Presentation on theme: "1918. What is happening in this illustration? What details support your idea? What would it take to get you this upset?"— Presentation transcript:
What is happening in this illustration? What details support your idea? What would it take to get you this upset?
Page 19 Lesson 5 A Changing Situation
P LEASE D O N OW As a child grows older, how does the relationship between the parents and the child change? Write for two minutes. L 18 Lesson 5: A Changing Situation
L EARNING T ARGET: I can describe the five events which caused the colonists’ growing resentment of British rule after the French and Indian War. Lesson 5: A Changing Situation 19 R E SSENTIAL Q UESTION How did the feeling between Great Britain and the colonies change?
Lesson 5: A Changing Situation colony Salutary Neglect militia Parliament an act tariffs violation VOCAB Add Key Vocabulary to add to Flashcard List (18-31) protest tyranny tyrant repeal boycott Sons of Liberty Daughters of Liberty
Write down the key events with a BRIEF description. Divide your remainder LEFT side into thirds. Read Section 5.2 – Before 1763 Pages Label the thirds L 18 How and why did the population change in the colonies? Why did people want to move across the Appalachians? Why was there conflict in the Ohio Valley? What was the result of the conflict in the Ohio Valley? Lesson 5: A Changing Situation
The Colonies prosper Promises of cheap land and religious freedom attract settlers to America Population expanded greatly Each colony creates its own assembly to solve their own problems and manage local affairs Over time, Britain takes a “hands-off” approach to governing its American colonies England enacts Navigation Acts to control and profit from colonial trade The Crown appoints governors to govern the colonies, BUT many don’t enforce the Navigation Acts C LASS N OTES Before R Lesson 5: A Changing Situation SALUTARY NEGLECT the hands-off policy towards its American colonies during the first half the 1700s AN ACT a law COLONY a territory established and governed by a country in another land
Conflict in the colonies British and French BOTH claim land west of the Appalachian Mountains French built Fort Duquesne (near present-day Pittsburgh) escalating the situation resulting in the French and Indian War (called the 7 Years War in Great Britain) Americans support the British during the French and Indian War expecting to gain more land The British won and France gave Canada to Britain C LASS N OTES Before R Lesson 5: A Changing Situation MILITIA a small army made up of ordinary citizens who are available to fight in an emergency
Read Section 5.3 – Early British Actions Pages 90 to 92 Write down the KEY events with a brief description. L 18 Who was the new king and what was he like? How did the British government try to keep the peace in the colonies? What was another major problem facing the British government besides the colonists and Native Americans killing each other? How did the British government solve this problem? What was colonial reaction to this act? Lesson 5: A Changing Situation
New king, George III, persuades Parliament to pass new laws Proclamation of 1763 cannot settle west of Appalachian Mountains The PURPOSE of this? Sugar Act (1764) tariff (tax) on imported sugar products Stamp Act (1765) tax on every piece of paper The PURPOSE of these two? C LASS N OTES Early British Actions YOU CAN’T GO HERE NOW! 19 R TARIFFS a tax imposed (placed) by the government on goods imported from another country
C LASS N OTES Early British Actions Quartering Act (1765) King George convinces Parliament to station a permanent army in the colonies so he sends 10,000 more troops to the colonies pass debt of the soldiers onto the colonial assemblies colonial assemblies must provide British soldiers with quarters (housing) Declaratory Act (1766) Parliament is supreme to the colonial assemblies The PURPOSE of this? 19 R Lesson 5: A Changing Situation TYRANNY The unjust use of government power TYRANT A ruler who uses power unjustly
C LASS N OTES Early British Actions Colonists protest new laws demonstrations effigies story of Andrew Oliver, the Boston stamp distributor (on the counter by the right windows) 19 R Lesson 5: A Changing Situation PROTEST something said or done that shows disagreement with or disapproval of something VIOLATION to break an established rule or law REPEAL to take back or to cancel a law
What is the level of tension between the colonies and Britain now? Why do you think the level of tension has increased? Lesson 5: A Changing Situation The more the British government interfered with the colonists, the stronger the resentment grew!
Read Section 5.4 – The Townshend Acts Pages 92 and 93 Write down the KEY events with a brief description. L 18 What was Charles Townshend’s plan? How did the colonists respond to his plan? What was the final outcome? Lesson 5: A Changing Situation
Townshend Acts A duty (tax) was placed on imports from Britain Colonists protest by boycotting British goods C LASS N OTES The Townshend Acts 19 R BOYCOTT to refuse to buy one or more goods from a certain source an organized refusal by many people to buy goods as a means of protest Lesson 5: A Changing Situation
Address to the Ladies, Virginia Gazette 1767 Young ladies in town, and those that live round, Let a friend at this season advise you; Since money’s so scarce, and times growing worse, Strange things may soon hap and surprise you. First, then, throw aside your high topknots of pride; Wear none but your own country linen; Of economy boast, let your pride be your most To show clothes of your own make and spinning. What if homespun they say is not quite so gay As brocades, yet be not in a passion, For when once it is known this is much wore in town, One and all will cry out, ’tis the fashion! And as one all agree that you’ll not married be To such as will wear London factory, But at first sight refuse, tell them such you do choose As encourage our own manufactory. Who does most of the buying in your home? How would you convince them to not buy from a certain store? Lesson 5: A Changing Situation
No more ribands wear, nor in rich dress appear, Love your country much better than fine things, Begin without passion,.twill soon be the fashion To grace your smooth locks with a twine string. Throw aside your Bohea, and your Green Hyson tea, And all things with a new fashion duty; Procure a good store of the choice Labrador, For there’ll soon be enough here to suit you. These do without fear, and to all you’ll appear, Fair, charming, true, lovely and clever; Though the times remain darkish, young men may be sparkish, And love you much stronger than ever. Address to the Ladies, Virginia Gazette 1767 Lesson 5: A Changing Situation
Townshend Acts A duty (tax) was placed on imports from Britain Colonists protest by boycotting British goods Women were a KEY to colonial success Due to the colonial boycott, the Townshend Acts was a big money-loser The new prime minister, Lord North, convinced Parliament to repeal all of the duties of the Townshend Acts EXCEPT one, the tax on tea C LASS N OTES The Townshend Acts 19 R Lesson 5: A Changing Situation
W RAP- U P Create a voice or thought bubble and a possible a caption. Create a political cartoon that comments on the relationship between England and its American colonies on the eve of the American Revolution. Video State Farm Insurance Lesson 5: A Changing Situation BeforeNew Actions New Feelings
W RAP- U P To represent England and the colonies, draw simple visuals of a parent and teenager and add an appropriate voice or thought bubble for each character. Create a political cartoon that comments on the relationship between England and its American colonies on the eve of the American Revolution. Video State Farm Insurance Lesson 5: A Changing Situation