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Foundations of Vocal Jazz: The Art of Re-imagining The Music of Jon Hendricks (b.1921) and Gene Puerling (1929-2008) A Lecture/Performance by Gregory Amerind.

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Presentation on theme: "Foundations of Vocal Jazz: The Art of Re-imagining The Music of Jon Hendricks (b.1921) and Gene Puerling (1929-2008) A Lecture/Performance by Gregory Amerind."— Presentation transcript:

1 Foundations of Vocal Jazz: The Art of Re-imagining The Music of Jon Hendricks (b.1921) and Gene Puerling ( ) A Lecture/Performance by Gregory Amerind And the members of “Heatwave” Tuesday, December 4, 2012

2 “Charleston Alley” 1947 Recording by Charlie Barnet Band 1947 Recording by Charlie Barnet Band Performance by “Heatwave” - Darmon Meader adaptation from Lambert, Hendricks & Ross, Performance by “Heatwave” - Darmon Meader adaptation from Lambert, Hendricks & Ross, Music by Edgar Sampson, with vocalese lyrics by Jon Hendricks Music by Edgar Sampson, with vocalese lyrics by Jon Hendricks

3 “Try to Remember” 1960 recording from original cast album of The Fantasticks, Jerry Orbach and cast 1960 recording from original cast album of The Fantasticks, Jerry Orbach and cast Performance by “Heatwave” of Gene Puerling arrangement for The Singers Unlimited Performance by “Heatwave” of Gene Puerling arrangement for The Singers Unlimited Music and Lyrics by Tom Jones and Harvey Schmidt Music and Lyrics by Tom Jones and Harvey Schmidt

4 Jon Hendricks “This is the only country in the world that systematically degrades its own cultural art form.“

5 Gene Puerling “the single most significant vocal group arranger of all time... in a class by himself. ” - Don Shelton, jazz musician and Puerling colleague - Don Shelton, jazz musician and Puerling colleague (Very Innovative Person)

6 = Uniquely American

7 Vocal Jazz Ensemble One person’s ideal One person’s ideal 12 Singers 12 Singers Instrumental Trio Instrumental Trio Optional Horn Section Optional Horn SectionOR Whatever works! Whatever works!

8 Vocal Jazz Ensemble Repertoire Swing and Bebop Swing and Bebop Pop, Rock or R & B Pop, Rock or R & B Latin, Funk, Fusion Latin, Funk, Fusion Classical Classical Improvisational elements Improvisational elements Extended harmonies Extended harmonies Mimics the sound of instrumental groups Mimics the sound of instrumental groups

9 Midwestern Beginnings Toledo

10 Midwestern Beginnings - Gene Mostly self-taught Mostly self-taught Organized several vocal groups Organized several vocal groups Influenced by The Four Freshmen and others Influenced by The Four Freshmen and others Moved to LA in the early 1950s Moved to LA in the early 1950s

11 The Hi-Lo’s! Gene Puerling, Bob Strassen (later Don Shelton) Bob Morse Clark Burroughs

12 Midwestern Beginnings Musical culture Musical culture Traveling musicians Traveling musicians Neighbor Art Blakey Neighbor Art Blakey Jukebox Jonny Jukebox Jonny Vaudeville Vaudeville Post-war meeting with “Bird” Post-war meeting with “Bird” New York-bound New York-bound Toledo

13 Lambert, Hendricks & Ross Dave Lambert ( ) Dave Lambert ( ) Jon Hendricks (b. 1921) Jon Hendricks (b. 1921) Annie Ross (b. 1930) Annie Ross (b. 1930)

14 Re-imagining Puerling – innovative harmony and rhythm

15

16 Re-imagining Hendricks – vocalese

17 Airegin Music by Sonny Rollins Vocalese lyrics by Hendricks Vocalese lyrics by Hendricks Imitation of traditional jazz combo horn section Imitation of traditional jazz combo horn section “Sax” solo by Hendricks “Sax” solo by Hendricks

18 Airegin Music by Sonny Rollins

19 Heatwave or McMahon, Foster & Jung “Centerpiece” “Centerpiece” Music by Harry “Sweets” Edison Music by Harry “Sweets” Edison Lyric by Jon Hendricks Lyric by Jon Hendricks Vocalese solo sung by Savanah McMahon Vocalese solo sung by Savanah McMahon

20

21 The Men of Heatwave Georgia On My Mind Georgia On My Mind Music and Lyrics by Hoagy Carmichael and Stuart Gorrell Music and Lyrics by Hoagy Carmichael and Stuart Gorrell Arrangement by Gene Puerling Arrangement by Gene Puerling Tommy Strawser solo Tommy Strawser solo

