Presentation on theme: "Education in the United States Иванова НН, учитель английского языка МОУ Лицей № 1."— Presentation transcript:
Education in the United States Иванова НН, учитель английского языка МОУ Лицей № 1
Education in the U.S. 1. General situation 2. School system 3. Higher Education
Education in the U.S. 1. General situation Public schools 90% Private schools 10% 4 out of 5 private schools are run by churches, synagogues or other religious groups. Religious teachings are a part of the curriculum.
Education in the U.S. 2. School system Education is carried out at various levels, which are mainly divided into: elementary education secondary education higher education Elementary and secondary education covers 12 years from age 6 through 18
Education in the U.S. Secondary education takes place in a variety of junior and senior high schools. There are several different kinds of high schools. Vocational and technical high schools generally provide for a variety of occupations and vocations, some of them specialize in a single vocational or technical area such as aviation, electronic, and automotive trades. Academic high schools emphasize their schooling in academic and intellectual disciplines.
Education in the U.S. 3. Higher Education Successful applicants are chosen on the basis of : a. high school records b. recommendations c. the impression d. scores on the SATs (Subject Academic Test).
Education in the U.S. Higher education in America is noted for its complexity. ★ Four categories of the institutions: The university colleges graduate schools The 4-year undergraduate institution (the college -- independent) The technical training institution The two-year, or community college
Education in the U.S. Difference between College and University ① College: usually refers to an institution that concentrates on a four-year study leading to graduation with a bachelor ’ s degree; College also sometimes refers to academic units, within universities. ② University is usually larger and provides, in addition to four years of undergraduate work, advanced research and studies in academic areas and professional fields leading to doctoral degree.
Education in the U.S. Higher education includes: undergraduate study Bachelor ’ s degree graduate study Master ’ s degree Doctor ’ s degree
Education in the U.S. Undergraduate students are classified according to their year of study. First year : Freshmen Second Year: Sophomores Third-year Students: Juniors Fourth-year students: Seniors
Education in the U.S. At the undergraduate level, students usually select their “ major ” plus a specific number of “ electives ”. In order to receive a degree, an undergraduate student has to earn a certain numbers of “ credits ”. --- credits are earned by attending lectures and by completing assignments and examinations.