38 Years of College-Level Teaching Last 6 Years-Developmental Mathematics Puzzled ◦ Unsuccessful Before ◦ Successful Now ◦ What Experiences Enabled the Shift?
60% to 75% of entering community college freshmen need mathematics remediation (Shore & Shore, 2003) 71% of all postsecondary institutions and 97% of all public 2-year institutions offer remedial mathematics courses. (US Dept. of Ed.)
Post-Secondary Institutions Have High Attrition Rate in Remedial Courses (Autrey, Horton, Kher, Molstead, & Juneau, 1999) EXPENSIVE ! ◦ Queensborough Community College, NY-Almost 20% of Budget for Remedial Education
AVOIDANCE—Coping Strategy ◦ Avoided Participating ◦ Avoided Asking Questions ◦ Avoided Doing Homework ◦ Avoided Taking Any More Math Courses ◦ Avoided Being “Caught”
Followed Placement Assessment Consistent Attendance Seating Position Question for Understanding
Doing Homework Consistently Proactive in Finding and Using Helpful Resources ◦ Math Lab ◦ Tutors ◦ Teacher
Turning Point Students Knew Exact Turning Point Teachers Watch for Students Experiencing Turning Point Develop Possible Diagnostics for Turning Point
Lasting Impact Fixed Mindset Teachers can foster Growth Mindset Fixed Mindset fueled Lack of Motivation
Growth Mindset fueled the Motivation for students to be PROACTIVE in Learning Teachers fostering growth mindset help students see themselves as capable of being responsible for their own learning
Teachers can help students be aware of Successful Learning Strategies To Learn from Teacher, Need to be in Class Not only need to be in Class, but must PAY ATTENTION Ask Questions until Understand
Teachers can help students be aware of Successful Learning Strategies ◦ Do Homework Until Understand ◦ Requires Time and Effort ◦ “Math is a Lot of Work!” ◦ Seek Out and Use Available Resources
Turning Point Diagnostics for Turning Point Instructional Techniques for Fostering Growth Mindset Learning Resources Other Populations
Change in Mindset Produced Change in Motivation Transformed the Ability to be Successful
Laurel Howard Associate Professor Developmental Mathematics Utah Valley University 800 W. University Parkway Orem, UT 84058 (801)863-6311 firstname.lastname@example.org
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