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1 Cascade Peak 00 (WFX) Analysis of the Area of Operations.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Cascade Peak 00 (WFX) Analysis of the Area of Operations."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Cascade Peak 00 (WFX) Analysis of the Area of Operations

2 2 2 Agenda Theater of Operations Pacifica Weather Scripted during WFX Real-world, no impact on operations Terrain OCOKA Factors Summary

3 Theater of Operations SouthEast Asia Countries of Influence Long standing ethnic divisions. Control of Natural resources Surran Eastland Sulu Sea Islands Pacifica

4 4 Pacifica Archipelago w/over 7,100 islands; 2,000 inhabited; Manila is the capital and seat of government. Divided into three regions: Visayas, Mindanao and Luzon; Luzon is the largest island in Pacifica Supportive of US presence. Equitable access to natural resources LUZON VISAYASMINDANAO Manila

5 5 Mt Pinatubo 90 km NW of Manila Two eruptions since 1380; last one in June, 1991 First indications were small explosions and several earthquakes at lower elevations Mt Mayon 300 km SE of Manila 45 eruptions since 1616; last one in Feb, 1993 First indications were numerous volcanic quakes Active Volcanoes Mt Taal 60 km SW of Manila 33 eruptions since 1572; last one in Sep, 1977 First indications were sulfuric odor and acrid fumes PinatuboTaalMayon

6 6 Weather - Region Ceilings <600 FT Visibility <2 NM 10% Frequency Tropical Cyclone Tracks - avg # per month 12 Ft Seas 10% Frequency Primary Low Track Gale Wind 10% Frequency October Climatology Monsoon Transition PACIFICA

7 Temperatures Precipitation Winds Moon Phase Max High Max Low October Climatology Rain Avg 7.8 inches Avg 17 days/mo Thunderstroms 3 day 5 knots Climatology Extremes Temperatures Precipitation Winds Rain Max 17.4 inches Min 0.8 inches Avg High Avg Low 47 Knots Weather Information for Philippines Data Based on Manila Greater Than 90% October

8 8 Weather Effects October Climatology AMBER: MODERATE DEGRADATION RED: SEVERE DEGRADATION T =TEMPERATURE V =VISIBILITY C =CEILING W =WIND P =PERCIPITATION

9 9 SUN MOON LIGHT TWILIGHT NO ILLUMINATION SR: 0549 BT: 0502 SS: 1738 ET: 1824 SR: 0549 BT: 0503 SS: 1737 ET: 1824 SR: 0549 BT: 0503 SS: 1737 ET: 1823 SR: 0549 BT: 0503 SS: 1736 ET: 1823 SR: 0550 BT: 0503 SS: 1736 ET: 1822 SR: 0550 BT: 0503 SS: 1735 ET: 1822 SR: 0550 BT: 0503 SS: 1734 ET: 1821 SR: 0550 BT: 0503 SS: 1734 ET: 1821 MS: 0814 MS: 0913 MS: 1014 MS: 1114 MS: **** MS: 1213 MS: 1308 MS: 1400 DATE OCT OCT OCT OCT OCT OCT OCT OCT ILLUM 85% 75% 65% 54% 43% 32% 22% 92% Generally IR CROSSOVER exists 30 minutes after sunrise and sunset Light Data (1 of 2)

10 SS: 1733 ET: 1820 SS: 1733 ET: 1820 SS: 1732 ET: 1819 SS: 1732 ET: 1819 SS: 1732 ET: 1819 SS: 1731 ET: 1818 SS: 1731 ET: 1818 SS: 1730 ET: 1818 SR: 0551 BT: 0504 SR: 0551 BT: 0504 SR: 0551 BT: 0504 SR: 0551 BT: 0504 SR: 0552 BT: 0504 SR: 0552 BT: 0505 SR: 0552 BT: 0505 SR: 0552 BT: 0505 MS: 1449 MS: 1534 MS: 1617 MS: 1700 MS: 1742 MS: 1825 MS: 1909 MS: 1955 ILLUM 7% 2% 0% 1% 3% 8% 14% 13% DATE OCT OCT OCT OCT OCT OCT OCT OCT Light Data (2 of 2) SUN MOON LIGHT TWILIGHT NO ILLUMINATION Generally IR CROSSOVER exists 30 minutes after sunrise and sunset

11 11 Babuyan Channel Manila Philippine Sea South China Sea Luzon 530 km 210 km Luzon is characterized by volcanic interior mountains with coastal areas of flat lowlands; 104,683 sq km Central plain is population center and rice producing area UN brokered cease fire agreement creation of Northern and Southern ZOS. UNFORPAC initiates Peace Keeping Operations. Area of Operations Baguio Dagupan Angeles Zone of Separation

12 12Terrain Dominated by mountains, ridges, deep gorges and volcanoes Elevations range from 50m in the Central Plains to 2,800m in the Cordillero Central Ranges. Subject to volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and landslides Cordillera Central Range Sierra Madre Mountains Babuyan Channel Zone of Separation Manila Philippine Sea South China Sea Zone of Separation Luzon Baguio Dagupan Angeles Taal Mayon 125km SE Pinatubo Volcano

13 13 Terrain

14 14 Lakes Laguna De Bay and Lake Taal constrict maneuver south of Manila Dams Pantabangan Reservoir Rivers Three primary rivers within the AO Tributaries Numerous tributaries within the central plain, all of which are fordable Hydrology CAGAYAN RIVER AGNO RIVER ABRA RIVER PANTABANGAN RESERVOIR LAGUNA DE BAY LAKE TAAL Manila Scale: 1 : 2,500,000 Philippine Sea South China Sea

