a classmate has a weapon. Lesson 2 Review

46 Thinking Critically Analyze Why is it a bad idea to call medicine “candy” to get children to take it? Lesson 2 Review

47 Chapter 15 Personal Safety Lesson 3 Staying Safe Outdoors >> Main Menu Next >> >> Chapter 15 Assessment Click for: Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

48 DO NOW Name the 5 steps of the Accident Chain.

49 A person who travels on foot  pedestrian

50 In this lesson, you will learn to  describe how to stay safe on the roads.  describe how to stay safe in your neighborhood.  identify ways to stay safe in hot and cold weather.  access valid information about drowning prevention.  describe how to be safe in and around water.  explain safety measures for hiking and camping.

51 Compare and Contrast Create a chart like the one shown here. As you go through the lesson, use the chart to note similarities and differences between pedestrian and bicycle safety. Pedestrian safety Bicycle safety Helmet Yes

52 Safety on Foot Ever since you learned to walk, you have been a pedestrian. pedestrian A person who travels on foot

53 Safety on Foot Walk on sidewalks when you can. When walking on the road, walk on the side of the road and face oncoming traffic. Cross in crosswalks when they are available. Look both ways several times before crossing the street. Listen for traffic. Make sure a driver can see you when you cross in front of a vehicle. Make eye contact When walking at night, take a well-lit route. Wear reflective clothing. Do not talk on a cell phone or wear headphones.

54 Safety on Wheels Wear a helmet. Wear wrist guards, elbow, knee pads, and light gloves. Follow your community’s rules. When skating, learn how to stop and fall safely.

55 Safety on Wheels Before You Ride A Bike: Check the seat and handle bars to make sure they are secure. Make sure tires are inflated correctly and are not too worn. Use reflectors to help drivers see you. Use a light when riding at night. Make sure your bike is the right size for you.

56 Safety on Wheels When Riding A Bike: Stay alert. Obey all traffic laws. Ride with the flow of traffic. Ride single file when riding in a group. Learn hand signals and use them before you turn. Avoid riding in bad weather and control your speed.

57 Citizenship Obeying traffic laws while you are walking or riding a bike is a sign of citizenship. It is also preparation for the traffic laws you will need to obey while driving.

58 Safety in Vehicles Always wear a seatbelt. Small children should ride in the backseat. –Airbags can protect adults, but hurt small children. Don’t bother the driver of a school bus. When you get off a bus, make sure all drivers around the bus can see you clearly. Cooperate with the bus driver in an emergency.

59 Neighborhood Safety Don’t travel alone at night. Tell a parent or guardian where you are going and when you will be home. Walk in well-lit places. Leave expensive items at home. Carry identification. Carry a cell phone, money, or a calling card.

60 Neighborhood Safety Be aware! Notice the people around you and what they are doing. Move away from anyone who makes you feel uncomfortable.

61 Neighborhood Safety Know how to get help! If someone tries to touch you or hurt you, scream and get away any way you can. Run to the nearest public or safe place. Find someone who can help you. Call 911. Explain what happened to anyone who can help.

62 Safety at Play Take a buddy or two. Stay aware. Know your limits.Use good judgment. Warm up and cool down.

63 Hot Weather Safety Tips If you feel dizzy, out of breath, or have a headache, take a break. Keep cool by drinking lots of water. Rest in the shade when you can.

64 Hot Weather Safety Tips Signs of heat exhaustion include: –Cold, clammy skin –Dizziness –Nausea Signs of heatstroke include: –Increase in body temperature –Difficulty breathing –Loss of consciousness

65 Water Safety Follow all posted safety rules. Swim only when a lifeguard or trusted adult is present. Swim with a buddy. Don’t swim if you are too tired or cold. Watch for signs of storms. Never swim in water with strong currents. Don’t dive in water that is less than 9 feet deep. Don’t let young children near the water unless you are watching carefully.

66 Hiking and Camping Safety Never camp or hike alone. Dress properly. Check your equipment. Know where you are. Know the plants and animals. Use fire responsibly.

