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Petroleum Engineering 406 Lesson 2 Well Control. Read Well Control Manual –Chapter 4-6 Homework 1 Due Jan. 1/28/04.

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Presentation on theme: "Petroleum Engineering 406 Lesson 2 Well Control. Read Well Control Manual –Chapter 4-6 Homework 1 Due Jan. 1/28/04."— Presentation transcript:

1 Petroleum Engineering 406 Lesson 2 Well Control

2 Read Well Control Manual –Chapter 4-6 Homework 1 Due Jan. 1/28/04

3 Causes of Kicks - Tripping Failure to keep the hole full

4 Causes of Kicks - Tripping Swabbing

5 Causes of Kicks Lost circulation

6 Causes of Kicks - Drilling Insufficient density of drilling fluid Drilling into Abnormal pressure

7 Causes of Kicks - Other Annular flow after cement job Lost control during DST Drilling into adjacent wells Drilling through (shallow) gas zones at excessive rates

8 Kick Warnings - Drilling Drilling break Increase in flow rate

9 Kick Warnings - Drilling Pit gain

10 Kick Warnings - Drilling Decrease in circulating pressure Increase in pump rate Well flows with pumps off

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13 Kick Warnings - Tripping Improper hole fill DO NOT WAIT FOR PIT GAIN OR FOR THE WELL TO FLOW What should you do if the well is not taking the proper fill on a trip?

14 Shut In Procedures - Drilling Soft Shut In 1Pick up the kelly until the tool joint clears the floor. 2Shut down the pumps. 3Check for flow. 4If flowing, open the HCR valve. 5Close BOP. 6Close choke. Hard Shut In 1Pick up the kelly until the tool joint clears the floor. 2Shut down the pumps. 3Check for flow. 4If flowing, Close BOP. 5Open HCR valve. 6Close choke.

15 Shut In Procedures - Drilling Soft Shut In 7Notify supervisors 8Read & record SIDPP, SICP, Pit Gain, Time, Date 9Prepare to implement kill. Hard Shut In 7Notify supervisors 8Read & record SIDPP, SICP, Pit Gain, Time, Date 9Prepare to implement kill.

16 Shut In Procedures - Tripping 1. Set slips below top tool joint 2. Stab a full opening safety valve and close it. 3. Open the HCR and close the BOP, and choke 4. Pick up and stab the kelly or a pump-in line

17 Shut In Procedures - Tripping 5. Open the safety valve. 6. Notify the supervisors. 7. Read and record SIDPP, SICP, Pit gain, TVD of Well, TVD of bit, time, and date. 8. Prepare to implement kill.

18 Shut In Procedures - Diverters With diverters in use (prior to setting surface casing) DO NOT SHUT IN WELL - DIVERT.

19 Shut In Procedures - Casing 1. Lower casing until a swage and valve can be stabbed. 2. Close the casing rams or annular preventer. 3. Stab the swage and valve. 4. Notify supervisor 5. Read and record pressures 6. Prepare to kill well

20 Well Kill Methods Wait & Weight method Driller’s method Circulate & weight Concurrent method

21 Well Kill Methods Reverse circulation Dynamic kill Bullheading Lubricate and bleed Volumetric

22 Constant BHP Well Control

23 Wait & Weight Method Weight up mud to KWM and complete kill sheet Circulate KWM to bit following decline schedule Circulate KWM back to surface maintaining FCP on drillpipe pressure

24 Wait & Weight Method 7000

25 Wait & Weight Method When well is full of KWM, Shut in well Check for remaining pressures If surface pressures are zero, check for flow by cracking choke If no flow, carefully open BOP’s Circulate around again

26 Wait & Weight - Advantages Kill well in one circulation Least amount of maximum casing pressures

27 Driller’s Method Shut in well long enough to measured stabilized SI pressures Circulate kick fluids from wellbore with original weight mud maintaining ICP on drillpipe When kick fluids are circulated out, shut in well

28 Driller’s Method Weight up mud to KWM Circulate KWM to bit following pressure decline schedule Continue circulating KWM around maintaining FCP until KWM reaches surface Shut well in, check for pressures, flow etc.

29 Driller’s Method

30 Driller’s Method - Advantages Short shut in times Easy

31 Circulate & Weight Shut in long enough to measure stabilized SI pressures Begin circulating kick from wellbore with OWM at ICP While circulating, isolate one pit and begin to weight up to KWM When mud is weighted up, switch pump suction to weighted pit, and follow W&W

32 Circulate & Weight - Advantages Best of W&W and Driller’s

33 Concurrent method Weight up and circulate in increments Takes one complete circulation for each increment

34 Reverse Circulation Circulate down annulus and up the drillpipe or tubing. Used extensively in workovers and completions

35 Dynamic Kill For blowout control –Use high pump speeds and viscosities to generate high annular friction pressures –Annular friction used instead of surface choke For shallow gas –Circulate as fast as rig pumps will allow through diverters –DO NOT HOLD ANY BACK PRESSURE

36 Bullheading Pump kill fluid down wellbore, usually at relatively high speeds to force formation fluids back into formation Used predominantly in: – Workover and completion operations –Austin Chalk flow drilling –When danger of H 2 S

37 Lubricate & Bleed Only applicable with gas at the surface Pump in KWM into wellbore Let KWM fall for some time Bleed off gas Repeat

38 Volumetric Method Used when circulation is not possible or when gas is migrating in closed in well As surface pressures increase due to gas migration, bleed off excessive pressure and allow bubble to expand. Continue until circulation can be resumed or until gas reaches surface

39 Use of Kill Sheet Pre-recorded information –SPP –Pump output –Drillstring capacity –Annular capacity –Pressure limitations –Circulation times –Number of strokes

40 Use of Kill Sheet Post kick information –SIDPP –SICP –Pit gain –Time –Date

41 Use of Kill Sheet Calculate: –KWM = SIDPP/0.052/TVD + OWM –ICP = SPP + SIDPP –FCP = SPP*KWM/OWM Plot Pressure Decline Schedule

42 Kill Sheet

43 Plot ICP Plot FCP


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