22 Overdubbing – Part 1 Both were pioneers in this method Both were pioneers in this method “Sing a Song of Basie” 1957 “Sing a Song of Basie” 1957 Early pre-stereo techniques Early pre-stereo techniques

23 Heatwave “Four Brothers” “Four Brothers” Music by Jimmy Giuffre Music by Jimmy Giuffre Lyrics by Jon Hendricks Lyrics by Jon Hendricks Vocal arrangement by Janis Seigal Vocal arrangement by Janis Seigal Transcribed by Mark Mazur Transcribed by Mark Mazur Edited by Greg Amerind Edited by Greg Amerind

24 Overdubbing – Part 2 The Singers Unlimited 1970*-1985 The Singers Unlimited 1970* , 16, 24 track 8, 16, 24 track *Fool on the Hill demo recorded

25 The Singers Unlimited Bonnie Herman Bonnie Herman Gene Puerling Gene Puerling Len Drexler Len Drexler Don Shelton Don Shelton 14 Albums 14 Albums Overdubbing on Steroids Overdubbing on Steroids Arrangements much more complex and vertically textured Arrangements much more complex and vertically textured

26 The Singers Unlimited Typical Hi-Lo’s! chart (Excerpt from “Georgia On My Mind”)

27 The Singers Unlimited Typical Singers Unlimited chart (Excerpt from “Fool on the Hill”)

28 List of Known Gene Puerling charts still in Print** (24 out of 220+) Fool on the Hill Fool on the Hill Michelle Michelle Yesterday Yesterday Here, There, and Everywhere Here, There, and Everywhere Autumn In New York Autumn In New York April In Paris April In Paris Am I Blue Am I Blue Indian Summer Indian Summer Try to Remember Try to Remember A Nightingale Sang in Berkley Square A Nightingale Sang in Berkley Square Come Rain or Come Shine Come Rain or Come Shine On A Clear Day On A Clear Day We’ve Only Just Begun We’ve Only Just Begun My Ship / Where is Love? My Ship / Where is Love? Emily Emily Snowfall Snowfall Silent Night Silent Night Deck the Hall Deck the Hall Georgia On My Mind* Georgia On My Mind* Dancing in the Dark* Dancing in the Dark* Button Up Your Overcoat* Button Up Your Overcoat* Rockin’ Chair* Rockin’ Chair* The Shadow of Your Smile* The Shadow of Your Smile* Small Fry* Small Fry* * Edited by Phil Mattson ** sources: Primarily A Cappella, (www.singers.com) &

29 The Singers Unlimited April In Paris - excerpts Planing Chords

30 The Singers Unlimited April In Paris - excerpts Shifting Chords over Pedal

31 The Singers Unlimited April In Paris - excerpts Motif in Cm

32 The Singers Unlimited April In Paris - excerpts Return of Motif in Cm

33 Heatwave April In Paris – arranged by Gene Puerling for The Singers Unlimited April In Paris – arranged by Gene Puerling for The Singers Unlimited Music and Lyrics by Vernon Duke & Yip Harburg Music and Lyrics by Vernon Duke & Yip Harburg Published by Shawnee Press 1974 Published by Shawnee Press 1974 Solos by Tommy Strawser and Savanah McMahon Solos by Tommy Strawser and Savanah McMahon

34 Legacy Manhattan Transfer Manhattan Transfer New York Voices New York Voices Take 6 Take 6 The Real Group The Real Group The Bobs The Bobs Phil Matson Singers Phil Matson Singers Vocalogy Vocalogy mpact mpact Pacific Jazz & Electric Pacific Jazz & Electric L.A. Jazz Choir L.A. Jazz Choir The New Swingle Singers The New Swingle Singers PLUS: Hundreds of High School, College and Semi- professional groups PLUS: Hundreds of High School, College and Semi- professional groups For an exhaustive list with links to their websites, visit

35 Heatwave A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square (excerpt) – arranged by Gene Puerling for The Manhattan Transfer A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square (excerpt) – arranged by Gene Puerling for The Manhattan Transfer Music and Lyrics by Eric Maschwitz and Manning Sherwin; Published by Hal Leonard, 1985 Birdland Birdland Arrangement by The Manhattan Transfer and Paris Rutherford Music by Josef Zawinul Vocalese Lyrics to music as performed by “Weather Report” by Jon Hendricks Unpublished transcription by Greg Amerind

36 Thanks for Coming! Acknowledgements Acknowledgements Questions and Answers Questions and Answers


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