Presentation on theme: "200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 The Age of Jackson Manifest Destiny Texas War with."— Presentation transcript:
200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 The Age of Jackson Manifest Destiny Texas War with Mexico California
This campaign strategy became widely used during the Election of 1828, as candidates tried to ruin each other’s reputation by spreading rumors and lies about the other, such as cartoons of Jackson attacking civilians and rumors of Adam’s selling a girl to the ruler of Russia.
“To the victor belong the spoils!” This practice of replacing government employees with the winning candidate’s supporters began with Jackson, as he said that a new set of federal employees would be good for democracy.
This is the term the south used for the tariff that Congress placed on imported manufactured goods from England in 1828, in order to make American made goods cheaper and more desirable in the States. This angered the South because they did not manufacture goods; it only resulted in fewer choices for southern purchasers.
This term has been used by states, when they feel a federal law is against state interests, and they individually vote to cancel the law. Vice President John C. Calhoun and other southerners used the threat of secession, or breaking away from the union, as they passed their own cancelling law to defeat the “Tariff of Abominations.”
Due to his contempt for rich private bankers, Jackson ignored another Supreme Court decision and removed all federal funds from this, which led to the Panic of 1837 and an economic depression of dropping land values, investments and bank failures.
This idea was defined best by newspaper editor, John O’Sullivan, as he declared that the United States was clearly destined by God to extend its boundaries all the way to the Pacific Ocean; for the South, that meant slave-based agriculture.
This idea came up every time a state felt its rights or interests were being challenged by a federal law. It was an especially prevalent threat from southern states when laws were made about taxes, tariffs, and anti- slavery, which did not benefit the South.
This 2,000-mile journey, traversed by 5,000 American settlers in prairie schooners (covered wagons) from the Mississippi River Valley to the Willamette Valley south of the Columbia River, forced the question of ownership of this territory with a British population of only 700.
Newly elected Democratic President James K. Polk ran on the slogan “Fifty-four Forty or Fight,” which was a call for making a United States Oregon border at the 54.40 parallel. Britain permanently settled for a border at the 49 th parallel in this treaty.
This mission became the starting point for Texas Independence, as Texas settlers pushed Mexican troops out of San Antonio. General Lopez de Santa Ana personally led the fight against the rebels, killing all in the Alamo including Davy Crockett.
During the siege on the Alamo, this was declared by Texan leaders, American settlers and tejanos, as they drew-up a new constitution at Washington-on-the-Brazos to establish the Republic of Texas.
What was the Texas Declaration of Independence?
Nominated commander in chief of the Texas forces, this previous governor of Tennessee captures General Lopez de Santa Ana in the Battle of San Jacinto, forcing Santa Ana to sign the Treaty of 1836 giving Texas independence.
Texas became known as this, after Houston is elected president of Texas and U.S. President Andrew Jackson refuses his request to be annexed into the United States. Jackson did not want to upset the balance of slave and free states.
This Southern Democrat won the 1844 presidential election on the wave of growing support for Manifest Destiny and the call to annex Texas and the Oregon Territory. He began by signing the 1845 annexation bill that officially made Texas a state.
This disputed border river became the tool for President Polk to conquer the California and New Mexico Territories. Due to Mexico’s refusal to honor Santa Ana’s surrender and forfeit of Texas, a fight was easily provoked by Polk to get Congress to declare war on Mexico.
After taking Santa Fe without of shot, General Stephen Watts Kearny continued across the deserts to this coastal Mexican state, nicknamed this, after the bear on the flag of the Americans who captured Sonoma, north of San Francisco. Kearny arrived just in time to quell the last uprising of Californios in San Diego in 1847.
After General Winfield Scott defeated Mexican forces and took Mexico City, this treaty gave up all claims to Texas at the Rio Grande and ceded California and New Mexico to the United States. The U.S. paid $15 million.
In 1853, the United States finished its mainland territorial expansion with this $10 million purchase to build the Southern Pacific Railroad. The deal with Santa Ana almost included Baja California plus a few more Mexican states for $38 million.
In 1848, James Marshal found gold in the South Fork of the American River in California, while building a new sawmill for this land owner. The secret soon got out, and by the end of 1848 they had taken $6 million out of the river.
Due to the frenzy of land claims in California, this law set up a group of officials to review land ownership rights, requiring Californios to prove their claims to land with official documents. Those with no proof lost their land to prospectors.
Because boomtowns and the countryside were generally lawless with no police, prisons, or courts, these concerned citizens formed committees, taking the law into their own hands to exercise the power of police, judge, jury, and sometimes executioner.
From this California settler couple, John first made a large fortune after befriending John Sutter and later turned to large agriculture endeavors like Bermuda grass and the casaba melon. Annie pursued the education of Native Americans living around their mansion, as well as women’s suffrage in California after meeting Susan B. Anthony.