67 What I Learned Vocabulary What is a pedestrian? Lesson 3 Review

68 What I Learned Identify What are the signs of heatstroke? Lesson 3 Review

69 What I Learned Describe How can you dive safely? Lesson 3 Review

70 What I Learned Give Examples Name three items to take along when hiking. Lesson 3 Review

71 Thinking Critically Apply While Jordan is visiting his friend Mario, he loses track of the time. When he leaves Mario’s house to walk home, it’s dark. What would you advise Jordon to do? Lesson 3 Review

72 Thinking Critically Analyze Why should you cross in front of a school bus and not behind it? Lesson 3 Review

73 Chapter 15 Personal Safety Lesson 4 Weather Emergencies and Natural Disasters >> Main Menu Next >> >> Chapter 15 Assessment Click for: Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

74  weather emergencies Dangerous situations brought on by changes in the atmosphere A whirling, funnel-shaped windstorm that drops from storm clouds to the ground  tornado A strong windstorm with driving rain that forms over the sea  hurricane A very heavy snowstorm with winds up to 45 miles per hour  blizzard

75  hypothermia A sudden and dangerous drop in body temperature A shifting of the earth’s plates, resulting in a shaking of the earth’s surface  earthquake Smaller earthquakes, as the earth readjusts after the main earthquake  aftershocks

76 In this lesson, you will learn to  describe the different types of weather emergencies and natural disasters.  list safety measures to take during a weather emergency or natural disaster.  practice healthful behaviors by preparing an emergency supplies kit.

77 Predicting Skim the headings, figures, photos and captions in this lesson. Then jot down two questions that you think might be answered in the lesson. Headings in this Lesson What Are Weather Emergencies? Tornadoes Hurricanes Blizzards Thunderstorms and Lightning What Are Natural Disasters? Floods Earthquakes

78 What Are Weather Emergencies? People cannot prevent weather emergencies. weather emergencies Dangerous situations brought on by changes in the atmosphere The National Weather Service (NWS) sends out bulletins in the form of storm watches and storm warnings.

79 What Are Weather Emergencies? Satellites and computers help scientists predict the paths of storms. Television and the Internet help warn the public of danger.

80 Tornadoes A tornado is a type of weather emergency. tornado A whirling, funnel-shaped windstorm that drops from storm clouds to the ground Tornados are most common in the Midwest and states nearest to the Gulf of Mexico. This region is known as “Tornado Alley.”

81 Tornadoes If A Tornado Is Happening Go to a cellar or basement. Where to Go If you cannot get underground, go to a windowless room or hallway. If you are outside, lie in a ditch or flat on the ground. Cover yourself with whatever protection you can find. What to Do Get under heavy furniture, in a bathtub, or under a mattress. Stay where you are. The storm will pass quickly.

82 Hurricanes Each hurricane has a center, or eye, where the weather conditions are calm. hurricane A strong windstorm with driving rain that forms over the sea The strong winds of a hurricane come from the swirling cloud mass that surrounds it.

83 Hurricanes If A Hurricane Is Happening Board up windows and doors. Bring inside items that the wind could smash into houses. Evacuate, or leave the area, immediately if the NWS tells you to do so. If no evacuation is called for, stay indoors away from windows and doors.

84 Hurricanes This is an image taken of a hurricane. The NWS uses satellite technology to forecast the direction of storms.

85 Blizzards A blizzard can last anywhere from an hour or two to several days. blizzard A very heavy snowstorm with winds up to 45 miles per hour During a blizzard, always stay inside.

86 Blizzards Hypothermia can shut down your body’s systems, so they stop functioning properly. hypothermia A sudden and dangerous drop in body temperature Hypothermia can lead to death.

87 Blizzards If A Blizzard Is Happening Get inside and stay inside. When outside, keep your head, face, and body covered and warm. If you are in a car, pull over to the side of the road, and turn on the flashers.

88 Thunderstorms and Lightning Lighting is a dramatic and dangerous side effect of thunderstorms. Florida leads the United States in the number of lightning storms that happen each year.

89 Thunderstorms and Lightning If A Thunderstorm Is Happening Stay inside or seek shelter as soon as possible. Unplug electrical appliances and computers. Be prepared for power loss. Avoid using the telephone. If you are outside, crouch low to the ground and stay away from electrical poles and wires, tall trees, water, and metal objects.