15 15 Roads Three highways support fast movement (HWYs 3, 5, and 1) Cities Manila 1,728,000 Angeles City285,000 Tarlac 230,000 Man Made Features Manila HWY 3 HWY 5 HWY 1 Angeles City Tarlac Scale: 1 : 3,000,000 Philippine Sea South China Sea

16 16 HWY 3 HWY 1 Manila Bay Port Facilities Manila N

17 17 HWY 3 CLARK AIRBASE NORTHERN EXPRESSWAY Angeles City N

18 18 HWY 3 HWY 13 Tarlac N

19 19 Airfields and Port Facilities LEGASPI BATANGAS SANGLEY POINT BASA MARIVELES CLAVERIA PORT IRENE APARRI BAGUIO CLARK AB SUBIC BAY SAN FERNANDO MANILA Airports Clark Airbase (C-5) Baguio (C-5) Subic Bay (C-5) Port Facilities San Fernando (LST Ramps) Cities with enhanced air and water port capabilities Aparri (C-5; large tonnage capability) Manila (C-5, RO/RO) Scale: 1 : 3,000,000 Philippine Sea South China Sea

20 20 Areas of Focus Manila Philippine Sea South China Sea Luzon Zone of Separation Zone of Separation Area I- Central Plains I Corps close operations. Area II- Manila Command and Control (C2) node for the Island. Primary link between I Corps close and rear operations. Area III- Southern Luzon Southern ZOS and I Corps rear area operations. Area IV- Northern Luzon C2 node for OPFOR; expected follow-on forces will advance from this area. I Corps deep operations area. I III IV II Scale: 1 : 3,000,000 HWY 3 HWY 5

21 21 Area I Central Plains Observations/Fields of Fire Unaffected due to low profiles of mountains. Cover/Concealment Dikes, levees, and rice field embank- ments will offer some C/C. Obstacles Crossing sites along the Agno; Built-up areas, elevated roads, dikes, and embankments will hinder tactical movement. AA1 AA2 Zone of Separation Key Terrain K7-K8 Points where routes exit mountains into central plains K9-Port facilities near Dagupan city K10-Hwy 3 and 5 route junction K11-Port of Subic Bay Avenues of Approach Two major routes with supporting lat- eral road networks; This area will support the maneuvers of two divisions abreast. Key Terrain K K11 K10 K09 K07 K08 AGNO RIVER Scale: 1 : 750,000 PANTABANGAN RESERVOIR HWY 3 HWY 5

22 22 HWY 5 Central Plain San Jose Exit route along AA2 N

23 23 HWY 3 HWY 5 3 and 5 Intersection N

24 24 Area II Manila Manila Observations/Fields of Fire Limited by large built up area. Cover/Concealment The built up areas offer good C/C; Elevated roads offer good cover. Obstacles City offers no easy ingress or egress route; Laguna De Bay causes N-S movement to be channeled towards Manila Bay. AA1 AA3 MANILA Key Terrain K12-K15-Routes that enter and exit the city K16-Port facilities within Manila Bay K17-Route segments 303 that act as a by-pass K18-Route junction for Hwys 3 and 1 Avenues of Approach One major route that moves N-S around the city, can support a BN at a time. Key Terrain K K15 K12 K13 K14 K16 K17 K18 Scale: 1 : 175,000 LAGUNA DE BAY -10km- 303 HWY 3 HWY 1

25 25 HWY 3 HWY 1 Manila Bay Port Facilities 3 and 1 Intersection N

26 26 HWY 21 HWY 303 Bypass E. of Manila N

27 27 Area III Southern Luzon Observations/Fields of Fire Mountains provide good observation along routes in the valley. Cover/Concealment Hills provide limited C/C. Obstacles Lake Taal and Laguna De Bay(LDB) channel movement into a narrow corridors; Mt Bunahoa. AA3 MANILA Zone of Separation Key Terrain K19-Rte 21 around LDB K20-Hwy 1 around LDB K21 - Mt Maquiling K22-High grounds Mt Bunahoa de Luban K23-San Pablo City K24-Port facilities near the City of Batangas Avenues of Approach Unrestricted for insurgent Co(-) sized elements. Key Terrain KK19K20K21K23K22K24 Scale: 1 : 500,000 LAGUNA DE BAY LAKE TAAL HWY 1

28 28 HWY 303 HWY 1 Manila Bay Sangley Point Airbase Manila Airport HWY 1 around LDB N

29 29 Observations/Fields of Fire Mountains provide good observation along routes in the valleys; sparse vegetation with isolated areas of dense forestation. Cover/Concealment Hills provide limited C/C. Obstacles The Sierra Madre and Cordillera Mountain Ranges. Crossing sites along the Cagayan and Abra rivers. Area IV Northern Luzon AA1 AA2 AA1 TUGUEGARAO Key Terrain K1 - Port of Aparri K2-City of Tuguegarao K3-Port of Vigan K4-Port of San Fernando K5-Choke point near city of Cordon K6-Lateral roads between Hwys 3 and 11 Avenues of Approach Road network will support two regimental size avenues along very restricted terrain. Key Terrain KK01K02K03K04K05K06 Scale: 1 : 2,500,000 Philippine Sea South China Sea HWY 3 HWY 5

30 30 HWY 5 Choke Point Cordon Choke Point N

31 31 Summary Tropical weather patterns October is during the wet season Country of Pacifca, AO is Luzon Northern Area Central Plains Manila Southern Area


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