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Tackling Job Stress Taking Care of Yourself While Taking Care of Business.

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Presentation on theme: "Tackling Job Stress Taking Care of Yourself While Taking Care of Business."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tackling Job Stress Taking Care of Yourself While Taking Care of Business

2 Presenter’s Job Stress

3 Purpose of Presentation Job Stress: Understanding it and learning how to address it Stress is normal; how to master it Cannot eliminate stress in life so learn how to reframe it Self-efficacy Internal vs. External locus of control

4 Definitions “Fight or Flight”: Primitive and instinctual responses Anxiety: the affective/feeling state (a sense of vulnerability) Panic: the physiological reaction (the body’s response to the affective state) Stress vs. Strain

5 Hans Selye “The Einstein of Medicine” Theory of the influence of stress on people’s ability to cope and adapt Stress syndrome changed to “strain syndrome” (The Stress of My Life: A Scientists Memoirs)

6 Definitions Stress (physics): A stressor is an external force attempting to deform an object Strain: The effect on an object is measured as strain The level of unpleasant strain is your subjective reaction

7 Al Siebert, PhD “Your perception of what is happening depends on your competence and consciously owning your reaction. When struggling with extreme pressures and disruptive changes in the workplace, your attitudes and habits create either barriers or bridges to a good outcome.” (The Resiliency Advantage, in press)

8 Definitions Resiliency –the capacity of a strained body to recover its size and shape after deformation caused especially by compressive stress –an ability to recover from or adjust easily to misfortune or change

9 Richard S. Lazarus Pioneering research in resiliency over 40 years ago Focus was on developing and implementing problem-focused coping skills Studied impact of characteristic of resilience on happiness and well- being

10 Resilience vs. non-Resilience Use problem-focused coping skills Personally own feelings/behavior Bounce-back faster Remain healthier Competitive advantage Strength building from adversity Become emotionally upset about difficulties Blame others for their feelings Focus attention on their unhappy feelings More illnesses Lack competitive edge Frequent experience of “victimization”

11 Al Siebert, PhD Director of The Resiliency Center …”The inclination in many people (is) to feel like helpless victims who believe that relief from the “stress” they experience is the responsibility of others.” (The Resiliency Advantage (in press)

12 Insight To Live By I may not be responsible for the issues or events precipitating the stress but I am responsible for the degree of impact it will have on me and how I will ultimately adjust to it and adapt my life experience for my own well-being.

13 Definitions Flexibility –characterized by a ready capability to adapt to new, different, or changing requirements –an aspect of being a resilient person –considered to be the “coping strategy of the new millennium”

14 Stress Management vs. Stress Reduction Stress Reduction: Goal –the ultimate goal is to reduce or even remove the stress from my life –the consequence is that I will have to remove myself from the situation and forego the challenges and opportunities that go with it

15 Stress Management vs. Stress Reduction Stress Reduction: Coping Skills –Values Clarification what matters to me most –Goal-Setting where do I want to go from here –Lifestyle Management how do I want to re-design my life to keep stress removed

16 Stress Management vs. Stress Reduction Stress Management: Goal –the ultimate goal is to remain in the situation and implement interventions that allow me to minimize stress and its impact on me –the consequence is that I retain all the benefits and opportunities that go with the situation

17 Stress Management vs. Stress Reduction Stress Management: Coping Skills –Problem-solving (SOS) generating solution focused options –Flexibility/Resiliency adapting acceptable options for well-being –Time Management priority use of time consistent with values –Healthy Life Patters exercise, rest, nutrition, mental health, spirituality

18 Stress Overload

19 Sources of Stress Change (this is the main one) –change is at the heart of all other stressors –any kind, any place, any time –resistance to change is normal; but, it is counter to developing resilience and flexibility

20 Sources of Stress Work (“Job Stress”) –by-product of changing workplace –recent Harris poll: American’s working 25% more--over 10 hours/week more than in 1973 –recent Gallup poll: almost half of all workers say they need help in managing stress at work

21 Sources of Stress Environment –people, experiences, events Health –normal aging and life demands –demands exceeding personal resource –acute, chronic, and traumatic health issues

22 Reality Check Tell-tale signs of stress physical indications emotional indications behavioral indications

23 Biodot Scale Deeply Relaxed Tranquil Calm Involved Tense Stressed

24 Interventions Substance Abuse is NEVER a good coping skill Cognitive Interventions Stress Management Interventions

25 Cognitive Interventions Reframing –altering viewpoint of the situation Changing faulty perceptions –forming accurate perspectives Refuting irrational ideas –reality testing SOS

26 Stress Management Interventions Progressive Relaxation Breathing Meditation Visualization Self-Hypnosis Autogenics

27 Summary Normalize stress as part of life Decide to reduce stress or to manage stress and set a course Commit to being self-efficacious and develop an internal locus of control Develop resiliency and practice flexibility as a coping strategy

28 Summary Know your sources of stress and address any changes involved Avoid temptations of maladaptive coping Employ solid cognitive skills to keep healthy perspective and arrive at sound options

29 Summary Develop disciplined use of stress management interventions that maximize self-regulation BE GOOD TO YOURSELF

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