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Providing First Aid & Handling Emergencies: First Aid for Choking, Rescue Breathing, And CPR Chapter 35, Lesson 3 Target Group: 8 th grade students in.

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Presentation on theme: "Providing First Aid & Handling Emergencies: First Aid for Choking, Rescue Breathing, And CPR Chapter 35, Lesson 3 Target Group: 8 th grade students in."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Providing First Aid & Handling Emergencies: First Aid for Choking, Rescue Breathing, And CPR Chapter 35, Lesson 3 Target Group: 8 th grade students in a classroom setting BY: Katie Duffy Andrew Lebovic Melissa Rodriguez Heather Purvis

3 Purpose: To arm you with the ammunition to combat the worst of emergency situations.

4 What you need to know: 1. Define key terms listed under vocabulary list 2. Learn proper first aid administration techniques, as well as learn proper CPR and rescue breathing techniques 3. Learn the importance of emergency medicine 4. Learn proper prevention methods concerning emergency medicine

5 Changing your attitude… 1. Feel comfortable with emergency situations 2. Have a feeling of empowerment by being able to identify emergency situations

6 What you will be able to do: 1. List the steps for aiding a choking adult, child, and infant 2. Demonstrate the process for administering rescue breathing for adults, children, and infants; demonstrate the steps for administering CPR for adults, children, and infants

7 Key Terms -Abdominal thrusts (Heimlich maneuver) -respiratory failure -carotid pulse -cardiovascular failure -cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) -Xiphoid Process -Automated External Defibrillator (AED)

8 Incidences of Sudden Cardiac Arrest From Coronary Heart Disease From Coronary Heart Disease times/day in the US - >AGE 35= 1/1000 per year -

9 Incidences of Choking (2001) <14 years old <14 years old -17,537 treated in ER FOOD-60%NONFOOD-31% Not Reported-9% *6 TH LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH IN U.S. (GLENCOE HEALTH)

10 Survival Statistics Increased chance of survival with CPR and AED use. Increased chance of survival with CPR and AED use. -3 to 5 min window *only 24.7% of Cardiac arrest cases received Bystander CPR. (Personal communication, Seattle Medic One, Aug. 2, 2005)

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13 Steps for aiding a choking person -ADULT- (Conscious choking) 1. Encourage forceful coughing 2. Administer five back blows between shoulder blades 3. Administer five abdominal thrusts

14 Steps for aiding a choking Person cont. -ADULT- (Unconscious choking) 1. Call Attempt two rescue breaths 2. Give 15 chest compressions 3. Check victim's mouth for obstruction and remove if possible 4. If no obstruction, continue with second set of 15 chest compressions 5. Give 2 rescue breaths if chest rises

15 Steps for aiding a choking Person cont. -CHILD- (c onscious choking) 1. Encourage forceful coughing 2. Administer five (5) back blows between shoulder blades 3. Administer five (5) abdominal thrusts

16 Steps for aiding a choking Person cont. -CHILD- ( Unconscious choking) 1. Call Attempt two rescue breaths 3. Give five chest thrusts 4. Look in victim's mouth for obstruction and remove if possible 5. Repeat cycle of rescue breaths, chest thrusts and mouth sweep until two rescue breaths are achieved

17 Steps for aiding a choking Person cont. -Infants- ( Conscious) 1. Turn infant face down and give five back blows 2. Give five chest thrusts (using 2 or 3 fingers)

18 Steps for aiding a choking Person cont. -Infants-( Unconscious) 1. Call Attempt two rescue breaths 3. Give five chest thrusts 4. Look in victim's mouth for obstruction and remove if possible 5. Repeat cycle of rescue breaths, chest thrusts and mouth sweep until two rescue breaths are achieved

19 Process for administering rescue breathing Rescue Barriers * always use to protect yourself and victim

20 Rescue Breathing Process ADULT/CHILD/INFANT 1. Tilt head back 2. Pinch nose

21 Rescue Breathing Process cont. 3. Give two normal breaths (give time for exhalation between breaths) * If chest does not rise, tilt head more

22 Introduction to:

23 Process for administering CPR

24 Prevention Methods 1. Avoid food that can be a choking hazard 2. Keep dangerous household items away 3. Supervise children 4. Red Cross for kids 5. Learn Information on emergency medicine

25 Choking Hazards Include… -Hard, raw vegetables -Hot dogs/ sausages sliced into rounds -Whole grapes -Hard candy, pretzels, popcorn, chips -Marshmallows, spoons of peanut butter -Chewing gum

26 To Prevent Choking… -Shred hard vegetables and fruits -Slice hot dogs lengthwise -Remove pits from fruits -Finely chop seeds and nuts -Spread peanut butter thinly, do not serve directly from spoon

27 Review of Key Points -Cardiovascular Disease #1 cause of death overall -Accidents #1 cause of death in 14 year olds -Food #1 reason for choking -Only ¼ cardiac arrest victims received bystander CPR -Be familiar with prevention methods

28 Questions/Comments


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