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Education in the United States Иванова НН, учитель английского языка МОУ Лицей № 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Education in the United States Иванова НН, учитель английского языка МОУ Лицей № 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Education in the United States Иванова НН, учитель английского языка МОУ Лицей № 1

2 Education in the U.S.  1. General situation  2. School system  3. Higher Education

3 Education in the U.S. 1. General situation  Public schools 90%  Private schools 10% 4 out of 5 private schools are run by churches, synagogues or other religious groups. Religious teachings are a part of the curriculum.

4 Education in the U.S. 2. School system Education is carried out at various levels, which are mainly divided into:  elementary education  secondary education  higher education Elementary and secondary education covers 12 years from age 6 through 18

5 Education in the U.S. Secondary education takes place in a variety of junior and senior high schools. There are several different kinds of high schools.  Vocational and technical high schools generally provide for a variety of occupations and vocations, some of them specialize in a single vocational or technical area such as aviation, electronic, and automotive trades.  Academic high schools emphasize their schooling in academic and intellectual disciplines.

6 Education in the U.S. 3. Higher Education  Successful applicants are chosen on the basis of : a. high school records b. recommendations c. the impression d. scores on the SATs (Subject Academic Test).

7 Education in the U.S. Higher education in America is noted for its complexity. ★ Four categories of the institutions:  The university colleges graduate schools  The 4-year undergraduate institution (the college -- independent)  The technical training institution  The two-year, or community college

8 Education in the U.S. Difference between College and University  ① College: usually refers to an institution that concentrates on a four-year study leading to graduation with a bachelor ’ s degree; College also sometimes refers to academic units, within universities.  ② University is usually larger and provides, in addition to four years of undergraduate work, advanced research and studies in academic areas and professional fields leading to doctoral degree.

9 Education in the U.S. Higher education includes:  undergraduate study Bachelor ’ s degree  graduate study Master ’ s degree Doctor ’ s degree

10 Education in the U.S. Undergraduate students are classified according to their year of study.  First year : Freshmen  Second Year: Sophomores  Third-year Students: Juniors  Fourth-year students: Seniors

11 Education in the U.S.  At the undergraduate level, students usually select their “ major ” plus a specific number of “ electives ”.  In order to receive a degree, an undergraduate student has to earn a certain numbers of “ credits ”. --- credits are earned by attending lectures and by completing assignments and examinations.

12 Brown University— Rhode Island

13 Columbia University— New York

14 Cornell University— New York

15 Dartmouth College — New Hampshire

16 Harvard University— Cambridge, Massachusetts

17 Princeton University— Princeton, New Jersey

18 Yale University— Connecticut

19 University of Pennsylvania – Pennsylvania


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