90 What Are Natural Disaster? A natural disaster is an event caused by nature that results in widespread damage. Basic Supplies for Natural Disasters Buy several days’ worth of fresh water. Have a radio, a flashlight, batteries, blankets, canned goods, a can opener, and a first-aid kit.

91 Floods Flash-flood waters rise very quickly and are very powerful. Two feet of moving water has enough force to sweep away cars.

92 Floods Surviving Floods Head for higher ground. Never walk, swim, ride a bike, or drive a car through flooding water. Drink only bottled water. If you have evacuated the area, return home only after you are told it is safe to do so. After returning home, throw away contaminated food and disinfect everything that has come into contact with the floodwater.

93 Earthquakes A large earthquake is usually followed by a series of aftershocks. earthquake A shifting of the earth’s plates, resulting in a shaking of the earth’s surface aftershocks Smaller earthquakes, as the earth readjusts after the main earthquake

94 Earthquakes Scientists cannot predict earthquakes, but they can measure how strong earthquakes are using the Richter scale.

95 Earthquakes Ten times stronger than 3 Ten times stronger than 4 Ten times stronger than 5 Ten times stronger than 1 Ten times stronger than 2 Ten times stronger than 6 Ten times stronger than 7 Ten times stronger than 8 Very slight The most destructive earthquakes have a magnitude of 7 or more. Scientists have never measured an earthquake larger than a 9.

96 Earthquakes Protecting Yourself During an Earthquake Stay away from windows, mirrors, and other objects that might shatter. Get under a sturdy piece of furniture. Cover your head with a pillow. Stay away from tall or heavy objects that could fall on you. Stand or crouch in a strongly supported doorway. Cover your head. If you are outdoors, stay away from trees, buildings, and power lines. If you are outdoors, crouch on the ground and protect your head.

97 What I Learned Vocabulary What is an earthquake? Lesson 4 Review

98 What I Learned Describe What are two risks of being outside in a blizzard? Lesson 4 Review

99 What I Learned Identify What time of year do most hurricanes happen? Lesson 4 Review

100 What I Learned Give Examples Name four items that should be part of an emergency kit. Lesson 4 Review

101 What I Learned Explain What regions of the United States are likely to experience tornadoes? Lesson 4 Review

102 Thinking Critically Infer Why do you think aftershocks are sometimes more deadly than the initial earthquake? Lesson 4 Review

103 Thinking Critically Apply You are playing soccer in a field, and you see a flash of lightning from an approaching thunderstorm. What should you do? Lesson 4 Review

104 Chapter 15 Personal Safety Lesson 5 Giving First Aid >> Main Menu Next >> >> Chapter 15 Assessment Click for: Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

105  rescue breathing A first-aid procedure where someone forces air into the lungs of a person who cannot breathe on his or her own Quick inward and upward pulls into the diaphragm to force an obstruction out of the airway  abdominal thrusts A first-aid procedure to restore breathing and circulation  Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

106 A burn in which the outer layer of the skin has burned and turned red  first-degree burn A very serious urn in which all the layers of skin are damaged  third-degree burn

107 In this lesson, you will learn to  list steps to take in an emergency.  describe how to perform CPR.  explain ways to help a person who is choking.  explain how to stop severe bleeding.  describe how to treat burns.  describe treatments for fractures, sprains, and bruises.  practice healthful behaviors to avoid burns.

108 Predicting Read the main headings, and look at the figures in this lesson. Then write down three pieces of information that you think might be covered in the lesson. After the lesson, look back to see whether your predictions were correct. Main headings in this Lesson Emergency Situations Restoring Breathing and Heartbeat How to Help Someone Who Is Choking How to Stop Severe Bleeding Burns Treating Other Emergencies

109 Emergency Situations In an emergency situation: Call 911. Give your name, location, and reason for calling. Explain the condition of the injured person. Describe what help the injured person has received. If you cannot call 911, have someone call.

110 Emergency Situations Knowing first aid may help you deal with some emergency situations. first aid The immediate care given to someone who becomes injured or ill until regular medical care can be provided

111 Restoring Breathing and Heartbeat Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (or CPR) should only be performed by someone who has been trained and certified to perform the procedure. cardiopulmonary resuscitation A first-aid procedure to restore breathing and circulation

112 Restoring Breathing and Heartbeat CPR involves several steps including: Checking the airway. Checking breathing. Checking circulation. Performing rescue breathing. Performing chest compressions. rescue breathing A first aid procedure where someone forces air into the lungs of a person who cannot breathe on his or her own

113 The ABCs of CPR

114 Performing the CPR Cycles

115 Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) An automated external defibrillator (AED) sends a quick jolt of electricity to the heart through the chest to make a heart start beating. More and more public places keep AEDs on hand.

116 How to Help Someone Who is Choking Choking results when a person’s airway becomes blocked by food or accidentally swallowed objects. Signs of Choking Grabbing throat and neck GaggingWheezing Turning blue in the face

117 How to Help Someone Who is Choking For an adult or older child who is choking, use abdominal thrusts. abdominal thrusts Quick, inward and upward pulls into the diaphragm to force an obstruction out of the airway

118 How to Help Someone Who is Choking If an infant is choking, use chest thrusts. chest thrusts Quick presses into the middle of the breastbone to force an obstruction out of the airway

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120 How to Help Someone Who is Choking If you start to choke and there’s no one around, use your fist and hand to perform abdominal thrusts. If this does not work right away, do abdominal thrusts on a low railing or the back of a chair.

121 How to Stop Severe Bleeding Before you help someone who is bleeding, put on protective gloves. Never touch anyone else’s blood.

122 How to Stop Severe Bleeding Cover the wound with a clean cloth. Elevate the bleeding area so that it is above the level of the heart. If the bleeding doesn’t stop, apply pressure to a pressure point or a main artery between the wound and the heart. After the bleeding has stopped, stay with the victim until medical help arrives.

123 Burns How to Avoid Burns Never play with matches or fire. Handle hot foods carefully. Avoid making the water too hot in the shower. Use sunscreen and limit your time in the sun.

124 Burns A first-degree burn is also known as a superficial burn. first-degree burn A burn in which only the outer layer of skin has burned and turned red Treatment Flush the burned area with cold water for at least 15 minutes. Wrap the burn area in a clean, dry dressing.

125 Burns A second-degree burn is also known as a partial- thickness burn. second-degree burn A moderately serious burn in which the burned area blisters Treatment Flush the burned area with cold water. Elevate the burned area. Loosely wrap the cooled burn in a clean, dry dressing.

126 Burns A third-degree burn is also known as a full- thickness burn. third-degree burn A very serious burn in which all the layers of the skin are damaged Treatment Do not remove burned clothing. Cover burn with a clean cloth. Call 911 immediately.

127 Treating Other Emergencies Fractures usually happen along the length of a bone. fracture A break in a bone

128 Treating Other Emergencies An example of a dislocation is if your upper arm bone is pulled out of your shoulder socket. dislocation A major injury that happens when a bone is forced from its normal position within a joint

129 Treating Other Emergencies Moving a broken bone or dislocated joint could cause further injury. While you wait for help to arrive, keep the victim still.

130 Treating Other Emergencies Treating Sprains and Burns P R I C E Protect the injured part. Rest the injured part. Ice the injured part using an ice pack with a towel between the skin and ice (remove the ice every 15–20 minutes). Compress the part with a bandage. Elevate the part above the level of the heart.

131 What I Learned Vocabulary What is the difference between a fracture and a dislocation? Lesson 5 Review

132 What I Learned Describe What are the ABCs of CPR? Lesson 5 Review

133 What I Learned Give Examples What kinds of accidents can cause third-degree burns? Lesson 5 Review

134 What I Learned Explain What can you do if you are choking and there is no one around to help? Lesson 5 Review

135 Thinking Critically Apply Why should medical professionals always wear gloves when they help someone who is bleeding? Lesson 5 Review

136 Thinking Critically Infer Why can you infer that a person who cannot speak or cry is choking? Lesson 5 Review


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